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Availability of Personal Protective Equipment Among Health-care Workers in Jordan During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Web-Based Survey.

Arash Nemat, Osama Alsarhan, Nahid Raufi, Eva Inam Al Zein, Khalid A Kheirallah, Mohammad Yousuf Mubarak,

<h4>Propose</h4>The inception of the COVID-19 has put health-care workers (HCWs) in a precarious situation across the world. In spite of the challenges in Jordan, the high awareness and preparedness of HCWs made it feasible for the country to control the contagious virus. The study aimed to provide a useful insight ... Read more >>

Risk Manag Healthc Policy (Risk management and healthcare policy)
[2021, 14:4723-4728]

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The fabrication of novel zein and resveratrol covalent conjugates: Enhanced thermal stability, emulsifying and antioxidant properties.

Gerui Ren, Jieyu Shi, Sijie Huang, Chengzhi Liu, Fangfang Ni, Ying He, Xin Luo, Ting Li, Yuling Song, Min Huang, Hujun Xie,

Novel zein and resveratrol conjugates were fabricated by alkaline and free radical grafting reactions. The grafting efficiency and total phenolic content of alkaline treated conjugates were slightly higher than those of free radical grafting. Compared to native and alkaline treated zein, the sulfhydryl contents of conjugates were obviously decreased, confirming ... Read more >>

Food Chem (Food chemistry)
[2021, :131612]

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Verrucous Venous Malformation-Subcutaneous Variant.

Birgitta A R Schmidt, Sophie El Zein, Javier Cuoto, Alyaa Al-Ibraheemi, Marilyn G Liang, Harriet J Paltiel, Megan E Anderson, Brian I Labow, Joseph Upton, Steven J Fishman, John B Mulliken, Arin K Greene, Mathew L Warman, Harry Kozakewich,

<h4>Background</h4>Verrucous venous malformation (VVM), previously called "verrucous hemangioma," typically involves the dermis and the subcutaneous fat. We have encountered patients with VVM confined to the hypodermis.<h4>Materials and methods</h4>During a nearly 20-year period, 13 patients, aged 2-17 years, presented with a subcutaneous mass in the limb without clinically obvious epidermal alterations. ... Read more >>

Am J Dermatopathol (The American Journal of dermatopathology)
[2021, 43(12):e181-e184]

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Zein structure and its hidden zearalenone: Effect of zein extraction methods.

Hongxia Tan, Hongyuan Zhou, Ting Guo, Jiaxin Li, Chi Zhang, Shuo Wang, Yuhao Zhang, Liang Ma,

Zein, the plant protein, has received great attention in the last years. However, hidden zearalenone (ZEN), the zein-bound ZEN present in zein would have a great hazard to humans and animals. To date, the fates of hidden ZEN under different extraction methods of zein have not been clarified. In this ... Read more >>

Food Chem (Food chemistry)
[2021, :131563]

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Physicochemical characteristics of ginger essential oil nanoemulsion encapsulated by zein/NaCas and antimicrobial control on chilled chicken.

Minmin Tang, Fang Liu, Qian Wang, Debao Wang, Daoying Wang, Yongzhi Zhu, Zhilan Sun, Weimin Xu,

An efficient antibacterial nanoemulsion was prepared using zein and NaCas to encapsulate ginger essential oil (GEO). Physical, optical, and mechanical properties as well as the antibacterial activities of GEO nanoemulsion were investigated. At 1:1 mass ratio of zein/NaCas, the GEO nanoemulsion possessed the highest solubility, entrapment efficiency and stability. The ... Read more >>

Food Chem (Food chemistry)
[2021, :131624]

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Explore the interaction mechanism between zein and EGCG using multi-spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulation methods

Chengzhi Liu, Nan Lv, Gerui Ren, Ruibo Wu, Binju Wang, Zexing Cao, Hujun Xie,

Zein as a kind of carrier material has attracted extensive interest, while the interaction mechanism between zein and nutrients is still elusive. In this work, the binding mechanism of zein with epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) was investigated via multi-spectroscopy and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. The quenching of zein by EGCG is mainly ... Read more >>

(Food hydrocolloids.)
[2021, 120:Not Available]

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Modification of zein dough functionality using kafirin as a coprotein.

