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Full Text Journal Articles about
Sleep Disordered Breathing and CPAP

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Use of the WatchPAT to Detect Occult Residual Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Patients on CPAP for Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

Matthew Epstein, Tariq Musa, Stephanie Chiu, Jacquelyn Costanzo, Christine Dunne, Federico Cerrone, Robert Capone,

STUDY OBJECTIVES:To determine the accuracy of the apnea hypopnea index (AHI) as measured by continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines by simultaneously employing a home sleep apnea testing device (WatchPAT) in patients suspected of having residual sleep disordered breathing (SDB). METHODS:Patients with new, recurrent or worsening signs, symptoms or co-morbidities ... Read more >>

J Clin Sleep Med (Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM : Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine)
[2020, :]

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Continuous professional development: elevating sleep andbreathing disorder education in Europe.

Sophia E Schiza, Winfried Randerath, Manuel Sánchez-de-la-Torre, Andrea Aliverti, MariaR Bonsignore, Anita K Simonds, Pierantonio Laveneziana,

The @EuroRespSoc launches a new sleep and breathing disorders continuous professional development programme http://bit.ly/30PU01P. ... Read more >>

Breathe (Sheff) (Breathe (Sheffield, England))
[2020, 16(1):190336]

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Arrhythmias and sleep apnea: physiopathologic link and clinical implications.

Stefania Angela Di Fusco, Carlo Pignalberi, Luca Santini, Furio Colivicchi, Massimo Santini,

Available evidence suggests a pathogenetic role of sleep breathing disorders in both atrial and ventricular arrhythmias with non-negligible clinical implications. Scientific literature has reported convincing findings on the link between sleep breathing disorders and arrhythmias. The coexistence of these conditions should be appropriately managed because OSA treatment may reduce arrhythmia ... Read more >>

J Interv Card Electrophysiol (Journal of interventional cardiac electrophysiology : an international journal of arrhythmias and pacing)
[2020, :]

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The Nose and Nasal Breathing in Sleep Apnea.

Yi Cai, Andrew N Goldberg, Jolie L Chang,

Assessment of the nose is critical in evaluating obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) because the nose plays an important role in the physiology of sleep by regulating nasal airway resistance and stimulating ventilation. Nasal obstruction is common in sleep apnea, contributes to OSA, and interferes with tolerance of OSA treatment with ... Read more >>

Otolaryngol. Clin. North Am. (Otolaryngologic clinics of North America)
[2020, :]

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Efficacy and adherence of auto-CPAP therapy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a prospective study.

Hang Dinh-Thi-Dieu, Anh Vo-Thi-Kim, Huong Tran-Van, Sy Duong-Quy,

Introduction:The use of auto-continuous positive airway pressure (auto-CPAP) therapy has been recommended for subjects with moderate-to-severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) without significant comorbidities. This study is aimed at evaluating the efficacy and adherence of auto-CPAP therapy in subjects with OSA. Methods:It was a perspective and descriptive study. All study subjects ... Read more >>

Multidiscip Respir Med (Multidisciplinary respiratory medicine)
[2020, 15(1):468]

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Evidence of Possible Irritable Larynx Syndrome in Obstructive Sleep Apnea: An Epidemiologic Approach.

Nelson Roy, Ray M Merrill, Jenny Pierce, Krishna M Sundar,

OBJECTIVE:"Irritable larynx syndrome" (ILS) often refers to a constellation of laryngeal-based symptoms including chronic cough (CC), diurnal dyspnea, and dysphonia. In patients with OSA, we examined: (1) the frequency, severity, comorbidity, risks and triggers of each problem, (2) whether these symptoms were compatible with stereotypic ILS and (3) the role ... Read more >>

J Voice (Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation)
[2020, :]

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Sleep Apnea, Hypertension and the Sympathetic Nervous System in the Adult Population.

Shreyas Venkataraman, Soumya Vungarala, Naima Covassin, Virend K Somers,

Sleep apnea is very common in patients with cardiovascular disease, especially in patients with hypertension. Over the last few decades a number of discoveries have helped support a causal relationship between the two and even resistant hypertension. The role neurogenic mechanisms play has gathered more attention in the recent past ... Read more >>

J Clin Med (Journal of clinical medicine)
[2020, 9(2):]

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Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children: Handling the Unknown with Precision.

David Gozal, Hui-Leng Tan, Leila Kheirandish-Gozal,

Treatment approaches to pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have remarkably evolved over the last two decades. From an a priori assumption that surgical removal of enlarged upper airway lymphadenoid tissues (T&A) was curative in the vast majority of patients as the recommended first-line treatment for pediatric OSA, residual respiratory abnormalities ... Read more >>

J Clin Med (Journal of clinical medicine)
[2020, 9(3):]

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Sleep Apnea, Obesity, and Disturbed Glucose Homeostasis: Epidemiologic Evidence, Biologic Insights, and Therapeutic Strategies.

