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Visual Analysis of Neonatal EEG

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Prognostic Value of Clinical Tests in Neonates With Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy Treated With Therapeutic Hypothermia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Weiqin Liu, Qifen Yang, Hong Wei, Wenhui Dong, Ying Fan, Ziyu Hua,

Background and Objective: There remains an unmet clinical need for markers that predict outcomes in the hypothermia-treated (HT) infants with HIE. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the prognostic accuracy of currently available clinical tests performed in the immediate post-natal period for predicting neurological outcomes between 18 months ... Read more >>

Front Neurol (Frontiers in Neurology)
[2020, 11:133]

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Prognostic value of amplitude-integrated EEG in neonates with high risk of neurological sequelae.

Xiao Yuan, Wenqing Kang, Juan Song, Jing Guo, Lanlan Guo, Ruili Zhang, Shasha Liu, Yaodong Zhang, Dapeng Liu, Yong Wang, Xue Ding, Huimin Dong, Xi Chen, Yanchao Cheng, Xiaoli Zhang, Falin Xu, Changlian Zhu,

OBJECTIVE:To determine the efficacy and the prognostic value of amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) in term and near-term neonates with high risk of neurological sequelae. METHODS:Infants of ≥35 weeks of gestation diagnosed with neonatal encephalopathy or with high risk of brain injury were included. All eligible infants underwent aEEG within 6 h after clinical ... Read more >>

Ann Clin Transl Neurol (Annals of clinical and translational neurology)
[2020, 7(2):210-218]

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A Comparison Of Conventional Electroencephalography With Amplitude-Integrated EEG In Detection Of Neonatal Seizures.

Maliheh Kadivar, Elahe Movahedi Moghadam, Reza Shervin Badv, Raziye Sangsari, Maryam Saeedy,

Introduction:Amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) is widely used in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) to monitor neonatal seizures. This method is still not well established compared to conventional electroencephalogram (cEEG), the diagnostic gold standard. However, aEEG can be a good screening tool for the diagnosis of seizures in infants. Our aim in ... Read more >>

Med Devices (Auckl) (Medical devices (Auckland, N.Z.))
[2019, 12:489-496]

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A Case of Complex and Abnormal Behaviors at Night: The Role of the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit in Diagnosis.

Montserrat Diaz-Abad, Ana M Sanchez, Arif Kabir, John Konikkara,

Complex nocturnal behaviors associated with sleep have many potential causes, including parasomnias and epilepsy. Although the type of event and description can frequently lead to a diagnosis, sometimes it is challenging clinically to determine the cause of the behaviors, requiring a more in-depth investigation. We report the case of a ... Read more >>

Case Rep Neurol (Case reports in neurology)
[2020, 12(1):18-23]

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Novel CDKL5 mutations were found in patients in China: retrospective investigation in cases of CDKL5-related disorders.

Yumei Yan, Dake He, Jing Wu, Ruolin Hou, Kun Sun, Ling Li,

OBJECTIVE:CDKL5-related disorders (CDD) is an epileptic encephalopathy resulted of gene mutations of CDKL5. This study aimed to explore the development process of CDD and to expand its mutation spectrum. METHODS:Clinic datawas collected about three infantile epileptic encephalopathy cases diagnosed at Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University, School of Medicine. ... Read more >>

Ital J Pediatr (Italian journal of pediatrics)
[2020, 46(1):27]

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The Johns Hopkins Neurosciences Intensive Care Nursery Tenth Anniversary (2009-2019): A Historical Reflection and Vision for the Future.

Melisa Carrasco, Carl E Stafstrom, Aylin Tekes, Charla Parkinson, Frances J Northington, ,

Since 2009, the Neurosciences Intensive Care Nursery at Johns Hopkins Children's Center has provided a multidisciplinary approach toward the care of newborns with neurological disorders. The program's cornerstone is an interdisciplinary approach that involves the primary neonatology team plus experts from more than 10 specialties who convene at a weekly ... Read more >>

Child Neurol Open (Child neurology open)
[2020, 7:2329048X20907761]

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Neuro-Developmental and Epilepsy Outcomes of Children with West Syndrome: A Cross-Sectional Study from North India.

