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Schizoaffective Disorder

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The level of tumour necrosis factor-alpha and its relationship to the cognitive function of Malayan-Mongoloid patients with schizophrenia.

Mustafa M Amin, Abdul Rasyid, Elmeida Effendy, Nurmiati Amir, Dwi Anita Suryandari,

Aim Schizophrenia is a mental disorder and one of the suspected causes is cytokines. One of them is tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). Cytokines have the potential to affect cognitive function. The study aimed to find a correlation of TNF-α level with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score in patients with ... Read more >>

Med Glas (Zenica) (Medicinski glasnik : official publication of the Medical Association of Zenica-Doboj Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina)
[2020, 17(2):]

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Comorbidity of Narcolepsy and Psychotic Disorders: A Nationwide Population-Based Study in Taiwan.

Jia-Yin Yeh, Yu-Chiau Shyu, Sheng-Yu Lee, Shin-Sheng Yuan, Chun-Ju Yang, Kang-Chung Yang, Tung-Liang Lee, Chi-Chin Sun, Liang-Jen Wang,

Background:Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder that is likely to have neuropsychiatric comorbidities. Psychotic disorders are characterized by delusion, hallucination, and reality impairments. This study investigates the relationship between narcolepsy and psychotic disorders. Design and Methods:This study involves patients who were diagnosed with narcolepsy between January 2002 and December 2011 ... Read more >>

Front Psychiatry (Frontiers in Psychiatry)
[2020, 11:205]

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Hearing Loss: The Silent Risk for Psychiatric Disorders in Late Life.

Dan G Blazer,

Hearing loss is among the most frequent problems experienced by older adults, yet psychiatrists and other clinicians often ignore the problem as an aggravation rather than recognizing that the problem might benefit from appropriate hearing health care. Many psychiatric disorders have been associated with hearing loss, including depression, schizophrenia and ... Read more >>

Clin. Geriatr. Med. (Clinics in geriatric medicine)
[2020, 36(2):201-209]

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Comorbidity of Narcolepsy and Psychotic Disorders: A Nationwide Population-Based Study in Taiwan.

Jia-Yin Yeh, Yu-Chiau Shyu, Sheng-Yu Lee, Shin-Sheng Yuan, Chun-Ju Yang, Kang-Chung Yang, Tung-Liang Lee, Chi-Chin Sun, Liang-Jen Wang,

BackgroundNarcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder that is likely to have neuropsychiatric comorbidities. Psychotic disorders are characterized by delusion, hallucination, and reality impairments. This study investigates the relationship between narcolepsy and psychotic disorders.Design and MethodsThis study involves patients who were diagnosed with narcolepsy between January 2002 and December 2011 (n ... Read more >>

Front Psychiatry (Frontiers in Psychiatry)
[2020, 11:]

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Failure to replicate the JTC-bias in patients with psychotic disorders: A secondary analysis of a baseline assessment of a randomized controlled trial

Stephanie Mehl, Nico Pytlik, Daniel Soll, Klaus Hesse, Steffen Moritz, Andreas Bechdolf, Jutta Herrlich, Tilo Kircher, Stefan Klingberg, Martin Landsberg, Bernhard Müller, Georg Wiedemann, Andreas Wittorf, Wolfgang Wölwer, Michael Wagner,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background: The jumping to conclusions bias (JTC) is considered to be an important causal factor in theoretical models on the formation and maintenance of delusions. However, recent meta-analytic findings show a rather equivocal pattern of results regarding associations between JTC and delusions. Thus, the aim of ... Read more >>

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Cognitive and clinical predictors of community functioning across the psychoses.

Kathryn E Lewandowski, Talia R Cohen, Dost Ongur,

Schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and related psychotic illnesses are common, serious mental disorders that are often associated with functional impairments and poor quality of life, even after clinical recovery. Cognitive dysfunction is a strong predictor of functional impairment; however, findings regarding relative impairments in functioning and cognition across diagnoses have been ... Read more >>

Psych J (PsyCh journal)
[2020, :]

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Proneness, urbanicity, trauma, and cannabis triggering psychotic states in large urban centers.

João Paulo Machado-de-Sousa, José A S Crippa, Jaime Hallak,

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:The two past decades have seen the production of a vast amount of evidence about the genetic and nongenetic factors that contribute to the onset of psychosis from various fields of research. The present article reviews recent evidence from four of these fields that were shown to be ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Psychiatry (Current opinion in psychiatry)
[2020, 33(3):250-254]

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Factor analyses of multidimensional symptoms in a large group of patients with major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, schizoaffective disorder and schizophrenia.

