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Polysubstance abuse among sexually abused in alcohol, drug, and gambling addiction treatment in Greenland: a cross sectional study.

Sara Viskum Leth, Maibritt Leif Bjerrum, Birgit V Niclasen,

This study aims to investigate the association between earlier sexual abuse and polysubstance abuse among persons in alcohol, drug and gambling addiction treatment in Greenland. The study included 431 individuals treated in 2017-2019. Data on exposure (sexual abuse), outcome (polysubstance abuse), and potential confounders (age, sex, school education, further education, ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2021, 80(1):1849909]

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Distal radial approach versus conventional radial approach: a comparative study of feasibility and safety.

Rania Hammami, Fatma Zouari, Mohamed Aymen Ben Abdessalem, Awatef Sassi, Tarek Ellouze, Amine Bahloul, Souad Mallek, Faten Triki, Abdallah Mahdhaoui, Gouider Jeridi, Leila Abid, Selma Charfeddine, Samir Kammoun, Jihen Jdidi,

The distal radial approach (DRA) is suggested to have benefits over the conventional radial approach (CRA) in terms of local complications and comfort of both patient and operator. Therefore, we aimed to compare the feasibility and safety of DRA and CRA in a real life population. We conducted a prospective, ... Read more >>

Libyan J Med (The Libyan journal of medicine)
[2021, 16(1):1830600]

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MicroRNAs as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers of age-related macular degeneration: advances and limitations.

Bridget Martinez, Philip V Peplow,

A main cause of vision loss in the elderly is age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Among the cellular, biochemical, and molecular changes linked to this disease, inflammation and angiogenesis appear as being crucial in AMD pathogenesis and progression. There are two forms of the disease: dry AMD, accounting for 80-90% of ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2021, 16(3):440-447]

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Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding.

Nicholas J Costable, David A Greenwald,

Upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a common reason for hospital admission in older adult patients and carries a high morbidity and mortality if not properly managed. Risk factors include advanced age, Helicobacter pylori infection, medication use, smoking, and history of liver disease. Patients with known or suspected liver disease and ... Read more >>

Clin Geriatr Med (Clinics in geriatric medicine)
[2021, 37(1):155-172]

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Smoking Addiction and Strategies for Cessation.

Briana DiSilvio, Mohammad Baqdunes, Ahmad Alhajhusain, Tariq Cheema,

Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) worldwide. Smoking cessation is thus integral to the treatment of COPD. Nicotine addiction is a disease dependent on the complex interactions of neurotransmitter pathways, conditioned behaviors, environmental cues, genetic predisposition, and personal life circumstances, which render some more ... Read more >>

Crit Care Nurs Q (Critical care nursing quarterly)
[2021, 44(1):33-48]

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COPD Maintenance Pharmacotherapy.

Ayla Gordon, Meilin Young, Eric Bihler, Tariq Cheema,

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is currently the fourth leading cause of death worldwide and will likely be the third most common cause by the end of 2020. It is felt to be caused by repetitive noxious stimuli to the lung, most commonly from smoking, with persistent symptoms of cough, ... Read more >>

Crit Care Nurs Q (Critical care nursing quarterly)
[2021, 44(1):19-25]

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Lung Transplantation in COPD.

Nicholas Cheronis, Erica Rabold, Anil Singh, Tariq Cheema,

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality both in the United States and worldwide. Despite advances in medical treatment including smoking cessation, bronchodilator therapy, oxygen administration, and pulmonary rehabilitation, patients with advanced COPD still suffer significant debility. For select patients with severe ... Read more >>

Crit Care Nurs Q (Critical care nursing quarterly)
[2021, 44(1):61-73]

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Examining the effect of smoking on suicidal ideation and attempts: triangulation of epidemiological approaches.

Ruth Harrison, Marcus R Munafò, George Davey Smith, Robyn E Wootton,

BACKGROUND:Previous literature has demonstrated a strong association between cigarette smoking, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. This association has not previously been examined in a causal inference framework and could have important implications for suicide prevention strategies. AIMS:We aimed to examine the evidence for an association between smoking behaviours (initiation, smoking ... Read more >>

Br J Psychiatry (The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science)
[2020, 217(6):701-707]

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Negotiating cancer preventative health behaviours and adapting to motherhood: the role of technology in supporting positive health behaviours.

Caitlin Notley, Emma Ward, Angelos P Kassianos, Allison Kurti, Fiona Muirhead, Dian Nostikasari, Jamie Payton, Claire Adams Spears,

PURPOSE:Across the UK and USA, postpartum smoking relapse rates are high, and rates of breastfeeding and physical activity are low. This project aimed to explore these interrelated health behaviours and technology use, for intervention development to support postpartum cancer prevention. METHODS:Focus groups and interviews with 26 purposively selected women (15 ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2020, 15(1):1811533]

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The impact of including cessation resource information on health warnings on standardised tobacco packaging on awareness and use: A longitudinal online survey in the United Kingdom.

