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Posttraumatic Epilepsy

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Posttraumatic epilepsy in intensive care unit-treated pediatric traumatic brain injury patients.

Era D Mikkonen, Markus B Skrifvars, Matti Reinikainen, Stepani Bendel, Ruut Laitio, Sanna Hoppu, Tero Ala-Kokko, Atte Karppinen, Rahul Raj,

OBJECTIVE:Posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE) is a well-described complication of traumatic brain injury (TBI). The majority of the available data regarding PTE stem from the adult population. Our aim was to identify the clinical and radiological risk factors associated with PTE in a pediatric TBI population treated in an intensive care unit ... Read more >>

Epilepsia (Epilepsia)
[2020, :]

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Microglial polarization in posttraumatic epilepsy: Potential mechanism and treatment opportunity.

Peravina Therajaran, John A Hamilton, Terence J O'Brien, Nigel C Jones, Idrish Ali,

Owing to the complexity of the pathophysiological mechanisms driving epileptogenesis following traumatic brain injury (TBI), effective preventive treatment approaches are not yet available for posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE). Neuroinflammation appears to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of the acquired epilepsies, including PTE, but despite a large preclinical literature demonstrating ... Read more >>

Epilepsia (Epilepsia)
[2020, 61(2):203-215]

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Quantitative readability analysis of websites providing information on traumatic brain injury and epilepsy: A need for clear communication.

Daniel José Correa, Lindsey Milano, Churl-Su Kwon, Nathalie Jetté, Dennis Dlugos, Lauren Harte-Hargrove, Mary Jo Pugh, Jessica K Smith, Solomon L Moshé,

OBJECTIVE:The use of the Internet for health-related questions is increasing, but it is not clear whether individuals can understand the information available online. Most health organizations recommend that health educational materials (HEMs) be written below the sixth grade reading level. This study was designed to evaluate the readability level of ... Read more >>

Epilepsia (Epilepsia)
[2020, 61(3):528-538]

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Posttraumatic vs nontraumatic headaches: A phenotypic analysis in a military population.

Andrea Metti, Karen Schwab, Alan Finkel, Renee Pazdan, Lisa Brenner, Wesley Cole, Heidi Terrio, Ann I Scher,

OBJECTIVE:To describe and compare phenotypic features of posttraumatic headaches (PTH) and headaches unrelated to concussion. METHODS:Participants are a random sample of recently deployed soldiers from the Warrior Strong cohort, consisting of soldiers with (n = 557) and without (n = 1,030) a history of a recent mild traumatic brain injury ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, 94(11):e1137-e1146]

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The clinical value of long - term electroencephalogram (EEG) in seizure - free populations: implications from a cross-sectional study.

Tang Xinghua, Li Lin, Fan Qinyi, Wei Yarong, Pu Zheng, Liu Zhenguo,

BACKGROUD:This study aimed to explore the clinical value of long - term electroencephalogram (LTM EEG) in seizure-free individuals taking antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) for more than 2 years. We try to look for clinical factors associated with epileptiform activity on LTM EEG in seizure free patients. We hope that the detection of ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):88]

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Aquaporin-4 Dysregulation in a Controlled Cortical Impact Injury Model of Posttraumatic Epilepsy.

Jenny I Szu, Som Chaturvedi, Dillon D Patel, Devin K Binder,

Posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE) is a long-term negative consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in which recurrent spontaneous seizures occur after the initial head injury. PTE develops over an undefined period during which circuitry reorganization in the brain causes permanent hyperexcitability. The pathophysiology by which trauma leads to spontaneous seizures is ... Read more >>

Neuroscience (Neuroscience)
[2020, 428:140-153]

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Modulating neuroinflammation and oxidative stress to prevent epilepsy and improve outcomes after traumatic brain injury.

Clifford L Eastman, Raimondo D'Ambrosio, Thota Ganesh,

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability in young adults worldwide. TBI survival is associated with persistent neuropsychiatric and neurological impairments, including posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE). To date, no pharmaceutical treatment has been found to prevent PTE or ameliorate neurological/neuropsychiatric deficits after TBI. Brain trauma results ... Read more >>

Neuropharmacology (Neuropharmacology)
[2019, :107907]

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Medical Cannabis as a Treatment for Patients With Epilepsy, Sleep Disorders, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Jose F Téllez-Zenteno, Lizbeth Hernández-Ronquillo,

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2020, 37(1):1]

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Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Metacognitions, Cognitive and Global Functioning in Bosnian War Veterans.

Emir Tupkovic, Rusmir Softic, Jasmina Klebic, Senada Selmanovic, Elvir Becirovic, Mitra Mirkovic Hajdukov, Miralem Smajic,

Introduction:Cognitive impairment is common finding in individuals with PTSD. Dysfunctional metacognitions in variety of anxiety disorders can represent generic vulnerability for anxiety disorders, as well as elements that contribute to maintaining the disorder. There is little empirical information about metacognition in war veterans with PTSD, and its relation to cognitive ... Read more >>

Mater Sociomed (Materia socio-medica)
[2019, 31(4):258-261]

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Optimized sampling for high resolution multi-pinhole brain SPECT with stationary detectors.

