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The intersectional jeopardy of disability, gender and sexual and reproductive health: experiences and recommendations of women and men with disabilities in Northern Uganda.

Muriel Mac-Seing, Kate Zinszer, Bryan Eryong, Emma Ajok, Olivier Ferlatte, Christina Zarowsky,

The 2030 Sustainable Development Goals committed to "Leave No One Behind" regardless of social identity. While access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services has improved globally, people with disabilities continue to face enormous barriers to SRH, infringing on their SRH rights (SRHR). Uganda adopted pro-disability legislation to promote the ... Read more >>

Sex Reprod Health Matters (Sexual and reproductive health matters)
[2020, 28(2):1772654]

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Sexual health of adolescent girls and young women in Central Uganda: exploring perceived coercive aspects of transactional sex.

Nambusi Kyegombe, Rebecca Meiksin, Joyce Wamoyi, Lori Heise, Kirsten Stoebenau, Ana Maria Buller,

Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in Uganda are at risk of early sexual debut, unwanted pregnancy, violence, and disproportionally high HIV infection rates, driven in part by transactional sex. This paper examines the extent to which AGYW's participation in transactional sex is perceived to be coerced. We conducted 19 ... Read more >>

Sex Reprod Health Matters (Sexual and reproductive health matters)
[2020, 28(1):1700770]

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Adding video-debriefing to Helping-Babies-Breathe training enhanced retention of neonatal resuscitation knowledge and skills among health workers in Uganda: a cluster randomized trial.

Beatrice Odongkara, Thorkild Tylleskär, Nicola Pejovic, Vincentina Achora, David Mukunya, Grace Ndeezi, James K Tumwine, Victoria Nankabirwa,

BACKGROUND:Skilled birth attendants must be competent to provide prompt resuscitation to save newborn lives at birth. Both knowledge and skills (competence) decline with time after training but the optimal duration for refresher training among frontline-skilled birth attendants in low-resource settings is unknown. OBJECTIVES:We assessed the effect of an innovative Helping-Babies-Breathe ... Read more >>

Glob Health Action (Global health action)
[2020, 13(1):1743496]

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Retention in HIV Care Among HIV-Seropositive Pregnant and Postpartum Women in Uganda: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Lora L Sabin, Nafisa Halim, Davidson H Hamer, Elizabeth M Simmons, Sivani Jonnalagadda, Anna Larson Williams, Harriet Chemusto, Allen L Gifford, Rachael Bonawitz, Philip Aroda, Mary DeSilva, Julia Gasuza, Barbara Mukasa, Lisa J Messersmith,

We tested an intervention that aimed to increase retention in antiretroviral therapy (ART) among HIV-positive pregnant and postpartum women, a population shown to be vulnerable to poor ART outcomes. 133 pregnant women initiating ART at 2 hospitals in Uganda used real time-enabled wireless pill monitors (WPM) for 1 month, and were ... Read more >>

AIDS Behav (AIDS and behavior)
[2020, 24(11):3164-3175]

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"Everything is a Mess": How COVID-19 is Impacting Engagement with HIV Testing Services in Rural Southwestern Uganda.

Matthew Ponticiello, Juliet Mwanga-Amumpaire, Patricia Tushemereirwe, Gabriel Nuwagaba, Rachel King, Radhika Sundararajan,

AIDS Behav (AIDS and behavior)
[2020, 24(11):3006-3009]

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The role of participation and community mobilisation in preventing violence against women and girls: a programme review and critique.

Nicole Minckas, Geordan Shannon, Jenevieve Mannell,

BACKGROUND:Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is a public health problem and one of the most prevalent human rights violations in the world. Recently practitioners and researchers have taken an interest in community participation as a strategy for preventing VAWG. Despite the recent enthusiasm however, there has been little articulation ... Read more >>

Glob Health Action (Global health action)
[2020, 13(1):1775061]

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Factors Associated with Utilisation of Couple HIV Counselling and Testing Among HIV-Positive Adults in Kyoga Fishing Community Uganda, May 2017: Cross Sectional Study.