Crawford Moodie, Catherine Best, Nathan Critchlow, Martine Stead, Ann McNeill, Sara Hitchman,

INTRODUCTION:Since May 2017, all cigarettes and roll-your-own (RYO) tobacco in the UK must be sold in standardised packs with pictorial warnings displaying, for the first time, a stop-smoking website. METHODS:Data comes from three waves of a longitudinal online survey with smokers and ex-smokers conducted pre- and post-standardised packaging, with Wave ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Not really a smoker? A study on the prevalence of and attitudes to occasional social smoking in a third level institution in Ireland.

Seán R Murray, Sarah J Lyne, Melissa D Cryan, Martina Mullin, David McGrath, Catherine B Hayes,

BACKGROUND:Occasional smoking is defined as any smoking occurring on a less than daily basis. Social smoking, i.e. smoking primarily in social contexts, is a sub-group of occasional smoking. Data on occasional cigarette smoking and the subset of social smoking among third level students are limited. OBJECTIVES:(1) To determine prevalence of ... Read more >>

Ir J Med Sci (Irish journal of medical science)
[2020, :]

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Little evidence for an effect of smoking on multiple sclerosis risk: A mendelian randomization study.

Ruth E Mitchell, Kirsty Bates, Robyn E Wootton, Adil Harroud, J Brent Richards, George Davey Smith, Marcus R Munafò,

The causes of multiple sclerosis (MS) remain unknown. Smoking has been associated with MS in observational studies and is often thought of as an environmental risk factor. We used two-sample mendelian randomization (MR) to examine whether this association is causal using genetic variants identified in genome-wide association studies (GWASs) as ... Read more >>

PLoS Biol (PLoS biology)
[2020, 18(11):e3000973]

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Association Between Parents’ Smoking Status and Tobacco Exposure in School-Age Children: Assessment Using Major Urine Biomarkers

Sung Hoon Jeong, Bich Na Jang, Soo Hyun Kang, Jae Hong Joo, Eun-Cheol Park,

Abstract Children are at risk of exposure to secondhand smoke. We aimed to evaluate the extent of their exposure to it in relation to their parents’ smoking status by using biomarkers relevant to smoking. We evaluated 847 school-age children (6–12 years) who lived with their parents, using data from the ... Read more >>

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The association of smoking status with hospitalisation for COVID-19 compared with other respiratory viruses a year previous: A case-control study at a single UK National Health Service trust

David Simons, Olga Perski, Lion Shahab, Jamie Brown, Robin Bailey,

Abstract Background: It is unclear whether smoking increases the risk of COVID-19 hospitalisation. We aimed to i) examine the association of smoking status with hospitalisation for COVID-19 compared with hospitalisation for other respiratory virus infections a year previous; ii) compare current smoking in cases with age- and sex-matched London ... Read more >>

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Chest image staging and prevalence of current smoking among hospitalized COVID-19 patients in Turkey

Sinan Eroğlu, Eren Şahin, Şule Yoluç, Yasemin Eroğlu, İmran Aydoğdu,

Objective: Novel Coronavirus disease is a new infectious agent of the respiratory tract characterized by a severe acute respiratory syndrome. For this disease, there are limited data with regard to the clinical characteristics of the patients and prognostic factors. Study Design: Retrospective Cohort Setting: Secondary Referral Center Methods: We collected ... Read more >>

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How do people with rheumatoid arthritis experience participation in a smoking cessation trial: a qualitative study.

Ida Kristiane Roelsgaard, Thordis Thomsen, Mikkel Østergaard, Anne Grete Semb, Lena Andersen, Bente Appel Esbensen,

Purpose: The aim of this study was to gain more knowledge on how people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) experienced participation in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) testing the effect of a smoking cessation intervention since this intervention have not been tested on an RA population beforeMethods: We conducted a qualitative ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2020, 15(1):1725997]

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Epigenetic predictors of lifestyle traits applied to the blood and brain

Danni Gadd, Anna Stevenson, Robert Hillary, Daniel McCartney, Nicola Wrobel, Sarah McCafferty, Lee Murphy, Tom Russ, Sarah Harris, Paul Redmond, Adele Taylor, Colin Smith, Jamie Rose, Tracey Millar, Tara Spires-Jones, Simon Cox, Riccardo Marioni,

Modifiable lifestyle factors influence the risk of developing many neurological diseases. These factors have been extensively linked with blood-based genome-wide DNA methylation (DNAm), but it is unclear if the signatures from blood translate to the target tissue of interest - the brain. To investigate this, we apply blood-derived epigenetic predictors ... Read more >>

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Perceived risk, attitudes, and behavior of cigarette smokers and nicotine vapers receiving buprenorphine treatment for opioid use disorder during the COVID-19 pandemic

Joanna M. Streck, Sara Kalkhoran, Benjamin Bearnot, Priya S. Gupta, Kelly M. Kalagher, Susan Regan, Sarah Wakeman, Nancy A. Rigotti,

Highlights • COVID-19 had heterogeneous impact on tobacco use of people in treatment for OUD.• Most believed that smoking and vaping increased their vulnerability to COVID-19.• Since COVID-19, half of smokers increased interest in quitting and 24% tried to quit.• However, 35% of smokers and 27% of vapers increased tobacco ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :]

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The Effect of an Educational Intervention Based on PRECEDE Model on Oral Cancer Prevention Behaviors in Hookah Users.

