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A Case of Complex and Abnormal Behaviors at Night: The Role of the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit in Diagnosis.

Montserrat Diaz-Abad, Ana M Sanchez, Arif Kabir, John Konikkara,

Complex nocturnal behaviors associated with sleep have many potential causes, including parasomnias and epilepsy. Although the type of event and description can frequently lead to a diagnosis, sometimes it is challenging clinically to determine the cause of the behaviors, requiring a more in-depth investigation. We report the case of a ... Read more >>

Case Rep Neurol (Case reports in neurology)
[2020, 12(1):18-23]

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Media Review: Sleepwalking, Criminal Behavior, and Reliable Scientific Evidence: A Guide for Expert Witnesses by Mark R. Pressman, PhD.

Michael Ibarra, Jennifer L Marsella,

J Clin Sleep Med (Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine)
[2020, :]

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Successful Treatment of Somnambulism With OROS-Methylphenidate.

Milan Nigam, Antonio Zadra, Soufiane Boucetta, Steve A Gibbs, Jacques Montplaisir, Alex Desautels,

None:Somnambulism is a non-rapid eye movement sleep parasomnia with potential for significant injury as well as functional nighttime and daytime impairment. Clonazepam is frequently used as first line pharmacotherapy. However, the optimal treatment of somnambulism has not been established. In this article, we present the cases of two patients with ... Read more >>

J Clin Sleep Med (Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine)
[2019, 15(11):1683-1685]

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Adrenergic reactions during N3 sleep arousals in sleepwalking and sleep terrors: The chicken or the egg?

Nahema Ledard, Emilie Artru, Patricia Colmenarez Sayago, Stefania Redolfi, Jean-Louis Golmard, Marisol Carrillo-Solano, Isabelle Arnulf,

To understand the mechanisms of N3 sleep interruptions in patients with sleepwalking episodes and/or sleep terrors (SW/ST), we evaluated whether autonomic reactions preceded or accompanied behavioural arousals from NREM sleep stage N3. In 20 adult patients with SW/ST and 20 matched controls without parasomnia, heart rate and pulse wave amplitude ... Read more >>

J Sleep Res (Journal of sleep research)
[2019, :e12946]

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Quetiapine-induced behavioral disorder during sleep.

N A Uvais, Naseem Palakkuzhiyil, T P Mohammed,

Indian J Psychiatry (Indian journal of psychiatry)
[2019, 61(6):656-657]

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Alcohol and Parasomnias: The Statistical Evaluation of the Parasomnia Defense in Sexual Assault, Where Alcohol is Involved.

Neil A Munro,

Sleep sex may be a defense for alleged sexual assault. The International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD3) states: "Disorders of arousal should not be diagnosed in the presence of alcohol intoxication… The former [alcohol blackouts] are exponentially more prevalent." A panel member of ICSD3, quoting ICSD3 asserts: "alcohol intoxication should ... Read more >>

J. Forensic Sci. (Journal of forensic sciences)
[2020, :]

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Fever Dreams: An Online Study.

Michael Schredl, Daniel Erlacher,

In addition to a large variety of somatic symptoms, fever also affects cognition, sleep, and mood. In an online survey with 164 participants, 100 fever dream reports were submitted. Fever dreams were more bizarre and more negatively toned and included more references to health and temperature perception compared to "normal" ... Read more >>

Front Psychol (Frontiers in Psychology)
[2020, 11:53]

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Interobserver reliability of ICSD-3 diagnostic criteria for disorders of arousal in adults.

Giuseppe Loddo, Luca Vignatelli, Corrado Zenesini, Francesco Lusa, Luisa Sambati, Luca Baldelli, Valentina Favoni, Laura Rosa Pisani, Giulia Pierangeli, Sabina Cevoli, Federica Provini,

PURPOSE:Disorders of arousal include confusional arousals, sleepwalking and sleep terrors. The diagnosis of disorders of arousal is based on the clinical criteria established in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, third edition, although the interobserver reliability of these criteria has never been investigated. The aim of this study was to ... Read more >>

Sleep Breath (Sleep & breathing = Schlaf & Atmung)
[2019, 23(4):1309-1314]

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Sleep Disorders and Cognitive Impairment in Peritoneal Dialysis: A Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study.

Youlu Zhao, Yuhui Zhang, Zhikai Yang, Jinwei Wang, Zuying Xiong, Jinlan Liao, Li Hao, Guiling Liu, Yeping Ren, Qin Wang, Liping Duan, Zhaoxia Zheng, Jie Dong,

BACKGROUND:Patients with chronic kidney disease experience a high burden of sleep disorders, and there are associations between sleep disorders and cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVES:Based on our previous cross-sectional survey on cognitive impairment in peritoneal dialysis, we further explored the relationship between sleep disorders and cognitive impairment, and predictors for declining cognitive ... Read more >>

Kidney Blood Press. Res. (Kidney & blood pressure research)
[2019, 44(5):1115-1127]

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Away with the fairies: the psychopathology of visionary encounters in early modern Scotland.

