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Spinal Cord Hemorrhage

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Compression analysis of the gray and white matter of the spinal cord.

Norihiro Nishida, Fei Jiang, Junji Ohgi, Akihiro Tanaka, Yasuaki Imajo, Hidenori Suzuki, Masahiro Funaba, Takashi Sakai, Itsuo Sakuramoto, Xian Chen,

The spinal cord is composed of gray matter and white matter. It is well known that the properties of these two tissues differ considerably. Spinal diseases often present with symptoms that are caused by spinal cord compression. Understanding the mechanical properties of gray and white matter would allow us to ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(7):1344-1349]

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The role of cofilin in age-related neuroinflammation.

Amsha S Alsegiani, Zahoor A Shah,

Aging brain becomes susceptible to neurodegenerative diseases due to the shifting of microglia and astrocyte phenotypes to an active "pro-inflammatory" state, causing chronic low-grade neuroinflammation. Despite the fact that the role of neuroinflammation during aging has been extensively studied in recent years, the underlying causes remain unclear. The identification of ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(8):1451-1459]

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Adrenomedullin: an important participant in neurological diseases.

Feng-Jiao Li, Si-Ru Zheng, Dong-Mei Wang,

Adrenomedullin, a peptide with multiple physiological functions in nervous system injury and disease, has aroused the interest of researchers. This review summarizes the role of adrenomedullin in neuropathological disorders, including pathological pain, brain injury and nerve regeneration, and their treatment. As a newly characterized pronociceptive mediator, adrenomedullin has been shown ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(7):1199-1207]

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Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells to treat spinal cord injury in the early chronic phase: study protocol for a prospective, multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blinded clinical trial.

Yang Yang, Mao Pang, Yu-Yong Chen, Liang-Ming Zhang, Hao Liu, Jun Tan, Bin Liu, Li-Min Rong,

Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) support revascularization, inhibition of inflammation, regulation of apoptosis, and promotion of the release of beneficial factors. Thus, they are regarded as a promising candidate for the treatment of intractable spinal cord injury (SCI). Clinical studies on patients with early chronic SCI (from 2 ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(8):1532-1538]

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Beneficial effects of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) in ocular pathologies, particularly neurodegenerative retinal diseases.

Jose A Fernández-Albarral, Rosa de Hoz, Ana I Ramírez, Inés López-Cuenca, Elena Salobrar-García, María D Pinazo-Durán, José M Ramírez, Juan J Salazar,

Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) has been traditionally used in food preparation and as a medicinal plant. It currently has numerous therapeutic properties attributed to it, such as protection against ischemia, as well as anticonvulsant, antidepressant, anxiolytic, hypolipidemic, anti-atherogenic, anti-hypertensive, antidiabetic, and anti-cancer properties. In addition, saffron has remarkable beneficial properties, ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(8):1408-1416]

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Vertebral artery aneurysms and the risk of cord infarction following spinal artery coverage during flow diversion.

Adam A Dmytriw, Anish Kapadia, Alejandro Enriquez-Marulanda, Carmen Parra-Fariñas, Anna Luisa Kühn, Patrick J Nicholson, Muhammad Waqas, Leonardo Renieri, Caterina Michelozzi, Paul M Foreman, Kevin Phan, I-Hsiao Yang, Vincent M Tutino, Christopher S Ogilvy, Ivan Radovanovic, Mark R Harrigan, Adnan H Siddiqui, Elad I Levy, Nicola Limbucci, Christophe Cognard, Timo Krings, Vitor Mendes Pereira, Ajith J Thomas, Thomas R Marotta, Christoph J Griessenauer,

OBJECTIVE:Coverage of the anterior spinal artery (ASA) ostia is a source of considerable consternation regarding flow diversion (FD) in vertebral artery (VA) aneurysms due to cord supply. The authors sought to assess the association between coverage of the ASA, posterior spinal artery (PSA), or lateral spinal artery (LSA) ostia when ... Read more >>

J. Neurosurg. (Journal of neurosurgery)
[2020, :1-10]

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Anterior cervical pial arteriovenous malformation associated with a spinal aneurysm: a case report and a review of the literature.