Lydia Nakiire, Steven Kabwama, Robert Majwala, Joy Kusiima Bbale, Issa Makumbi, Joan Kalyango, Christine Kihembo, Ben Masiira, Lilian Bulage, Daniel Kadobera, Alex Riolexus Ario, Peter Nsubuga, Rhoda Wanyenze,

Couple HIV counseling and testing (CHCT) is key in preventing heterosexual HIV transmission and achievement of 90-90-90 UNAIDS treatment targets by 2020. We conducted secondary data analysis to assess utilization of CHCT and associated factors using logistic regression. 58/134 participants (49%) had ever utilized CHCT. Disclosure of individual HIV results ... Read more >>

AIDS Behav (AIDS and behavior)
[2020, 24(10):2935-2941]

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Comparison of HIV Risk Behaviors Between Clinical Trials and Observational Cohorts in Uganda.

Andrew Abaasa, Stephen Nash, Yunia Mayanja, Matt A Price, Patricia E Fast, Pontiano Kaleebu, Jim Todd,

Many key populations have high-risk behaviors for HIV infection making them suitable for HIV vaccine efficacy trials. However, these behaviors may change when participants enroll into a trial. We used HIV simulated vaccine efficacy trials (SiVETs) nested within observational cohorts of fisherfolks and female sex workers in Uganda to evaluate ... Read more >>

AIDS Behav (AIDS and behavior)
[2020, 24(10):2872-2884]

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Groin Hernia Surgery in Uganda: Caseloads and Practices at Hospitals Operating Within the Publicly Funded Healthcare Sector.

Alphonsus Matovu, Pär Nordin, Andreas Wladis, Mary Margaret Ajiko, Jenny Löfgren,

BACKGROUND:Groin hernia is a major public health problem with over 200 million people affected. The unmet need for surgery is greatest in Sub-Saharan Africa where specialist surgeons are few. This study was carried out in Uganda to investigate caseloads and practices of groin hernia surgery at publicly funded hospitals. METHODS:The ... Read more >>

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2020, 44(10):3277-3283]

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Barriers to biomedical care for people with epilepsy in Uganda: A cross-sectional study.

Martin N Kaddumukasa, Mark Kaddumukasa, Mayanja Kajumba, Patrick J Smith, Samuel Bobholz, Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Drishti D Sinha, Alysa Almojuela, Payal Chakraborty, Noeline Nakasujja, Juliet Nakku, Alex Gualtieri, Erica Onuoha, Brad J Kolls, Christine Muhumuza, Caleigh E Smith, Nadine Sanchez, Anthony T Fuller, Michael M Haglund, Deborah C Koltai,

OBJECTIVE:Epilepsy, a neurological disorder with effective biomedical treatment, remains largely untreated in Uganda. Potential reasons for this treatment gap (TG) include limited access to trained providers and clinics, social stigmata of seizures, cultural beliefs, or lack of public understanding of epilepsy as a treatable condition. The current study aimed to ... Read more >>

Epilepsy Behav (Epilepsy & behavior : E&B)
[2020, :107349]

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Households experiencing catastrophic costs due to tuberculosis in Uganda: magnitude and cost drivers.

Winters Muttamba, Racheal Tumwebaze, Levicatus Mugenyi, Charles Batte, Rogers Sekibira, Abel Nkolo, Achilles Katamba, Simon Kasasa, Robert Kaos Majwala, Stavia Turyahabwe, Frank Mugabe, Kaggwa Mugagga, Peter Lochoro, Seyoum Dejene, Estella Birabwa, Claudio Marra, Ines Garcia Baena, Bruce Kirenga,

BACKGROUND:Tuberculosis (TB) patients in Uganda incur large costs related to the illness, and while seeking and receiving health care. Such costs create access and adherence barriers which affect health outcomes and increase transmission of disease. The study ascertained the proportion of Ugandan TB affected households incurring catastrophic costs and the ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2020, 20(1):1409]

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COVID-19 implications on household income and food security in Kenya and Uganda: Findings from a rapid assessment

Monica K. Kansiime, Justice A. Tambo, Ms. Idah Mugambi, Ms. Mary Bundi, Augustine Kara, Mr. Charles Owuor,

Highlights • We assessed COVID-19 implications on household income and food security using data from a rapid online survey of 442 respondents in Kenya and Uganda.• More than two-thirds of respondents experienced income shocks, and worsened food security and dietary quality as a result of COVID-19 pandemic.• Food security outcomes ... Read more >>

(World Development)
[2020, :]

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Traditional Medicinal vegetables in Northern Uganda. An ethnobotanical survey.

