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Pediatric Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

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Pediatric otitic hydrocephalus: Report of two unusual cases and literature review.

Valentinos Sofokleous, Panagiotis Chadoulos, Theodoros Drakos-Galanis, Alexandros Radiotis, Ioannis Psarommatis,

Otitic hydrocephalus (OH) comprises a form of benign intracranial hypertension, which is secondary to otogenic lateral sinus thrombosis (LST). Only a small percentage of the patients with otogenic LST go into developing OH, and this may be associated with the multiplicity of anatomic variations of the cerebral venous drainage pathways. ... Read more >>

Am J Otolaryngol (American journal of otolaryngology)
[2020, :102462]

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Sleep Disturbance in Pediatric Intracranial Hypertension.

Alexandra B Kornbluh, Katherine Thompson, Gada Mcmahen, David L Rogers, Catherine O Jordan, Shawn C Aylward, Lenora M Lehwald,

STUDY OBJECTIVES:There is a well-established association between headache disorders and sleep disturbances in children, but it is unknown if sleep disturbance plays a role in pediatric intracranial hypertension. The objective of this study was to examine sleep issues related to pediatric intracranial hypertension. METHODS:Patients with intracranial hypertension who were followed ... Read more >>

J Clin Sleep Med (Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine)
[2020, :]

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Sleep Disturbance in Pediatric Intracranial Hypertension.

Alexandra B Kornbluh, Katherine Thompson, Gada Mcmahen, David L Rogers, Catherine O Jordan, Shawn C Aylward, Lenora M Lehwald,

STUDY OBJECTIVES:There is a well-established association between headache disorders and sleep disturbances in children, but it is unknown if sleep disturbance plays a role in pediatric intracranial hypertension. The objective of this study was to examine sleep issues related to pediatric intracranial hypertension. METHODS:Patients with intracranial hypertension who were followed ... Read more >>

J Clin Sleep Med (Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine)
[2020, :]

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Reply to "Ultrasound evaluation of optic nerve sheath diameter to assess treatment efficacy in pediatric idiopathic intracranial hypertension".

Leman Tekin Orgun, Hatice Tuba Atalay, Ebru Arhan, Kursad Aydın, Ayşe Serdaroğlu,

Childs Nerv Syst (Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery)
[2020, :]

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Ultrasound evaluation of optic nerve sheath diameter to assess treatment efficacy in pediatric idiopathic intracranial hypertension.

Livio Vitiello, Maddalena De Bernardo, Nicola Rosa,

Childs Nerv Syst (Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery)
[2020, :]

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings of All-Trans Retinoic Acid-induced Pseudotumor Cerebri in a Child With Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia.

Ryota Shirai, Daisuke Tomizawa, Reiko Okamoto, Kimikazu Matsumoto, Osamu Miyazaki,

Pseudotumor cerebri (PTC), also known as idiopathic or benign intracranial hypertension, is characterized by elevated intracranial pressure without any evidence of organic central nervous system disorders. PTC is a rare but well-known adverse event associated with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) treatment. Persistent blindness in about 10% of affected patients is ... Read more >>

J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol. (Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology)
[2020, 42(2):138-140]

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Optic nerve ultrasonography in monitoring treatment efficacy in pediatric idiopathic intracranial hypertension.

Leman Tekin Orgun, Hatice Tuba Atalay, Ebru Arhan, Kursad Aydın, Ayse Serdaroglu,

PURPOSE:Measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) with ocular ultrasonography (USG) is a noninvasive technique that can be readily used to determine clues of increased intracranial pressure. In this study, we aimed to determine the role of optic nerve sheath diameter measurements in the diagnosis and follow-up of pediatric patients ... Read more >>

Childs Nerv Syst (Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery)
[2020, :]

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Vitamin B12 Deficiency: An Association or Etiology of Pseudotumor Cerebri in An Infant.

Bhanudeep Singanamalla, Priyanka Madaan, Lokesh Saini, Naveen Sankhyan,

Indian J Pediatr (Indian journal of pediatrics)
[2020, :]

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Epidural Fibrin Sealant Injection for the Management of Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak Following Dural Puncture in Children.

