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Outlining the role of experiential expertise in professional work in health care service co-production.

Hannele Palukka, Arja Haapakorpi, Petra Auvinen, Jaana Parviainen,

Patient and public involvement is widely thought to be important in the improvement of health care delivery and in health equity.<b>Purpose:</b> The article examines the role of experiential knowledge in service co-production in order to develop opiate substitution treatment services (OST) for high-risk opioid users.<b>Method:</b> Drawing on social representations theory ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2021, 16(1):1954744]

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Xylooligosaccharides from steam-exploded barley straw: Structural features and assessment of bifidogenic properties

Cristina Álvarez, Alberto González, José Luis Alonso, Felicia Sáez, María José Negro, Beatriz Gullón,

The biorefinery concept integrates the production of energy and bioproducts from biomass. In this philosophy, barley straw samples were used as raw material for the production of xylooligosaccharides (XOS) mixtures from soluble hemicelluloses by steam-explosion pretreatment. This fraction was treated by ion-exchange (XOS1) and a combination of membrane filtration, enzymatic ... Read more >>

(Food and bioproducts processing.)
[2021, 124:131-142]

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Three dialectics of disorder: refocusing phenomenology for 21st century psychiatry.

Guilherme Messas, Bill K W M Fulford,

Lancet Psychiatry (The lancet. Psychiatry)
[2021, 8(10):855-857]

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New resources for understanding patients' values in the context of shared clinical decision-making.

Kenneth W M Fulford, Ashok Handa,

World Psychiatry (World psychiatry : official journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA))
[2021, 20(3):446-447]

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Supporting identity and relationships amongst people with dementia through the use of technology: a qualitative interview study.

Gemma Goodall, Lara André, Kristin Taraldsen, J Artur Serrano,

Meaningful activities in dementia care can promote the co-construction of narrative identity in caregiving relationships, helping to preserve the sense of self in people with dementia.<b>Purpose</b>: Informed by symbolic interactionism and Deweyan transactionalism, the aim of this study was to develop a transactional model of how narrative identity and relationships ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2021, 16(1):1920349]

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COVID-19 and the excess of mortality in Italy from January to April 2020: what are the risks for oldest old?

Eraldo Francesco Nicotra, Roberto Pili, Luca Gaviano, Gian Pietro Carrogu, Roberta Berti, Paola Grassi, Donatella Rita Petretto,

In February 2020, Italy has been the first country in Europe fighting against COVID-19. In March 2020, Italian government declared national lockdown. Until May 4th, people stayed in home confinement and only the so-called "essential works and activities" were continued. Like in other countries, both for the disease severity and ... Read more >>

J Public Health Res (Journal of public health research)
[2021, :]

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Heidegger’s Forgetfulness of Difference

Clayton Shoppa,

Martin Heidegger’s National Socialist political sympathies are plainer and more troubling to contemporary readers than ever before. This paper examines the relation of leader to society he uses to ground his account of the state in the 1930s. But breakthroughs in the previous decade, in Being and Time in particular, ... Read more >>

(Zeitschrift für Ethik und Moralphilosophie)
[2021, :1-19]

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Gut Microbiota and Neuropsychiatric Disorders: Implications for Neuroendocrine-Immune Regulation.

Tongtong Ge, Xiaoxiao Yao, Haisheng Zhao, Wei Yang, Xiaohan Zou, Fanzhen Peng, Bingjin Li, Ranji Cui,

Recently, increasing evidence has shown gut microbiota dysbiosis might be implicated in the physiological mechanisms of neuropsychiatric disorders. Altered microbial community composition, diversity and distribution traits have been reported in neuropsychiatric disorders. However, the exact pathways by which the intestinal microbiota contribute to neuropsychiatric disorders remain largely unknown. Given that ... Read more >>

Pharmacol Res (Pharmacological research)
[2021, :105909]

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Patient confidentiality, the duty to protect, and psychotherapeutic care: perspectives from the philosophy of ubuntu.

Cornelius Ewuoso,

This paper demonstrates how ubuntu relational philosophy may be used to ground beneficial coercive care without necessarily violating a patient's dignity. Specifically, it argues that ubuntu philosophy is a useful theory for developing necessary conditions for determining a patient's potential dangerousness; setting reasonable limits to the duty to protect; balancing the ... Read more >>

Theor Med Bioeth (Theoretical medicine and bioethics)
[2021, :]

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Well-being in trainee and faculty physicians.

