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Pulmonary Arteriovenous Fistulae

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Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation can be Associated with Embolic Stroke of Undetermined Source (ESUS).

Mariana da Cruz, Nuno Zarcos Palma, João Rocha, Ricardo Meireles,

Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) are rare vascular anomalies. Alternative designations are pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae or aneurysms. Although mostly asymptomatic, PAVMs can cause respiratory symptoms due to right-to-left shunt. The central nervous system is a potential target for complications, including stroke, as a result of paradoxical embolism. In this report, the ... Read more >>

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med (European journal of case reports in internal medicine)
[2019, 6(11):001262]

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Management and Outcomes of Neonatal Arteriovenous Brain Malformations with Cardiac Failure: A 17 Years' Experience in a Tertiary Referral Center.

Laetitia Giorgi, Phillippe Durand, Luc Morin, Jordi Miatello, Zied Merchaoui, Virginie Lambert, Claire Boithias, Marie Victoire Senat, Bertrand Stos, Hélène Maurey, Catherine Adamsbaum, Pierre Tissières, Guillaume Saliou, Laurent Spelle, Augustin Ozanne,

OBJECTIVES:To assess the management and outcomes of neonatal arteriovenous brain malformations (mostly vein of Galen malformations) complicated by cardiac failure in the era of prenatal diagnosis and endovascular treatment in a tertiary referral center. STUDY DESIGN:This observational study included 77 living newborn infants with arteriovenous brain malformations with cardiac failure, ... Read more >>

J. Pediatr. (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2020, 218:85-91.e2]

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Decreased Jagged1 Expression in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells Delays Endothelial Regeneration in Arteriovenous Graft.

Qunying Guo, Fengzhang Huang, Ying Qing, Shaozhen Feng, Xiaoguang Xiao, Yun Wang, Ming Liang, Tao Wang, William E Mitch, Jizhong Cheng,

AIMS:It is well-established that endothelial dysfunction promotes activation of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC). Whether decreased accumulation of VSMCs affects endothelial regeneration and functions in arteriovenous graft (AVG) remodeling has not been studied. We sought to identify mechanisms by which the Notch ligand, Jagged1, in VSMCs regulates endothelial cell (EC) ... Read more >>

Cardiovasc. Res. (Cardiovascular research)
[2020, :]

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Multimodal Endovascular approach in a Case of Multiple Dural Arteriovenous Fistulae.

José A Fernández-Abinader, Allyson Pagán-Rodríguez, Caleb Feliciano, Héctor Rondón-Granados,

Dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVF) are vascular abnormalities in which arteriovenous shunts are contained in between the periosteal and meningeal lamellae of the dura matter. Rarely, multiple DAVF are diagnosed in a single patient; occurring in only about 8% of the diagnosed cases. We describe a rare presentation of DAVF in ... Read more >>

P R Health Sci J (Puerto Rico health sciences journal)
[2019, 38(3):198-200]

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Transcatheter occlusion of giant congenital coronary cameral fistulae: a case series.

Deogratias A Nkya, Greenwood Sinyangwe, Farirai Fani Takawira,

BACKGROUND:A coronary cameral fistula is a rare connection between a coronary artery and a cardiac chamber or vein bypassing the cardiac capillary bed system. Most of these fistulae are congenital and solitary, although they can be acquired and multiple. CASES PRESENTATION:Case 1: A 10-year-old black South African boy presented with a long-standing ... Read more >>

J Med Case Rep (Journal of medical case reports)
[2019, 13(1):307]

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Successful Selective Embolization for Recurrent Hemarthrosis after Knee Arthroplasty.

Cristian Barrientos, Maximiliano Barahona, Tomas Cermenati, Rodrigo Wulf, Jaime Hinzpeter,

Knee replacement has demonstrated to be a cost-effective treatment for severe knee osteoarthritis. Nevertheless, perioperative complications may occur, including recurrent hemarthrosis reaching an incidence between 0.3 and 1.6%. Success rate after conservative treatment has been reported to be above 80%, but in case of recurrence, computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance ... Read more >>

Case Rep Orthop (Case reports in orthopedics)
[2019, 2019:8374709]

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Pulmonary hypertension and severe right heart failure following lumbar spinal surgery.

