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Enamel defects and caries prevalence in preterm children aged 5-10 years in Dubai.

Anood Alshehhi, Manal Al Halabi, Iyad Hussein, Anas Salami, Amar Hassan, Mawlood Kowash,

Background: Enamel defects (EDs) are commonly reported dental findings in preterm/low birthweight children. EDs potentially increase caries susceptibility.Aim: To assess the prevalence of EDs and dental caries in a group of preterm children (aged 5-10 years) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE).Methodology: A retrospective cohort study of medical records of ... Read more >>

Libyan J Med (The Libyan journal of medicine)
[2020, 15(1):1705633]

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Acquired long QT syndrome in chronic kidney disease patients.

Peng Liu, Lu Wang, Dan Han, Chaofeng Sun, Xiaolin Xue, Guoliang Li,

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. QT interval prolongation is a congenital or acquired condition that is associated with an increased risk of torsade de pointes (TdP), sudden cardiac death (SCD), and all-cause mortality in the general population. The ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal Failure)
[2020, 42(1):54-65]

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Feasibility and ethical issues: experiences and concerns of healthcare workers regarding a new RSV prophylaxis programme in Nunavik, Quebec.

Armelle Lorcy, Rodica Gilca, Eve Dubé, Marie Rochette, Gaston De Serres,

Background: The respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of hospitalisation in young Inuit children. Prophylaxis with palivizumab is routinely recommended for premature infants and those with severe pulmonary or cardiac diseases. In the fall 2016, the Quebec Ministry of Health expanded the criteria to include healthy full-term (HFT) ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1742564]

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Associations Between Maternal Thyroid Function in Pregnancy and Obstetric and Perinatal Outcomes.

Sun Y Lee, Howard J Cabral, Ann Aschengrau, Elizabeth N Pearce,

CONTEXT:The effects of maternal subclinical hypothyroidism on pregnancy outcomes are not clear. OBJECTIVE:We aimed to assess potential associations between maternal thyrotropin (thyroid-stimulating hormone [TSH]) levels in pregnancy and obstetric and perinatal outcomes. DESIGN:Retrospective cohort study. SETTING:Tertiary academic medical center. PATIENTS:Women aged ≥18 years with a singleton gestation and no known ... Read more >>

J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism)
[2020, 105(5):]

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Profile of sexuality and symptoms of lower urinary tract in non-institutionalized elderly.

Khaled Ahmed Taha, Flavio Trigo Rocha, Lisias Castilho,

INTRODUCTION:Urinary or sexual dysfunction in the elderly are underreported. However, they are highly prevalent. This study aims to identify the prevalence of these conditions. OBJECTIVE:The aim is to carry out an investigation in non-institutionalized individuals over 60 years of age, to obtain data on its sexual and urinary health in ... Read more >>

Int Braz J Urol (International braz j urol : official journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology)
[2020, 46(3):374-380]

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Modeling Differential Effects of Maternal Dietary Patterns across Severity Levels of Preterm Birth Using a Partial Proportional Odds Model.

Aweke A Mitku, Temesgen Zewotir, Delia North, Prakash Jeena, Rajen N Naidoo,

Preterm birth is a common cause of death worldwide of children under the age of five years. This condition is linked with short and long term neonatal morbidity and mortality. Maternal nutrition during pregnancy has a profound effect on fetal growth and development and subsequently also on the incidence of ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):5491]

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Use of complete blood count for predicting preterm birth in asymptomatic pregnant women: A propensity score-matched analysis.

Mei Ma, Mei Zhu, Bimin Zhuo, Li Li, Honglei Chen, Libo Xu, Zhihui Wu, Feng Cheng, Liangpu Xu, Jianying Yan,

BACKGROUND:Accurate prediction of preterm birth (PTB) is still difficult, mostly because of the multifactorial etiology of PTB. Previous studies have been mostly focused on the prediction of PTB in symptomatic women or those presenting with threatened preterm labor. We aimed to study whether complete blood count (CBC) parameters at 20-30 weeks ... Read more >>

J. Clin. Lab. Anal. (Journal of clinical laboratory analysis)
[2020, :e23313]

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Preference-Based Health-Related Quality of Life Outcomes Associated with Preterm Birth: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Stavros Petrou, Natnaree Krabuanrat, Kamran Khan,

OBJECTIVES:Assessments of health-related quality of life outcomes associated with preterm birth provide valuable complementary data to the objective biomedical assessments that have traditionally been reported. The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of health utility values associated with preterm birth generated using preference-based approaches ... Read more >>

Pharmacoeconomics (PharmacoEconomics)
[2020, 38(4):357-373]

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The relationship between premature ejaculation and anogenital distance.

Zülfü Sertkaya, Kemal Ertaş, Emre Tokuç,

Premature ejaculation is a common male sexual disease in andrology practice. The goal of essay is to investigate the relation of anogenital distance that predicts prenatal testosterone exposure with premature ejaculation. Between January and May 2019, 150 men were participated in the study. The patients were evaluated with anamnesis and ... Read more >>

Andrologia (Andrologia)
[2020, :e13571]

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Incidence and Early Course of Retinopathy of Prematurity.

