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A survey of chronic pain in China.

Zheng Yongjun, Zhang Tingjie, Yang Xiaoqiu, Feng Zhiying, Qiu Feng, Xin Guangke, Liu Jinfeng, Nie Fachuan, Jin Xiaohong, Liu Yanqing,

There is an extensive body of research about chronic pain and treatment in developed countries. In contrast there is a lack of research on this topic in developing countries including China. This study was aimed to estimate the prevalence of chronic pain in different regions of China. Data on pain ... Read more >>

Libyan J Med (The Libyan journal of medicine)
[2020, 15(1):1730550]

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Correlation of sociodemographic profiles with psychological problems among hospitalized patients receiving unplanned hemodialysis.

Yu-Yin Kao, Wen-Chin Lee, Ruey-Hsia Wang, Jin-Bor Chen,

Purpose: In this prospective study, we aimed to examine the sociodemographic factors and clinical factors associated with psychological disorders in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients receiving unplanned hemodialysis (HD).Methods: We prospectively enrolled 187 CKD stage 5 patients receiving unplanned HD at a tertiary hospital from January 2015 to December 2016. ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal Failure)
[2020, 42(1):255-262]

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Antidepressant effect of Gentiana olivieri Griseb. in male rats exposed to chronic mild stress.

Ahmet Berk, İsmet Yılmaz, Nurettin Abacıoğlu, Mustafa Bahadır Kaymaz, Merve Gökşin Karaaslan, Ebru Kuyumcu Savan,

Background: The flowering parts of Gentiana olivieri, known as 'Afat' in the southeastern Anatolia region of Turkey, are used as a tonic, an appetizer, and for the treatment of several mental disorders, including depression. The purpose of this study is to investigate the antidepressant effect of G. olivieri ethanol extract ... Read more >>

Libyan J Med (The Libyan journal of medicine)
[2020, 15(1):1725991]

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Women's experiences of fear of childbirth: a metasynthesis of qualitative studies.

Helena Wigert, Christina Nilsson, Anna Dencker, Cecily Begley, Elisabeth Jangsten, Carina Sparud-Lundin, Margareta Mollberg, Harshida Patel,

Purpose: Women's experiences of pregnancy, labour and birth are for some pregnant women negative and they develop a fear of childbirth, which can have consequences for their wellbeing and health. The aim was to synthesize qualitative literature to deepen the understanding of women's experiences of fear of childbirth.Methods: A systematic ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2020, 15(1):1704484]

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The effects of vascular access types on the survival and quality of life and depression in the incident hemodialysis patients.

Do Hyoung Kim, Ji In Park, Jung Pyo Lee, Yong-Lim Kim, Shin-Wook Kang, Chul Woo Yang, Nam-Ho Kim, Yon Su Kim, Chun Soo Lim,

Background: Although arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the preferred vascular access for hemodialysis (HD), the association between vascular access types and quality of life is not well-known. We investigated the relationships between HD vascular access types and all-cause mortality, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and the degree of depression in a ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal Failure)
[2020, 42(1):30-39]

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How visiting nurses detect symptoms of disease progression in patients with chronic heart failure.

Chinatsu Taniguchi, Ayako Okada, Natsuko Seto, Yasuko Shimizu,

Purpose: Chronic heart failure patients are often rehospitalized because they fail to seek appropriate, timely care. However, both patients and nurses experience difficulties in detecting signs of heart failure exacerbation. We aimed to qualitatively investigate how visiting nurses detect symptoms of disease progression in chronic heart failure patients in their ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2020, 15(1):1735768]

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Ending student mistreatment: early successes and continuing challenges.

Katherine T Lind, Christina M Osborne, Brittany Badesch, Alyssa Blood, Steven R Lowenstein,

Problem: Student mistreatment represents an ongoing challenge for US medical schools. Students experiencing mistreatment may become marginalized and cynical, and they have higher rates of burnout, depression and substance use disorders. Although numerous attempts to eliminate mistreatment have been proposed, best practices remain elusive. We formed a unique student-faculty collaboration ... Read more >>

Med Educ Online (Medical education online)
[2020, 25(1):1690846]

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Insights from human sleep research on neural mechanisms of Alzheimer's disease.

Susanna Cordone, Luigi De Gennaro,

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(7):1251-1252]

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Photoacoustic treatment mitigates cognitive dysfunction in a model of sleep-wake rhythm disturbance.

