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Spinal Dislocations

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Treatment of thoracolumbar fracture-dislocation with a trauma limitation strategy: a technical report and 2-year follow-up

xin Author), fujun wu, genyi hou, nijiao huang, songli ju, jun ao,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background: To investigate the curative effect of limited traumatic surgical strategy for thoracolumbar fracture-dislocation. Methods : Twenty-two patients with thoracolumbar fracture-dislocation who were admitted to our department from May 2013 to January 2016 were 16 males and 6 females, aged 21-53 years. All patients were associated ... Read more >>

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Posterolateral decompression, distractive reduction and reconstructive stabilization for the treatment of thoracic and lumbar spine fracture-dislocations

Xinlong Ma, Changbao Chen, Xiaolin Zhang,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background: Fracture-dislocations of the thoracic and lumbar spine are uncommon and highly unstable injuries, and the ideal management for patients with thoracic and lumbar spine fracture-dislocations is challenging. This study was designed to evaluate the clinical and radiographic results following posterolateral decompression, distractive reduction and reconstructive ... Read more >>

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Cervical Spine Decompression and Fusion Outcomes in Trauma Patients Actively Receiving Anticoagulation Treatment for Cerebrovascular Injury: A Retrospective Comparative Study.

Francis X Camillo, Sean M Mitchell,

Background:Cervical spine blunt trauma patients with the presence of a cerebrovascular injury may be given initiation of heparin anticoagulation treatment prior to necessary surgical stabilization. Literature regarding the safety and efficacy of these procedures while a patient is on active anticoagulation is limited, requiring further investigation. The primary research question ... Read more >>

Int J Spine Surg (International Journal of Spine Surgery)
[2020, 14(1):66-71]

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Mid-lumbar traumatic spondyloptosis without neurological deficit: A case report and literature review.

Feng Xu, Zhisen Tian, Changfeng Fu, Liyu Yao, Mengjie Yan, Congcong Zou, Yi Liu, Yuanyi Wang,

INTRODUCTION:Spondyloptosis is a form of vertebral dislocation and the most advanced form of spondylolisthesis. Traumatic spondyloptosis is usually caused by high-energy impact and results in unstable spine deformity and spinal canal deformation, which lead to severe spinal cord injury. Traumatic spondyloptosis is mostly reported in the lumbo-sacral junction, while it ... Read more >>

Medicine (Baltimore) (Medicine)
[2020, 99(12):e19578]

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Cerebral palsy with dislocated hip and scoliosis: what to deal with first?

Ilkka J Helenius, Elke Viehweger, Rene M Castelein,

Purpose:Hip dislocation and scoliosis are common in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Hip dislocation develops in 15% and 20% of children with CP, mainly between three and six years of age and especially in the spastic and dyskinetic subtypes. The risk of scoliosis increases with age and increasing disability as ... Read more >>

J Child Orthop (Journal of children's orthopaedics)
[2020, 14(1):24-29]

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Chronic dysphagia caused by Laryngo-vertebral Synostosis after anterior fusion for cervical spine trauma: a case report.

Ichiro Okano, Joe Omata, Yushi Hoshino, Yuki Usui, Tomoaki Toyone, Katsunori Inagaki,

BACKGROUND:Anterior cervical spine surgery is often associated with postoperative dysphagia, but chronic dysphagia caused by laryngo-vertebral synostosis is extremely rare. We report a case of chronic dysphagia caused by synostosis between the cricoid cartilage and cervical spine after anterior surgery for cervical spine trauma. CASE PRESENTATIONS:We present a case of ... Read more >>

BMC Musculoskelet Disord (BMC musculoskeletal disorders)
[2020, 21(1):143]

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Effect of Velocity and Duration of Residual Compression in a Rat Dislocation Spinal Cord Injury Model.