Earl A Palmer, John T Flynn, Robert J Hardy, Dale L Phelps, Cynthia L Phillips, David B Schaffer, Betty Tung, ,

In the Multicenter Trial of Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP), 4099 infants weighing less than 1251 g at birth underwent sequential ophthalmic examinations, beginning at age 4 to 6 weeks, to monitor the incidence and course of ROP. Overall, 65.8% of the infants developed ROP to some degree; 81.6% ... Read more >>

Ophthalmology (Ophthalmology)
[2020, 127(4S):S84-S96]

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The role of maternal infection in preterm birth: evidence from the Brazilian Multicentre Study on Preterm Birth (EMIP).

Ricardo P Tedesco, Rafael B Galvão, Jose Paulo Guida, Renato Passini-Júnior, Giuliane J Lajos, Marcelo L Nomura, Patricia M Rehder, Tabata Z Dias, Renato T Souza, Jose G Cecatti, ,

OBJECTIVES:Evidence suggests that infection or inflammation is a major contributor to early spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB). Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the development and causes of maternal infection associated with maternal and neonatal outcomes in women with sPTB. METHODS:This was a secondary analysis of a multicenter cross-sectional study with ... Read more >>

Clinics (Sao Paulo) (Clinics (Sao Paulo, Brazil))
[2020, 75:e1508]

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Prepregnancy Overweight and Obesity Are Associated with an Increased Risk of Preterm Birth in Chinese Women.

Xiu Juan Su, Shi Jia Huang, Xiang Li, Qiao Ling Du,

INTRODUCTION:The association between obesity before pregnancy and preterm birth varies with age and ethnicity. OBJECTIVE:To study the association between early body mass index (BMI) and risk of preterm birth in Chinese women. METHODS:This was a hospital-based retrospective cohort study including 36,596 Chinese women who gave birth to a live singleton ... Read more >>

Obes Facts (Obesity facts)
[2020, :1-8]

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Preterm birth determinants among newborns at six public hospitals in Northeast Amhara, Ethiopia: unmatched case-control study

Habtamu Mekonnen, Mesfin Shiferaw, Nigusie Tebeje,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background Preterm birth is a global public health problem. Worldwide, every year about 15 million newborns are born preterm and about 1.1 million of them die due to complications related to prematurity. More than 81% of preterm births were in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. Nowadays, preterm ... Read more >>

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Lycium barbarum polysaccharides protects retinal ganglion cells against oxidative stress injury.

Lian Liu, Xiao-Yuan Sha, Yi-Ning Wu, Meng-Ting Chen, Jing-Xiang Zhong,

The accumulation of excessive reactive oxygen species can exacerbate any injury of retinal tissue because free radicals can trigger lipid peroxidation, protein damage and DNA fragmentation. Increased oxidative stress is associated with the common pathological process of many eye diseases, such as glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and ischemic optic neuropathy. Many ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(8):1526-1531]

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Trends in premature avertable mortality from non-communicable diseases for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: a population-based study.

Ramon Martinez, Peter Lloyd-Sherlock, Patricia Soliz, Shah Ebrahim, Enrique Vega, Pedro Ordunez, Martin McKee,

BACKGROUND:The reduction by a third of premature non-communicable disease (NCD) mortality by 2030 is the ambitious target of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3.4. However, the indicator is narrowly defined, including only four major NCDs (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, and chronic respiratory diseases) and only for people aged 30-70 years. This ... Read more >>

Lancet Glob Health (The Lancet. Global health)
[2020, 8(4):e511-e523]

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Neighborhood-Level Mass Incarceration and Future Preterm Birth Risk among African American Women.

Shawnita Sealy-Jefferson, Brittney Butler, Townsand Price-Spratlen, Rhonda K Dailey, Dawn P Misra,

While evidence for neighborhood effects on adverse birth outcomes is growing, no studies have examined whether living in a neighborhood impacted by mass incarceration is associated with preterm birth risk. We used modified Poisson regression to test whether residence in a neighborhood impacted by mass incarceration predicted future risk of ... Read more >>

J Urban Health (Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine)
[2020, 97(2):271-278]

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The effect of mode of delivery in twin pregnancies on the latency period between diagnosis of preterm labor and birth.

Osnat Ezra, Hila Lahav-Ezra, Roni Zemet, Shali Mazaki-Tovi, Eran Barzilay,

Introduction: The optimal mode of delivery in twin pregnancies presenting with preterm labor is controversial. Current literature regarding these cases is based on observational studies, innately prone to bias. A possibly substantial, yet hitherto unexplored, source of bias is an effect of mode of delivery on the timing of delivery. ... Read more >>

J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med. (The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians)
[2020, :1-7]

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The use of vaginal progesterone as a maintenance therapy in women with arrested preterm labor: a double-blind placebo-randomized controlled trial.