Fang Xing, Xin Fang, Xiang-Dan Gong, Xin Zhao, Ying Du, Zheng-Liang Ma, Xiao-Ping Gu, Tian-Jiao Xia,

Sleep-wake rhythm disturbances, which are characterized by abnormal sleep timing or duration, are associated with cognitive dysfunction. Photoacoustic treatments including light and sound stimulation have been found to be effective in modulating sleep patterns and improving cognitive behavior in abnormal sleep-wake pattern experiments. In this study, we examined whether light ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(6):1094-1101]

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Orexin/hypocretinin in multiple sclerosis and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.

Jean Pierre Pallais, Catherine M Kotz, Milos Stanojlovic,

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(6):1039-1040]

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Locus coeruleus-norepinephrine: basic functions and insights into Parkinson's disease.

Bilal Abdul Bari, Varun Chokshi, Katharina Schmidt,

The locus coeruleus is a pontine nucleus that produces much of the brain's norepinephrine. Despite its small size, the locus coeruleus is critical for a myriad of functions and is involved in many neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disorders. In this review, we discuss the physiology and anatomy of the locus coeruleus ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(6):1006-1013]

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"Temporal associations between sleep quality and paranoia across the paranoia continuum: An experience sampling study": Correction to Kasanova et al. (2020).

Reports an error in "Temporal associations between sleep quality and paranoia across the paranoia continuum: An experience sampling study" by Zuzana Kasanova, Michal Hajdúk, Viviane Thewissen and Inez Myin-Germeys (Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 2020[Jan], Vol 129[1], 122-130). In the article, the affiliation for Inez Myin-Germeys should have included the School ... Read more >>

J Abnorm Psychol (Journal of abnormal psychology)
[2020, 129(3):255]

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[Cognitive-behavioural group therapy for insomnia: evaluation of the results after its implementation in a health department].

M de Entrambasaguas, M Aiko-Gesler, E Luciano, E M Domínguez-Cabañero, B Terrés, S Diego-Castaño, C González-Vivas, B García-Parreño, E Lorente-Rovira, B Herraiz, R Victorio, P Cases-Bergón,

INTRODUCTION:Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is the preferred treatment in cases of chronic insomnia disorder in adults. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Open pragmatic study of 32 patients after eight sessions of group CBT for insomnia. RESULTS:Remission (insomnia severity index: 0-7 points) and response (insomnia severity index drops to > 8) were 31.3% and 46.9% ... Read more >>

Rev Neurol (Revista de neurologia)
[2020, 70(7):246-250]

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A feasibility study of a mobile app to treat insomnia.

Melissa Aji, Nick Glozier, Delwyn Bartlett, Dorian Peters, Rafael A Calvo, Yizhong Zheng, Ronald Grunstein, Christopher Gordon,

Insomnia is a major public health concern. Sleep restriction therapy (SRT) is an effective behavioral treatment but its delivery is impeded by a shortage of trained clinicians. We developed a mobile app delivering SRT to individuals with insomnia. This feasibility study employed a mixed-methods design to examine the engagement, acceptability, ... Read more >>

Transl Behav Med (Translational behavioral medicine)
[2020, :]

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Association between common mental disorders, sleep quality, and menopausal symptoms: a population-based study in Southern Brazil.

Agnes L Neutzling, Heloísa M Leite, Vera Maria V Paniz, Fernanda Souza de Bairros, Juvenal S Dias da Costa, Maria Teresa A Olinto,

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the association between common mental disorders (CMD), sleep quality, and moderate and severe menopausal symptoms in adult women in southern Brazil. METHODS:This cross-sectional, population-based study investigated a representative sample of 393 women (age 40-69 years) living in an urban area. A standardized and pretested questionnaire that included the ... Read more >>

Menopause (Menopause (New York, N.Y.))
[2020, 27(4):463-472]

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The role of insomnia in the association between posttraumatic stress disorder and hypertension.

Allison E Gaffey, Nancy S Redeker, Lindsey Rosman, Janet M Mullington, Cynthia A Brandt, Sally G Haskell, Matthew M Burg,

OBJECTIVE:Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with incident hypertension. Although this relationship is poorly understood, PTSD is also associated with insomnia symptoms, which increases the risk for hypertension. Whether insomnia contributes to PTSD-associated risk for hypertension is unknown. METHODS:We examined self-report survey and electronic health record data from 1109 participants ... Read more >>

J. Hypertens. (Journal of hypertension)
[2020, 38(4):641-648]

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Topiramate reduces nocturnal eating in sleep-related eating disorder.

John W Winkelman, Benjamin Wipper, Julia Purks, Leslie Mei, Laura Schoerning,

STUDY OBJECTIVES:Sleep-Related Eating Disorder (SRED) is a parasomnia characterized by partial arousals from sleep with compulsive consumption of food with impaired level of awareness and memory for the event. Small case series' have demonstrated efficacy of topiramate in SRED. We conducted a placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial of topiramate to assess ... Read more >>

Sleep (Sleep)
[2020, :]

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Tolerating Uncertainty in the Dark: Insomnia Symptoms, Distress, and Well-Being Among Parents of Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer.