Yuan Chen, Marlies C Goorden, Brendan Vastenhouw, Freek J Beekman,

Brain perfusion SPECT can be used in the diagnosis of various neurologic or psychiatric disorders, e.g. stroke, epilepsy, dementia and posttraumatic stress disorder. As traditional SPECT provides limited resolution and sensitivity, we recently proposed a high resolution focusing multi-pinhole clinical SPECT scanner dubbed G-SPECT-I (Beekman et al 2015, Eur. J. ... Read more >>

Phys Med Biol (Physics in medicine and biology)
[2020, 65(1):015002]

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Psychiatric aspects of posttraumatic epilepsy: A still unexplored area.

Marco Mula,

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) represents one of the most common causes of death and disability in young people, and posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE) accounts for 10% to 20% of all symptomatic epilepsies. However, PTE is still a relatively underappreciated condition. This paper aimed at reviewing current knowledge about psychiatric comorbidities of ... Read more >>

Epilepsy Behav (Epilepsy & behavior : E&B)
[2019, 101(Pt A):106598]

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Neuroimaging for Migraine: The American Headache Society Systematic Review and Evidence-Based Guideline.

Randolph W Evans, Rebecca C Burch, Benjamin M Frishberg, Michael J Marmura, Laszlo L Mechtler, Stephen D Silberstein, Dana P Turner,

OBJECTIVE:To provide updated evidence-based recommendations about when to obtain neuroimaging in patients with migraine. METHODS:Articles were included in the systematic review if they studied adults 18 and over who were seeking outpatient treatment for any type of migraine and who underwent neuroimaging (MRI or CT). Medline, Web of Science, and ... Read more >>

Headache (Headache)
[2020, 60(2):318-336]

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Blunted Nocturnal Salivary Melatonin Secretion Profiles in Military-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Michel A Paul, Ryan J Love, Rakesh Jetly, J Donald Richardson, Ruth A Lanius, James C Miller, Michael MacDonald, Shawn G Rhind,

Background: Sleep disturbances are a hallmark of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), yet few studies have evaluated the role of dysregulated endogenous melatonin secretion in this condition. Methods: This study compared the sleep quality and nocturnal salivary melatonin profiles of Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) personnel diagnosed with PTSD, using the Clinician ... Read more >>

Front Psychiatry (Frontiers in psychiatry)
[2019, 10:882]

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Resective surgery for drug-resistant posttraumatic epilepsy: predictors of seizure outcome.

Xinghui He, Yuguang Guan, Feng Zhai, Jian Zhou, Tianfu Li, Guoming Luan,

OBJECTIVE:The object of this study was to evaluate surgical outcomes and prognosis factors in patients with drug-resistant posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE) who had undergone resective surgery. METHODS:The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of all patients with drug-resistant PTE who had undergone resective surgery at Sanbo Brain Hospital, Capital Medical University, in ... Read more >>

J. Neurosurg. (Journal of neurosurgery)
[2019, :1-8]

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Cannabinoids: A Guide for Use in the World of Gastrointestinal Disease.

Ece Unal, Brigitte Anderson, Andrew Helber, John H Marks,

Cannabinoids have been known as the primary component of cannabis for decades, but the characterization of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in the 1990s opened the doors for cannabis' use in modern medicine. The 2 main receptors of this system, cannabinoid receptors 1 and 2, are found on cells of various ... Read more >>

J. Clin. Gastroenterol. (Journal of clinical gastroenterology)
[2019, :]

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Imaging biomarkers of posttraumatic epileptogenesis.

Rachael Garner, Marianna La Rocca, Paul Vespa, Nigel Jones, Martin M Monti, Arthur W Toga, Dominique Duncan,

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) affects 2.5 million people annually within the United States alone, with over 300 000 severe injuries resulting in emergency room visits and hospital admissions. Severe TBI can result in long-term disability. Posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE) is one of the most debilitating consequences of TBI, with an estimated incidence ... Read more >>

Epilepsia (Epilepsia)
[2019, 60(11):2151-2162]

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Moral injury in Veterans with nonepileptic seizures.

W Curt LaFrance, Peter Vo, Grayson Baird, Rotunda East, Nathan R Stein,

OBJECTIVE:Over 40% of combat Veterans report exposure to at least one type of morally injurious experience (MIE). While moral injury (MI) is described among Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), MI has not been studied in Veterans with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). We sought to identify MI in a clinical ... Read more >>

Epilepsy Behav (Epilepsy & behavior : E&B)
[2020, 102:106681]

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Cognitive-emotion processing in psychogenic nonepileptic seizures.

