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Full Text Journal Articles about
Upper Respiratory Tract Infection

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Adult outcomes of childhood bronchiectasis.

Dawn Sibanda, Rosalyn Singleton, John Clark, Christine Desnoyers, Ellen Hodges, Gretchen Day, Gregory Redding,

Recent literature has highlighted the importance of transition from paediatric to adult care for children with chronic conditions. Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis is an important cause of respiratory morbidity in low-income countries and in indigenous children from affluent countries; however, there is little information about adult outcomes of childhood bronchiectasis. We ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1731059]

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Molecular characterization of Brazilian wild-type strains of bovine respiratory syncytial virus reveals genetic diversity and a putative new subgroup of the virus.

Raquel Arruda Leme, Alais Maria Dall Agnol, Luciana Carvalho Balbo, Fernanda Louise Pereira, Flávia Possatti, Alice Fernandes Alfieri, Amauri Alcindo Alfieri,

Background: Bovine orthopneumovirus, formerly known as bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV), is frequently associated with bovine respiratory disease (BRD).Aim: To perform the molecular characterization of the G and F proteins of Brazilian wild-type BRSV strains derived from bovine respiratory infections in both beef and dairy cattle.Materials and Methods: Ten BRSV ... Read more >>

Vet Q (The veterinary quarterly)
[2020, 40(1):83-96]

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Ketofol performance to reduce postoperative emergence agitation in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy.

Idress Ali, Murad Alahdal, Haifa Xia, Arafa S El Moughrabi, Huang Shiqian, Shanglong Yao,

Background: Emergence agitation is a reformed state of mindfulness, which starts with a sudden form of anesthesia and progresses through the early repossession age. Thus, the purpose of this study is to evaluate 1:3 ketofol performance on children 3-15 years old undergoing adenotonsillectomy.Methods: A total of 60 children aged 3-15 ... Read more >>

Libyan J Med (The Libyan journal of medicine)
[2020, 15(1):1688450]

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Coverage rates of the children vaccination programme in Greenland.

Nadja Albertsen, Anna Rask Lynge, Nils Skovgaard, Jesper Søndergaard Olesen, Michael Lynge Pedersen,

In order to estimate the current coverage rate among all children in Greenland, we conducted an observational cross-sectional study identifying all children in Greenland eligible for a vaccination between 1 March 2018 and 16 June 2019. we found an overall national coverage of 85.4%. The national coverage for the vaccinations ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1721983]

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COVID-19 in 2 Persons with Mild Upper Respiratory Symptoms on a Cruise Ship, Japan.

Takeshi Arashiro, Keiichi Furukawa, Akira Nakamura,

We describe 2 cases of COVID-19 in patients with mild upper respiratory symptoms. Both patients worked on a cruise ship quarantined off the coast of Japan. One patient had persistent, low-grade upper respiratory tract symptoms without fever. The other patient had rapid symptom cessation but persistent viral RNA detection. ... Read more >>

Emerging Infect. Dis. (Emerging infectious diseases)
[2020, 26(6):]

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Community Transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2, Shenzhen, China, 2020.

Jiaye Liu, Xuejiao Liao, Shen Qian, Jing Yuan, Fuxiang Wang, Yingxia Liu, Zhaoqin Wang, Fu-Sheng Wang, Lei Liu, Zheng Zhang,

Since early January 2020, after the outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus infection in Wuhan, China, ≈365 confirmed cases have been reported in Shenzhen, China. The mode of community and intrafamily transmission is threatening residents in Shenzhen. Strategies to strengthen prevention and interruption of these transmissions should be urgently addressed. ... Read more >>

Emerging Infect. Dis. (Emerging infectious diseases)
[2020, 26(6):]

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Detection of Novel Coronavirus by RT-PCR in Stool Specimen from Asymptomatic Child, China.

An Tang, Zhen-Dong Tong, Hong-Ling Wang, Ya-Xin Dai, Ke-Feng Li, Jie-Nan Liu, Wen-Jie Wu, Chen Yuan, Meng-Lu Yu, Peng Li, Jian-Bo Yan,

We report an asymptomatic child who was positive for a 2019 novel coronavirus by reverse transcription PCR in a stool specimen 17 days after the last virus exposure. The child was virus positive in stool specimens for at least an additional 9 days. Respiratory tract specimens were negative by reverse ... Read more >>

Emerging Infect. Dis. (Emerging infectious diseases)
[2020, 26(6):]

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Lack of Vertical Transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2, China.

Yang Li, Ruihong Zhao, Shufa Zheng, Xu Chen, Jinxi Wang, Xiaoli Sheng, Jianying Zhou, Hongliu Cai, Qiang Fang, Fei Yu, Jian Fan, Kaijin Xu, Yu Chen, Jifang Sheng,

A woman with 2019 novel coronavirus disease in her 35th week of pregnancy delivered an infant by cesarean section in a negative-pressure operating room. The infant was negative for severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2. This case suggests that mother-to-child transmission is unlikely for this virus. ... Read more >>

Emerging Infect. Dis. (Emerging infectious diseases)
[2020, 26(6):]

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Transmission of respiratory tract infections at mass gathering events.

