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Human pathogenic Mycobacterium kansasii (former subtype I) with zoonotic potential isolated from a diseased indoor pet cat, Japan.

Hanako Fukano, Tsukasa Terazono, Aki Hirabayashi, Mitsunori Yoshida, Masato Suzuki, Shinpei Wada, Norihisa Ishii, Yoshihiko Hoshino,

Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infections in humans have increased in prevalence in recent decades. <i>Mycobacterium kansasii</i> is one of the most prevalent human pathogenic NTM species worldwide<i>.</i> Herein, we report the first isolation of <i>M. kansasii</i> from an indoor domestic cat in Japan. Comparative genome sequence analysis of the feline isolate ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2021, 10(1):220-222]

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Zoonoses and global epidemics.

Seth D Judson, Peter M Rabinowitz,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>The purpose of the review is to summarize recent advances in understanding the origins, drivers and clinical context of zoonotic disease epidemics and pandemics. In addition, we aimed to highlight the role of clinicians in identifying sentinel cases of zoonotic disease outbreaks.<h4>Recent findings</h4>The majority of emerging infectious disease ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Infect Dis (Current opinion in infectious diseases)
[2021, :]

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One hundred years of zoonoses research in the Horn of Africa: A scoping review.

Lisa Cavalerie, Maya Wardeh, Ophélie Lebrasseur, Mark Nanyingi, K Marie McIntyre, Mirgissa Kaba, Daniel Asrat, Robert Christley, Gina Pinchbeck, Matthew Baylis, Siobhan M Mor,

<h4>Background</h4>One Health is particularly relevant to the Horn of Africa where many people's livelihoods are highly dependent on livestock and their shared environment. In this context, zoonoses may have a dramatic impact on both human and animal health, but also on country economies. This scoping review aimed to characterise and ... Read more >>

PLoS Negl Trop Dis (PLoS neglected tropical diseases)
[2021, 15(7):e0009607]

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Positioning zoonotic disease research in forced migration: A systematic literature review of theoretical frameworks and approaches.

Alex Tasker, Dorien Braam,

<h4>Background</h4>The emergence and transmission of zoonotic diseases are driven by complex interactions between health, environmental, and socio-political systems. Human movement is considered a significant and increasing factor in these processes, yet forced migration remains an understudied area of zoonotic research-due in part to the complexity of conducting interdisciplinary research in ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(7):e0254746]

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Identifying the research gap of zoonotic disease in displacement: a systematic review.

Dorien Hanneke Braam, Freya Louise Jephcott, James Lionel Norman Wood,

<h4>Background</h4>Outbreaks of zoonotic diseases that transmit between animals and humans, against a backdrop of increasing levels of forced migration, present a major challenge to global public health. This review provides an overview of the currently available evidence of how displacement may affect zoonotic disease and pathogen transmission, with the aim ... Read more >>

Glob Health Res Policy (Global health research and policy)
[2021, 6(1):25]

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J Verbrauch Lebensm (Journal fur Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit = Journal of consumer protection and food safety)
[2021, :1-2]

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Health System Contact and Awareness of Zoonotic Diseases: Can it Serve as One Health Entry Point in the Urban Community of Ahmedabad, India?

Sandul Yasobant, Walter Bruchhausen, Deepak Saxena, Farjana Zakir Memon, Timo Falkenberg,

One Health (OH) is emphasized globally to tackle the (re)emerging issues at the human-animal-ecosystem interface. However, the low awareness about zoonoses remain a challenge in global south, thus this study documented the health system contact and its effect on the awareness level of zoonoses in the urban community of Ahmedabad, ... Read more >>

Yale J Biol Med (The Yale journal of biology and medicine)
[2021, 94(2):259-269]

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Serological evidence of Bartonellosis in an indigenous community in the Brazilian Legal Amazonia.

