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Urinay neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin as a biomarker in different renal problems

Didem Turgut, Serhan Vahit Pişkinpaşa, Ezgİ Çoşkun Yenigün, Nihal Aydemir, Fatih Dede,

Background/aim:Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is used previously to estimate the etiology, severity, and clinical outcomes of acute kidney injury (AKI). However, the role of urinary NGAL (uNGAL) in the postrenal setting is not clear. In our study, we aimed to discover the cut-off value of uNGAL that can be used ... Read more >>

Turk J Med Sci (Turkish journal of medical sciences)
[2020, 50(6):1566-1572]

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Postrenal Acute Kidney Injury with an Ileal Conduit.

Toshihiro Sato, Daisuke Katagiri, Emi Sakamoto, Fumihiko Hinoshita,

Intern Med (Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan))
[2020, 59(23):3107-3108]

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[Delirium in a 95-year-old patient].

Tomas V Karajan,

This article presents the case of a 95-year-old patient with acute urinary retention, postrenal acute renal failure, and subsequent delirium. Especially in older men, urinary retention is often the cause of clinically ambiguous confusional state and should always be considered in the differential diagnosis. This case report demonstrates the value of ... Read more >>

Internist (Berl) (Der Internist)
[2020, 61(11):1193-1195]

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Pathological findings of initial-phase postrenal acute kidney injury.

Takaya Iida, Kenichiro Miura, Motoshi Hattori,

Clin Exp Nephrol (Clinical and experimental nephrology)
[2020, 24(10):974-975]

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Cytomegalovirus Infection in Postrenal Transplant Recipients: 18 Years' Experience From a Tertiary Referral Center.

Ranjana W Minz, Mahendra Kumar, Deepesh B Kanwar, Ashish Sharma, Prabhsimran Singh, Jagdeep Singh, Sarbpreet Singh, Shashi Anand, Vinay Sakhuja, Mukut Minz,

BACKGROUND:Cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation or infection is one of the most important infectious complications in transplant recipient leading to significant morbidity and mortality. Its early detection and prompt treatment is imperative to improve transplant outcome. The present study estimated the frequency of CMV in renal transplant recipients (RTR). Various aspects of ... Read more >>

Transplant Proc (Transplantation proceedings)
[2020, 52(10):3173-3178]

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Acute Kidney Injury.

Jackcy Jacob, Joanne Dannenhoffer, Annie Rutter,

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is defined as an increase in serum creatinine or a decrease in urine output over hours to days. A thorough history and physical examination can help categorize the underlying cause as prerenal, intrinsic renal, or postrenal. Initial evaluation and management of AKI in the community setting ... Read more >>

Prim Care (Primary care)
[2020, 47(4):571-584]

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Neurogenic Bladder and Acute Kidney Injury in Leukodystrophy.

Zeki Kemec, Cevat Tüzün, Ali Gürel,

Leukodystrophies are genetic white matter disorders. In the young, they represent an important cause of progressive neurological disability. Impairment of the bladder function may be part of the clinical picture of leukodystrophies. A neurogenic bladder is a dysfunctional urinary bladder caused by a disease of the central or peripheral nervous system ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(6):e8707]

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[The results of treatment of newborns with postrenal anuria due to upper urinary tract obstruction, caused by fungal bezoar].

V V Sizonov, V I Dubrov, N R Akramov, N V Markov, I M Kagantsov, A K- Shidaev,

AIM:To evaluate the results of different methods of urine derivation in patients with postrenal anuria due to upper urinary tract (UUT) obstruction, caused by fungal bezoar. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The results of treatment of postrenal anuria in 8 patients without congenital obstructive anomalies of UUT in 5 clinics from 2004 to ... Read more >>

Urologiia (Urologiia (Moscow, Russia : 1999))
[2020, (1):81-85]

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Postrenal Acute Renal Failure Due to Giant Fecaloma-related Bilateral Hydronephrosis: A Case Report and Brief Literature Review.

Deniz Noyan Ozlu, Kamil Gokhan Seker, Yurdagul Cetin Seker, Ahmet Haciislamoglu, Nadir Kalfazade,

An 88-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with abdominal distention, fever, and constipation of about a week's duration. Laboratory tests showed impaired kidney function tests and fluid electrolyte values. Bilateral hydroureteronephrosis was observed on non-contrasted abdominal CT. Imaging revealed no intrinsic urological pathology (ureteral stones, etc.) that could lead to obstruction ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(4):e7815]

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Bullous lesions in a young adolescent postrenal transplant.