Delia Cannizzaro, Maria Pia Tropeano, Giovanni Cataletti, Ismail Zaed, Francesco Asteggiano, Andrea Cardia, Maurizio Fornari, Vincenzo D'Angelo,

INTRODUCTION:Cervical pial arteriovenous malformations is an extremely rare condition which can present with progressive myelopathy or acute hemorrhage (subarachnoid or intramedullary). The classification process is still a topic of discussion, given the limited number of cases described as well as the correct therapeutic management. Here, we present a case of ... Read more >>

World Neurosurg (World neurosurgery)
[2020, :]

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The Influence of Physical Activity on Cavernous Malformation Hemorrhage.

Nycole K Joseph, Shivram Kumar, Giuseppe Lanzino, Kelly D Flemming,

BACKGROUND AND AIM:Cavernous malformations are low-flow vascular malformations of the central nervous system. Brainstem location and prior hemorrhage increase future hemorrhage risk. We sought to determine the influence of physical activity on hemorrhage risk. METHODS:Consecutive patients with radiologically confirmed cavernous malformations participated in a prospective registry with structured, baseline interviews, ... Read more >>

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis (Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association)
[2020, 29(4):104629]

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In vitro and Numerical Simulation of Blood Removal from Cerebrospinal Fluid: Comparison of Lumbar Drain to Neurapheresis Therapy

bryn martin, Mohammadreza Khani, Lucas Sass, Sharp, Aaron McCabe, Laura Verbick, Shivanand Lad,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> <bold><italic>Background:</italic></bold> Blood removal from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in post-subarachnoid hemorrhage patients may reduce the risk of related secondary brain injury. We formulated a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model to investigate the impact of a dual-lumen catheter-based CSF filtration system, called Neurapheresis<sup>TM</sup> therapy, on blood removal from ... Read more >>

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Pellino1 regulates neuropathic pain as well as microglial activation through the regulation of MAPK/NF-κB signaling in the spinal cord.

Lijuan Wang, Cui Yin, Tianya Liu, Mannan Abdul, Yan Zhou, Jun-Li Cao, Chen Lu,

BACKGROUND:Spinal cord microglia plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of neuropathic pain. However, the mechanisms underlying spinal microglial activation during neuropathic pain remain incompletely determined. Here, we investigated the role of Pellino1 (Peli1) and its interplay with spinal microglial activation in neuropathic pain. METHODS:In this study, we examined the ... Read more >>

J Neuroinflammation (Journal of neuroinflammation)
[2020, 17(1):83]

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Interface Fixation Using Absorbable Screws versus Plate Fixation in Anterior Cervical Corpectomy and Fusion for Two-Level Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy.

Xiaowen Qiu, Bo Zhao, Xijing He, Chen Zhao, Zikuan Leng,

BACKGROUND We compared the clinical and radiographic outcomes between interface fixation using absorbable screws and plate fixation in anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) to evaluate the effectiveness of these 2 fixation methods for the treatment of 2-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). MATERIAL AND METHODS From January 2014 to December ... Read more >>

Med. Sci. Monit. (Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research)
[2020, 26:e921507]

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Fast-tracking regenerative medicine for traumatic brain injury.

Brooke Bonsack, Matt Heyck, Chase Kingsbury, Blaise Cozene, Nadia Sadanandan, Jea-Young Lee, Cesar V Borlongan,

Traumatic brain injury remains a global health crisis that spans all demographics, yet there exist limited treatment options that may effectively curtail its lingering symptoms. Traumatic brain injury pathology entails a progression from primary injury to inflammation-mediated secondary cell death. Sequestering this inflammation as a means of ameliorating the greater ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(7):1179-1190]

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Spinal epidural hematoma without significant trauma in children: two case reports and review of the literature.