Mphokuhle B Ncube, Janet Taylor, Scott R Bean, Brian P Ioerger, John R N Taylor,

Kafirin, sorghum prolamin, was investigated as a coprotein for zein as visco-elastic masses and in starch-based model doughs. Regular kafirin and kafirins from waxy and high protein digestibility (HD) sorghum crosses were studied. HPLC revealed that waxy-HD kafirin was of smaller molecular size and low in β-kafirin. It also had ... Read more >>

Food Chem (Food chemistry)
[2021, :131547]

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Proportion of incident genital human papillomavirus detections not attributable to transmission and potentially attributable to latent infections: Implications for cervical cancer screening.

Talía Malagón, Aaron MacCosham, Ann N Burchell, Mariam El-Zein, Pierre-Paul Tellier, François Coutlée, Eduardo L Franco, ,

<h4>Background</h4>Infections with human papillomaviruses (HPV) may enter a latent state, and eventually become reactivated following loss of immune control. It is unclear what proportion of incident HPV detections are reactivations of previous latent infections versus new transmissions.<h4>Methods</h4>The HITCH cohort study prospectively followed young newly-formed heterosexual partners recruited between 2005-2011 in ... Read more >>

Clin Infect Dis (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2021, :]

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Pectin-zein based stigmasterol nanodispersions ameliorate dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in mice.

Simin Feng, Minghui Sui, Dan Wang, Christos Ritzoulis, Mohamed A Farag, Ping Shao,

Due to the insolubility of phytosterols in both water and oil, their application in the medicine and health and food industries is limited. In this study, zein and pectin were selected as wall materials of phytosterol nanoparticles to enhance the solubility and bioactivity of phytosterols. The colitis-inhibitory effects of zein-based ... Read more >>

Food Funct (Food & function)
[2021, 12(22):11656-11670]

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Predicted long-term impact of COVID-19 pandemic-related care delays on cancer mortality in Canada.

Talía Malagón, Jean H E Yong, Parker Tope, Wilson H Miller, Eduardo L Franco, ,

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected cancer care worldwide. This study aimed to estimate the long-term impacts of cancer care disruptions on cancer mortality in Canada using a microsimulation model. The model simulates cancer incidence and survival using cancer incidence, stage at diagnosis, and survival data from the Canadian Cancer Registry. ... Read more >>

Int J Cancer (International journal of cancer)
[2021, :]

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Two γ-zeins induce the unfolded protein response.

Lorenzo Brocca, Melania Zuccaro, Giovanna Frugis, Davide Mainieri, Claudia Marrano, Laura Ragni, Eva Maria Klein, Alessandro Vitale, Emanuela Pedrazzini,

The rapid, massive synthesis of storage proteins that occurs during seed development stresses endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis, which activates the ER unfolded protein response (UPR). However, how different storage proteins contribute to UPR is not clear. We analyzed vegetative tissues of transgenic Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) plants constitutively expressing the common ... Read more >>

Plant Physiol (Plant physiology)
[2021, 187(3):1428-1444]

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Environmental Contaminants Acting as Endocrine Disruptors Modulate Atherogenic Processes: New Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Diseases in Women?

Silvia Migliaccio, Viviana Bimonte, Zein Mersini Besharat, Claudia Sabato, Clara Crescioli, Andrea Lenzi, Elisabetta Ferretti,

The number of aged individuals is increasing worldwide, rendering essential the comprehension of pathophysiological mechanisms of age-related alterations, that could facilitate the development of interventions contributing to &ldquo;successful aging&rdquo; and improvement of quality of life. Cardio-vascular diseases (CVD) include pathologies affecting heart or blood vessels, such as hyperten-sion, peripheral artery ... Read more >>

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The small (14 Fr) percutaneous catheter (P-CAT) versus large (28-32 Fr) open chest tube for traumatic hemothorax: A multicenter randomized clinical trial.

Narong Kulvatunyou, Zachary M Bauman, Savo Bou Zein Edine, Marc de Moya, Casandra Krause, Kaushik Mukherjee, Lynn Gries, Andrew L Tang, Bellal Joseph, Peter Rhee,

<h4>Introduction</h4>The traditional treatment of traumatic hemothorax (HTX) has been an insertion of a large-bore 36- to 40-Fr chest tube. Our previous single-center randomized controlled trial (RCT) had shown that 14-Fr percutaneous catheters (PCs) (pigtail) were equally as effective as chest tube. We performed a multicenter RCT, hypothesizing that PCs are ... Read more >>

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2021, 91(5):809-813]

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Biocompatible artificial synapses based on a zein active layer obtained from maize for neuromorphic computing.

