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Somatic Symptom Disorders

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Health care utilisation changes among Alaska Native adults after participation in an indigenous community programme to address adverse life experiences: a propensity score-matched analysis.

Lily Ray, Bobbi Outten, Katherine Gottlieb,

The aim of this study was to investigate whether participation in Family Wellness Warriors Initiative (FWWI), an Alaska Native program that addresses adverse life experiences, is associated with changes in health care utilisation. The study method was a propensity score-matched cohort analysis using retrospective electronic health record data from Southcentral ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1705048]

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LIM kinases in synaptic plasticity and their potential as therapeutic targets.

Eva Halasz, Ellen Townes-Anderson, Weiwei Wang,

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(8):1471-1472]

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Do somatic symptoms relate to PTSD and gender after earthquake exposure? A cross-sectional study on young adult survivors in Italy.

Claudia Carmassi, Valerio Dell'Oste, Filippo M Barberi, Virginia Pedrinelli, Annalisa Cordone, Andrea Cappelli, Ivan M Cremone, Rodolfo Rossi, Carlo A Bertelloni, Liliana Dell'Osso,

OBJECTIVE.:Increasing evidence confirms a strict relationship between mental disorders and physical health. Particularly, stressful life events and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been closely correlated with various physical disorders and somatic symptoms, such as chronic pain, gastrointestinal disorders, and headaches. The aim of this study was to investigate the emergence ... Read more >>

CNS Spectr (CNS spectrums)
[2020, :1-7]

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Somatic Symptom Disorder, Medically Unexplained Symptoms, Somatoform Disorders, Functional Neurological Disorder: How DSM-5 Got It Wrong.

Anton Scamvougeras, Andrew Howard,

Can J Psychiatry (Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie)
[2020, :706743720912858]

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Mental and somatic comorbidity of depression: a comprehensive cross-sectional analysis of 202 diagnosis groups using German nationwide ambulatory claims data.

Annika Steffen, Julia Nübel, Frank Jacobi, Jörg Bätzing, Jakob Holstiege,

BACKGROUND:Depression is frequently accompanied by other mental disorders and various somatic diseases; however, previous comorbidity studies often relied on self-reported data and have not simultaneously assessed the entire spectrum of mental and somatic diagnoses. The aim is to provide a complete picture of mental and somatic comorbidity of depression in ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2020, 20(1):142]

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Neurocognitive functioning in patients with conversion disorder/functional neurological disorder.

Lars de Vroege, Iris Koppenol, Willem Johan Kop, Madelon M E Riem, Christina Maria van der Feltz-Cornelis,

Neurocognitive symptoms are common in individuals with somatic symptom and related disorders (SSRD), but little is known about the specific impairments in neurocognitive domains in patients with conversion disorder (CD)/functional neurological disorder (FND). This study examines neurocognitive functioning in patients with CD/FND compared to patients with other SSRD. The sample ... Read more >>

J Neuropsychol (Journal of neuropsychology)
[2020, :]

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Functional somatic disorders: discussion paper for a new common classification for research and clinical use.

Christopher Burton, Per Fink, Peter Henningsen, Bernd Löwe, Winfried Rief, ,

BACKGROUND:Functional somatic symptoms and disorders are common and complex phenomena involving both bodily and brain processes. They pose major challenges across medical specialties. These disorders are common and have significant impacts on patients' quality of life and healthcare costs. MAIN BODY:We outline five problems pointing to the need for a ... Read more >>

BMC Med (BMC medicine)
[2020, 18(1):34]

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Effects of interoceptive training on decision making, anxiety, and somatic symptoms.

Ayako Sugawara, Yuri Terasawa, Ruri Katsunuma, Atsushi Sekiguchi,

Background:Interoception is the perception of afferent information that arises from any point within the body. Individual differences in interoception have been associated with affective processing and decision-making processing. The somatic marker hypothesis summarizes the potential effects of interoception on decision-making processes. According to this theory, individuals with interoceptive dysfunction exhibit ... Read more >>

Biopsychosoc Med (BioPsychoSocial medicine)
[2020, 14:7]

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Distinct associations of DSM-5 Somatic Symptom Disorder, the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research-Revised (DCPR-R) and symptom severity in patients with irritable bowel syndrome.

Piero Porcelli, Massimo De Carne, Gioacchino Leandro,

OBJECTIVE:The clinical management of high symptom severity is a challenging task with patients with functional somatic disorders. We investigated the extent to which DCPR-revised (DCPR-R) syndromes and the DSM-5 category of Somatic Symptom Disorder (SSD) were able to predict symptom severity in 203 consecutive tertiary care patients with irritable bowel ... Read more >>

Gen Hosp Psychiatry (General hospital psychiatry)
[2020, 64:56-62]

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Positive Aspects of Emotional Competence in Preventing Internalizing Symptoms in Children with and without Developmental Language Disorder: A Longitudinal Approach.