Frederike Stein, Gunnar Lemmer, Simon Schmitt, Katharina Brosch, Tina Meller, Elena Fischer, Cynthia Kraus, Lutz Lenhard, Birgit Köhnlein, Harumi Murata, Achim Bäcker, Matthias Müller, Michael Franz, Katharina Förster, Susanne Meinert, Verena Enneking, Katharina Koch, Dominik Grotegerd, Arne Nagels, Igor Nenadić, Udo Dannlowski, Tilo Kircher, Axel Krug,

BACKGROUND:There is an ongoing discussion about which neurobiological correlates or symptoms separate the major psychoses (i.e. Major Depressive Disorder MDD, Bipolar Disorder BD, and Schizophrenia SZ). Psychopathological factor analyses within one of these disorders have resulted in models including one to five factors. Factor analyses across the major psychoses using ... Read more >>

Schizophr. Res. (Schizophrenia research)
[2020, :]

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Qualitative analysis of clinicians’ perspectives on the use of a computerized decision aid in the treatment of psychotic disorders

Lukas Roebroek, Jojanneke Bruins, Philippe Delespaul, Albert Boonstra, Stynke Castelein,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background: Clinical decision aids are used in various medical fields to support patients and clinicians when making healthcare decisions. Few attempts have been made to implement such tools in psychiatry. We developed Treatment E-Assist (TREAT); a routine outcome monitoring based computerized clinical decision aid, which generates ... Read more >>

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Tacrolimus-Associated Psychotic Disorder: A Report of 2 Cases.

Gustavo de Sousa Arantes Ferreira, André Luis Conde Watanabe, Natália de Carvalho Trevizoli, Fernando Marcus Felippe Jorge, Ana Virginia Ferreira Figueira, Carolina de Fatima Couto, Laura Viana de Lima, Deborah Roberta Liduario Raupp,

Psychotic disorders are a group of psychiatric disorders characterized by the presence of delusions, hallucinations, bizarre behavior, and disorganized speech. There are several possible causes for the occurrence of psychotic disorders in patients who underwent solid organ transplant, including pre-existing mental illness, electrolyte disturbances, infections of the central nervous system, ... Read more >>

Transplant. Proc. (Transplantation proceedings)
[2020, :]

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Graft Loss Following Onset of Schizophrenia Long After Liver Transplantation.

Yuta Anraku, Rie Akaho, Satoko Matsui, Akihito Sannomiya, Shohei Fuchinoue, Katsuji Nishimura,

AbstractInformation regarding new-onset posttransplant psychotic disorders and their effect on nonadherence and posttransplant outcome is quite limited. We report a case of new-onset posttransplant schizophrenia that led to death. The patient, a woman with Wilson disease but no history of psychiatric problems or a substance use disorder had undergone liver ... Read more >>

Int Med Case Rep J (International Medical Case Reports Journal)
[2020, 13:101-104]

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Determinants of Therapeutic Alliance With People With Psychotic Disorders: A Systematic Literature Review.

Héloïse da Costa, Brice Martin, Nicolas Franck,

Therapeutic alliance determines medical treatment adherence, the success of psychotherapy, and the effectiveness of care. This systematic review aims at better understanding its determinants. The electronic databases Pubmed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were searched, using combinations of terms relating to psychosis and therapeutic alliance. Studies were selected and ... Read more >>

J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. (The Journal of nervous and mental disease)
[2020, 208(4):329-339]

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Romantic relationships, sexuality, and psychotic disorders: A systematic review of recent findings.

Briana Cloutier, Audrey Francoeur, Crystal Samson, Alexandra Ghostine, Tania Lecomte,

For individuals with a psychotic disorder, dating can present several challenges and lead many to be excluded from intimate relationships. These difficulties may stem from a number of factors, including impairments in social and sexual functioning. Although scientific interest in this topic is mounting, the last quantitative review of the ... Read more >>

Psychiatr Rehabil J (Psychiatric rehabilitation journal)
[2020, :]

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Hostile attribution bias in schizophrenia-spectrum disorders: narrative review of the literature and persisting questions.

Benjamin Buck, Julia Browne, Emily C Gagen, David L Penn,

Background: Social cognition is often aberrant or impaired in psychotic disorders and related to functional outcomes. In particular, one core social cognitive bias - hostile attribution bias - is proposed to be implicated in paranoia, anxiety, mood disturbances and interpersonal conflict outcomes. However, questions remain about this domain's specificity to ... Read more >>

J Ment Health (Journal of mental health (Abingdon, England))
[2020, :1-18]

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Community perceptions of barriers to management of chronic psychotic disorders and knowledge and attitudes about long-acting injectable antipsychotic medication: qualitative study in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Carol Blixen, Isaac Lema, Jessie Mbwambo, Sylvia Kaaya, Jennifer B Levin, Martha Sajatovic,

BACKGROUND:Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) experience a disproportionate burden from chronic psychotic disorders (CPDs), which are the most disabling conditions among people aged 10-24 in Sub-Saharan Africa. Poor medication adherence is seen in approximately half of individuals with CPDs in Sub-Saharan Africa, and is a major driver of relapse. A ... Read more >>

BJPsych Open (BJPsych open)
[2020, 6(2):e27]

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Psychotic Experiences, Cognitive Decline, and Genetic Vulnerabilities in Relation to Developing Psychotic Disorders.

Ned H Kalin,

Am J Psychiatry (The American journal of psychiatry)
[2020, 177(4):279-281]

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Antipsychotic effects of sex hormones and atypical hemispheric asymmetries.

