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Alterations in the human plasma lipidome in response to Tularemia vaccination

Kristal Maner-Smith, David Ford, Johannes Goll, Travis Jensen, Manoj Khadka, Jennifer Colucci, Casey Gelber, Carolyn Albert, Steve Bosinger, Jacob Franke, Muktha Natrajan, Nadine Rouphael, Robert Johnson, Patrick Sanz, Evan Anderson, Daniel Hoft, Mark Mulligan, Eric Ortlund,

Abstract Tularemia is a rare but highly contagious and potentially fatal disease caused by bacteria Francisella tularensis where as few as ten inhaled organisms can lead to an infection, making it one of the most infectious microorganisms known and a potential bioweapon. To better understand the response to a live, ... Read more >>

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Differentiation of Francisella tularensis Subspecies and Subtypes.

Marilynn A Larson, Khalid Sayood, Amanda M Bartling, Jennifer R Meyer, Clarise Starr, James Baldwin, Michael P Dempsey,

The highly infectious and zoonotic pathogen Francisella tularensis is the etiologic agent of tularemia, a potentially fatal disease if untreated. Despite the high average nucleotide identity, which is >99.2% for the virulent subspecies and >98% for all four subspecies, including the opportunistic microbe Francisella tularensis subsp. novicida, there are considerable ... Read more >>

J. Clin. Microbiol. (Journal of clinical microbiology)
[2020, 58(4):]

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XFEL and NMR Structures of Francisella Lipoprotein Reveal Conformational Space of Drug Target against Tularemia.

James Zook, Mrinal Shekhar, Debra Hansen, Chelsie Conrad, Thomas Grant, Chitrak Gupta, Thomas White, Anton Barty, Shibom Basu, Yun Zhao, Nadia Zatsepin, Andrii Ishchenko, Alex Batyuk, Cornelius Gati, Chufeng Li, Lorenzo Galli, Jesse Coe, Mark Hunter, Meng Liang, Uwe Weierstall, Garret Nelson, Daniel James, Benjamin Stauch, Felicia Craciunescu, Darren Thifault, Wei Liu, Vadim Cherezov, Abhishek Singharoy, Petra Fromme,

Francisella tularensis is the causative agent for the potentially fatal disease tularemia. The lipoprotein Flpp3 has been identified as a virulence determinant of tularemia with no sequence homology outside the Francisella genus. We report a room temperature structure of Flpp3 determined by serial femtosecond crystallography that exists in a significantly ... Read more >>

Structure (Structure (London, England : 1993))
[2020, :]

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Phylogeography and Genetic Diversity of Francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica in France (1947-2018).

Maëllys Kevin, Guillaume Girault, Yvan Caspar, Moulay Ali Cherfa, Christiane Mendy, Herbert Tomaso, Dolores Gavier-Widen, Raquel Escudero, Max Maurin, Benoît Durand, Claire Ponsart, Nora Madani,

In France, tularemia is caused by Francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica and is a sporadic disease affecting mainly wildlife animals and humans. F. tularensis species presents low genetic diversity that remains poorly described in France, as only a few genomes of isolates from the country are available so far. The objective ... Read more >>

Front Microbiol (Frontiers in Microbiology)
[2020, 11:287]

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Ecology and Epidemiology of Tickborne Pathogens, Washington, USA, 2011-2016.

Elizabeth A Dykstra, Hanna N Oltean, David Kangiser, Nicola Marsden-Haug, Stephen M Rich, Guang Xu, Min-Kuang Lee, Muhammad G Morshed, Christine B Graham, Rebecca J Eisen,

Tickborne diseases are rare in Washington, USA, and the ecology of these pathogens is poorly understood. We integrated surveillance data from humans and ticks to better describe their epidemiology and ecology. During 2011-2016, a total of 202 tickborne disease cases were reported in Washington residents. Of these, 68 (34%) were ... Read more >>

Emerging Infect. Dis. (Emerging infectious diseases)
[2020, 26(4):648-657]

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Proteome Wide Profiling of N-ε-Lysine Acetylation Reveals a Novel Mechanism of Regulation of the Chitinase Activity in Francisella novicida.