Viviane Karolina Vivi-Oliveira, Adonai Alvino Pessoa Junior, Thays Euzébio Joaquim Lacerda, Tatiana Rozental, Elba Regina Sampaio de Lemos, Mariano Martinez Espinosa, Leonir Evandro Zenazokenae, Vagner Ferreira do Nascimento, Ana Cláudia Pereira Terças-Trettel, Marina Atanaka Dos Santos,

<h4>Background</h4>Due to immunological susceptibility, close contact with the environment and way of life, indigenous communities are in a highly vulnerable condition to be affected by zoonoses, such as bartonellosis.<h4>Methods</h4>Seventy three paired serum samples were collected from indigenous people from a region of the Brazilian Legal Amazon, in cohorts carried out ... Read more >>

Zoonoses Public Health (Zoonoses and public health)
[2021, :]

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Participatory and Transdisciplinary Studies of Brucella Infection in Humans and Animals in Yunnan Province, China-Lessons Learned.

Wengui Li, Xiangdong Yang, Johanna F Lindahl, Guorong Yang, Jeffrey Gilbert, Fred Unger,

Brucellosis is an important zoonosis occurring globally. In addition to the risk for disease in humans, the disease causes production losses, since the disease in livestock is characterized by abortion and other reproductive failures. The disease is a public health concern in China, but no information is available on knowledge, ... Read more >>

Trop Med Infect Dis (Tropical medicine and infectious disease)
[2021, 6(3):]

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Anticipating the locations in Europe of high-risk areas for West Nile virus outbreaks in 2021.

José-María García-Carrasco, Antonio-Román Muñoz, Raimundo Real,

West Nile virus infections in humans are continuously increasing, and the virus has spread considerably in Europe over the past decade. The incidence of the disease was unusually high between 2018 and 2020. The resulting model identifies the West Nile virus outbreak-prone areas during 2021, even in regions where the ... Read more >>

Zoonoses Public Health (Zoonoses and public health)
[2021, :]

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Brucellosis reemergence after a decade of quiescence in palestine, 2015-2017: a seroprevalence and molecular characterization study.

Bessan Aljanazreh, Khaled Alzatari, Asmaa Tamimi, Mohammad H Alsaafeen, Waheed Hassouneh, Yaqoub Ashhab,

Brucellosis is an endemic disease in many developing countries and ranked by the World Health Organization among the top seven "neglected zoonoses". Although a Palestinian brucellosis control program was launched in 1998, the disease reemerged after 2012. Interestingly, a similar reemerging pattern was reported in the neighboring Israeli regions. The ... Read more >>

Transbound Emerg Dis (Transboundary and emerging diseases)
[2021, :]

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Ending the Neglect of Treatable Bacterial Zoonoses Responsible for Non-Malaria Fevers.

Cyrille Goarant, Koussay Dellagi, Mathieu Picardeau,

Bacterial zoonotic diseases such as leptospirosis, Q fever, melioidosis, spotted fever group rickettsioses, and brucellosis are increasingly recognized causes of non-malaria acute fevers. However, though readily treatable with antibiotics, these diseases are commonly misdiagnosed resulting in poor outcomes in patients. There is a considerable deficit in the understanding of basic ... Read more >>

Yale J Biol Med (The Yale journal of biology and medicine)
[2021, 94(2):351-360]

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Bats host the most virulent—but not the most dangerous—zoonotic viruses

Sarah Guth, Nardus Mollentze, Katia Renault, Daniel Streicker, Elisa Visher, Mike Boots, Cara Brook,

Identifying virus characteristics associated with the largest public health impacts on human populations is critical to informing zoonotic risk assessments and surveillance strategies. Efforts to assess “zoonotic risk” often use trait-based analyses to identify which viral and reservoir host groups are most likely to source zoonoses but have not fully ... Read more >>

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Insights into the mechanism regulating the differential expression of the P28-OMP outer membrane proteins in obligatory intracellular pathogen Ehrlichia chaffeensis.