Rebecca Nakaziba, Maxson Kenneth Anyolitho, Sharon Bright Amanya, Jasper Ogwal-Okeng, Paul Alele,

Abstract Background A wide range of indigenous vegetables grow in Uganda especially during rainy seasons but scarcely during droughts, except those that are commercially grown. Although a number of these vegetables have medicinal values, they have not been satisfactorily studied besides conservation. Therefore, we conducted an ethnobotanical cross-sectional survey in ... Read more >>

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Perceptions of key informants on the provision of cervical cancer prevention and control programme in Uganda: implication for cervical cancer policy.

James Henry Obol, Reema Harrison, Sophia Lin, Mark James Obwolo, Robyn Richmond,

BACKGROUND:Uganda has one of the highest burdens of cervical cancer globally. In 2010 the Ugandan Ministry of Health launched the Strategic Plan for Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control with the hope of developing cervical cancer policy in Uganda. This study explored the beliefs of senior key informants in Uganda about ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2020, 20(1):1396]

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Ugandan Medical Student Career Choices Relate to Foreign Funding Priorities.

Nasser Kakembo, Martin Situma, Hannah Williamson, Phyllis Kisa, Moses Kamya, Doruk Ozgediz, John Sekabira, Tamara N Fitzgerald,

INTRODUCTION:The surgical workforce in sub-Saharan Africa is insufficient to meet population needs. Therefore, medical students should be encouraged to pursue surgical careers and "brain drain" must be minimized. It is unknown to what extent foreign aid priorities influence medical student career choices in Uganda. METHODS:Medical students in Uganda completed an ... Read more >>

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2020, :]

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Rural urban differential in Transactional sex among unmarried (Not in Union) Young Women (15-24 years) in Uganda

Vincent Okotel, Robert Wamala, Martin Kayitale Mbonye,

Abstract Background: Transactional sex, a causal exchange of gifts, money and services for sex is practiced globally. Transactional sex is associated with risky sexual behaviors, unintended pregnancy, gender based violence and HIV infection. Proportionally in 2016, TS among young women not in union in Uganda was almost twice in rural ... Read more >>

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Treatment outcome of the implementation of HIV test and treat policy at The AIDs Support Organization (TASO) Tororo clinic, Eastern Uganda: A retrospective cohort study.

Ronald Opito, Joseph Mpagi, Denis Bwayo, Francis Okello, Kenneth Mugisha, Agnes Napyo,

BACKGROUND:Uganda has been making progress towards universal HIV test and treat since 2013 and the 2016 test and treat policy was expanded from the 2013 guidelines. The expanded policy was rolled out in 2017 across the country. The treatment outcomes of this new policy have not yet been assessed at ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(9):e0239087]

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Ethical and human rights considerations in public health in low and middle-income countries: an assessment using the case of Uganda's responses to COVID-19 pandemic.

John Barugahare, Fredrick Nelson Nakwagala, Erisa Mwaka Sabakaki, Joseph Ochieng, Nelson K Sewankambo,

BACKGROUND:In response to COVID-19 pandemic, the Government of Uganda adopted public health measures to contain its spread in the country. Some of the initial measures included refusal to repatriate citizens studying in China, mandatory institutional quarantine, and social distancing. Despite being a public health emergency, the measures adopted deserve critical ... Read more >>

BMC Med Ethics (BMC medical ethics)
[2020, 21(1):91]

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Burden of tinea capitis among children in Africa: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies, 1990-2020.

Felix Bongomin, Ronald Olum, Lauryn Nsenga, Joseph Baruch Baluku,

INTRODUCTION:Tinea capitis is the most common form of dermatophytosis among children, contributing significantly to the global burden of skin and hair infections. However, an accurate account of its burden in Africa, where most cases are thought to occur, is lacking. We aim to systematically evaluate the burden, aetiology and epidemiological ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2020, 10(9):e041230]

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Associations between Aminoquinoline Resistance Genotypes and Clinical Presentations of Plasmodium falciparum Infection in Uganda.