Aliza A Panjwani, Brett M Millar, Tracey A Revenson,

BACKGROUND:Given the need to better understand mechanisms linking poor sleep and psychological distress in the context of chronic illness, we explored a novel factor, intolerance of uncertainty (IU), in relation to insomnia among parents of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer. We hypothesized that parents with higher IU would ... Read more >>

Int J Behav Med (International journal of behavioral medicine)
[2020, :]

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Sleep disturbance as a predictor of anxiety in children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and typically developing children.

Rabya Mughal, Anna Joyce, Catherine Hill, Dagmara Dimitriou,

BACKGROUND:High levels of anxiety and sleep problems are common features of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). The strong association between sleep and anxiety has been documented in typically developing (TD) populations and is thought to be bidirectional. The association between sleep and anxiety in children with FASD has not yet ... Read more >>

Res Dev Disabil (Research in developmental disabilities)
[2020, 101:103610]

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Sleep Disorders In Myotonic Dystrophies.

S H Subramony, J P Wymer, B S Pinto, E T Wang,

Myotonic dystrophies (DM), the most common muscular dystrophies, are known to have significant sleep disturbances. We have analyzed the literature on sleep and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in DM over the past 30 years. In this review we provide a brief overview of sleep, sleep disorders and methods of assessment. Then ... Read more >>

Muscle Nerve (Muscle & nerve)
[2020, :]

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Self-reported eating disorders and sleep disturbances in young adults: a prospective cohort study.

Jason M Nagata, Idia B Thurston, Bryan T Karazsia, Daniel Woolridge, Sara M Buckelew, Stuart B Murray, Jerel P Calzo,

PURPOSE:To evaluate the prospective association between eating disorders, disordered eating behaviors, and sleep disturbances in young adults. METHODS:We used prospective cohort data of young adults aged 18-26 from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (N = 12,082). Self-reported exposures of interest (at 18-26 years) included (1) an eating disorder diagnosis ... Read more >>

Eat Weight Disord (Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
[2020, :]

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Sleep, brain development, and autism spectrum disorders: Insights from animal models.

Taylor Wintler, Hannah Schoch, Marcos G Frank, Lucia Peixoto,

Sleep is an evolutionarily conserved and powerful drive, although its complete functions are still unknown. One possible function of sleep is that it promotes brain development. The amount of sleep is greatest during ages when the brain is rapidly developing, and sleep has been shown to influence critical period plasticity. ... Read more >>

J. Neurosci. Res. (Journal of neuroscience research)
[2020, :]

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Effects of Narrative Exposure Therapy on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depression, and Insomnia in Traumatized North Korean Refugee Youth.

Jinme K Park, Jinah Park, Thomas Elbert, Seog Ju Kim,

Refugees affected by multiple traumatic stressors are at high risk for developing trauma-related mental disorders, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and insomnia, which is sometimes overlooked. The present study examined the effectiveness of narrative exposure therapy (NET) on trauma-related symptoms in a sample of North Korean refugee youth. We ... Read more >>

J Trauma Stress (Journal of traumatic stress)
[2020, :]

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A systematic review of the effectiveness of sleep hygiene in children with ADHD.

Jane Nikles, Geoffrey Keith Mitchell, Rossiniê de Miranda Araújo, Thomas Harris, Helen S Heussler, Salima Punja, Sunita Vohra, Hugh Edgar John Senior,

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is often accompanied by sleep problems in children. Sleep hygiene is defined as a set of behavioural, environmental, or cognitive modifications to improve sleep, and is routinely clinically utilised as first-line treatment for insomnia in ADHD. The objective of this systematic review of the literature is ... Read more >>

Psychol Health Med (Psychology, health & medicine)
[2020, :1-23]

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Sleep disturbance underlies the co-occurrence of trauma and pediatric chronic pain: a longitudinal examination.

Maria Pavlova, Daniel C Kopala-Sibley, Cara Nania, Richelle Mychasiuk, Jennaya Christensen, Allison McPeak, Lianne Tomfohr-Madsen, Joel Katz, Tonya M Palermo, Melanie Noel,

Epidemiological and cross-sectional studies have shown that post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS) are common and impairing in youth with chronic pain. Yet, the co-occurrence of PTSS and pediatric chronic pain has not been examined longitudinally, which has limited understanding of theoretically proposed mechanisms (eg, sleep disturbance) underlying the PTSS-pain relationship ... Read more >>

Pain (Pain)
[2020, 161(4):821-830]

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