Nan Duan, Xiaohui Ma, Heting Cui, Zhexuan Wang, Zhouyi Chai, Jiaqi Yan, Xiaoxiao Li, Yingxing Feng, Yu Cao, Yongxin Jin, Fang Bai, Weihui Wu, Yasuko Rikihisa, Zhihui Cheng,

<i>Ehrlichia chaffeensis</i> causes human monocytic ehrlichiosis (HME), which is one of the most prevalent, life-threatening emerging infectious zoonoses. The life cycle of <i>E. chaffeensis</i> includes ticks and mammals, in which <i>E. chaffeensis</i> proteins are expressed differentially contributing to bacterial survival and infection. Among the <i>E. chaffeensis</i> P28-OMP outer membrane proteins, ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2021, 10(1):461-471]

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Ca2+ transfer via the ER-mitochondria tethering complex in neuronal cells contribute to cadmium-induced autophagy.

Tao Wang, Qiaoping Zhu, Binbin Cao, Yao Cai, Shuangquan Wen, Jianchun Bian, Hui Zou, Ruilong Song, Jianhong Gu, Xuezhong Liu, Zongping Liu, Yan Yuan,

Mitochondrial-associated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membranes (MAMs) play a key role in several physiological functions, including calcium ion (Ca<sup>2+</sup>) transfer and autophagy; however, the molecular mechanism controlling this interaction in cadmium (Cd)-induced neurotoxicity is unknown. This study shows that Cd induces alterations in MAMs and mitochondrial Ca<sup>2+</sup> levels in PC12 cells ... Read more >>

Cell Biol Toxicol (Cell biology and toxicology)
[2021, :]

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Zoonotic Soil-Transmitted Helminths in Free-Roaming Dogs, Kiribati.

Patsy A Zendejas-Heredia, Allison Crawley, Helen Byrnes, Rebecca J Traub, Vito Colella,

Soil-transmitted helminths are highly prevalent in the Asia-Pacific region. We report a 96.5% prevalence of zoonotic soil-transmitted helminths in dogs in Kiribati. We advocate for urgent implementation of treatment and prevention programs for these zoonotic pathogens, in line with the Kiribati-World Health Organization Cooperation Strategy 2018-2022. ... Read more >>

Emerg Infect Dis (Emerging infectious diseases)
[2021, 27(8):2163-2165]

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Biodiversity and COVID-19: A report and a long road ahead to avoid another pandemic

Serge Morand, Claire Lajaunie,

A report from a workshop organized by the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services on biodiversity and pandemics examined the scientific evidence on the origin of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and other emerging zoonotic diseases. Here, we reflect upon the report’s findings regarding how several important global initiatives are ... Read more >>

One Earth (One earth (Cambridge, Mass.))
[2021, 4(7):920-923]

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Transcriptomic profiling reveals different innate immune responses in primary alveolar macrophages infected by two highly homologous porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome viruses with distinct virulence.

Shubin Li, Xinshuai Li, Ming Qiu, Jixiang Li, Yanzhao Xiao, Hong Lin, Wanglong Zheng, Jianzhong Zhu, Nanhua Chen,

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) isolates show high genetic and pathogenic diversity. The mechanisms underlying different virulence of PRRSV isolates are still not fully clarified. Two highly homologous PRRSV isolates (XJ17-5 and JSTZ1712-12) with distinct virulence were identified in our previous study. To evaluate the association between host ... Read more >>

Microb Pathog (Microbial pathogenesis)
[2021, 158:105102]

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Increasing risks for emerging infectious diseases within a rapidly changing High Asia.

Charudutt Mishra, Gustaf Samelius, Munib Khanyari, Prashanth Nuggehalli Srinivas, Matthew Low, Carol Esson, Suri Venkatachalam, Örjan Johansson,

The cold and arid mountains and plateaus of High Asia, inhabited by a relatively sparse human population, a high density of livestock, and wildlife such as the iconic snow leopard Panthera uncia, are usually considered low risk for disease outbreaks. However, based on current knowledge about drivers of disease emergence, ... Read more >>

Ambio (Ambio)
[2021, :]

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Trypanosoma cruzi infection in triatomines (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) from rural areas of the state of Pará, Brazil.