Ekaterina Marakasova, Alexandra Ii, Kristina T Nelson, Monique L van Hoek,

Francisella tularensis is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes the zoonotic disease tularemia. The historical development of tularemia as a biological weapon has led to it being characterized by the CDC as a category A biothreat agent. Neither posttranslational modification (PTM) of proteins, in particular lysine acetylation, in Francisella nor its ... Read more >>

J. Proteome Res. (Journal of proteome research)
[2020, :]

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A rare cause of granulomatous hepatitis: Tularemia.

Emine Kocabaş, Özlem Özgür Gündeşlioğlu, Merve Kılıç Çil, Ümmühan Çay, Figen Doran, Süreyya Soyupak,

Tularemia is a zoonotic infection caused by Francisella tularensis. Tularemia has several clinical form in humans, including ulceroglandular, pneumonic, oropharyngeal, oculoglandular, and systemic (typhoidal). Tularemia may develop granulomatous and suppurative lesions, especially in the affected regional lymph nodes and various organs. Patients with hepatic involvement typically have elevated transaminase levels, ... Read more >>

J Infect Public Health (Journal of infection and public health)
[2020, :]

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Draft Genome Sequences of Three Francisella tularensis subsp. mediasiatica Strains Isolated in the Altai Territory, Russian Federation.

Alexander N Mokrievich, Angelina A Kislichkina, Tamara Y Kudryavtseva, Raisa I Mironova, Galina M Vakhrameeva, Nina A Shishkova, Vitalii S Timofeev, Alexandr G Bogun, Vitaliy M Pavlov, Ivan A Dyatlov,

We report the draft genome sequences of three Francisella tularensis subsp. mediasiatica strains isolated in the Altai Territory, Russian Federation. ... Read more >>

Microbiol Resour Announc (Microbiology resource announcements)
[2020, 9(7):]

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Francisella tularensis infection in dogs: 88 cases (2014-2016).

Natalie A Kwit, Nicole A Middaugh, Elizabeth S VinHatton, Sandra D Melman, Lisa Onischuk, Adam S Aragon, Christina A Nelson, Paul S Mead, Paul J Ettestad,

OBJECTIVE:To characterize the epidemiology, clinical signs, and treatment of dogs with Francisella tularensis infection in New Mexico. ANIMALS:87 dogs in which 88 cases of tularemia (1 dog had 2 distinct cases) were confirmed by the New Mexico Department of Health Scientific Laboratory Division from 2014 through 2016 and for which ... Read more >>

J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. (Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association)
[2020, 256(2):220-225]

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Two cases of tick-borne transmitted tularemia on Southern Zealand, Denmark.

Morten Bahrt Haulrig, Gustav Mathiasen, Rikke Maria Nielsen, Charles Boy Kromann, Karen Angeliki Krogfelt, Lothar Wiese,

Francisella tularensis is a zoonotic bacterium which causes the infection tularemia. It colonizes invertebrates and vertebrates, counting wildlife animals and rodents. Humans can become infected through several pathways including contaminated food, water, and handling animals and due to bites from vectors. Ticks are known to cause tularemia in humans, though ... Read more >>

APMIS (APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica)
[2020, 128(1):61-64]

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Probable African Tick Bite Fever in the United States.

Kami Lowery, Theodore Rosen,

African tick bite fever (ATBF) is a tick-borne rickettsial disease most often observed in North American and European tourists returning home from the southern portion of Africa. Ticks infected with Rickettsia africae transmit this parasitic bacterium to humans, who subsequently develop an influenza-like illness, one or more inoculation eschars, and ... Read more >>

Yale J Biol Med (The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine)
[2020, 93(1):49-54]

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Surveillance of Francisella tularensis in surface water of Kurdistan province, west of Iran.

Hossein Ahangari Cohan, Mahmoud Jamshidian, Mahdi Rohani, Meysam Moravedji, Ehsan Mostafavi,

BACKGROUND:The etiologic agent of tularemia, Francisella tularensis, is transmitted to humans via ingestion of contaminated water or food, arthropods bite, respiratory aerosols, or direct contact with infected animals body fluids or tissues. In the current study, due to the importance of water in transmitting the disease and the report of ... Read more >>

Comp. Immunol. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. (Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases)
[2020, 69:101419]

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Systems Vaccinology for a Live Attenuated Tularemia Vaccine Reveals Unique Transcriptional Signatures That Predict Humoral and Cellular Immune Responses.