Jon Hyett, Nasrin Asadi, Maryam Zare Khafri, Homeira Vafaei, Maryam Kasraeian, Alireza Salehi, Najmieh Saadati, Khadije Bazrafshan,

Background: The efficacy of maintenance tocolytic therapy after successful arrest of preterm labor remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of 400 mg of daily vaginal progesterone (cyclogest) after successful parenteral tocolysis to increase latency period and improvement of neonatal outcomes in women with threatened preterm ... Read more >>

J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med. (The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians)
[2020, :1-7]

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Do lifetime anxiety disorders (anxiety liability) and pregnancy-related anxiety predict complications during pregnancy and delivery?

Jana Hoyer, Gesine Wieder, Michael Höfler, Linda Krause, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Julia Martini,

BACKGROUND:Evidence suggests that maternal anxiety is associated with adverse pregnancy and delivery outcomes, such as preterm birth, vaginal bleedings and low birth weight. AIMS:To examine the association of lifetime anxiety disorders and pregnancy-related anxiety and complications during pregnancy and delivery. STUDY DESIGN:Prospective-longitudinal study (MARI). SUBJECTS:N = 306 pregnant women who were investigated ... Read more >>

Early Hum. Dev. (Early human development)
[2020, 144:105022]

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Effect of Cervical Cerclage on the Risk of Recurrent Preterm Birth after a Twin Spontaneous Preterm Birth.

Shinyoung Kim, Hyun Soo Park, Hayan Kwon, Hyun Joo Seol, Jin Gon Bae, Ki Hoon Ahn, Sunghun Na, Se Jin Lee, Mi Young Lee, Seung Mi Lee, Dong Wook Kwak, Jung Yoon Park, In Yang Park, Hye Sung Won, Moon Young Kim, Hyun Sun Ko, Han Sung Hwang, ,

BACKGROUND:This study aimed to evaluate the effect of cervical cerclage on the recurrence risk for preterm birth in singleton pregnant women after a twin spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB). METHODS:This multicenter retrospective cohort study included women who had a singleton pregnancy from January 2009 to December 2018 at 10 referral hospitals ... Read more >>

J. Korean Med. Sci. (Journal of Korean medical science)
[2020, 35(11):e66]

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Trying Times: Waiting to Learn What Is Happening Now in American Premature Mortality.

James M Noble,

Am J Public Health (American journal of public health)
[2020, 110(4):429-431]

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Antirheumatic medications in pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Mehret Birru Talabi, Megan E B Clowse,

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:As active rheumatic and musculoskeletal disease during pregnancy increases the risk for pregnancy loss, preterm birth, and maternal illness, ongoing management with pregnancy-compatible medications can improve these outcomes. Selecting and taking these medications can be challenging for rheumatologists and patients due to limited knowledge about potential risks and ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Rheumatol (Current opinion in rheumatology)
[2020, 32(3):238-246]

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Relationship between Hypogonadal Symptoms, Sexual Dysfunction and Chronic Prostatitis in Middle-Aged Men by Self-Reported Questionnaires, even without Biochemical Testosterone Deficiency.

Min Ho Lee, Deok Ha Seo, Chun Woo Lee, Jae Hwi Choi, Seong Uk Jeh, Sin Woo Lee, See Min Choi, Jeong Seok Hwa, Jae Seog Hyun, Ky Hyun Chung, Sung Chul Kam,

PURPOSE:To investigate the association of erectile dysfunction (ED), premature ejaculation (PE), and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) in men with late-onset hypogonadism (LOH). MATERIALS AND METHODS:We reviewed the data of 408 enrolled men between January 2014 and January 2019. All participants completed the Androgen Deficiency in the Aging Male ... Read more >>

World J Mens Health (The world journal of men's health)
[2020, 38(2):243-249]

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The heart rate recovery is impaired in participants with premature ejaculation.

Yaşar Turan, Abdullah Gürel,

Premature ejaculation (PE) is one of the most common sexual disorders in men. Excessive activity of the sympathetic nervous system is considered as one of the pathological mechanisms of PE. Heart rate recovery (HRR) is a noninvasive and easily applicable method for evaluating autonomic functions. We aimed to investigate the ... Read more >>

Andrologia (Andrologia)
[2020, :e13573]

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Assessment of the G-ROP study criteria for predicting retinopathy of prematurity: results from a tertiary centre in Turkey.

Ozge Yabas Kiziloglu, Yesim Coskun, Ipek Akman,

PURPOSE:The postnatal growth and retinopathy of prematurity (G-ROP) study has proposed a new model for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) prediction based on gestational age, birth weight and postnatal weight gain. The purpose of the current study is to assess the efficacy of the G-ROP model for predicting ROP among a Turkish ... Read more >>

Int Ophthalmol (International ophthalmology)
[2020, :]

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