Julian Goodare,

In early modern Scotland, several visionaries experienced vivid relationships with spirits. This paper analyses their experiences historically, with the aid of modern scholarship in medicine, psychology and social science. Most of the visionaries were women. Most of their spirit-guides were fairies or ghosts. There could be traumas in forming or ... Read more >>

Hist Psychiatry (History of psychiatry)
[2020, 31(1):37-54]

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Chronotypes and its association with psychological morbidity and childhood parasomnias.

Ng Syiao Wei, Samir Kumar Praharaj,

Background:The relationship between chronotypes and sleeping problems is not clear. The objective of the study was to identify the relative occurrence of chronotypes among college students and to explore adult psychological morbidity and childhood sleeping problems across chronotypes. Materials and Methods:One hundred and fifty undergraduate medical students were assigned into ... Read more >>

Indian J Psychiatry (Indian journal of psychiatry)
[2019, 61(6):598-604]

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[Psychoanalytic therapy for a child with somnambulism: a case report].

Jiang Xixi, Zhu Yuncheng, J I Weidong,

Somnambulism is defined as a state of dissociated consciousness triggered by impaired arousal, which results in partial wakefulness and partial sleep. No effective therapy or medication has been available for treating children with somnambulism. Herein we present a case in a 4.5-year-old girl, who presented with somnambulism associated with separation ... Read more >>

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao (Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University)
[2019, 39(5):505-507]

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Almost eight decades later: description of the male of Isoctenus guadalupei (Mello-Leitão, 1941) comb. nov. and redescription of the female.

Daniele Polotow, Antonio D Brescovit,

Isoctenus Bertkau 1880 is a genus composed by medium to large sized (7 to 19 mm of total body length) Neotropical spiders (Polotow Brescovit 2009). They are nocturnal wandering hunters, which prey in the ground and above leaf litter, as the other tropical wolf spiders of Ctenidae (Griswold et al. ... Read more >>

Zootaxa (Zootaxa)
[2019, 4683(2):zootaxa.4683.2.8]

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Sleepwalking and Sleep Paralysis: Prevalence in Colombian Families With Genetic Generalized Epilepsy.

Diana M Cornejo-Sanchez, Jaime Carrizosa-Moog, Dagoberto Cabrera-Hemer, Rodrigo Solarte-Mila, Christhian Gomez-Castillo, Rhys Thomas, Suzanne M Leal, William Cornejo-Ochoa, Nicolas Pineda-Trujillo,

BACKGROUND:Sleep deprivation commonly increases seizure frequency in patients with genetic generalized epilepsy, though it is unknown whether there is an increased prevalence of sleepwalking or sleep paralysis in genetic generalized epilepsy patients. Establishing this could provide insights into the bio-mechanisms or genetic architecture of both disorders. The aim of this ... Read more >>

J. Child Neurol. (Journal of child neurology)
[2019, 34(9):491-498]

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Guanfacine Treatment of Sleepwalking.

Lu Ye, Wang Andrew, Steven Lippmann,

J Clin Psychopharmacol (Journal of clinical psychopharmacology)
[2019, 39(4):409-410]

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Context awareness architecture for ambient-assisted living applications: Case study of nighttime wandering.

Hubert Kenfack Ngankam, Hélène Pigot, Dominique Lorrain, Isabelle Viens, Sylvain Giroux,

Objectives:This work presents an ambient-assisted living application that encourages seniors during nocturnal wandering episodes to return to bed in calm and comfort reassurance. Methods:Structuring knowledge by designing a software architecture capable of delivering high-level analysis and processing. A senior's home has been upgraded into a smart home enabling the gathering ... Read more >>

J Rehabil Assist Technol Eng (Journal of rehabilitation and assistive technologies engineering)
[2020, 7:2055668319887864]

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Exploring dimension-reduced embeddings with Sleepwalk

Svetlana Ovchinnikova, Simon Anders,

Abstract Dimension-reduction methods, such as t-SNE or UMAP, are widely used when exploring high-dimensional data describing many entities, e.g., RNA-Seq data for many single cells. However, dimension reduction is unavoidably prone to introducing artefacts, and we hence need means to see where a dimension-reduced embedding is a faithful representation of ... Read more >>

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Night Stepping: Fitbit Cracks the Case.