Gabriella Pugliese, Luigi Barrea, Daniela Laudisio, Ciro Salzano, Sara Aprano, Annamaria Colao, Silvia Savastano, Giovanna Muscogiuri,

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), obesity, and disturbed glucose homeostasis are usually considered distinct clinical condition, although they are tightly related to each other. The aim of our manuscript is to provide an overview of the current evidence on OSA, obesity, and disturbed glucose homeostasis providing epidemiologic evidence, biological ... Read more >>

Curr Obes Rep (Current obesity reports)
[2020, 9(1):30-38]

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Change in Quality of Life of OSAHS Patients with Minimally Invasive Surgery or CPAP Therapy: A 2-year Retrospective, Single-center Parallel-group Study.

Xiao-Qing Zhang, Xin Zhao, Pei-Wei Hong, Jin Zhou, Ping Zeng, Cong Liu, Xiao-Ying Li, Yang Zhao, Li-Qiong Jiang,

BACKGROUND:By including untreated obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) patients as the control group, this study explores the influence of minimally invasive surgical treatment and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy on OSAHS patients, with the subjective and objective performance. The study also discusses their relationship, determines the effect factor, and ... Read more >>

Curr. Mol. Med. (Current molecular medicine)
[2020, 20(3):231-239]

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Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Neurodegenerative Disorders: Current Evidence in Support of Benefit from Sleep Apnea Treatment.

Annie C Lajoie, Anne-Louise Lafontaine, R John Kimoff, Marta Kaminska,

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent disorder characterized by recurrent upper airway obstruction during sleep resulting in intermittent hypoxemia and sleep fragmentation. Research has recently increasingly focused on the impact of OSA on the brain's structure and function, in particular as this relates to neurodegenerative diseases. This article reviews ... Read more >>

J Clin Med (Journal of clinical medicine)
[2020, 9(2):]

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Vagus Nerve Stimulator (VNS)-induced Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Which Resolved After the VNS Was Turned Off.

Puja Gurung, Yash Nene, Manjamalai Sivaraman,

We present a young 21-year-old male with drug-resistant epilepsy who developed vagus nerve stimulator (VNS)-induced severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Severe OSA resolved after the VNS was turned off. ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(2):e6901]

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Monitoring for sleep-disordered breathing in heart failure.

Andrew J Stewart Coats,

Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is extremely common in heart failure (HF) and it carries with it adverse symptoms and impaired survival. Sleep-disordered breathing has two main types; obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and central sleep apnoea (CSA), which can overlap. The differentiation between CSA and OSA is important and is recommended in ... Read more >>

Eur Heart J Suppl (European heart journal supplements : journal of the European Society of Cardiology)
[2019, 21(Suppl M):M36-M39]

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The uses of overnight pulse oximetry.

Shruti Singh, Sara Z Khan, Dilbagh Singh, Sameer Verma, Arunabh Talwar,

Overnight pulse oximetry (OPO) has proven to be an effective and beneficial technique to determine the cardiorespiratory status of patients in both the inpatient and outpatient settings. It is a cheap, safe, reliable, simple, and accurate method of patient monitoring as compared to the expensive and labor-intensive method of multichannel ... Read more >>

Lung India (Lung India : official organ of Indian Chest Society)
[2020, 37(2):151-157]

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Long-term obstructive sleep apnea therapy: a 10-year follow-up of mandibular advancement device and continuous positive airway pressure.

Julia A M Uniken Venema, Michiel H J Doff, Dilyana Joffe-Sokolova, Peter J Wijkstra, Johannes H van der Hoeven, Boudewijn Stegenga, Aarnoud Hoekema,

STUDY OBJECTIVES:Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep-related breathing disorder, commonly managed by either continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or a mandibular advancement device (MAD). Long-term follow-up and comparison regarding efficacy of these therapies is scarce. In this study the results of treatment, patient adherence, and satisfaction over a 10-year ... Read more >>

J Clin Sleep Med (Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM : Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine)
[2020, 16(3):353-359]

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Pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnea in individuals with the COPD + OSA Overlap syndrome versus OSA alone.