Juhi Gupta, Suvasini Sharma, Sharmila B Mukherjee, Puneet Jain, Satinder Aneja,

Objectives:To assess the neurodevelopmental outcome of West syndrome (WS) in Indian children, who differ in their clinical profile from the western population. Materials and Methods:This cross-sectional study enrolled children aged 2--5 years with prior diagnosis of WS between November 2013 and March 2015. They were assessed for epilepsy outcome and ... Read more >>

Ann Indian Acad Neurol (Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology)
[2020, 23(2):177-181]

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Metabolic Stroke: A Novel Presentation in a Child with Succinic Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase Deficiency.

Sangeetha Yoganathan, Gautham Arunachal, Lisa Kratz, Mugil Varman, Maya Thomas, Sniya Valsa Sudhakar, Samuel Philip Oommen, Sumita Danda,

Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase (SSADH) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder of gamma-aminobutyric acid metabolism. Children with SSADH deficiency usually manifest with developmental delay, behavioral symptoms, language dysfunction, seizures, hypotonia, extrapyramidal symptoms, and ataxia. Diagnosis of SSADH deficiency is established by an abnormal urine organic acid pattern, including increased excretion of ... Read more >>

Ann Indian Acad Neurol (Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology)
[2020, 23(1):113-117]

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Perinatal thalamic injury: MRI predictors of electrical status epilepticus in sleep and long-term neurodevelopment.

Bart van den Munckhof, Anne F Zwart, Lauren C Weeke, Nathalie H P Claessens, Joost D J Plate, Alexander Leemans, Hugo J Kuijf, Heleen C van Teeseling, Frans S S Leijten, Manon J N Benders, Kees P J Braun, Linda S de Vries, Floor E Jansen,

OBJECTIVE:Perinatal thalamic injury is associated with epilepsy with electrical status epilepticus in sleep (ESES). The aim of this study was to prospectively quantify the risk of ESES and to assess neuroimaging predictors of neurodevelopment. METHODS:We included patients with perinatal thalamic injury. MRI scans were obtained in the neonatal period, around ... Read more >>

Neuroimage Clin (NeuroImage. Clinical)
[2020, 26:102227]

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Clinical Assessments and EEG Analyses of Encephalopathies Associated With Dynamin-1 Mutation.

Hua Li, Fang Fang, Manting Xu, Zhimei Liu, Ji Zhou, Xiaohui Wang, Xiaofei Wang, Tongli Han,

Epileptic encephalopathy, caused by mutations in the dynamin-1 (DNM1; NM_004408) gene, is a newly identified neurologic disorder in children. Thus far, the full clinical and electroencephalographic features of children with DNM1 mutation-related epileptic encephalopathy have not been established. The aim of this study is to characterize the phenotypic, genetic, and ... Read more >>

Front Pharmacol (Frontiers in Pharmacology)
[2019, 10:1454]

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Assessment of neonatal EEG background and neurodevelopment in full-term small for their gestational age infants.

José R Castro Conde, Candelaria González Campo, Nieves L González González, Beatriz Reyes Millán, Desiré González Barrios, Alejandro Jiménez Sosa, Itziar Quintero Fuentes,

BACKGROUND:Delayed brain function development in small-gestational-age (SGA) infants has been reported. We aimed to quantify rates of immature neonatal EEG patterns and their association with neurodevelopment in SGA full-term neonates. METHODS:Using a cohort design, 50 SGA (birthweight <10th percentile) and 44 appropriate-gestational-age (AGA) term neonates underwent continuous video-EEG recordings lasting ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Res. (Pediatric research)
[2019, :]

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Protocol of the SOMNIA project: an observational study to create a neurophysiological database for advanced clinical sleep monitoring.