Muktha S Natrajan, Nadine Rouphael, Lilin Lai, Dmitri Kazmin, Travis L Jensen, David S Weiss, Chris Ibegbu, Marcelo B Sztein, William F Hooper, Heather Hill, Evan J Anderson, Robert Johnson, Patrick Sanz, Bali Pulendran, Johannes B Goll, Mark J Mulligan,

Background: Tularemia is a potential biological weapon due to its high infectivity and ease of dissemination. This study aimed to characterize the innate and adaptive responses induced by two different lots of a live attenuated tularemia vaccine and compare them to other well-characterized viral vaccine immune responses. Methods: Microarray analyses ... Read more >>

Vaccines (Basel) (Vaccines)
[2019, 8(1):]

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Autogeny in Culiseta longiareolata (Culicidae: Diptera) Mosquitoes in Laboratory Conditions in Iran

Saber Gholizadeh, Fereshteh Khaligh, Abdollah Naghian, Shadiyeh Soltanbeiglou,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Objectives Culiseta longiareolata is a cosmopolitan species and has implicated in the transmission of avian malaria, tularemia, and arboviruses. Despite the wide distribution of Cs. longiareolata in Iran, little is known about its biology and physiology. The current research was conducted to study the autogeny behavior ... Read more >>

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The Francisella tularensis Polysaccharides: What Is the Real Capsule?

Kelly C Freudenberger Catanzaro, Thomas J Inzana,

SUMMARYFrancisella tularensis is a tier 1 select agent responsible for tularemia in humans and a wide variety of animal species. Extensive research into understanding the virulence factors of the bacterium has been ongoing to develop an efficacious vaccine. At least two such virulence factors are described as capsules of F. ... Read more >>

Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. (Microbiology and molecular biology reviews : MMBR)
[2020, 84(1):]

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Interferon Gamma Reprograms Host Mitochondrial Metabolism through Inhibition of Complex II To Control Intracellular Bacterial Replication.

Forrest Jessop, Robert Buntyn, Benjamin Schwarz, Tara Wehrly, Dana Scott, Catharine M Bosio,

The mechanisms by which interferon gamma (IFN-γ) controls the replication of cytosolic pathogens independent of responses, such as the generation of reactive oxygen species/reactive nitrogen species (ROS/RNS), have not been fully elucidated. In the current study, we developed a model using Francisella tularensis, the causative agent of tularemia, in which ... Read more >>

Infect. Immun. (Infection and immunity)
[2020, 88(2):]

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[Determination of the Subspecies of Francisella tularensis Isolated in Turkey by Molecular Methods].

Bekir Çelebi, Zekiye Bakkaloğlu, Özlem Ünaldı, Alper Karagöz, Selçuk Kılıç, Rıza Durmaz,

Francisella tularensis is a gram-negative, coccobasillus, facultative intracellular bacteria and causes a zoonotic disease, tularemia in humans. F.tularensis has four subspecies, which have different virulences for humans as F.tularensis subsp. tularensis, F.tularensis subsp. holarctica, F.tularensis subsp. mediasiatica and F.tularensis subsp. novicida. F.tularensis subsp. tularensis is the most virulent subspecies and ... Read more >>

Mikrobiyol Bul (Mikrobiyoloji bulteni)
[2020, 54(1):1-10]

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Lack of Tularemia Among Health Care Providers With Close Contact With Infected Patients-A Case Series.

Christina A Nelson, Jennifer Brown, Linda Riley, Anne Dennis, Ryan Oyer, Catherine Brown,

Francisella tularensis has a low infectious dose and can infect laboratory staff handling clinical specimens. The risk to health care providers exposed during patient care is poorly defined. We describe 9 examples of health care providers who did not develop tularemia after significant exposures to infected patients. ... Read more >>

Open Forum Infect Dis (Open forum infectious diseases)
[2020, 7(1):ofz499]

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Brief outcome of five decades of battle with infectious diseases in Iran.