Gary N Frishman, Christina A Raker, David Frankfurter,

<b>Background:</b> Physician well-being remains a critical topic with limited information concerning the impact of the progression of training and duty hours. To date, our knowledge and interventions have not adequately addressed these issues. We assessed differences in well-being across the USA: (1) between all post-graduate trainees and their academic core ... Read more >>

Med Educ Online (Medical education online)
[2021, 26(1):1950107]

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Interdisciplinary discussions on palliative care among university students in Spain: giving voice to the social debate.

Carla Reigada, Santiago Hermida-Romero, Anna Sandgren, Beatriz Gómez, Inés Olza, Alejandro Navas, Carlos Centeno,

<h4>Background</h4>University students are the future professionals who will influence society. It is thus essential to improve students' understanding of palliative care (PC), especially those in the non-health field, to generate and encourage propitious opinions about PC. This study describes the perceptions of PC among university students from different disciplines.<h4>Method</h4>Qualitative exploratory ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2021, 16(1):1955441]

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Caring approach for patients with chest pain - Swedish registered nurses' lived experiences in Emergency Medical Services.

Hillewi Carnesten, Margareta Asp, Mats Holmberg,

<b>Purpose</b>: Encountering patients with chest pain iscommon for Registered Nurses (RNs) in Emergency Medical Services (EMS) who are responsible for the patient's medical and nursing care . From a lifeworld perspective, bodily illness is related to existential suffering, requiring knowledge to asses the situation from a holistic perspective . The ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2021, 16(1):1901449]

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Georges Politzer's "brilliant errors": Concrete psychology in France (1930-1980).

Giuseppe Bianco,

The present article assesses the hidden importance of Georges Politzer's (1903-1942) work in the development of French philosophy and psychology. After sketching his biography and isolating the most important concepts developed in his book <i>Critique of the Foundations of Psychology</i> (1928), this article proceeds by dividing his reception into four ... Read more >>

Hist Psychol (History of psychology)
[2021, :]

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English engineer John Smeaton's experimental method(s): Optimisation, hypothesis testing and exploratory experimentation.

Andrew M A Morris,

In this paper I provide a detailed account of eighteenth-century engineer John Smeaton's experimental methods, with the aim of bringing our understanding of his work into line with recent research in the history and philosophy of science. Starting from his use of the technique of parameter variation, I identify three ... Read more >>

Stud Hist Philos Sci (Studies in history and philosophy of science)
[2021, 89:283-294]

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Comparison of Postoperative Anatomy Using Anatomic Total Shoulder Arthroplasty Versus Soft-Tissue Balancing Total Shoulder Arthroplasty.

Jeremy Truntzer, Bryan Vopat, Joel Schwartz, Jack Anavian, Brandon L Barnds, Theodore A Blaine, Andrew Green,

<h4>Background</h4>The importance of anatomic reconstruction of the proximal humerus on shoulder biomechanics and kinematics after anatomic total shoulder replacement (aTSR) has been highlighted by a number of investigations. The humeral head designs of current-generation shoulder arthroplasty emphasize either anatomic or soft-tissue balancing total shoulder arthroplasty (sbTSR) philosophies. The purpose of ... Read more >>

J Am Acad Orthop Surg (The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)
[2021, 29(19):848-854]

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A high-level overview of AI ethics

Emre Kazim, Adriano Soares Koshiyama,

Summary Artificial intelligence (AI) ethics is a field that has emerged as a response to the growing concern regarding the impact of AI. It can be read as a nascent field and as a subset of the wider field of digital ethics, which addresses concerns raised by the development and ... Read more >>

Patterns (N Y) (Patterns (New York, N.Y.))
[2021, 2(9):]

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A finding of sex similarities rather than differences in COVID-19 outcomes.

Heather Shattuck-Heidorn, Ann Caroline Danielsen, Annika Gompers, Joseph Dov Bruch, Helen Zhao, Marion Boulicault, Jamie Marsella, Sarah S Richardson,

Nature (Nature)
[2021, 597(7877):E7-E9]

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Helpful factors in a healthcare professional intervention for low-back pain: Unveiled by Heidegger's philosophy.

