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Tourette Syndrome and Other Tic Disorders

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Anterior Limb of Internal Capsule and Bed Nucleus of Stria Terminalis Stimulation for Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Adolescence: A Case of Success.

Pedro Duarte-Batista, Miguel Coelho, Sofia Quintas, Pedro Levy, Ana Castro Caldas, António Gonçalves-Ferreira, Herculano Carvalho, Maria Begoña Cattoni,

Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is a neurobehavioral disorder comprising motor and vocal tics. In most cases it is associated with other disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). In refractory cases deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a valid treatment option. This paper describes the case of a 15-year-old adolescent ... Read more >>

Stereotact Funct Neurosurg (Stereotactic and functional neurosurgery)
[2020, :1-9]

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Pharmacotherapy for tics in adult patients with Tourette syndrome and other tic disorders.

James Badenoch, Andrea E Cavanna,

BACKGROUND:Tourette syndrome (TS) and persistent motor/vocal tic disorders are neurodevelopmental conditions characterised by the chronic presence of motor and/or vocal tics. Patients with TS often present with co-morbid disorders, especially attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder (which tends to improve after childhood), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (which can persist in adulthood). We set ... Read more >>

Neurol. Sci. (Neurological sciences : official journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology)
[2020, :]

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Intravenous Immunoglobulin Treatment Did Not Improve Tics in a Patient With Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome and Intrathecal Antibody Synthesis.

Natalia Szejko, Carolin Fremer, Kurt-Wolfram Sühs, Pedro Macul Ferreira de Barros, Kirsten R Müller-Vahl,

Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by motor and vocal tics. There are several hypotheses as to the cause of the disease. One of which suggests that the immune system is involved in the pathophysiology of GTS. Here, we present a 40-year-old female patient with ... Read more >>

Front Neurol (Frontiers in Neurology)
[2020, 11:110]

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Clinical Features That Evoke the Concept of Disinhibition in Tourette Syndrome.

Lille Kurvits, Davide Martino, Christos Ganos,

The capacity to efficiently control motor output, by either refraining from prepotent actions or disengaging from ongoing motor behaviors, is necessary for our ability to thrive in a stimulus-rich and socially complex environment. Failure to engage in successful inhibitory motor control could lead to aberrant behaviors typified by an excess ... Read more >>

Front Psychiatry (Frontiers in Psychiatry)
[2020, 11:21]

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Tourette's disorder in children and adolescents.

Donald E Greydanus, Julia Tullio,

Tourette's disorder (TD) is one of the five American Psychiatric Association's 2013 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) classifications of tic disorders. Eponymously linked with the noted 19th century French physician, Gilles de la Tourette [1857-1904], this disorder is identified in 0.3% to 0.7% of the population. It ... Read more >>

Transl Pediatr (Translational pediatrics)
[2020, 9(Suppl 1):S94-S103]

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Association of a Variant of CNR1 Gene Encoding Cannabinoid Receptor 1 With Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome.

Natalia Szejko, Jakub Piotr Fichna, Krzysztof Safranow, Tomasz Dziuba, Cezary Żekanowski, Piotr Janik,

Background:Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is a neuropsychiatric disorder of unknown etiology, although a major role of genetic factors has been established. Cannabis-based medicines may alleviate GTS-associated tics and variants of CNR1 gene encoding central cannabinoid receptor (CB1) are believed to be a risk factor for the development of ... Read more >>

Front Genet (Frontiers in Genetics)
[2020, 11:125]

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Impaired automatic but intact volitional inhibition in primary tic disorders.

Vishal Rawji, Sachin Modi, Anna Latorre, Lorenzo Rocchi, Leanne Hockey, Kailash Bhatia, Eileen Joyce, John C Rothwell, Marjan Jahanshahi,

The defining character of tics is that they can be transiently suppressed by volitional effort of will, and at a behavioural level this has led to the concept that tics result from a failure of inhibition. However, this logic conflates the mechanism responsible for the production of tics with that ... Read more >>

Brain (Brain : a journal of neurology)
[2020, 143(3):906-919]

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Alterations in the Nervous System and Gut Microbiota after β-Hemolytic Streptococcus Group A Infection-Characteristics and Diagnostic Criteria of PANDAS Recognition.

Jacek Baj, Elżbieta Sitarz, Alicja Forma, Katarzyna Wróblewska, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz,

The objective of this paper is to review and summarize conclusions from the available literature regarding Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections (PANDAS). The authors have independently reviewed articles from 1977 onwards, primarily focusing on the etiopathology, symptoms, differentiation between similar psychiatric conditions, immunological reactions, alterations in the ... Read more >>

Int J Mol Sci (International journal of molecular sciences)
[2020, 21(4):]

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Hippocampal volume in Provisional Tic Disorder predicts tic severity at 12-month follow-up

Soyoung Kim, Deanna Greene, Carolina Badke D’Andrea, Emily Bihun, Jonathan Koller, Bridget O’Reilly, Bradley Schlaggar, Kevin Black,

Abstract Background Previous studies have investigated the relationships between the volumes of subcortical structures (e.g. caudate, putamen, thalamus, amygdala, hippocampus) and present tic symptom severity or future tic outcome in individuals with Tourette syndrome (TS). The largest such study found increased hippocampal volume in children with TS, but studies in ... Read more >>

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Family-Based Analysis Combined with Case-Controls Study Implicate Roles of PCNT in Tourette Syndrome.