Youngjin Kim, Chul Hyeon Park, Jun Seop An, Seung-Hye Choi, Tae Whan Kim,

Artificial synaptic devices based on natural organic materials are becoming the most desirable for extending their fields of applications to include wearable and implantable devices due to their biocompatibility, flexibility, lightweight, and scalability. Herein, we proposed a zein material, extracted from natural maize, as an active layer in an artificial ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2021, 11(1):20633]

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Giant axonal neuropathy: cross-sectional analysis of a large natural history cohort.

Diana X Bharucha-Goebel, Gina Norato, Dimah Saade, Eduardo Paredes, Victoria Biancavilla, Sandra Donkervoort, Rupleen Kaur, Tanya Lehky, Margaret Fink, Diane Armao, Steven J Gray, Melissa Waite, Sarah Debs, Gilberto Averion, Ying Hu, Wadih M Zein, A Reghan Foley, Minal Jain, Carsten G Bönnemann,

Giant axonal neuropathy (GAN) is an ultra-rare autosomal recessive, progressive neurodegenerative disease with early childhood onset that presents as a prominent sensorimotor neuropathy and commonly progresses to affect both the PNS and CNS. The disease is caused by biallelic mutations in the GAN gene located on 16q23.2, leading to loss ... Read more >>

Brain (Brain : a journal of neurology)
[2021, 144(10):3239-3250]

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Enhancing the stability of zein/fucoidan composite nanoparticles with calcium ions for quercetin delivery.

Hong Zhang, Haozhan Feng, Junhong Ling, Xiao-Kun Ouyang, Xiaoyong Song,

In this study, zein and fucoidan-based composite nanoparticles were prepared by the antisolvent precipitation method. The effects of different calcium ion (Ca<sup>2+</sup>, 0-3.0 mM) concentrations on the stability of the composite nanosystems loaded with quercetin were studied under different conditions (pH, temperature, salt concentration, and ultraviolet light irradiation), and the composite ... Read more >>

Int J Biol Macromol (International journal of biological macromolecules)
[2021, :]

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Antibacterial Properties of Coaxial Spinning Membrane of Methyl ferulate/zein and Its Preservation Effect on Sea Bass.

Tingting Li, Yue Shen, Haitao Chen, Yuchen Xu, Dangfeng Wang, Fangchao Cui, Yujuan Han, Jianrong Li,

Methyl ferulate is a new natural antibacterial agent with strong activity and low toxicity. It has good application prospects in food preservation. In this paper, the antibacterial activity of methyl ferulate against <i>Shigella putrefaciens</i> was verified, and it was embedded into zein by electrospinning technology to prepare fiber membranes. The ... Read more >>

Foods (Foods (Basel, Switzerland))
[2021, 10(10):]

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Optimization of electrospinning parameters for the production of zein microstructures for food and biomedical applications.

Silvia Castro Coelho, Philomène Benaut, Sebastien Laget, Berta N Estevinho, Fernando Rocha,

Electrohydrodynamic techniques have been focus for the development of structures for encapsulation purposes. Their physico-chemical characteristics confer them significant benefits for food and nutraceutical applications. The study reports the optimization of zein microstructures (electrosprayed beads/electrospun fibers/films). The effect of zein polymer properties (viscosity and conductivity), flow rate, applied voltage and ... Read more >>

Micron (Micron (Oxford, England : 1993))
[2022, 152:103164]

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The relationship of asthma severity to COVID-19 outcomes.

Joe G Zein, Jad Mitri, Jordan M Bell, Diana Lopez, Ronald Strauss, Amy H Attaway,

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract (The journal of allergy and clinical immunology. In practice)
[2021, :]

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SCLAREIN (SCLAREol contained in zeIN) nanoparticles: Development and characterization of an innovative natural nanoformulation.

Agnese Gagliardi, Silvia Voci, Sonia Bonacci, Giuseppe Iriti, Antonio Procopio, Massimo Fresta, Donato Cosco,

Sclareol is a labdane diterpene which carries on a broad range of biological activities. However, its poor water solubility and bioavailability are the foremost drawbacks that limit its application in therapeutics. The purpose of this investigation was to develop a natural nanoformulation made up of a biopolymer i.e. zein and ... Read more >>

Int J Biol Macromol (International journal of biological macromolecules)
[2021, 193(Pt A):713-720]

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Accumulation of 22 kDa α-zein-mediated nonzein protein in protein body of maize endosperm.