Geeshath Jayasekera, Martin Johnson, Keith Hussey, Colin Church,

Pulmonary hypertension is a disease process affecting the pulmonary circulation and is defined by an increase in pulmonary artery pressure subsequently causing right ventricular failure. Vascular complications, including arteriovenous fistulae, are recognised, but are uncommon complications of spinal surgery. Arteriovenous fistulae increase venous return to the right heart and can ... Read more >>

SAGE Open Med Case Rep (SAGE Open Medical Case Reports)
[2019, 7:2050313X19847805]

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Complications of arteriovenous fistula in dialysis patients: Incidence and risk factors in Taif city, KSA.

Majed Mansour Aljuaid, Nawaf Najim Alzahrani, Abdulrahman Abdulaziz Alshehri, Lama Humaied Alkhaldi, Faisal Sultan Alosaimi, Nawwaf Waiel Aljuaid, Omar Ahmed Asiri, Ayman Ahmad Atalla,

Aim:The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and its complications in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) in Taif Region, Saudi Arabia. Methods:This was a prospective hospital-based study conducted on 196 patients aged above 18 years who were undergoing dialysis in two hospital Taif City. ... Read more >>

J Family Med Prim Care (Journal of family medicine and primary care)
[2020, 9(1):407-411]

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Traumatic Pseudoaneurysm of the Ascending Cervical Artery Treated with N-butyl Cyanoacrylate Embolization: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Torin W Karsonovich, John C Hawkins, Ajeet Gordhan,

Pseudoaneurysms of the thyrocervical trunk and its branches are commonly iatrogenic in nature; however, trauma is often an inciting mechanism. Open surgical repair was considered the main treatment modality until recent advances in endovascular therapy proved to be a viable treatment option. We report a case of a traumatic pseudoaneurysm ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2019, 11(12):e6276]

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Molecular Targets for Improving Arteriovenous Fistula Maturation and Patency.

Jolanta Gorecka, Arash Fereydooni, Luis Gonzalez, Shin Rong Lee, Shirley Liu, Shun Ono, Jianbiao Xu, Jia Liu, Ryosuke Taniguchi, Yutaka Matsubara, Xixiang Gao, Mingjie Gao, John Langford, Bogdan Yatsula, Alan Dardik,

The increasing prevalence of chronic and end-stage renal disease creates an increased need for reliable vascular access, and although arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) are the preferred mode of hemodialysis access, 60% fail to mature and only 50% remain patent at one year. Fistulae mature by diameter expansion and wall thickening; this ... Read more >>

Vasc Investig Ther (Vascular investigation and therapy)
[2019, 2(2):33-41]

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A Large Isolated Congenital Left Circumflex Artery-to-Right Atrial Fistula in a 9-Year-Old Child.

Xin Li, Jun An, Shuai Wang, Wanli Lu, Zhigang Liu, Yili Wu, Fengjuan Jiao,

Isolated congenital coronary artery fistula (ICCAF) is an exceedingly rare anomaly in which there is a direct abnormal connection between a coronary artery and other cardiac chambers or any of great vessels. The left circumflex artery (LCX) is the least common source of ICCAF. Here we reported a rare case ... Read more >>

Front Pediatr (Frontiers in pediatrics)
[2020, 8:51]

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Portopulmonary Hypertension: A Complex Case Derived from Multiple Penetrating Trauma-Induced Mesenteric Arteriovenous Fistulae.

Kai Qian, Nanyang Yang, Chunming Lin, Heng Wan, Fangyong Fu, Zhengjun Liu, Zhiqi Lin, Hao Liu,

Portopulmonary hypertension (PoPH) is a well-recognized complication of portal hypertension. This study reports a case of PoPH that was secondarily caused by post-traumatic mesenteric arteriovenous fistula. A 38-year-old man with a history of knife stabbing wounds in the abdomen in 2003 was admitted to the hospital with exertional shortness of ... Read more >>

Ann Vasc Surg (Annals of vascular surgery)
[2019, 58:378.e11-378.e15]

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Ultrasound-guided antecubital vein approach for right heart catheterisation in a Brazilian tertiary centre.