Jason Speidel, Stephen Mattucci, Jie Liu, Brian K Kwon, Wolfram Tetzlaff, Thomas R Oxland,

Early decompression of the traumatically injured and persistently compressed spinal cord is intuitively beneficial for neurological outcome. Despite considerable pre-clinical evidence of a neurological benefit to early decompression, the effect of early surgical decompression in clinical spinal cord injury (SCI) remains less clear. The discrepancy between pre-clinical and clinical results ... Read more >>

J. Neurotrauma (Journal of neurotrauma)
[2020, :]

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Spinal Cord Stimulation with Surgical Lead Improves Pain and Gait in Parkinson's Disease after a Dislocation of Percutaneous Lead: A Case Report.

Yijie Lai, Yixin Pan, Linbin Wang, Chencheng Zhang, Bomin Sun, Dianyou Li,

Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is receiving increasing interests for treating pain and gait disorders in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). In an SCS study, it is hard to apply a double-blind approach, especially at low frequencies, as the stimulation normally induces paresthesia which can be perceived by the patient. We ... Read more >>

Stereotact Funct Neurosurg (Stereotactic and functional neurosurgery)
[2020, :1-6]

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Anterior decompression through transoral axis slide and rotation osteotomy for salvage of failed posterior occipitocervical fusion: a novel technique note.

Aimin Wu, Haiming Jin, Haicheng Dou, Xiangxiang Pan, Sunren Sheng, Chongan Huang, Xiangyang Wang,

Atlantoaxial dislocation could be caused by odontoid fractures or Os odontoideum. The previous surgical techniques in treatment of atlantoaxial dislocation were based on arch remove decompression or anterior atlantoaxial release and atlantoaxial (occipital-cervical) screw fixation-based reduction and fusion. However, for some clinical situations, all of above techniques cannot be applied. ... Read more >>

Ann Transl Med (Annals of translational medicine)
[2020, 8(4):129]

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[Multivariate analysis of the operative effect on cervical spinal cord injury without fracture or dislocation].

Hong Li, Cheng Jiang,

OBJECTIVE:To explore the influencing factors of the operative effect on cervical spinal cord injury without fracture or dislocation. METHODS:The clinical data of 69 patients with cervical spinal cord injury without fracture or dislocation from November 2010 to November 2016 who received operation were retrospectively analyzed. There were 37 males and ... Read more >>

Zhongguo Gu Shang (Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology)
[2020, 33(2):158-165]

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Sacral incidence to pubis: a novel and alternative morphologic radiological parameter to pelvic incidence in assessing spinopelvic sagittal alignment

Yasuhito Takahashi, Kei Watanabe, Masashi Okamoto, Shun Hatsushikano, Kazuhiro Hasegawa, Naoto Endo,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> <bold>Background</bold>: Although pelvic incidence (PI) is a key morphologic parameter in assessing spinopelvic sagittal alignment, accurate measurements of PI become difficult in patients with severe hip dislocation or femoral head deformities. This study aimed to investigate the reliability of our novel morphologic parameters and the correlations ... Read more >>

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Arnold-Chiari malformation type I and the posterior dislocation of the odontoid process aggravate prolonged weaning in a patient with severe viral pneumonia: a case report.

Renyu Ding, Yulan Meng, Xingjuan Jia, Xiaochun Ma,

BACKGROUND:Prolonged and difficult weaning is associated with higher rates of complications and mortality. Therefore, it is important to identify the associated factors. CASE PRESENTATION:We describe our experience with a 37-year-old man diagnosed with severe viral pneumonia (influenza A). He presented with acute respiratory failure type I on admission. During intubation, ... Read more >>

BMC Pulm Med (BMC pulmonary medicine)
[2020, 20(1):37]

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Pregnancy outcomes from the global pharmacovigilance database on interferon beta-1b exposure.

Kerstin Hellwig, Fernando Duarte Caron, Eva-Maria Wicklein, Aasia Bhatti, Alessandra Adamo,

Background:The goal of the present cohort study was to review outcomes of patients exposed to interferon beta-1b during pregnancy. Methods:Pregnancy cases with exposure to interferon beta-1b reported to Bayer's pharmacovigilance (PV) database from worldwide sources from January 1995 through February 2018 were retrieved for evaluation. Only cases where pregnancy outcomes ... Read more >>

Ther Adv Neurol Disord (Therapeutic advances in neurological disorders)
[2020, 13:1756286420910310]

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C1-C2 Pedicle Screw Fixation for Pediatric Atlantoaxial Dislocation: Initial Results and Long-term Follow-up.