Vahid Lohrasbi, Nima Mohammadzadeh, Neda Shirmohammadlou,

According to WHO health profile, Iran has better situation in controlling some infection disease like leprosy, dengue fever, tularemia and hepatitis B than United States, even though Iran is in a more dangerous area than the USA. Achieving optimum control for infectious disease in the Middle East requires huge financial ... Read more >>

Virusdisease (Virusdisease)
[2020, 31(1):10-12]

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Francisella novicida and F. philomiragia biofilm features conditionning fitness in spring water and in presence of antibiotics.

Claire Siebert, Corinne Villers, Georgios Pavlou, Bastien Touquet, Nandadeva Yakandawala, Isabelle Tardieux, Patricia Renesto,

Biofilms are currently considered as a predominant lifestyle of many bacteria in nature. While they promote survival of microbes, biofilms also potentially increase the threats to animal and public health in case of pathogenic species. They not only facilitate bacteria transmission and persistence, but also promote spreading of antibiotic resistance ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(2):e0228591]

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Combinations of early generation antibiotics and antimicrobial peptides are effective against a broad spectrum of bacterial biothreat agents.

Christopher K Cote, Irma I Blanco, Melissa Hunter, Jennifer L Shoe, Christopher P Klimko, Rekha G Panchal, Susan L Welkos,

The misuse of infectious disease pathogens as agents of deliberate attack on civilians and military personnel is a serious national security concern, which is exacerbated by the emergence of natural or genetically engineered multidrug resistant strains. In this study, the therapeutic potential of combinations of an antibiotic and a broad-spectrum ... Read more >>

Microb. Pathog. (Microbial pathogenesis)
[2020, 142:104050]

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A Rare Cause of Prosthetic Valve Infective Endocarditis: Francisella tularensis holarctica.

Christian A Olivo, Claire Dysart, Javeria Haque, Cristina Olivo, Sami El-Dalati, Nathan Gundacker,

INTRODUCTION:Francisella tularensis subspecies holarctica is the most common cause of tularemia in Europe and Japan. Tularemia presents in clinical syndromes, usually as ulceroglandular and glandular syndrome. This entity rarely causes endocarditis. In the United States, only 1 case of a native valve infectious endocarditis has been described to date. CASE ... Read more >>

WMJ (WMJ : official publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin)
[2019, 118(4):196-198]

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A serological and molecular study on Francisella tularensis in rodents from Hamadan province, Western Iran.

Majid Hemati, Mohammad Khalili, Mahdi Rohani, Balal Sadeghi, Saber Esmaeili, Ahmad Ghasemi, Ahmad Mahmoudi, Miklós Gyuranecz, Ehsan Mostafavi,

INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE:Tularemia is a zoonotic disease, the most important hosts of which are rodents. Endemic regions and reservoirs of F. tularensis are not well-researched areas in Iran. The present study aimed to study F. tularensis infection in the rodent populations of western Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Samples were collected in ... Read more >>

Comp. Immunol. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. (Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases)
[2020, 68:101379]

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Effect of Synthetic Organoselenium Drug on the Degree of Pathological Changes in the Organs of White Mice Immunized with Tularemia and Brucellosis Vaccines.

O V Yurieva, V I Dubrovina, V A Potapov, M V Musalov, T P Starovoitova, T A Ivanova, A V Gromova, T T Shkaruba, S V Balakhonov,

We studied the effect of the organoselenium compound 2,6-dipyridinium-9-selenium-bicyclo[ 3,3,1]nonan dibromide (974zh) on the severity of pathological changes in the organs of experimental animals immunized with live tularemia and brucellosis vaccines. It was found that 974zh reduced reactogenicity of vaccines for experimental animals. Our findings indicate the prospects for further ... Read more >>

Bull. Exp. Biol. Med. (Bulletin of experimental biology and medicine)
[2019, 168(1):66-68]

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Does the Plague Still Threaten Us?

Alzira Maria Paiva de Almeida, Marise Sobreira, Nilma Cintra Leal, Celso Tavares,

Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. (Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
[2020, 53:e20190136]

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