Audrey Carlhan-Ledermann, Bernard Laubscher, Maja Steinlin, Christian T Ulrich, Rajeev Kumar Verma, Mattia Rizzi, Rodolfo Maduri, Sebastian Grunt,

BACKGROUND:Spinal epidural hematoma without significant trauma is a rare condition with potentially severe outcome. This case report and systematic review of the literature illustrates the clinical presentation, risk factors, evaluation, treatment and outcomes of spinal epidural hematoma without significant trauma in children. CASE PRESENTATION:We report one case of a 7-year-old ... Read more >>

BMC Pediatr (BMC pediatrics)
[2020, 20(1):77]

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CCL3 contributes to secondary damage after spinal cord injury

Antje Kroner, Nicolas Pelisch, Jose Almanza, Kyle Stehlik, Brandy Aperi,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background: Secondary damage after spinal cord injury (SCI) is characterized by a cascade of events including hemorrhage, apoptosis, oxidative stress and inflammation which increase the lesion size which can influence the functional impairment. Thus, identifying specific mechanisms attributed to secondary injury is critical in minimizing tissue ... Read more >>

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Prolonged inflammation leads to ongoing damage after spinal cord injury.

Jacek M Kwiecien, Wojciech Dabrowski, Beata Dąbrowska-Bouta, Grzegorz Sulkowski, Wendy Oakden, Christian J Kwiecien-Delaney, Jordan R Yaron, Liqiang Zhang, Lauren Schutz, Barbara Marzec-Kotarska, Greg J Stanisz, John P Karis, Lidia Struzynska, Alexandra R Lucas,

The pathogenesis of spinal cord injury (SCI) remains poorly understood and treatment remains limited. Emerging evidence indicates that post-SCI inflammation is severe but the role of reactive astrogliosis not well understood given its implication in ongoing inflammation as damaging or neuroprotective. We have completed an extensive systematic study with MRI, ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(3):e0226584]

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Fabry Disease With Concomitant Lewy Body Disease.

Kelly Del Tredici, Albert C Ludolph, Simone Feldengut, Christian Jacob, Heinz Reichmann, Jürgen R Bohl, Heiko Braak,

Although Gaucher disease can be accompanied by Lewy pathology (LP) and extrapyramidal symptoms, it is unknown if LP exists in Fabry disease (FD), another progressive multisystem lysosomal storage disorder. We aimed to elucidate the distribution patterns of FD-related inclusions and LP in the brain of a 58-year-old cognitively unimpaired male ... Read more >>

J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. (Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology)
[2020, 79(4):378-392]

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Spontaneous Spinal Epidural Hematoma After Normal Spontaneous Delivery with Epidural Analgesia: Case Report and Literature Review.

Hong-Xiang Zheng, Tee-Tau Eric Nyam, Che-An Liu, Yao-Lin Lee, Jinn-Rung Kuo, Kuan-Chin Sung,

BACKGROUND:Pregnancy is a known risk factor for spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma. During cesarean section or vaginal delivery, the unstable hemodynamic status that may occur owing to fluctuation of intra-abdominal pressure increases the possibility of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma. During labor and the postpartum period, neurologic symptoms may be masked by ... Read more >>

World Neurosurg (World neurosurgery)
[2020, 137:214-217]

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Cervical Laminoplasty for Resection of Hemorrhagic Cavernous Malformation Using a Biportal Technique.

William T Couldwell, Meic H Schmidt, Vance Mortimer,

This video presents the surgical management of a 36-year-old woman who presented with progressive weakness in her right arm associated with a pins-and-needles sensation. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine revealed a likely hemorrhagic cavernous malformation of the spinal cord at the C3-4 level. The lesion was wholly intramedullary ... Read more >>

World Neurosurg (World neurosurgery)
[2020, :]

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A Case of Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma Mimic Neuromyelitis Optica.