Wenmiao Liu, Yixia Guo, Xiumei Liu, Ru Zhang, Jicheng Dong, Hao Deng, Fan He, Fengyuan Che, Shiguo Liu, Mingji Yi,

Objective:Tourette syndrome (TS) is a childhood-onset neuro-developmental disorder and the genetic factors play an important role in its etiology. As pericentrin (PCNT) binds to disruption-in-schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) and is a risk factor for many mental illnesses, we aimed to investigate the effect of PCNT on TS in the Chinese Han ... Read more >>

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat (Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment)
[2020, 16:349-354]

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Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics reduces perception-action binding during inhibitory control in Gilles de la Tourette syndrome.

Vanessa Petruo, Benjamin Bodmer, Annet Bluschke, Alexander Münchau, Veit Roessner, Christian Beste,

Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome (GTS) is a developmental disorder. Empirical studies and an emerging cognitive framework on GTS suggest that GTS is a disorder of abnormally strong 'perception-action binding'. Theoretical considerations imply that the effectiveness of long-established behavioral interventions might be related to a normalization of increased binding in ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):1174]

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Examining the functional activity of different obsessive-compulsive symptom dimensions in Tourette syndrome.

Tracy Bhikram, Adrian Crawley, Paul Arnold, Elia Abi-Jaoude, Paul Sandor,

OBJECTIVES:Tourette syndrome (TS) is commonly comorbid with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and many phenomenological similarities exist between tics and obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS). Therefore, due to the clinical importance of comorbid OCD, the goal of this study was to investigate the neural substrates of OCS in TS using functional magnetic resonance imaging. ... Read more >>

Neuroimage Clin (NeuroImage. Clinical)
[2020, 26:102198]

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The Sapap3-knockout mouse model manifests a spectrum of repetitive behaviours

Lamothe, Schreiweis, Mallet, Burguière,

Abstract Symptom comorbidity is present amongst neuropsychiatric disorders with repetitive behaviors, complicating clinical diagnosis and impeding appropriate subsequent treatments. This is of particular importance for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Tourette Syndrome and trichotillomania. Here, we analysed in detail the behaviour of the Sapap3 -/- mouse model, the currently predominant mouse model for ... Read more >>

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Oxidative stress and gut-derived lipopolysaccharides in children affected by paediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections.

Lorenzo Loffredo, Alberto Spalice, Francesca Salvatori, Giovanna De Castro, Cristiana Alessia Guido, Anna Maria Zicari, Paolo Ciacci, Simona Battaglia, Giulia Brindisi, Evaristo Ettorre, Cristina Nocella, Guglielmo Salvatori, Marzia Duse, Francesco Violi, Roberto Carnevale,

BACKGROUND:Paediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections syndrome (PANDAS) identifies patients with acute onset of obsessive-compulsive and tic disorders. The objective of this study was to evaluate serum NOX2 levels, as well as 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-iso-PGF2α) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of PANDAS patients. METHODS:In this study we wanted to compare ... Read more >>

BMC Pediatr (BMC pediatrics)
[2020, 20(1):127]

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Oral Health Problems among Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders in the United States.

Zenab I Yusuf, Deepa Dongarwar, Rafeek A Yusuf, Hamisu M Salihu,

Children with neurodevelopmental disabilities (NDD) suffer poor oral health problems (OHP) leading to adverse health outcomes. We examined the association between NDD and OHP among children in the United States (US) ages 3-17 years using data from the National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) 2016-17. The prevalence of OHP was ... Read more >>

Int J MCH AIDS (International journal of MCH and AIDS)
[2020, 9(1):157-160]

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Sex differences in movement disorders.

Sara Meoni, Antonella Macerollo, Elena Moro,

In a range of neurological conditions, including movement disorders, sex-related differences are emerging not only in brain anatomy and function, but also in pathogenesis, clinical features and response to treatment. In Parkinson disease (PD), for example, oestrogens can influence the severity of motor symptoms, whereas elevation of androgens can exacerbate ... Read more >>

Nat Rev Neurol (Nature reviews. Neurology)
[2020, 16(2):84-96]

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Medical Cannabis in Children.

Adi Aran, Dalit Cayam-Rand,

The use of medical cannabis in children is rapidly growing. While robust evidence currently exists only for pure cannabidiol (CBD) to treat specific types of refractory epilepsy, in most cases, artisanal strains of CBD-rich medical cannabis are being used to treat children with various types of refractory epilepsy or irritability ... Read more >>

Rambam Maimonides Med J (Rambam Maimonides medical journal)
[2020, 11(1):]

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Relaxation therapy as a treatment for tics in patients with Tourette syndrome: a systematic literature review.