Stephanie A Armstrong, Huy Tram N Nguyen, Susan L Rebsamen, Bermans Iskandar, James A Stadler,

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, intracranial hypotension, and postdural puncture headaches are common following dural punctures. Management usually consists of conservative treatments with medications (e.g. caffeine, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, steroids, opioids), increased fluid intake, and bed rest. In more severe and persistent cases, epidural blood patches (EBPs) are indicated. When multiple EBPs ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(2):e6940]

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Pediatric Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension.

Eric D Gaier, Gena Heidary,

The presentation of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) in pediatric populations has several important distinctions from that in adults, especially among prepubertal patients, in which there is no apparent association with gender or obesity. Pediatric patients are more likely to be asymptomatic or present with atypical symptoms than their adult counterparts, ... Read more >>

Semin Neurol (Seminars in neurology)
[2019, 39(6):704-710]

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BARIATRIC SURGERY AS A TREATMENT FOR IDIOPATHIC INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION IN A MALE ADOLESCENT: CASE REPORT.

Marina Ybarra, Tiago Jeronimo Dos Santos, Edjane Santos Queiroz, Ludmilla Rachid, Ruth Rocha Franco, Louise Cominato, Frederico Castelo Moura, Manoel Carlos Velhote, Durval Damiani,

OBJECTIVE:To describe a case of a male adolescent with symptomatic idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) associated with obesity treated with bariatric surgery. CASE DESCRIPTION:A 16-year-and-6-month-old severely obese boy [weight: 133.6 kg; height: 1.74 m (Z score: +0.14); BMI: 44.1 kg/m2 (Z score: +4.4)], Tanner pubertal stage 5, presented biparietal, high-intensity, and ... Read more >>

Rev Paul Pediatr (Revista paulista de pediatria : orgao oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de Sao Paulo)
[2020, 38:e2018239]

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Evaluating Shunt Survival Following Ventriculoperitoneal Shunting with and without Stereotactic Navigation in Previously Shunt-Naïve Patients.

Michael C Jin, Adela Wu, Tej D Azad, Austin Feng, Laura M Prolo, Anand Veeravagu, Gerald A Grant, John Ratliff, Gordon Li,

BACKGROUND:Ventriculoperitoneal shunts are used to alleviate elevated intracranial pressure due to either hydrocephalus or idiopathic intracranial hypertension; however, shunt failure is a significant neurosurgical problem. Despite increases in intraoperative stereotactic navigation usage over the past decade, its effect on shunt survival remains unclear. METHODS:Shunt-naïve pediatric and adult patients receiving ventriculoperitoneal ... Read more >>

World Neurosurg (World neurosurgery)
[2020, 136:e671-e682]

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Correlation between the total number of features of paediatric pseudotumour cerebri syndrome and cerebrospinal fluid pressure.

James S McTaggart, Afroditi-Despina Lalou, Nicholas J Higgins, Manali Chitre, Alasdair P J Parker, Brinda Muthusamy, Zofia H Czosnyka, Deepa Krishnakumar,

PURPOSE:Accurate diagnosis of pseudotumour cerebri syndrome (PTCS) in children is challenging. We aimed to see if the clinical and radiological assessment that is carried out before lumbar puncture could predict subsequently recorded CSF pressures, and thus whether it could be used to increase diagnostic certainty of paediatric PTCS. METHODS:We used ... Read more >>

Childs Nerv Syst (Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery)
[2020, :]

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Pediatric Acquired and Progressive Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Myelination Following Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension.

Oded Lagstein, Milka Matanis-Suidan, Hadas Mechoulam, Irene Anteby,

Few anecdotal reports have documented new onset and progression of myelination of the retinal nerve fiber layer. The authors report the unusual onset and progression of acquired myelination of the retinal nerve fiber layer in two children, following the diagnosis of presumed idiopathic intracranial hypertension. The nosologic relationship between myelination ... Read more >>

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus (Journal of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus)
[2019, 56:e57-e59]

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A rare case of pseudotumor cerebri in adult Lyme disease.