Eskild Petersen, Ziad A Memish, Alimuddin Zumla, Amal Al Maani,

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Mass gathering events bring people from across all continents increasing the risk of spread of aerosol transmissible respiratory tract infections. Respiratory tract infections for instance in pilgrims attending the world's largest recurring annual pilgrimage, the Hajj are common. We review recent literature on viral and bacterial infectious diseases ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pulm Med (Current opinion in pulmonary medicine)
[2020, 26(3):197-202]

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New biomarkers for respiratory infections.

Pedro Póvoa, Luís Coelho, Lieuwe D J Bos,

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Although pneumonia, either community or hospital-acquired, is the most frequent severe respiratory infection, it is an infection difficult to diagnose. At present, the diagnosis of pneumonia relies on a combination of clinical, radiologic, and microbiologic criteria. However, these criteria are far from perfect leading to uncertainty in the ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pulm Med (Current opinion in pulmonary medicine)
[2020, 26(3):232-240]

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Potential Presymptomatic Transmission of SARS-CoV-2, Zhejiang Province, China, 2020.

Zhen-Dong Tong, An Tang, Ke-Feng Li, Peng Li, Hong-Ling Wang, Jing-Ping Yi, Yong-Li Zhang, Jian-Bo Yan,

We report a 2-family cluster of persons infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in the city of Zhoushan, Zhejiang Province, China, during January 2020. The infections resulted from contact with an infected but potentially presymptomatic traveler from the city of Wuhan in Hubei Province. ... Read more >>

Emerging Infect. Dis. (Emerging infectious diseases)
[2020, 26(5):]

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Viral respiratory infections: a cause of community-acquired pneumonia or a predisposing factor?

Forest W Arnold, Joshua L Fuqua,

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:A cause for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is only identified in ∼50% of cases. Nasopharyngeal PCR panels contain more viruses than previously. The problem then becomes determining the relevance of the organisms identified rather than figuring out which virus is present. This review addresses how to distinguish between viral ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pulm Med (Current opinion in pulmonary medicine)
[2020, 26(3):208-214]

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Serologic Detection of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Functional Antibodies.

Nisreen M A Okba, Ivy Widjaja, Wentao Li, Corine H GeurtsvanKessel, Elmoubasher A B A Farag, Mohammed Al-Hajri, Wan Beom Park, Myoung-Don Oh, Chantal B M E Reusken, Marion P G Koopmans, Berend-Jan Bosch, Bart L Haagmans,

We developed and validated 2 species-independent protein-based assays to detect Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus functional antibodies that can block virus receptor-binding or sialic acid-attachment. Antibody levels measured in both assays correlated strongly with virus-neutralizing antibody titers, proving their use for serologic confirmatory diagnosis of Middle East respiratory syndrome. ... Read more >>

Emerging Infect. Dis. (Emerging infectious diseases)
[2020, 26(5):]

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Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings-Social Distancing Measures.

Min W Fong, Huizhi Gao, Jessica Y Wong, Jingyi Xiao, Eunice Y C Shiu, Sukhyun Ryu, Benjamin J Cowling,

Influenza virus infections are believed to spread mostly by close contact in the community. Social distancing measures are essential components of the public health response to influenza pandemics. The objective of these mitigation measures is to reduce transmission, thereby delaying the epidemic peak, reducing the size of the epidemic peak, ... Read more >>

Emerging Infect. Dis. (Emerging infectious diseases)
[2020, 26(5):]

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Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings-Personal Protective and Environmental Measures.

Jingyi Xiao, Eunice Y C Shiu, Huizhi Gao, Jessica Y Wong, Min W Fong, Sukhyun Ryu, Benjamin J Cowling,

There were 3 influenza pandemics in the 20th century, and there has been 1 so far in the 21st century. Local, national, and international health authorities regularly update their plans for mitigating the next influenza pandemic in light of the latest available evidence on the effectiveness of various control measures ... Read more >>

Emerging Infect. Dis. (Emerging infectious diseases)
[2020, 26(5):]

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Public activities preceding the onset of acute respiratory infection syndromes in adults in England - implications for the use of social distancing to control pandemic respiratory infections.

Andrew Hayward, Sarah Beale, Anne Johnson, Ellen Fragaszy, ,

Background: Social distancing measures may reduce the spread of emerging respiratory infections however, there is little empirical data on how exposure to crowded places affects risk of acute respiratory infection. Methods: We used a case-crossover design nested in a community cohort to compare self-reported measures of activities during the week ... Read more >>

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A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire towards prevention of Respiratory tract infections during Hajj and Umrah

Nyi Naing, Mohammd Goni, Habsah Hasan, Nadiah Wan-Arfah, Zakuan Deris, Wan Arifin, Aisha Baaba, Stanley Njaka,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background Respiratory tract infections are one of the common infection associated with Hajj pilgrimage that is of great public health and global concern. This study is aimed at determining the factor structure of the knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire for the prevention of respiratory tract infections ... Read more >>

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Prescribing systemic steroids for acute respiratory tract infections in United States outpatient settings: A nationwide population-based cohort study.