Florence Tilling, Andrea E Cavanna,

BACKGROUND:Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by the presence of multiple motor and phonic tics, often associated with co-morbid behavioural problems. Tics can be modulated by environmental factors and are characteristically exacerbated by psychological stress, among other factors. This observation has led to the development of specific behavioural ... Read more >>

Neurol. Sci. (Neurological sciences : official journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology)
[2019, :]

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Trichotillomania is more related to Tourette disorder than to obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Hugues Lamothe, Jean-Marc Baleyte, Luc Mallet, Antoine Pelissolo,

OBJECTIVE:Trichotillomania (TTM) is characterized by the pulling out of one's hair. TTM was classified as an impulse control disorder in DSM-IV, but is now classified in the obsessive-compulsive related disorders section of DSM-5. Classification for TTM remains an open question, especially considering its impact on treatment of the disorder. In ... Read more >>

Braz J Psychiatry (Revista brasileira de psiquiatria (Sao Paulo, Brazil : 1999))
[2020, 42(1):87-104]

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Phosphatidylcholine PC ae C44:6 in cerebrospinal fluid is a sensitive biomarker for bacterial meningitis.

Leonardo Silva de Araujo, Kevin Pessler, Kurt-Wolfram Sühs, Natalia Novoselova, Frank Klawonn, Maike Kuhn, Volkhard Kaever, Kirsten Müller-Vahl, Corinna Trebst, Thomas Skripuletz, Martin Stangel, Frank Pessler,

BACKGROUND:The timely diagnosis of bacterial meningitis is of utmost importance due to the need to institute antibiotic treatment as early as possible. Moreover, the differentiation from other causes of meningitis/encephalitis is critical because of differences in management such as the need for antiviral or immunosuppressive treatments. Considering our previously reported ... Read more >>

J Transl Med (Journal of translational medicine)
[2020, 18(1):9]

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Smart neuromodulation in movement disorders.

Kyle T Mitchell, Philip A Starr,

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a technique for invasive subcortical neuromodulation using a totally implantable permanent device. DBS is an effective therapy for movement disorders and is under investigation for the treatment of many other conditions including Tourette syndrome, epilepsy, and depression. Traditional DBS is limited by labor-intensive manual programming, ... Read more >>

Handb Clin Neurol (Handbook of clinical neurology)
[2020, 168:153-161]

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Therapeutic use of cannabis and cannabinoids: an evidence mapping and appraisal of systematic reviews.

Nadia Montero-Oleas, Ingrid Arevalo-Rodriguez, Solange Nuñez-González, Andrés Viteri-García, Daniel Simancas-Racines,

BACKGROUND:Although cannabis and cannabinoids are widely used with therapeutic purposes, their claimed efficacy is highly controversial. For this reason, medical cannabis use is a broad field of research that is rapidly expanding. Our objectives are to identify, characterize, appraise, and organize the current available evidence surrounding therapeutic use of cannabis ... Read more >>

BMC Complement Med Ther (BMC complementary medicine and therapies)
[2020, 20(1):12]

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Telemedicine for Hyperkinetic Movement Disorders.

Ragini Srinivasan, Hilla Ben-Pazi, Marieke Dekker, Esther Cubo, Bas Bloem, Emile Moukheiber, Josefa Gonzalez-Santos, Mark Guttman,

Telemedicine is the use of electronic communication technology to facilitate healthcare between distant providers and patients. In addition to synchronous video conferencing, asynchronous video transfer has been used to support care for neurology patients. There is a growing literature on using telemedicine in movement disorders, with the most common focus ... Read more >>

Tremor Other Hyperkinet Mov (N Y) (Tremor and other hyperkinetic movements (New York, N.Y.))
[2020, 10:]

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Associations Between Psychiatric Disorders and Enuresis in Taiwanese Children: A National Population-Based Study.

Hsin-Lin Tsai, Jei-Wen Chang, Mu-Hong Chen, Mei-Jy Jeng, Ling-Yu Yang, Keh-Gong Wu,

Background:Psychiatric disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder may negatively impact drug compliance and the prognosis of enuresis. However, existing studies regarding associations between lifetime psychiatric disorders and childhood enuresis are primarily from Western countries, and studies from Taiwan are lacking. Methods:We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort analysis using the Taiwan Longitudinal ... Read more >>

Clin Epidemiol (Clinical epidemiology)
[2020, 12:163-171]

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Sleep difficulties in children with Tourette syndrome and chronic tic disorders: A systematic review of characteristics and associated factors.

Charlotte Hibberd, Tony Charman, Raj Seraya Bhatoa, Sinem Tekes, Tammy Hedderly, Paul Gringras, Sally Robinson,

Sleep difficulties are common in children and young people with Tourette syndrome and chronic tic disorders (TS/CTD). However, it is unclear whether sleep problems can be considered typical of the TS/CTD phenotype or whether they reflect concomitant factors such as individual patient characteristics (e.g. medication use), underlying neurodevelopmental disorders and/or ... Read more >>

Sleep (Sleep)
[2019, :]

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