Sophie Hodgetts, Markus Hausmann,

Functional cerebral asymmetries (FCAs) are a fundamental principle of brain organisation. While specific patterns of asymmetry are characteristic of healthy human brains, atypical or reduced FCAs have been reported for several psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia and mood disorders. However, it is unclear whether atypical FCAs reflect a predisposition to psychotic ... Read more >>

Cortex (Cortex; a journal devoted to the study of the nervous system and behavior)
[2020, 127:313-332]

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Mortality, Revascularization, and Cardioprotective Pharmacotherapy After Acute Coronary Syndrome in Patients With Psychotic Disorders: A Population-Based Cohort Study.

Wing Chung Chang, Joe Kwun Nam Chan, Corine Sau Man Wong, JoJo Siu Han Hai, Philip Chi Fai Or, Eric Yu Hai Chen,

Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of mortality in psychotic disorders. There is a paucity of research comprehensively evaluating short-term mortality, cardiovascular complications, and treatment inequality after cardiac events in patients with psychotic disorders. This population-based cohort study examined 30-day and 1-year all-cause mortality, cardiovascular complication rates, 30-day and ... Read more >>

Schizophr Bull (Schizophrenia bulletin)
[2020, :]

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[Acute Psychotic Disorders].

Susanne Englisch, Mathias Zink,

Acute psychotic disorders (APS) are characterized by an acute onset as well as a wide array of symptoms including affective, psychotic, and psychomotor symptoms. They occur independently of substance use or organic disorders. In most cases, patients recover fully and without residues within a short period of time. However, APS ... Read more >>

Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr (Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie)
[2020, 88(2):121-138]

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Further Analysis of Cognitive Change in Schizophrenia and Other Psychoses in the Decade Following the First Episode: Response to Panayiotou et al.

Jolanta Zanelli, Josephine Mollon, Sven Sandin, Abraham Reichenberg,

Am J Psychiatry (The American journal of psychiatry)
[2020, 177(4):354-355]

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Prenatal and perinatal risk and protective factors for psychosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Cathy Davies, Giulia Segre, Andrés Estradé, Joaquim Radua, Andrea De Micheli, Umberto Provenzani, Dominic Oliver, Gonzalo Salazar de Pablo, Valentina Ramella-Cravaro, Maria Besozzi, Paola Dazzan, Maddalena Miele, Gianluigi Caputo, Cecilia Spallarossa, Georgia Crossland, Athif Ilyas, Giulia Spada, Pierluigi Politi, Robin M Murray, Philip McGuire, Paolo Fusar-Poli,

BACKGROUND:Prenatal and perinatal insults are implicated in the aetiopathogenesis of psychotic disorders but the consistency and magnitude of their associations with psychosis have not been updated for nearly two decades. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of the evidence on ... Read more >>

Lancet Psychiatry (The lancet. Psychiatry)
[2020, :]

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[The CIMH track concept in the treatment of psychotic disorders].

Dusan Hirjak, Peter Gass, Michael Deuschle, F Markus Leweke, Andreas Böhringer, Nadine Schenkel, Doris Borgwedel, Marco Heser, Antje Breisacher, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg,

The treatment of psychotic disorders and illnesses is a challenge for therapists and institutions due to the heterogeneity of the cause and course, refractory symptoms, lack of therapy adherence and high rates of relapse. These circumstances can be effectively counteracted by the flexibility of therapeutic approaches and settings. A useful but rarely ... Read more >>

Nervenarzt (Der Nervenarzt)
[2020, 91(3):233-242]

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Autistic traits in psychotic disorders: prevalence, familial risk, and impact on social functioning.

Tim B Ziermans, Frederike Schirmbeck, Floor Oosterwijk, Hilde M Geurts, Lieuwe de Haan, ,

BACKGROUND:Prevalence estimates of autistic traits in individuals with psychotic disorders (PD) vary greatly and it is unclear whether individuals with a familial risk (FR) for psychosis have an increased propensity to display autistic traits. Furthermore, it is unknown whether the presence of comorbid autism traits disproportionally affects the cognitive and ... Read more >>

Psychol Med (Psychological medicine)
[2020, :1-10]

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Failing to Gain: Another Explanation of Cognitive Change in Schizophrenia and Other Psychoses in the Decade Following the First Episode.

Anita Panayiotou, Stephen Wood, Alexandra Stainton, Tamsyn Van Rheenen, Kelly Allott, Christos Pantelis,

Am J Psychiatry (The American journal of psychiatry)
[2020, 177(4):354]

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Is the mental health profile of immigrants changing? A national-level analysis based on hospital discharges in Italy.

M Aragona, M A Salvatore, M Mazzetti, A Burgio, S Geraci, G Baglio,

BACKGROUND:Among asylum seekers and refugees in European countries, several studies have shown a high burden of mental disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression and psychoses. The present study compares hospitalization for mental disorders among migrants arriving from countries typically linked to the refugee phenomenon (putative asylum seekers), migrants arriving ... Read more >>

Ann Ig (Annali di igiene : medicina preventiva e di comunita)
[2020, 32(2):157-165]

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