Sanne Angel,

Low-back pain can be invalidating physically as well as mentally. Despite professional help to treat and prevent low-back pain, the pain often persists, and so do the problems related to low-back pain. An intervention that made it possible for a significant part of patients with low-back pain to improve health ... Read more >>

Nurs Philos (Nursing philosophy : an international journal for healthcare professionals)
[2021, :e12364]

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Dying like a dog: the convergence of concepts of a good death in human and veterinary medicine.

Felicitas Selter, Kirsten Persson, Johanna Risse, Peter Kunzmann, Gerald Neitzke,

Standard views of good death in human and veterinary medicine considerably differ from one another. Whereas the good death ideal in palliative medicine emphasizes the positive aspects of non-induced dying, veterinarians typically promote a quick and painless killing with the aim to end suffering. Recent developments suggest a convergence of ... Read more >>

Med Health Care Philos (Medicine, health care, and philosophy)
[2021, :]

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A Systematic Literature Review of Ethical Challenges Related to Medical and Public Health Data Sharing in China.

Xiaojie Li, Yali Cong,

Although stakeholders in China have begun promoting medical and public health data sharing, a large portion of data cannot flow freely across research teams and borders and be converted into "big data." To identify the ethical challenges that are considered to hinder medical and public health data sharing, we performed ... Read more >>

J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics (Journal of empirical research on human research ethics : JERHRE)
[2021, :15562646211040299]

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Identification of the trade-offs/synergies between rural landscape services in a spatially explicit way for sustainable rural development.

Jiayi Wang, Yu Cao, Xiaoqian Fang, Guoyu Li, Yu Cao,

Rural problems are becoming increasingly prominent in sustainable development in China. Landscape services (LSs) are an emerging concept associated with ecosystem services and play an important role in promoting sustainable development. However, a comprehensive framework of rural LS and empirical research are still lacking. Here, we proposed a rural LSs ... Read more >>

J Environ Manage (Journal of environmental management)
[2021, 300:113706]

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"The system is well intentioned, but complicated and fallible" interviews with caregivers and decision makers about palliative care in Canada.

Nicole Luymes, Nicole Williams, Liz Garrison, Donna Goodridge, Maria Silveira, Dawn M Guthrie,

<h4>Background</h4>Canadian palliative care (PC) philosophy seeks to support individuals in a person-centered and sensitive manner. Unfortunately, philosophy does not necessarily translate into practice and this divide may leave patients without appropriate care at the end of life, causing distress for some families. The primary goal of the study was to ... Read more >>

BMC Palliat Care (BMC palliative care)
[2021, 20(1):149]

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Health service utilisation among African migrants in China: a nationwide cross-sectional study.

Ming Zhou Xiong, Peizhen Zhao, Xia Zou, Brian Hall, Honghua Cao, Cheng Wang,

<h4>Objectives</h4>To assess the health utilisation status and associated factors among African migrants in China.<h4>Design</h4>A national cross-sectional study was conducted among African migrants in China in 2019.<h4>Setting</h4>Participants were recruited online and offline to participate in a self-report survey. Online participants were recruited through WeChat across China, and offline participants were recruited ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2021, 11(9):e046746]

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Threshold effects of energy consumption, technological innovation, and supply chain management on enterprise performance in China's manufacturing industry.

Hui Liu, Linbang Fan, Zhaoxia Shao,

China's economy is changing from high-speed growth to high-quality development. Now its development is green and sustainable, characterized by low energy consumption and high innovation. Under the circumstance, it is vital to research on the threshold effects of energy consumption, technological innovation, and supply chain management on enterprise performance in ... Read more >>

J Environ Manage (Journal of environmental management)
[2021, 300:113687]

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Behold-The Gift.

Sandra Schmidt Bunkers,

This article presents descriptions of mentoring from a philosophy of education and a humanbecoming mentoring model perspective. Descriptions of mentoring-protégé relationships experienced by the author are included using the humanbecoming paradigm as a guide in describing such experiences. ... Read more >>

Nurs Sci Q (Nursing science quarterly)
[2021, 34(4):346-351]

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