Yang Feng, Yafei Ma, Fan Feng, Xinze Chen, Weiwei Qi, Zeyang Ma, Rentao Song,

Protein bodies (PBs), the major protein storage organelle in maize (Zea mays) endosperm, comprise zeins and numerous nonzein proteins (NZPs). Unlike zeins, how NZPs accumulate in PBs remains unclear. We characterized a maize miniature kernel mutant, mn*, that produces small kernels and is embryo-lethal. After cloning the Mn* locus, we ... Read more >>

New Phytol (The New phytologist)
[2021, :]

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The Precision Interventions for Severe and/or Exacerbation-Prone (PrecISE) Asthma Network: an overview of Network organization, procedures and interventions.

Steve N Georas, Rosalind J Wright, Anastasia Ivanova, Elliot Israel, Lisa M LaVange, Praveen Akuthota, Tara F Carr, Loren C Denlinger, Merritt L Fajt, Rajesh Kumar, Wanda K O'Neal, Wanda Phipatanakul, Stanley J Szefler, Mark A Aronica, Leonard B Bacharier, Allison J Burbank, Mario Castro, Laura Crotty Alexander, Julie Bamdad, Juan Carlos Cardet, Suzy A A Comhair, Ronina A Covar, Emily A DiMango, Kim Erwin, Serpil C Erzurum, John V Fahy, Jonathan M Gaffin, Benjamin Gaston, Lynn B Gerald, Eric A Hoffman, Fernando Holguin, Daniel J Jackson, John James, Nizar N Jarjour, Nicholas J Kenyon, Sumita Khatri, John P Kirwan, Monica Kraft, Jerry A Krishnan, Andrew H Liu, Mark C Liu, M Alison Marquis, Fernando Martinez, Jacob Mey, Wendy C Moore, James N Moy, Victor E Ortega, David B Peden, Emily Pennington, Michael C Peters, Kristie Ross, Maria Sanchez, Lewis J Smith, Ronald L Sorkness, Michael E Wechsler, Sally E Wenzel, Steven R White, Joe Zein, Amir A Zeki, Patricia Noel, ,

Asthma is a heterogeneous disease, with multiple underlying inflammatory pathways and structural airway abnormalities that impact disease persistence and severity. Recent progress has been made in developing targeted asthma therapeutics, especially for subjects with eosinophilic asthma. However, there is an unmet need for new approaches to treat patients with severe ... Read more >>

J Allergy Clin Immunol (The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology)
[2021, :]

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Optimization and efficacy studies of Laccase immobilized on Zein-Polyvinyl pyrrolidone nano fibrous membrane in decolorization of Acid Red 1.

G Ranimol, Chinju Paul, Swetha Sunkar,

Azo dyes are widely used in textile industries. A significant portion of these recalcitrant dyes are being discharged to the natural waters. Due to their low biodegradability they pose serious pollution problems if untreated. In this work, decolourization studies of Acid Red 1 (AR1) by laccase enzyme immobilized onto zein-polyvinyl ... Read more >>

Water Sci Technol (Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research)
[2021, 84(10-11):2703-2717]

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Optimization of sonication parameters to obtain food emulsions stabilized by zein: formation of zein-diutan gum/zein-guar gum complexes.

Jenifer Santos, Luis A Trujillo-Cayado, Henrique Carrello, Maria T Cidade, Maria-Carmen Alfaro,

<h4>Background</h4>Zein as a sole material is not suitable for technological applications since it is not flexible. A possible solution to extend the applications of zein is the formation of zein-polysaccharide complexes. As a first step, sonication parameters were optimized to obtain finer emulsions formulated with zein, rosemary essential oil as ... Read more >>

J Sci Food Agric (Journal of the science of food and agriculture)
[2021, :]

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Review: The effectiveness of musical therapy in improving depression and anxiety symptoms among children and adolescents - a systematic review.

Nikita Belski, Zein Abdul-Rahman, Eunjae Youn, Vibhash Balasundaram, Dion Diep,

Depression and anxiety disorders are considered to be among the greatest burdens of disease in children and adolescents. Recent literature has reported music therapy to be a safe and potentially effective intervention for the treatment of depression and anxiety. This systematic review examined the effectiveness of music therapy in reducing ... Read more >>

Child Adolesc Ment Health (Child and adolescent mental health)
[2021, :]

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