Gurinder Kumar, Hanan Khalid AlHadhrami,

Kidney transplant recipients frequently suffer from skin infections and malignancies. New dermatosis can appear after transplantation. Although children are maintained on varying degrees of chronic immunosuppression, there is still a possibility of autoimmune blistering skin conditions, which can pose a diagnostic challenge in terms of clinical presentation. Histopathology of skin ... Read more >>

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl (Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia)
[2020, 31(2):553-555]

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Pediatric Kidney Transplant Experience in Ontario: A Review of Division of the Surgical and Medical Management Across Local Tertiary Care Institutions.

Jin K Kim, Martin A Koyle, Lucshman Raveendran, Chia Wei Teoh, Michael E Chua, Jessica M Ming, Walid A Farhat, Diane Hebert, Armando J Lorenzo,

Background:Our institution is the largest pediatric kidney transplantation (KT) center in Canada and the referral center for pediatric KT in Ontario. Pediatric KT recipients are referred to our center for KT and transferred back to their local tertiary care institutions for post-transplant care. This investigation assesses whether the current system ... Read more >>

Can J Kidney Health Dis (Canadian journal of kidney health and disease)
[2020, 7:2054358120925712]

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Electrophysiologic study and catheter ablation of a supraventricular tachycardia in a patient with inferior vena cava congenital anomaly.

Stylianos Dragasis, Panagiotis Mililis, Athanasia Megarisiotou, George Bazoukis, Athanasios Saplaouras, Athena Mpatsouli, Fotios Toulgaridis, Efstathia Prappa, Konstantinos P Letsas, Michael Efremidis,

Electrophysiologic procedures are performed widely nowdays, for the successful treatment of several cardiac arrhythmias. In this case report, we describe a rare congenital anomaly of the inferior vena cava, as an incidental finding during a scheduled electrophysiologic procedure for a supraventricular tachycardia ablation. The patient is a 32 year old ... Read more >>

Am J Cardiovasc Dis (American journal of cardiovascular disease)
[2020, 10(4):405-408]

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Spontaneous bilateral extraperitoneal ureteroinguinal herniation.

Mukesh Kumar Gupta, Ashish Khanna, Shrawan Kumar Singh,

We describe the clinical and imaging findings of a 53-year-old male who presented with recurrent urinary tract infections with bilateral inguinoscrotal swelling, diagnosed as spontaneous bilateral extraperitoneal ureteroinguinal herniation. ... Read more >>

Indian J Urol (Indian journal of urology : IJU : journal of the Urological Society of India)
[2020, 36(3):221-222]

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Fluid Intake Postrenal Transplant; Drink to Thirst or Drink to Target: Does It Matter?

Catherine Mao, Bobby Chacko,

Transplantation (Transplantation)
[2020, 104(3):e81-e82]

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Severe Hyponatremia Precipitated by Acute Urinary Retention in a Patient with Psychogenic Polydipsia.

C M H Hilton, L Boesby, K E Nelveg-Kristensen,

A woman in her late sixties presented with severe hyponatremia and acute kidney injury (AKI) as consequence of psychogenic polydipsia and acute urinary retention due to urinary tract infection. Urinary catheterization promptly drained 5.5 L of urine with resulting polyuria, leading to an initial swift raise in plasma (P) sodium concentration, ... Read more >>

Case Rep Nephrol (Case reports in nephrology)
[2020, 2020:8792897]

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Acute Kidney Injury in Active Wars and Other Man-Made Disasters.

Mehmet Sukru Sever, Raymond Vanholder, Norbert Lameire,

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequent during wars and other man-made disasters, and contributes significantly to the overall death toll. War-related AKI may develop as a result of polytrauma, traumatic bleeding and hypovolemia, chemical and airborne toxin exposure, and crush syndrome. Thus, prerenal, intrinsic renal, or postrenal AKI may develop ... Read more >>

Semin Nephrol (Seminars in nephrology)
[2020, 40(4):341-353]

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Prerenal acute kidney injury-still a relevant term in modern clinical practice?

Anthony Bonavia, Gregory Vece, Kunal Karamchandani,

The traditional taxonomy of acute kidney injury (AKI) has remained pervasive in clinical nephrology. While the terms 'prerenal', 'intrarenal' and 'postrenal' highlight the diverse pathophysiology underlying AKI, they also imply discrete disease pathways and de-emphasize the nature of AKI as an evolving clinical syndrome with multiple, often simultaneous and overlapping, ... Read more >>

Nephrol Dial Transplant (Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association)
[2020, :]

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Left inferior epigastric artery injury in COVID-19 patient. Case report and literature review.