Zhi-Da Chen, Jin Wu, Cheng-Wu Lu, Wen-Rong Zeng, Zhuan-Zhi Huang, Bin Lin,

BACKGROUND:There are few studies reporting the use of atlantoaxial pedicle screws and the long-term effects of C1-C2 posterior fusion in children. Our study is to investigate the initial results of C1-C2 pedicle screw fixation for pediatric atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) and assessed spontaneous change of postoperative radiography after a long-term follow-up ... Read more >>

J Pediatr Orthop (Journal of pediatric orthopedics)
[2020, 40(2):65-70]

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Editorial Commentary: The Competitive Dancer's Hip-An Acquired Flexible Attitude to a High-Performance Hip.

Cecilia Pascual-Garrido,

Competitive dancers have a high prevalence of hip injuries. The dancer's hip is a unique scenario in which hip impingement is associated with compensatory soft-tissue laxity. Particularly in these athletes, normal osseous hip morphology with symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement may be observed. The repetitive training, including extreme daily hip range of ... Read more >>

Arthroscopy (Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association)
[2020, 36(3):732-733]

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[Clinical practice guideline of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine:atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) (2019)].

, Ming-Sheng Tan, Goel Atul, Abumi Kuniyoshi, Fangyi Zhang, Fu-Hui Dong, Ding-Jun Hao, Yong Zhao,

EDITOR'S NOTE:EDITOR'S NOTE In 2019, the clinical practice guideline of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine atlantoaxial dislocation (ADD) was developed by the professional committee of spine medicine of the Chinese Association for Integration of Chinese and Western medicine, aiming at the major clinical problems of atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) endangering ... Read more >>

Zhongguo Gu Shang (Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology)
[2020, 33(1):27-37]

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Prevalence of Hip Dysplasia and Associated Conditions in Children Treated for Idiopathic Early-onset Scoliosis-Don't Just Look at the Spine.

Matthew S Talmage, Alexandra N Nielson, John A Heflin, Jacques L D'Astous, Graham T Fedorak,

BACKGROUND:Hip dysplasia, congenital muscular torticollis, plagiocephaly, and metatarsus adductus are known to be associated. The etiology of infantile idiopathic scoliosis and its association with the aforementioned conditions is unknown. This study reviews a series of infantile scoliosis patients to address this gap. METHODS:The medical records of all patients treated with ... Read more >>

J Pediatr Orthop (Journal of pediatric orthopedics)
[2020, 40(1):e49-e52]

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A 360-Degree Surgical Approach for Correction of Cervical Kyphosis and Atlantoaxial Dislocation in the Case of Larsen Syndrome.

Harsh Deora, Suyash Singh, Jayesh Sardhara, Sanjay Behari,

Larsen syndrome is chronic debilitating disease that presents with multiple joint dislocations and severely affects the cervical spine in the form of cervical kyphosis and atlantoaxial dislocation. Children usually present in early with a myriad of deficits, compressive myelopathy being the most common. In addition to a bony compression, there ... Read more >>

J Neurosci Rural Pract (Journal of neurosciences in rural practice)
[2020, 11(1):196-201]

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Spinal cord injury in infancy: activity-based therapy impact on health, function, and quality of life in chronic injury.

Laura C Argetsinger, Goutam Singh, Scott G Bickel, Margaret L Calvery, Andrea L Behrman,

INTRODUCTION:Spinal cord injury (SCI) in infancy magnifies the complexity of a devastating diagnosis. Children injured so young have high incidences of scoliosis, hip dysplasia, and respiratory complications leading to poor health and outcomes. We report the medical history, progression of rehabilitation, usual care and activity-based therapy, and outcomes for a ... Read more >>

Spinal Cord Ser Cases (Spinal cord series and cases)
[2020, 6(1):13]

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Traumatic posterior Atlanto-axial dislocation: case report of an atypical C1-C2 dislocation with an anterior arch fracture of C1.