Andrea C Samson, Neeltje P van den Bedem, Daniel Dukes, Carolien Rieffe,

In order to better understand protective factors for internalizing problems, this longitudinal study examined positive emotions, emotion awareness and (non-)emotional communication skills in relation to somatic complaints and social anxiety in children with (N = 104) and without (N = 183) Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) using self-reported measures twice with a 9-month interval. Additionally, ... Read more >>

J Autism Dev Disord (Journal of autism and developmental disorders)
[2020, 50(4):1159-1171]

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Medically unexplained symptoms in children and adolescents: Illness-related self-concept and parental symptom evaluations.

Stefanie M Jungmann, Michael Witthöft,

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:According to cognitive-behavioral models, illness-related symptom evaluations and self-concepts play a pivotal role in the development and maintenance of medically unexplained somatic symptoms (MUS). However, illness-related cognitions related to MUS have rarely been studied in children/adolescents and their parents. METHODS:Seventy-eight children and adolescents (M = 14.2 years; 59% female) performed ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2020, 68:101565]

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Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of guided Internet- and mobile-based CBT for adolescents and young adults with chronic somatic conditions and comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms (youthCOACHCD): study protocol for a multicentre randomized controlled trial.

Frederike Lunkenheimer, Matthias Domhardt, Agnes Geirhos, Reinhold Kilian, Annabel S Mueller-Stierlin, Reinhard W Holl, Thomas Meissner, Kirsten Minden, Morten Moshagen, Ramona Ranz, Cedric Sachser, Doris Staab, Petra Warschburger, Harald Baumeister, ,

BACKGROUND:Adolescents and young adults (AYA) with chronic somatic conditions have an increased risk of comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms. Internet- and mobile-based cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) might be one possibility to extend the access to evidence-based treatments. Studies suggest that guided iCBT can reduce anxiety and depression symptoms in AYA. ... Read more >>

Trials (Trials)
[2020, 21(1):253]

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Perceived sleep quality mediates the relationship between posttraumatic stress and somatic symptoms.

Saankari A Challa, Robert Graziano, David R Strasshofer, Kamila S White, Gregory S Sayuk, Steven E Bruce,

OBJECTIVE:Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) have been associated with increased somatic symptom expression. Sleep concerns have been associated with PTSS and somatic symptoms. Previous research suggests that sleep affects multiple domains of functioning including comorbid psychological and physical health concerns. The current study examines whether perceived sleep quality or sleep efficiency/duration ... Read more >>

Psychol Trauma (Psychological trauma : theory, research, practice and policy)
[2020, :]

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Managing functional disorders: opportunities and threats.

Helena Liira,

Scand J Prim Health Care (Scandinavian journal of primary health care)
[2020, 38(1):1-2]

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A protocol for a multicentre, parallel-group, pragmatic randomised controlled trial to evaluate the NEVERMIND system in preventing and treating depression in patients with severe somatic conditions.

Vladimir Carli, Danuta Wasserman, Gergö Hadlaczky, Nuhamin Gebrewold Petros, Sara Carletto, Luca Citi, Sergio Dinis, Claudio Gentili, Sergio Gonzalez-Martinez, Aldo De Leonibus, Björn Meyer, Luca Ostacoli, Manuel Ottaviano, Silvia Ouakinin, Rita Paradiso, Riccardo Poli, Isabel Rocha, Carmen Settanta, Maria Teresa Arredondo Waldmeyer, Gaetano Valenza, Enzo Pasquale Scilingo,

BACKGROUND:Depressive symptoms are common in individuals suffering from severe somatic conditions. There is a lack of interventions and evidence-based interventions aiming to reduce depressive symptoms in patients with severe somatic conditions. The aim of the NEVERMIND project is to address these issues and provide evidence by testing the NEVERMIND system, ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2020, 20(1):93]

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The underlying dimensions of major depressive symptoms in a sample of Chinese earthquake survivor

Li Wang, Yajie Bi, Chengqi Cao, Ruojiao Fang, Gen Li, Ping Liu, Shu Luo, Brian Hall, Haibo Yang,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background: Experiencing natural disasters is associated with common mental disorders including major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the latent structure of MDD is widely debated, and few studies examined the structure of MDD in Chinese natural disaster survivors. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the factorial validity ... Read more >>

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The Extent of Psychosocial Distress among Immigrant and Non-Immigrant Homecare Nurses-A Comparative cross Sectional Survey.

Benjamin Schilgen, Albert Nienhaus, Mike Mösko,

In times of demographic change, most developed countries are increasingly looking to cover the growing domestic demand for healthcare by hiring nurses from abroad. The evidence concerning the health of immigrant care workers is inconsistent since studies report that it is either better or more impaired than that of their ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(5):]

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Rome IV Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders and Health Impairment in Subjects With Hypermobility Spectrum Disorders or Hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome.