Kueiyu Joshua Lin, Evan Dvorin, Aaron S Kesselheim,

BACKGROUND:Evidence and guidelines do not support use of systemic steroids for acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs), but such practice appears common. We aim to quantify such use and determine its predictors. METHODS AND FINDINGS:We conducted a cohort study based on a large United States national commercial claims database, the IBM ... Read more >>

PLoS Med. (PLoS medicine)
[2020, 17(3):e1003058]

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Association of S. haematobium Infection Morbidity and Severity on Co-infections status in Pre-school Age Children Living in a Rural Endemic  Area in Zimbabwe

Tariro Mduluza-Joko, Thajasvarie Naicker, Luxwell Jokonya, Herald Midzi, Arthur Vengesai, Maritha Kasambala, Emelia Choto, Simbarashe Rusakaniko, Elopy Sibanda, Francisca Mutapi, Takafira Mdul,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background: Individuals living in S. haematobium endemic areas are often at risk of having other communicable diseases, simultaneously. This usually creates diagnostic difficulties leading to misdiagnosis and overlooking schistosomiasis infection. In this study we investigated the prevalence and effects of coinfections in pre-school age children.Methodology : ... Read more >>

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Comparison of the AllplexTM Respiratory Panel Assays and the automated Fast Track Diagnostics Respiratory pathogens 21 assay for the diagnosis of pediatric respiratory viral infections.

C. Concato, Livia Piccioni, S. Ranno, F. Antonelli, A. Buonomini, L. Coltella, G. Pizzichemi, S. Chiavelli, E. Riva,

Acute respiratory tract infections frequently occur in children and represent one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Quick and accurate pathogen detection can lead to a more appropriate use of antimicrobial treatment as well as timely implementation of isolation precautions. In the last decade, several commercial assays ... Read more >>

Arch. Virol. (Archives of virology)
[0, :1-6]

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Temporal condition pattern mining in large, sparse electronic health record data: A case study in characterizing pediatric asthma.

Elizabeth A Campbell, Ellen J Bass, Aaron J Masino,

OBJECTIVE:This study introduces a temporal condition pattern mining methodology to address the sparse nature of coded condition concept utilization in electronic health record data. As a validation study, we applied this method to reveal condition patterns surrounding an initial diagnosis of pediatric asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The SPADE (Sequential PAttern Discovery ... Read more >>

J Am Med Inform Assoc (Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA)
[2020, 27(4):558-566]

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Effects of Individual and Combined Water, Sanitation, Handwashing, and Nutritional Interventions on Child Respiratory Infections in Rural Kenya: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial.

Jenna Swarthout, Pavani K Ram, Charles D Arnold, Holly N Dentz, Benjamin F Arnold, Stephen Kalungu, Audrie Lin, Sammy M Njenga, Christine P Stewart, John M Colford, Clair Null, Amy J Pickering,

Poor nutrition and hand hygiene are risk factors for acute respiratory infections (ARIs). Safe drinking water and sanitation can reduce exposure to pathogens and encourage healthy immune responses, reducing the risk of ARIs. Within a trial assessing impacts of water, sanitation, and handwashing (WASH), and nutritional interventions, we evaluated effects ... Read more >>

Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene)
[2020, :]

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Respiratory tract infection-related healthcare utilisation in children with Down’s syndrome.

Logan Manikam, Anne G. M. Schilder, Monica Lakhanpaul, Peter Littlejohns, Emma C. Alexander, Andrew Hayward,

PurposeChildren with Down’s syndrome (DS) are prone to respiratory tract infections (RTIs) due to anatomical variation, immune system immaturity and comorbidities. However, evidence on RTI-related healthcare utilisation, especially in primary care, is incomplete. In this retrospective cohort study, we use routinely collected primary and secondary care data to quantify RTI-related ... Read more >>

Infection (Infection)
[0, :1-8]

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Prevalence of respiratory viruses and antiviral MxA responses in children with febrile urinary tract infection.

Ruut Piri, Lauri Ivaska, Mohamed Yahya, Laura Toivonen, Johanna Lempainen, Janne Kataja, Kirsi Nuolivirta, Lav Tripathi, Matti Waris, Ville Peltola,

Blood myxovirus resistance protein A (MxA) has broad antiviral activity, and it is a potential biomarker for symptomatic virus infections. Limited data is available of MxA in coinciding viral and bacterial infections. We investigated blood MxA levels in children hospitalized with a febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) with or without ... Read more >>

Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. (European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases : official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology)
[0, :1-6]

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Reducing burden from respiratory infections in refugees and immigrants: a systematic review of interventions in OECD, EU, EEA and EU-applicant countries

Jan-Frederic Lambert, Katarina Stete, James Balmford, Annabelle Bockey, Winfried Kern, Siegbert Rieg, Martin Boeker, Berit Lange,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background Respiratory diseases are a major reason for recently arrived migrants seeking health care in countries of arrival. The burden of respiratory diseases in refugees is exacerbated by poor living conditions and crowding. The lack of synthesised evidence and guideline-relevant information to reduce morbidity and mortality ... Read more >>

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