Soufiane Ghailane, Mohammad A Alsofyani, Vincent Pointillart, Houssam Bouloussa, Olivier Gille,

BACKGROUND:An atypical case of a traumatic posterior C1-C2 dislocation with an anterior arch fracture of C1 is reported. A novel conservative treatment for this rare lesion is described. CASE PRESENTATION:An eighty-nine-year-old male fell off a ladder at home and presented with an acute traumatic cervical spine trauma, which we believe ... Read more >>

BMC Musculoskelet Disord (BMC musculoskeletal disorders)
[2019, 20(1):612]

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Technical aspects of surgical correction of spinal deformities in cerebral palsy.

Jorge Mineiro, Muharrem Yazici,

Purpose:Cerebral palsy (CP) is a disorder arising from a non-progressive lesion in the developing immature brain with an encephalopathy, that results in various levels of motor and sensory dysfunction. Motor disability of these children can be assessed by the Gross Motor Function Classification System in five levels, and depending on ... Read more >>

J Child Orthop (Journal of children's orthopaedics)
[2020, 14(1):30-40]

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Reliability of ultrasonographic measurement of the supraspinatus thickness at different angles of shoulder abduction in patients with stroke.

Hualong Xie, Kuan Lu, Guochen Lyu, Guoxin Kang, Qiuchen Huang, Shan Liu, Ming Huo, Ko Onoda, Hitoshi Maruyama, Hiroshi Nobori,

[Purpose] The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the intraclass correlation coefficient for evaluating the reliability of the measurement of the supraspinatus thickness on shoulder ultrasonography at different angles in a resting position in patients with stroke. [Participants and Methods] The study included 20 patients ... Read more >>

J Phys Ther Sci (Journal of physical therapy science)
[2020, 32(3):257-259]

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Osteochondral Allograft Implantation Using the Smith-Peterson (Anterior) Approach for Chondral Lesions of the Femoral Head.

Jeffrey W Chen, Philip J Rosinsky, Jacob Shapira, David R Maldonado, Cynthia Kyin, Ajay C Lall, Benjamin G Domb,

Management of chondral lesions of the femoral head can be challenging. Previously described approaches include arthroscopic surgery for small lesions and open surgical dislocation for larger lesions. In 2001, Ganz popularized the trochanteric flip osteotomy for surgical dislocation, and this remains the workhorse for treatment of large chondral lesions. However, ... Read more >>

Arthrosc Tech (Arthroscopy techniques)
[2020, 9(2):e239-e245]

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The surgical outcomes of trans-scaphoid perilunate fracture-dislocations

Cemal Kural, Bülent Tanriverdi, Ersin Erçin, Emre Baca, Murat Yilmaz,

1. Background/aim:Trans-scaphoid perilunate fracture-dislocation (TSPFD) is a rare injury. TSPFD is a fracture-dislocation that severely disrupts the anatomical structure of the carpal bones and may occur as a result of a high energy trauma of the wrist or a fall on an open hand. In this study, the aim is ... Read more >>

Turk J Med Sci (Turkish journal of medical sciences)
[2020, 50(1):25-30]

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Rare Cases of PLOD1-Related Kyphoscoliotic Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome in a Korean Family Identified by Next Generation Sequencing.

Young Lim Shin, You Na Park, Mi Ae Jang,

Kyphoscoliotic Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (kEDS) is an autosomal recessive connective tissue disorder characterized by muscular hypotonia, hyperextensible skin, skin fragility, joint hypermobility, and progressive kyphoscoliosis. The disorder results from a deficiency of the enzyme collagen lysyl hydroxylase 1 due to mutations in the gene PLOD1. We describe the rare cases of ... Read more >>

J. Korean Med. Sci. (Journal of Korean medical science)
[2020, 35(10):e96]

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