Ifrat Bakirov, Gultakin Bakirova, Yousef Albalawi, Ayed Y Asiri, Fahad Faqihi, Ilkin Bakirli, Dema Hammami, Hasan Bakirli, Najmeddin M Mandow,

Introduction:Management of COVID-19 pneumonia cases is a medical challenge. However, the situation becomes worse if the patient has coexisting morbidities or newly developed complications. The study is about managing rectus sheath haematoma (RSH) in a patient with COVID-19 pneumonia. Presentation of case:The patient was a 75-year-old male, presenting with bilateral ... Read more >>

Int J Surg Case Rep (International journal of surgery case reports)
[2020, 76:415-420]

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Small bowel perforation secondary to CMV-positive terminal ileitis postrenal transplant.

Kosuke Kato, Michelle Cooper,

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection of the gastrointestinal tract is common in immunosuppressed patients; however, small bowel perforation from tissue-invasive CMV disease after many years of immunosuppressive therapy is a rare complication requiring timely medical and surgical intervention. We report a case of a postrenal transplant patient who presented to the emergency ... Read more >>

BMJ Case Rep (BMJ case reports)
[2019, 12(11):]

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Bilateral hydroureteronephrosis with infection due to uterine prolapse.

Koshi Ota, Yohei Sano, Akira Takasu,

Uterine prolapse could cause bilateral hydroureteronephrosis by kinking ureters. ... Read more >>

J Gen Fam Med (Journal of general and family medicine)
[2020, 21(2):23-24]

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A pilot trial to evaluate the clinical usefulness of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in predicting renal outcomes in patients with acute kidney injury.

Hye Eun Yoon, Da Won Kim, Dongryul Kim, Yaeni Kim, Seok Joon Shin, Yu Ri Shin,

OBJECTIVES:Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) enables the assessment of real-time renal microcirculation. This study investigated CEUS-driven parameters as hemodynamic predictors for renal outcomes in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS:Forty-eight patients who were diagnosed with AKI were prospectively enrolled and underwent CEUS at the occurrence of AKI. Parameters measured were the ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2020, 15(6):e0235130]

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[Management of renal injury include hepatorenal syndrome in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis].

W G Li, X Y Xu,

Renal dysfunction is common in patients with decompensated cirrhosis. The types include of prerenal and postrenal, structural kidney disease, interstitial nephritis and functional renal failure, which is related to hemodynamic changes without obvious histopathological changes, the most common of which are acute kidney injury and hepatorenal syndrome. In recent years, ... Read more >>

Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi (Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology)
[2020, 28(5):381-385]

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Tacrolimus-Induced Acute Esophageal Necrosis.

Kaitlin Wanta, Ayokunle T Abegunde,

Acute esophageal necrosis (AEN) has been rarely described and has poorly understood pathophysiology although it is thought to be related to mucosal defense barrier disruption. We report a case of AEN in a 71-year-old patient with clinical signs of gastric outlet obstruction along with anemia and sepsis in the setting ... Read more >>

ACG Case Rep J (ACG case reports journal)
[2020, 7(6):e00396]

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Noncirrhotic Portal Hypertension Secondary to Nodular Regenerative Hyperplasia Postrenal Transplant.

Cindy Piao, Abhinav Koul, Dorina Gui, Ling-Xin Chen, Souvik Sarkar,

Noncirrhotic portal hypertension (NCPH) is a well-known clinical entity, but often underdiagnosed. One of the common causes of NCPH is nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) that presents as nodularity with features of portal hypertension and thus often diagnosed as cirrhosis. Although NRH has no histologic fibrosis, the liver synthetic function remains ... Read more >>

ACG Case Rep J (ACG case reports journal)
[2019, 6(12):e00257]

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Acute kidney injury caused by darunavir in a patient with COVID-19: A Case Report

Shiema Abdalla, Lenah Elgassim, Fatima Rustom, Muftah Othman,

Abstract BackgroundA highly contagious virus known as SARS-CoV-2 has been a pandemic globally. HIV medications were one of the suggested treatments for COVID-19. Here, we report an unusual adverse drug reaction with darunavir in a SARS-CoV-2-infected patient.Case presentationThis is a case presentation of a 53-year-old male with no past medical ... Read more >>

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