Felipe Homem Valle, Rodrigo Vugman Wainstein, Bruno Silva Matte, Sandro Cadaval Gonçalves, Luiz Carlos C Bergoli, Ana Maria Rocha Krepsky, Fernando Pivatto Junior, Gustavo Neves de Araujo, Guilherme Pinheiro Machado, Marco Vugman Wainstein,

Objective:As a parallel to the radial approach for left heart catheterisation, forearm veins may be considered for the performance of right heart catheterisation. However, data regarding the application of this technique under ultrasound guidance are scarce. The current study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of right heart catheterisation through ultrasound-guided ... Read more >>

Open Heart (Open heart)
[2020, 7(1):e001181]

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Stimulation of Caveolin-1 Signaling Improves Arteriovenous Fistula Patency.

Takuya Hashimoto, Toshihiko Isaji, Haidi Hu, Kota Yamamoto, Hualong Bai, Jeans M Santana, Andrew Kuo, Go Kuwahara, Trenton R Foster, Jesse J Hanisch, Bogdan A Yatsula, William C Sessa, Katsuyuki Hoshina, Alan Dardik,

Objective- Arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) are the most common access created for hemodialysis; however, many AVF fail to mature and require repeated intervention, suggesting a need to improve AVF maturation. Eph-B4 (ephrin type-B receptor 4) is the embryonic venous determinant that is functional in adult veins and can regulate AVF maturation. ... Read more >>

Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. (Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology)
[2019, 39(4):754-764]

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Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) due to Coronary Artery Embolism in a Patient with Atrial Fibrillation.

Hussein Daoud, Ashraf Abugroun, Shruti Erramilli, Surender Kumar,

Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) secondary to a coronary embolism is an unusual occurrence, yet an important consideration given the difficult diagnosis. We report a case of a 69-year-old male with a medical history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation who presented with chest pain and shortness of breath. A coronary angiogram was ... Read more >>

Case Rep Cardiol (Case reports in cardiology)
[2019, 2019:9347198]

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Coil Embolization of an Iatrogenic Arteriovenous Fistula between the Superior Mesenteric Artery and Vein: A Case Report.

Pezhman Farshidmehr, Mohammad Reza Zafarghandi, Alimohammad Sadat, Azadeh Sayarifard,

Superior mesenteric arteriovenous fistulae are rare. A 32-year-old woman presented with abdominal pain. The angiography showed that the superior mesenteric vein was aneurysmal. The patient underwent coil embolization, during which a balloon catheter was inflated before the fistula for the protection of coil migration with a high blood flow. After ... Read more >>

J Tehran Heart Cent (The journal of Tehran Heart Center)
[2019, 14(1):37-39]

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Traumatic arteriovenous fistula formation secondary to crush injury.

Vinu Perinjelil, Tareq Maraqa, Alex Chavez Yenter, Helen Ohaeri, Leo Mercer, Anish Bansal, Gul Sachwani-Daswani,

We describe a patient who suffered a crush injury after a motor vehicle accident leading to complex pelvic injuries complicated by an AV fistula. Traumatic arteriovenous (AV) fistulas from blunt, non-penetrating injuries are uncommon and rarely described in medical literature. A CT followed by pelvic angiogram performed by interventional radiology ... Read more >>

J Surg Case Rep (Journal of Surgical Case Reports)
[2018, 2018(9):rjy240]

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Current Status of Clinical Diagnosis and Genetic Analysis of Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia in South Korea: Multicenter Case Series and a Systematic Review.