Jeremy E Orr, Christopher N Schmickl, Bradley A Edwards, Pamela N DeYoung, Rebbecca Brena, Xiaoying S Sun, Sonia Jain, Atul Malhotra, Robert L Owens,

Overlap syndrome (OVS) is the concurrence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and is associated with poor outcomes. We hypothesized that physiological changes in COPD may affect the pathogenesis of OSA in important ways. We therefore sought to measure the anatomical and nonanatomical OSA traits ... Read more >>

Physiol Rep (Physiological reports)
[2020, 8(3):e14371]

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Cholinergic basal forebrain degeneration due to obstructive sleep apnoea increases Alzheimer’s pathology in mice

Lei Qian, Leda Kasas, Michael Milne, Oliver Rawashdeh, Nicola Marks, Aanchal Sharma, Mark Bellingham, Elizabeth Coulson,

Abstract Epidemiological studies indicate that obstructive sleep apnoea is a strong risk factor for the development of Alzheimer’s disease but the mechanisms of the risk remain unclear. We developed a method of modelling obstructive sleep apnoea in mice that replicates key features of human obstructive sleep apnoea: altered breathing during ... Read more >>

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Positive Airway Pressure in Obesity Hypoventilation: Getting to the Heart of the Matter.

Amanda J Piper, Edmund M Lau,

Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine)
[2020, 201(5):509-511]

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Treatment with CPAP in Elderly Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea.

Tomas Posadas, Grace Oscullo, Enrique Zaldívar, Alberto Garcia-Ortega, José Daniel Gómez-Olivas, Manuela Monteagudo, Miguel Angel Martínez-García,

The population pyramid is changing as a result of the ever-increasing life expectancy, which makes it crucial to acquire an in-depth understanding of the diseases that most often affect the elderly. Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) affects 15%-20% of the population aged over 65 years. Despite this prevalence, there have been ... Read more >>

J Clin Med (Journal of clinical medicine)
[2020, 9(2):]

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The impact of obstructive sleep apnoea on balance, gait and falls risk: a narrative review of the literature.

David Stevens, Brianna Jackson, Jayne Carberry, James McLoughlin, Chris Barr, Sutapa Mukherjee, Aaron Oh, R Doug McEvoy, Maria Crotty, Andrew Vakulin,

Falls related hospitalisation and injury rates are steadily increasing globally due to a growth in the aging population, and the associated health problems that increase risk of falls. One such associated health problem is sleep disturbances and disorders. Recent cohort studies have shown that subjectively reported poor quality sleep is ... Read more >>

J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. (The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences)
[2020, :]

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The presence of coexisting sleep-disordered breathing among women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy does not worsen perinatal outcome.

Danielle L Wilson, Mark E Howard, Alison M Fung, Fergal J O'Donoghue, Maree Barnes, Martha Lappas, Susan P Walker,

OBJECTIVE:To determine whether the presence of co-existing sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is associated with worse perinatal outcomes among women diagnosed with a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy (HDP), compared with normotensive controls. STUDY DESIGN:Women diagnosed with HDP (gestational hypertension or preeclampsia) and BMI- and gestation-matched controls underwent polysomnography in late pregnancy to ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(2):e0229568]

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Respiratory arousal control needed for insomnia OSA patients-authors' reply.

Barry Krakow, Natalia D McIver, Victor A Ulibarri,

EClinicalMedicine (EClinicalMedicine)
[2019, 17:100207]

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Central sleep apnea alters neuronal excitability and increases the randomness in sleep-wake transitions.

Hila Dvir, Shu Guo, S Havlin, Ni Xin, Tai Jun, Daqing Li, Xu Zhifei, Rui Kang, Ronny P Bartsch,

OBJECTIVE:While most studies on Central Sleep Apnea (CSA) have focused on breathing and metabolic disorders, the neuronal dysfunction that causes CSA remains largely unknown. Here, we investigate the underlying neuronal mechanism of CSA by studying the sleep-wake dynamics as derived from hypnograms. METHODS:We analyze sleep data of seven groups of ... Read more >>

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng (IEEE transactions on bio-medical engineering)
[2020, :]

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Sex-Related Differences in Sleep-Related PSG Parameters and Daytime Complaints in a Clinical Population.

Sebastien Van Eycken, Daniel Neu, Johan Newell, Charles Kornreich, Olivier Mairesse,

Background:Recent research suggested that perception of sleep impairments might present sex-related effects (ie, women appear to be more prone to report fatigue rather than sleepiness). The latter has been evidenced in sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD). Differently, it has been suggested that sleep-related movement disorders may also be associated to fatigue ... Read more >>

Nat Sci Sleep (Nature and science of sleep)
[2020, 12:161-171]

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Practical Aspects of Interface Application in CPAP Treatment.

Adel Bachour, Heidi Avellan-Hietanen, Tuula Palotie, Paula Virkkula,

While continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is an effective first-line therapy for sleep apnea, CPAP fails in one third of patients mainly due to poor adherence to the CPAP device and masks. The role of the medical team is to guide the patient in choosing the best mask, thus insuring ... Read more >>

Can. Respir. J. (Canadian respiratory journal)
[2019, 2019:7215258]

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