Thapanee Somboon, Madeleine M Grigg-Damberger, Nancy Foldvary-Schaefer,

ABSTRACT:The most common sleep disorders that can result in injurious or violent behaviors include REM sleep behavioral disorder, sleepwalking, comorbid parasomnias, sleep-related dissociative disorder, and obstructive sleep apnea. Video polysomnography is usually indicated to evaluate recurring sleep-related injury in adults. Only one-third of patients with complex paroxysmal nocturnal events will ... Read more >>

J Clin Sleep Med (Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine)
[2019, 15(2):355-357]

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Sleep-Related Disorders in Neurology and Psychiatry.

Jan Rémi, Thomas Pollmächer, Kai Spiegelhalder, Claudia Trenkwalder, Peter Young,

BACKGROUND:Sleep-related disorders are a group of illnesses with marked effects on patients' quality of life and functional ability. Their diagnosis and treatment is a matter of common interest to multiple medical disciplines. METHODS:This review is based on relevant publications retrieved by a selective search in PubMed (Medline) and on the ... Read more >>

Dtsch Arztebl Int (Deutsches Arzteblatt international)
[2019, 116(41):681-688]

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1784: The Marquis de Puységur and the psychological turn in the west.

Adam Crabtree,

In 1970 Henri Ellenberger called attention to the previously unrecognized importance of Franz Anton Mesmer's "animal magnetism" in the rise of psychodynamic psychology in the West. This article takes the next step of tracing the course of events that led to Puységur's discovery of magnetic somnambulism and describing the tumultuous ... Read more >>

J Hist Behav Sci (Journal of the history of the behavioral sciences)
[2019, 55(3):199-215]

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Update on nonpharmacological interventions in parasomnias.

Maria Ntafouli, Andrea Galbiati, Mary Gazea, Claudio L A Bassetti, Panagiotis Bargiotas,

Parasomnias are abnormal behaviors that occur during sleep and can be associated, in particular during adulthood, with impaired sleep quality, daytime dysfunction, and occasionally with violent and harmful nocturnal behaviors. In these cases, therapies are often considered. Longterm pharmacological treatments are not always well tolerated and often have limited efficacy. ... Read more >>

Postgrad Med (Postgraduate medicine)
[2020, 132(1):72-79]

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Clinical Features and Pathophysiology of Disorders of Arousal in Adults: A Window Into the Sleeping Brain.

Tommaso Baldini, Giuseppe Loddo, Elisa Sessagesimi, Francesco Mignani, Fabio Cirignotta, Susanna Mondini, Laura Licchetta, Francesca Bisulli, Paolo Tinuper, Federica Provini,

Introduction: Disorders of Arousal (DoA) are NREM parasomnias that have been typically regarded as self-limited childhood manifestations. It is now clear that DoA can persist in adults, often presenting with distinctive characteristics. So far, few studies have described the clinical course and characteristics of DoA in adulthood, therefore a large ... Read more >>

Front Neurol (Frontiers in Neurology)
[2019, 10:526]

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Sleep in Parkinson's disease.

Ambra Stefani, Birgit Högl,

Sleep disturbances are common in Parkinson's disease and comprise the entire spectrum of sleep disorders. On the one hand regulation of sleep and wakefulness is affected in Parkinson's disease, leading to the development of disorders, such as insomnia and daytime sleepiness. While on the other hand control of motor activity ... Read more >>

Neuropsychopharmacology (Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology)
[2020, 45(1):121-128]

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A Case of Buspirone Demonstrating Immediate and Sustained Benefit in a Man With Lifelong Non-Rapid-Eye-Movement Parasomnias.

Arun Mallapareddi, Ranji Varghese,

BACKGROUND:Non-rapid-eye-movement (NREM) parasomnias are disorders of sleep ranging from confusional arousals to sleepwalking and sleep-related eating disorders. Historically, antidepressants and benzodiazepines were recommended in treatment of NREM parasomnias. In this case report, we are reporting the use of buspirone in a patient with NREM parasomnias, which produced substantial resolution of ... Read more >>

Clin Neuropharmacol (Clinical neuropharmacology)
[2019, 42(2):52-54]

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Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Sleep Medicine among Medical Students at Qassim University, Saudi Arabia.

Yazeed Mohammad Alrebdi, Abdulrahman Khalid Ibn Awadh, Mohammad Saleh Alfehaid, Abdullah Abdulaziz Alsindi, Ali Alaraj,

BACKGROUNDS:Sleep disorders and sleep medicine are underrecognized by both the general public and health care workers. Lack of education and training in sleep medicine has resulted in a culture of physicians who have very limited knowledge about sleep disorders and, as a result, are likely to underdiagnose and under-treat patients. ... Read more >>

Open Access Maced J Med Sci (Open access Macedonian journal of medical sciences)
[2019, 7(17):2895-2901]

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