Merel M van Gilst, Johannes P van Dijk, Roy Krijn, Bertram Hoondert, Pedro Fonseca, Ruud J G van Sloun, Bruno Arsenali, Nele Vandenbussche, Sigrid Pillen, Henning Maass, Leonie van den Heuvel, Reinder Haakma, Tim R Leufkens, Coen Lauwerijssen, Jan W M Bergmans, Dirk Pevernagie, Sebastiaan Overeem,

INTRODUCTION:Polysomnography (PSG) is the primary tool for sleep monitoring and the diagnosis of sleep disorders. Recent advances in signal analysis make it possible to reveal more information from this rich data source. Furthermore, many innovative sleep monitoring techniques are being developed that are less obtrusive, easier to use over long ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2019, 9(11):e030996]

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Incorporating feature selection methods into a machine learning-based neonatal seizure diagnosis.

Merve Açıkoğlu, Seda Arslan Tuncer,

The present study developed a feature selection (FS)-based decision support system using the electroencephalography (EEG) signals recorded from neonates with and without seizures. The study employed 10 different FS algorithms to reduce the classification cost by using fewer features and to improve the classification performance of the model by removing ... Read more >>

Med. Hypotheses (Medical hypotheses)
[2020, 135:109464]

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Applications of advanced signal processing and machine learning in the neonatal hypoxic-ischemic electroencephalogram.

Hamid Abbasi, Charles P Unsworth,

Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy significantly contributes to neonatal death and life-long disability such as cerebral palsy. Advances in signal processing and machine learning have provided the research community with an opportunity to develop automated real-time identification techniques to detect the signs of hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy in larger electroencephalography/amplitude-integrated electroencephalography data sets more easily. This ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(2):222-231]

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On the development of sleep states in the first weeks of life.

Tomasz Wielek, Renata Del Giudice, Adelheid Lang, Malgorzata Wislowska, Peter Ott, Manuel Schabus,

Human newborns spend up to 18 hours sleeping. The organization of their sleep differs immensely from adult sleep, and its quick maturation and fundamental changes correspond to the rapid cortical development at this age. Manual sleep classification is specifically challenging in this population given major body movements and frequent shifts ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2019, 14(10):e0224521]

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Impact of therapeutic hypothermia on infantile spasms: an observational cohort study.

Farah Abu Dhais, Brian McNamara, Olivia O'Mahony, Niamh McSweeney, Vicki Livingstone, Deirdre M Murray, Geraldine B Boylan,

AIM:To establish the incidence of infantile spasms in children in the southern region of the Republic of Ireland and to compare the incidence of infantile spasms before and after the introduction of therapeutic hypothermia in infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). METHOD:Children born between 2003 and 2015 and diagnosed with infantile spasms (epileptic ... Read more >>

Dev Med Child Neurol (Developmental medicine and child neurology)
[2020, 62(1):62-68]

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Cohort profile: the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Hospital Exposures and Long-Term Health (NICU-HEALTH) cohort, a prospective preterm birth cohort in New York City.

Annemarie Stroustrup, Jennifer B Bragg, Emily A Spear, Andrea Aguiar, Emily Zimmerman, Joseph R Isler, Stefanie A Busgang, Paul C Curtin, Chris Gennings, Syam S Andra, Manish Arora,

PURPOSE:The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Hospital Exposures and Long-Term Health (NICU-HEALTH) longitudinal preterm birth cohort studies the impact of the NICU exposome on early-life development. NICU-HEALTH collects multiple biospecimens, complex observational and survey data and comprehensive multisystem outcome assessments to allow measurement of the impact of modifiable environmental exposures during ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2019, 9(11):e032758]

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Case report: discovery of 2 gene variants for aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency in 2 African American siblings.

Berrin Monteleone, Keith Hyland,

BACKGROUND:Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) deficiency is a rare genetic disorder with heterogeneous phenotypic spectrum resulting from disease-causing variants in the dopa decarboxylase (DDC) gene. Consensus guidelines recommend dopamine agonists, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, and other symptomatic treatments, but most patients have an unrelenting disease course with no response to these ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):12]

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Scalp ripples as prognostic biomarkers of epileptogenicity in pediatric surgery.