Xixi Sheng, Mingwei Xu, Xia Li,

Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is rare. And the symptoms of PCNSL are atypical, it is extremely easy to be misdiagnosed as other diseases. However, early treatment is crucial which is requesting early diagnosis. We report a case of a 47-year-old man who was initially diagnosed as neuromyelitis optica ... Read more >>

Transl Neurosci (Translational neuroscience)
[2020, 11:28-33]

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Compression of the S1 Nerve Root by an Extradural Vascular Malformation: A Case Report and Discussion of Atypical Causes of Lumbar Radiculopathy.

Jeffrey Thompson, Robert K Merrill, Sheeraz A Qureshi, Dante M Leven,

We present a case of lumbar radiculopathy due to a vascular malformation in the lumbar spine and discuss various causes of atypical lumbar radiculopathy. Lumbar radiculopathy is a condition of neurologic deficits and painful symptoms of the lower extremities due to nerve root compression, most commonly at the L5 and ... Read more >>

Int J Spine Surg (International Journal of Spine Surgery)
[2020, 14(1):96-101]

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Determining the Most Appropriate Assistive Walking Device Using the Inertial Measurement Unit-Based Gait Analysis System in Disabled Patients.

Junhee Lee, Chang Hoon Bae, Aeri Jang, Seoyon Yang, Hasuk Bae,

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the gait pattern of patients with gait disturbances without consideration of defilades due to assistive devices. This study focuses on gait analysis using the inertial measurement unit (IMU) system, which can also be used to determine the most appropriate assistive device for patients with gait disturbances. METHODS:Records of ... Read more >>

Ann Rehabil Med (Annals of rehabilitation medicine)
[2020, 44(1):48-57]

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Spinal Cord Stimulator Placement in Patient With von Willebrand Disease: A Case Report.

Priyanka Singla, Lynn R Kohan,

Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a regional neuropathic pain syndrome. Excruciating pain often interferes with patients' ability to function normally. Spinal cord stimulators (SCS) have been effective in treating pain along with signs of sympathetic overactivity in patients with CRPS. Implantation of SCS is a high-risk interventional procedure with ... Read more >>

A A Pract (A&A practice)
[2020, 14(5):149-151]

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Return to work and clinical outcome after surgical treatment and conservative management of patients with intramedullary spinal cord ependymoma.

Bedjan Behmanesh, Florian Gessler, Sae-Yeon Won, Daniel Dubinski, Johanna Quick-Weller, Lioba Imoehl, Volker Seifert, Gerhard Marquardt,

The ability to return to work after treatment of diseases is an important issue. Aim of this study is to compare surgery and conservative management focusing on clinical outcome and ability to return to work in patients with intramedullary spinal cord ependymoma. Retrospective, single center study. The neurological status at ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):2335]

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Chronic Inflammatory Lameness Increases Cytokine Concentration in the Spinal Cord of Dairy Cows.

Daniel Herzberg, Pablo Strobel, Alfredo Ramirez-Reveco, Marianne Werner, Hedie Bustamante,

Lameness in dairy cows is an extremely painful multifactorial condition that affects the welfare of animals and economically impacts the dairy industry worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine the profile of cytokines in the spinal cord dorsal horn of dairy cows with painful chronic inflammatory lameness. Concentrations ... Read more >>

Front Vet Sci (Frontiers in Veterinary Science)
[2020, 7:125]

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Comparison of 2 collection methods for cerebrospinal fluid analysis from standing, sedate adult horses.

Hayley Chidlow, Steeve Giguère, Melinda Camus, Bridgette Wells, Elizabeth Howerth, Roy Berghaus, Erin McConachie Beasley,

BACKGROUND:Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis is an important component of the evaluation of horses with neurologic disease. Lumbosacral (LS) centesis is routine, but CSF is also collected from the space between the first and second cervical vertebrae (C1-C2). OBJECTIVES:To compare collection times, CSF cytology results, and equine protozoal myelitis (EPM) titers ... Read more >>

J. Vet. Intern. Med. (Journal of veterinary internal medicine)
[2020, 34(2):972-978]

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