Donghyun Kim, Eul-Ju Seo, Yun Sun Song, Chong Hyun Suh, Jong Won Kim, Dong Joon Kim, Dae Chul Suh,

PURPOSE:Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), a rare genetic vascular disorder, has been rarely reported in South Korea. We investigated the current prevalence and presenting patterns of genetically confirmed HHT in South Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS:We defined HHT patients as those with proven mutations on known HHT-related genes (ENG, ACVRL1, SMAD4, and ... Read more >>

Neurointervention (Neurointervention)
[2019, 14(2):91-98]

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Anticoagulant strategies for the patient with chronic kidney disease.

Jonathan P Law, Luke Pickup, Jonathan N Townend, Charles J Ferro,

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health problem affecting up to 14% of the adult population in developed countries. On the basis of current guidelines, patients with CKD will often fulfil criteria for both short-term and long-term anticoagulation. Paradoxically, patients with CKD are not only at a higher risk ... Read more >>

Clin Med (Lond) (Clinical medicine (London, England))
[2020, 20(2):151-155]

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Cardiac tamponade due to rupture of a giant coronary artery aneurysm with a coronary arteriovenous fistula: a case report.

Yu Shomura, Toru Mizumoto, Kazuya Fujinaga, Yasuhiro Sawada, Hisato Ito, Satoshi Teranishi,

BACKGROUND:Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is defined as dilatation exceeding 1.5 times the width of the normal adjacent coronary artery segments. CAA usually causes few symptoms, and rupture is rare, but can be lethal due to cardiac tamponade when it does occur. CASE PRESENTATION:A 79-year-old woman presented with presyncope and back ... Read more >>

Surg Case Rep (Surgical case reports)
[2019, 5(1):40]

Cited: 1 time

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CT and MRI imaging and interpretation of hepatic arterioportal shunts.

Qiushi Wang, Leonidas G Koniaris, Daniel P Milgrom, Aash Patel, Maoqing Hu, Enming Cui, Yu Deng, Fatih Akisik,

Hepatic arterioportal shunts (HAPS) occur due to organic or functional fistulization of blood flow between arterial hepatic vasculature and venous portal systems. It is a type of hemodynamic abnormality of the liver being observed increasingly with the use of temporal imaging modalities. HAPS occur due to other underlying hepatic abnormalities ... Read more >>

Transl Gastroenterol Hepatol (Translational gastroenterology and hepatology)
[2019, 4:34]

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Successful treatment of multiple pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae with thoracoscopy.

Yufei Wang, Ke Wang, Chunyan Guo, Zhanlin Guo,

Congenital pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae occur as a result of abnormal blood vessel development in the lungs. Blood takes a short pass from the pulmonary artery to veins. Multiple pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae are a rare occurrence, especially when involving both lungs. Fistulae located at the edge are prone to rupture and ... Read more >>

Thorac Cancer (Thoracic cancer)
[2018, 9(8):1082-1086]

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Vein of Galen aneurismal malformations - clinical characteristics, treatment and presentation: Three cases report.

Peter Spazzapan, Zoran Milosevic, Tomaz Velnar,

BACKGROUND:The vein of Galen aneurismal malformations (VGAM) are rare arteriovenous malformations of the embryonic choroid plexus. They represent about 30% of paediatric neurovascular disorders and show diverse characteristics. The VGAM is constituted by a midline dilated venous structure that receives blood from abnormal macroscopic or microscopic arteriovenous shunting vessels. Two ... Read more >>

World J Clin Cases (World journal of clinical cases)
[2019, 7(7):855-862]

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Fetal carotid-jugular fistula: A case report.

Jia Hu, Xi Zeng, XinChun Yuan,

RATIONALE:Fetal carotid-jugular fistula is an extremely rare clinical entity that presents as an abnormal passage between the carotid artery and the jugular vein. It is difficult to treat and the chance for a cure is very low. The fetal carotid-jugular fistula causes congestive heart failure and death of the fetus. ... Read more >>

Medicine (Baltimore) (Medicine)
[2019, 98(28):e16250]

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Prenatal Diagnosis of Aorta-Portal Vein-Umbilical Vein Anastomosis.

Basil Mathews, Sushmita Namdeo, Vivek Krishnan,

J Med Ultrasound (Journal of medical ultrasound)
[2019, 27(4):215-216]

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