Eleonora Tamilia, Matilde Dirodi, Michel Alhilani, P Ellen Grant, Joseph R Madsen, Steven M Stufflebeam, Phillip L Pearl, Christos Papadelis,

OBJECTIVE:To assess the ability of high-density Electroencephalography (HD-EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) to localize interictal ripples, distinguish between ripples co-occurring with spikes (ripples-on-spike) and independent from spikes (ripples-alone), and evaluate their localizing value as biomarkers of epileptogenicity in children with medically refractory epilepsy. METHODS:We retrospectively studied 20 children who underwent epilepsy ... Read more >>

Ann Clin Transl Neurol (Annals of clinical and translational neurology)
[2020, 7(3):329-342]

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The Neural Signature of Statistical Learning of Orthography.

Xiuhong Tong, Yi Wang, Shelley Xiuli Tong,

While an increasing number of behavioral studies suggest the importance of statistical learning in acquiring orthographic regularity across writing systems, no direct neural evidence supports this claim. The present study used event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate the time course and the neural correlate of statistical learning of positional consistency in ... Read more >>

Front Hum Neurosci (Frontiers in Human Neuroscience)
[2020, 14:26]

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Concept of neuroprotective NICU.

Mohammed Gaffari, Pranay Jindal,

Neurodevelopmental outcomes are of paramount importance for every clinician as the survival rates of term and preterm babies have continued to improve. We aim to provide a framework for developing a Neuroprotective Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) by describing five main domains below. We achieve this in our NICU by ... Read more >>

Qatar Med J (Qatar medical journal)
[2019, 2019(2):]

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Incontinentia Pigmenti Associated with Aplasia Cutis Congenita in a Newborn Male with Klinefelter Syndrome: Is the Severity of Neurological Involvement Linked to Skin Manifestations?

Ruggero Moro, Antonella Fabiano, Piergiacomo Calzavara-Pinton, Jacopo Cardinale, Giovanni Palumbo, Silvia Giliani, Gaetana Lanzi, Francesca Antonelli, Micaela De Simone, Paola Martelli, Elisa Fazzi, Lorenzo Pinelli, Giulio Gualdi,

We report a rare case of a newborn male affected by incontinentia pigmenti, Klinefelter syndrome, and aplasia cutis congenita, who developed severe cutaneous, neurological, and ophthalmological manifestations. Genetic analysis showed the presence of the common mutation of NEMO (exon 4-10 deletion), Klinefelter syndrome karyotype (47 XXY), and random X inactivation. ... Read more >>

Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) (Dermatology and therapy)
[2020, 10(1):213-220]

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Neurological symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency: analysis of pediatric patients.

Hepsen Mine Serin, Elif Acar Arslan,

Vitamin B12 is one of the essential vitamins that affect various systems in the body, including the central nervous system. Vitamin B12 plays an important part in the metabolism of the nervous system, although its exact role under pathological conditions is not fully understood. The purpose of this study was ... Read more >>

Acta Clin Croat (Acta clinica Croatica)
[2019, 58(2):295-302]

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How the Brain Understands Spoken and Sung Sentences.

Sonja Rossi, Manfred F Gugler, Markus Rungger, Oliver Galvan, Patrick G Zorowka, Josef Seebacher,

The present study investigates whether meaning is similarly extracted from spoken and sung sentences. For this purpose, subjects listened to semantically correct and incorrect sentences while performing a correctness judgement task. In order to examine underlying neural mechanisms, a multi-methodological approach was chosen combining two neuroscientific methods with behavioral data. ... Read more >>

Brain Sci (Brain sciences)
[2020, 10(1):]

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Magnetic Source Imaging and Infant MEG: Current Trends and Technical Advances.

Chieh Kao, Yang Zhang,

Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is known for its temporal precision and good spatial resolution in cognitive brain research. Nonetheless, it is still rarely used in developmental research, and its role in developmental cognitive neuroscience is not adequately addressed. The current review focuses on the source analysis of MEG measurement and its potential ... Read more >>

Brain Sci (Brain sciences)
[2019, 9(8):]

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