Ching Y Lam, Olafur S Palsson, William E Whitehead, Ami D Sperber, Hans Tornblom, Magnus Simren, Imran Aziz,

BACKGROUND & AIMS:Individuals with hypermobility spectrum disorder or hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (HSD/hEDS) are increasingly encountered by gastroenterologists and pose complex clinical challenges. Uncontrolled studies have found functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) to be common in patients with HSD/hEDS. Some patients have somatic symptoms (medically unexplained symptoms) that might affect FGIDs. We ... Read more >>

Clin. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. (Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology : the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association)
[2020, :]

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Validation of the Chinese Version of the Somatic Symptom Disorder-B Criteria Scale for Detecting DSM-5 Somatic Symptom Disorders: A Multicenter Study.

Tao Li, Jing Wei, Kurt Fritzsche, Anne Christin Toussaint, Yinan Jiang, Jinya Cao, Lan Zhang, Yaoyin Zhang, Hua Chen, Heng Wu, Xiquan Ma, Wentian Li, Jie Ren, Wei Lu, Anne-Maria Müller, Rainer Leonhart,

OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to validate the Chinese version of the Somatic Symptom Disorder-B Criteria Scale (SSD-12) in an outpatient sample from Chinese general hospitals and to determine the diagnostic performance of the SSD-12 as a screening tool for somatic symptom disorder (SSD). METHODS:The Chinese version of the SSD-12 was completed ... Read more >>

Psychosom Med (Psychosomatic medicine)
[2020, 82(3):337-344]

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Symptom Preoccupation in Fibromyalgia: Prevalence and Correlates of Somatic Symptom Disorder in a Self-Recruited Sample.

Erland Axelsson, Maria Hedman-Lagerlöf, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Brjánn Ljótsson, Erik Andersson,

BACKGROUND:Somatic symptom disorder (SSD) is characterized by a persistent and distressing psychological reaction to somatic symptoms. In pain disorders, the preoccupation with physical symptoms is associated with poor long-term outcomes. SSD may therefore be of use to identify and help chronic pain patients with particular needs. OBJECTIVE:To test the hypothesis that ... Read more >>

Psychosomatics (Psychosomatics)
[2020, :]

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Validation of Chinese Multidimensional Depression Assessment Scale (MDAS) in Inner Mongolia pregnant women and risk factors of antenatal depression in Inner Mongolia in the era of one-child policy.

Ho Nam Cheung, Stella W Y Chan, Joanne M Williams,

BACKGROUND:Pregnancy involves physiological changes in reproductive and endocrine systems, and social role changes that can increase the risk of mental health problems. In China, greater emphasis has been given to postpartum depression and its negative impact on infant development. This study examined depression in pregnant women in Inner Mongolia, who ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(3):e0227944]

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Coexistence of cerebral hypometabolism and neuroinflammation in the thalamo-limbic-brainstem region in young women with functional somatic syndrome.

Takashi Matsudaira, Tatsuhiro Terada, Tomokazu Obi, Masamichi Yokokura, Yukitoshi Takahashi, Yasuomi Ouchi,

BACKGROUND:Functional somatic syndrome (FSS) is a disorder characterized by clusters of medically unexplained symptoms. Some women suffer from persistent FSS after human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. However, a causal relationship has not been established, and the pathophysiology of FSS remains elusive. Here, we aimed to identify the brain regions showing altered ... Read more >>

EJNMMI Res (EJNMMI research)
[2020, 10(1):29]

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Heart rate variability in patients with somatic symptom disorders and functional somatic syndromes: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Cheng Ying-Chih, Huang Yu-Chen, Huang Wei-Lieh,

This research is aimed to systematically review heart rate variability (HRV) findings of functional somatic syndromes (FSSs) and somatic symptom disorders (SSDs), and to compare the HRV values between FSSs/SSDs patients and healthy individuals. We included clinical studies assessing HRV (including baseline HRV and HRV reactivity) in FSSs/SSDs and healthy ... Read more >>

Neurosci Biobehav Rev (Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews)
[2020, 112:336-344]

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Somatic Symptoms in the German General Population from 1975 to 2013.

Manfred E Beutel, Eva M Klein, Michaela Henning, Antonia M Werner, Juliane Burghardt, Ana Nanette Tibubos, Gabriele Schmutzer, Elmar Brähler,

The study determines how burden and patterns of somatic symptom reporting developed over almost four decades in the general German population. Additionally, we studied how socio-demographic factors affected the degree of somatic symptoms. Population-based samples representative for West Germany between 18 and 60 years of age were analyzed comparing three ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):1595]

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Relationships Between Somatic Symptoms and Panic-Agoraphobic Spectrum Among Frequent Attenders of the General Practice in Italy.

Claudia Carmassi, Valerio DellʼOste, Annalisa Cordone, Virginia Pedrinelli, Andrea Cappelli, Diana Ceresoli, Gabriele Massimetti, Cristiana Nisita, Liliana DellʼOsso,

Frequent attenders (FAs) of general practitioners (GPs) often complain of nonspecific physical symptoms that are difficult to define according to typical medical syndromes criteria but could be acknowledged as atypical manifestations of mental disorders. We investigated the possible correlation between somatic symptoms and panic-agoraphobic spectrum symptoms in a sample of ... Read more >>

J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. (The Journal of nervous and mental disease)
[2020, :]

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