Gloria Cuu, Victor Asua, Stephen Tukwasibwe, Sam L Nsobya, Ann Nanteza, Magambo Phillip Kimuda, Arthur Mpimbaza, Philip J Rosenthal,

Mutations that mediate resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to aminoquinoline antimalarials are selected by prior drug use and may alter parasite fitness, but associations with clinical presentations are uncertain. We evaluated genotypes in samples from a case-control study of determinants of severe malaria in Ugandan children 4 months to 10 years of age. ... Read more >>

Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy)
[2020, 64(10):]

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Epidemiology and preclinical management of dog bites among humans in Wakiso and Kampala districts, Uganda: Implications for prevention of dog bites and rabies.

Stevens Kisaka, Fredrick E Makumbi, Samuel Majalija, Alexander Bangirana, S M Thumbi,

In rabies endemic areas, appropriate management of dog bites is critical in human rabies prevention. Victims must immediately wash bite wound for 15 minutes with water, soap, and a disinfectant before seeking medical care. This study investigated the epidemiology of dog bites and the determinants of compliance to these pre-clinical ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(9):e0239090]

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Components of antenatal care received by women in fishing communities on Lake Victoria, Uganda; a cross sectional survey

Ali Ssetaala, Joan Nabawanuka, Gideon Matovu, Nusula Nakiragga, Judith Namugga, Phiona Nalubega, Henry Lutalo Kaluuma, Kundai Chinyenze, Katrina Perehudoff, Kristien Michielsen, Bernard Bagaya, Matt Price, Noah Kiwanuka, Olivier Degomme,

Abstract Background: Uganda has one of the highest maternal deaths at a ratio of 336 per 100,000 live births. As Uganda strives to achieve sustainable development goals, appropriate antenatal care is key to reduction of maternal mortality. We explored women’s reported receipt of seven of the Uganda guidelines components of ... Read more >>

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Adaptation of a mobile phone health survey for risk factors for noncommunicable diseases in Colombia: a qualitative study.

Angelica Torres-Quintero, Angela Vega, Dustin G Gibson, Mariana Rodriguez-Patarroyo, Stephanie Puerto, George W Pariyo, Joseph Ali, Adnan A Hyder, Alain Labrique, Hannah Selig, Rolando Enrique Peñaloza, Andres I Vecino-Ortiz,

BACKGROUND:Data collection on noncommunicable disease (NCD) behavioral risk factors has traditionally been carried out through face-to-face surveys. However, its high costs and logistical difficulties can lead to lack of timely statistics for planning, particularly in low and middle-income countries. Mobile phone surveys (MPS) have the potential to fill these gaps. ... Read more >>

Glob Health Action (Global health action)
[2020, 13(1):1809841]

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Individual, community and region level predictors of insecticide-treated net use among women in Uganda: a multilevel analysis.

Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Yusuf Olushola Kareem, Sanni Yaya,

BACKGROUND:Use of insecticide-treated net (ITN) has been identified by the World Health Organization as an effective approach for malaria prevention. The government of Uganda has instituted measures to enhance ITN supply over the past decade, however, the country ranks third towards the global malaria burden. As a result, this study ... Read more >>

Malar. J. (Malaria journal)
[2020, 19(1):337]

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Investigation of Ebolavirus exposure in pigs presented for slaughter in Uganda.

Christine Atherstone, Sandra Diederich, Bradley Pickering, Greg Smith, Graham Casey, Kerstin Fischer, Michael P Ward, Dickson Ndoboli, Hana Weingartl, Silvia Alonso, Navneet Dhand, Kristina Roesel, Delia Grace, Siobhan M Mor,

In 2008, an outbreak of Reston ebolavirus (RESTV) in pigs in the Philippines expanded our understanding of the host range of ebolaviruses. Subsequent experimental infections with the human-pathogenic species Zaire ebolavirus (EBOV) confirmed that pigs are susceptible to African species of ebolaviruses. Pig keeping has become an increasingly important livelihood ... Read more >>

Transbound Emerg Dis (Transboundary and emerging diseases)
[2020, :]

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