Ali Khani Jeihooni, Pooyan Afzali Harsini,

Educational intervention about oral cancer prevention is essential for all people, especially in hookah users. The aim of this study is investigating the effect of an educational intervention based on PRECEDE model on oral cancer prevention in hookah users living in Fasa, Fars Province, Iran, in 2017-2018. In this quasi-experimental ... Read more >>

J Cancer Educ (Journal of cancer education : the official journal of the American Association for Cancer Education)
[2020, 35(6):1250-1260]

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The Association between Cigarette Smoking and Efavirenz Plasma Concentration using the Population Pharmacokinetic Approach

Ngah Kuan Chow, E-Jinq Wong, Lee Lee Low, Siti Maisharah Sheikh Ghadzi, Sabariah Noor Harun, Amer Hayat Khan,

Aim: Efavirenz is still widely used as the preferred first-line antiretroviral agent in the middle- and low- income countries, including Malaysia. The efavirenz population pharmacokinetic profile among HIV-positive smokers is still unknown. We aimed to assess the association of smoking with efavirenz and the differences in HIV clinical outcomes. Methods: ... Read more >>

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Serum levels of soluble Fas and Fas ligand in pregnant women who smoke.

Sean Hasan, Belal Alshaikh, Kamran Yusuf,

PROBLEM:Cigarette smoking during pregnancy is associated with reduced incidence of preeclampsia. Mechanisms of this association are poorly understood. Cytokines, angiogenic and anti-angiogenic factors are involved in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. During normal pregnancy, Fas ligand (FasL) present on trophoblasts induces apoptosis of Fas bearing maternal immune cells. In preeclampsia, trophoblasts ... Read more >>

Am J Reprod Immunol (American journal of reproductive immunology (New York, N.Y. : 1989))
[2020, :]

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Associations between smoking habits and major adverse cardiovascular events in patients who underwent coronary computed tomography angiography as screening for coronary artery disease.

Sara Higashi, Yuhei Shiga, Masaya Yano, Tomoki Imaizumi, Kohei Tashiro, Yoshiaki Idemoto, Yuta Kato, Takashi Kuwano, Makoto Sugihara, Shin-Ichiro Miura,

We analyzed whether smoking was associated with major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and the progression of coronary atherosclerosis as assessed by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) as screening for coronary artery disease (CAD). We enrolled 443 patients who had all undergone CCTA and either were clinically suspected of having CAD ... Read more >>

Heart Vessels (Heart and vessels)
[2020, :]

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Cigarette Smoking, Alcohol Consumption, and Risk of Alopecia Areata: A Population-Based Cohort Study in Taiwan.

Ying-Xiu Dai, Fang-Yu Yeh, Yi-Jung Shen, Ying-Hsuan Tai, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Yun-Ting Chang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Chung-Pin Li, Chen-Yi Wu,

BACKGROUND:The effects of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption on the risk of alopecia areata (AA) are unclear. OBJECTIVE:The aim was to examine the association of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption with AA. METHODS:We collected participants from four rounds (2001, 2005, 2009, and 2013) of the Taiwan National Health Interview Survey. ... Read more >>

Am J Clin Dermatol (American journal of clinical dermatology)
[2020, 21(6):901-911]

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E-Cigarettes: Background and Essential Information for Providers.

Susan Feeney, Jill M Terrien,

E-cigarettes are rapidly increasing in use across all populations, particularly in adolescents and young adults. Smoking cessation is important for patients with cancer; however, evidence supporting e-cigarettes as an effective cessation strategy is lacking and not currently recommended. Information on risks, safety, and recommendations regarding vaping will be discussed. Oncology ... Read more >>

Clin J Oncol Nurs (Clinical journal of oncology nursing)
[2020, 24(6):694-698]

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The First Cigarette Smoking Experience and Future Smoking Behaviors Among Adolescents with Different Parental Risk: a Longitudinal Analysis in an Urban Iranian Population.

Parisa Amiri, Hasti Masihay-Akbar, Sara Jalali-Farahani, Mehrdad Karimi, Amir Abbas Momenan, Fereidoun Azizi,

BACKGROUND:Longitudinal research among Iranian adolescent smoking is limited. The current study aimed to investigate (1) the first smoking experience (FSE) and future smoking behaviors of adolescents with different parental risk factors and (2) the association between age of the FSE and future smoking behaviors over a 12-year follow-up. METHOD:Based on ... Read more >>

Int J Behav Med (International journal of behavioral medicine)
[2020, 27(6):698-706]

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