Rachael Rosales, Barbara Dworetzky, Gaston Baslet,

BACKGROUND:Previous literature suggests that cognitive-emotion processing contributes to the pathogenesis of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). Characterization of alterations in cognitive-emotion processing in PNES could inform treatment. METHODS:In this descriptive, cross-sectional study, 143 patients with video electroencephalogram (EEG) confirmed PNES were prospectively recruited. Patients completed self-report questionnaires on emotion perception (Trait ... Read more >>

Epilepsy Behav (Epilepsy & behavior : E&B)
[2020, 102:106639]

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Community Case Study on Trauma-Specific Treatment and Counseling for Refugee Women Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence.

Anneke Pogarell, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Amera Mojahed, Clara von Verschuer, Ute Rokyta, Wenke Kummer, Julia Schellong,

Women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) are at high risk to suffer from severe mental health consequences, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Refugee women being exposed to IPV in the country of arrival are an especially vulnerable and understudied group and post migration persistent IPV should not ... Read more >>

Front Psychiatry (Frontiers in psychiatry)
[2019, 10:891]

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The social cognitive appraisal of trustworthiness in individuals with dimensional levels of post-traumatic stress symptoms: a translational study.

Tanya Saraiya, Dominic Fareri, Teresa López-Castro, Denise Hien, Eric Fertuck, Robert Melara,

Background: Misappraisals in evaluating the trustworthiness of others may be one mechanism contributing to the interpersonal difficulties individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) face. Objective: This study used a translational experimental design to examine the behavioural and neural correlates underlying the appraisal of facial stimuli morphed on dimensions of trustworthiness ... Read more >>

Eur J Psychotraumatol (European journal of psychotraumatology)
[2019, 10(1):1697582]

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PrEvention of posttraumatic contractuRes with Ketotifen 2 (PERK 2) - protocol for a multicenter randomized clinical trial.

Ayoola Ademola, Kevin A Hildebrand, Prism S Schneider, Nicholas G H Mohtadi, Neil J White, Michael J Bosse, Alexandra Garven, Richard E A Walker, Tolulope T Sajobi,

BACKGROUND:Injuries and resulting stiffness around joints, especially the elbow, have huge psychological effects by reducing quality of life through interference with normal daily activities such as feeding, dressing, grooming, and reaching for objects. Over the last several years and through numerous research results, the myofibroblast-mast cell-neuropeptide axis of fibrosis had ... Read more >>

BMC Musculoskelet Disord (BMC musculoskeletal disorders)
[2020, 21(1):123]

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Epilepsy Benchmarks Area II: Prevent Epilepsy and Its Progression.

Devin K Binder, Detlev Boison, Tore Eid, Wayne N Frankel, Ana Mingorance, Bret N Smith, Penny A Dacks, Vicky Whittemore, Annapurna Poduri, ,

Area II of the 2014 Epilepsy Research Benchmarks aims to establish goals for preventing the development and progression of epilepsy. In this review, we will highlight key advances in Area II since the last summary of research progress and opportunities was published in 2016. We also highlight areas of investigation ... Read more >>

Epilepsy Curr (Epilepsy currents)
[2020, 20(1_suppl):14S-22S]

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Trauma reactivation under propranolol among traumatized Syrian refugee children: preliminary evidence regarding efficacy.

Sarah Thierrée, Sami Richa, Alain Brunet, Laurine Egreteau, Quentin Roig, David Clarys, Wissam El-Hage,

Background: There is a dearth of therapeutic solutions for traumatized young patients. Trauma reactivation conducted under the influence of the reconsolidation blocker propranolol (Reconsolidation Therapy) is a simple, cost-effective treatment option that has some promising initial results in adults suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Objective: To explore the usefulness ... Read more >>

Eur J Psychotraumatol (European journal of psychotraumatology)
[2020, 11(1):1733248]

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Changes in Cortisol Awakening Response Before and After Development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Which Cannot be Avoided with Use of Cannabidiol: A Case Report.

Lívia Maria Bolsoni, Thiago Dornela Apolinário da Silva, Silvana Maria Quintana, Margaret de Castro, José Alexandre Crippa, Antonio Waldo Zuardi,

INTRODUCTION:Previous studies have shown attenuated cortisol awakening response in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). CASE PRESENTATION:A 15-year-old girl, a survivor of acute sexual violence, received a 7-day oral treatment with cannabidiol. She was followed-up from the first 24 hours after the event for 6 months, for assessment of the ... Read more >>

Perm J (The Permanente journal)
[2019, 23:]

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Tailor-Made Surgery Based on Functional Networks for Intractable Epilepsy.

Kyousuke Kamada, Christoph Kapeller, Fumiya Takeuchi, Johannes Gruenwald, Christoph Guger,

Normal and pathological networks related to seizure propagation have got attention to elucide complex seizure semiology and contribute to diagnosis and surgical monitoring in epilepsy treatment. Since focal and generalized epileptogenic syndromes abnormalities might involve multiple foci and large-scale networks, we applied electrophysiolpgy (cortco-cortico evoked potential; CCEP), and tractography to ... Read more >>

Front Neurol (Frontiers in neurology)
[2020, 11:73]

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