Flávia de Nazaré Leite Barros, Juliana Dos Santos Cruz Vieira, Francisco Dantas Sampaio Júnior, Jaqueline Dos Santos Lima, Adriana Vasconcelos Nobre, Pedro Henrique Marques Barrozo, Jessica Rodrigues de Paiva, Gustavo Góes Cavalcante, Alessandra Scofield,

The present study aimed to identify the triatomine species and evaluate Trypanosoma cruzi infection in insects captured in endemic areas of Pará State, Brazil. Triatomines were captured in nine rural communities in the municipality of São Domingos do Capim in August, September and December 2014 using active searches and Malaise ... Read more >>

Zoonoses Public Health (Zoonoses and public health)
[2021, :]

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Multi-locus sequence typing analysis of Mycoplasma synoviae isolates reveals unique sequence types in China.

Xiaorong Zhang, Yang Chen, Di Xie, Mengjiao Guo, Shuang Ma, Mengyao Chen, Dianfeng Chu, Yantao Wu,

Mycoplasma synoviae is a common pathogen affecting poultry and has important economic significance. Infectious synovitis is the most common clinical effect. Since 2010, the incidence of M. synoviae infection in China has rapidly risen, causing significant economic losses to the chicken industry; however, the cause of the disease outbreak remains ... Read more >>

Vet Microbiol (Veterinary microbiology)
[2021, 259:109101]

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Mammals, wildlife trade, and the next global pandemic.

K Nagaraju Shivaprakash, Sandeep Sen, Seema Paul, Joseph M Kiesecker, Kamaljit S Bawa,

Most new infectious diseases emerge when pathogens transfer from animals to humans.<sup>1</sup><sup>,</sup><sup>2</sup> The suspected origin of the COVID pandemic in a wildlife wet market has resurfaced debates on the role of wildlife trade as a potential source of emerging zoonotic diseases.<sup>3-5</sup> Yet there are no studies quantitatively assessing zoonotic disease ... Read more >>

Curr Biol (Current biology : CB)
[2021, :]

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The epidemiology of bacterial zoonoses in pastoral and dairy cattle in Cameroon, Central Africa.

Robert F Kelly, Amy Jennings, Jennifer Hunt, Saidou M Hamman, Stella Mazeri, Egbe F Nkongho, Victor N Ngwa, Vincent Tanya, Melissa Sander, Lucy Ndip, Paul R Bessell, Kenton L Morgan, Ian G Handel, Adrian Muwonge, Barend M de C Bronsvoort,

Previous work identified that bacterial zoonoses (Brucella species, Coxiella burnetii and Leptospira hardjo) were present in Cameroonian pastoral cattle. To assess the characteristics of this zoonotic risk, we analyse seroprevalence of each pathogen and the associated management, herd and environmental factors in Cameroonian pastoral and dairy cattle. Cross-sectional samples included ... Read more >>

Zoonoses Public Health (Zoonoses and public health)
[2021, :]

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Epidemiology and risk factors of scrub typhus in Taiwan: A nationwide database study from 1996 to 2014.

Yi-Chin Chang, Wu Sun, Jiun-Nong Lin, Yen-Hsu Chen, Chung-Hsu Lai, Chen-Hsiang Lee,

<h4>Background</h4>Scrub typhus (ST) is one of the most underdiagnosed, potentially fatal febrile diseases in the Asia-Pacific region. We conducted a comprehensive review of the risk factors of ST over 19 years using data from a nationwide database.<h4>Methods</h4>We used data on ST from the nationwide database of the Taiwan Centers for Disease ... Read more >>

Zoonoses Public Health (Zoonoses and public health)
[2021, :]

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Molecular detection and characterization of pathogenic Leptospira species in bats (Chiroptera) roosting in human habitats in Nigeria, West Africa.

Joshua Kamani, Shimon Harrus, Reuben A Ocholi, Irene I Yague, Patrick G Nyango, Javier González-Miguel, Nobuo Koizumi,

Leptospirosis is a neglected zoonosis with a nearly global distribution. In order to determine the role of bats in the epidemiology of leptospirosis in Nigeria, a total of 231 bats belonging to three families, Pteropodidae (n = 117), Molossidae (n = 107) and Nycteridae (n = 17), roosting in human habitats were screened by PCR and ... Read more >>

Zoonoses Public Health (Zoonoses and public health)
[2021, :]

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