Louise Nørreslet Gimsing, Line Sofie Lunde Larsen,

It is important to recognize the rare manifestations of chronic Lyme disease to prevent permanent disabilities. We present an adult case of chronic Lyme disease, who developed pseudotumor cerebri and who needed supplementary surgical treatment. We compare it to the existing published literature, reviewed by a systematic approach. ... Read more >>

Clin Case Rep (Clinical case reports)
[2020, 8(1):116-119]

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Oral acetazolamide as a medical adjuvant to retinal surgery in optic disc pit maculopathy in a pediatric patient.

Carla J Osigian, Daniel Gologorsky, Kara M Cavuoto, Audina Berrocal, Victor Villegas,

Purpose:To describe a novel combination of surgical and medical management for the treatment of optic disc pit maculopathy. Observations:A 12-year-old obese girl with bilateral optic disc pits presented with decreased vision in the left eye (20/400). On dilated fundus examination, she was found to have a macula-involving serous retinal detachment. ... Read more >>

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep (American journal of ophthalmology case reports)
[2020, 17:100599]

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Persistent shunt dependency in children treated with CSF diversion for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH).

Tryggve Lundar, Bernt Johan Due-Tønnessen,

Long-term shunt dependency rates in children treated for IIH with CSF diversion have not been established. We therefore present our experience with 4 children shunted for Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH) during the years 1988-2000 with very long-time follow-up. Two out of these patients have experienced late or very late episodes ... Read more >>

Acta Neurochir (Wien) (Acta neurochirurgica)
[2020, 162(1):39-42]

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Neurobrucellosis in a 9-year-old girl.

Alireza Aziz-Ahari, Setareh Mamishi, Adeleh Dadkhah, Fatemeh S Ghazinejadian-Sh,

Brucellosis is a zoonotic multi-organ infectious disease most frequent in developing countries. Neurobrucellosis a quite rare but serious complication of brucellosis in the pediatric age group manifests with different neurological symptoms and signs. In the present case a 9-year-old girl was referred to our centre with a 9-months history of ... Read more >>

J Radiol Case Rep (Journal of Radiology Case Reports)
[2019, 13(12):13-19]

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MRI Findings in Acute Hyperammonemic Encephalopathy: Three Cases of Different Etiologies: Teaching Point: To recognize MRI findings in acute hyperammonemic encephalopathy.

Elisabeth Reis, Tim Coolen, Valentina Lolli,

Acute hyperammonemic encephalopathy is a rare but life-threatening condition that might complicate liver disease as well as non-hepatic conditions. It can lead to coma and death, secondary to brain edema and intracranial hypertension. We present three cases of acute hyperammonemic encephalopathy of different etiologies and the observed brain MRI findings. ... Read more >>

J Belg Soc Radiol (Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
[2020, 104(1):9]

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Inpatient mortality in transition-aged youth with rheumatic disease: an analysis of the National Inpatient Sample.

Paul T Jensen, Keumseok Koh, Rebecca E Cash, Stacy P Ardoin, Ayaz Hyder,

BACKGROUND:Transition from pediatric to adult care is a vulnerable time for youth with chronic diseases. In youth with rheumatic disease, studies show high rates of loss to follow up and increased disease activity. However, mortality data are lacking. In this study, we assessed whether transitional age is a risk factor ... Read more >>

Pediatr Rheumatol Online J (Pediatric rheumatology online journal)
[2020, 18(1):27]

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Liver Involvement in Children with Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency: A Multicenter Study.

Murat Cakir, Elif Sag, Ali Islek, Masallah Baran, Gokhan Tumgor, Sema Aydogdu,

Purpose:Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (A1ATD) in one of the most common genetic causes of liver disease in children. We aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with A1ATD. Methods:This study included patients with A1ATD from five pediatric hepatology units. Demographics, clinical findings, genetics, and outcome of the patients ... Read more >>

Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr (Pediatric gastroenterology, hepatology & nutrition)
[2020, 23(2):146-153]

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Parkinsonism caused by Intracranial ependymoma: A rare case report and literature review.

Yue Lou, Yanwen Wang, Liying Zhuang, Miao Cai, Xiaoli Liu,

Background:Ependymomas, especially intracranial ependymomas, are rare neoplasms of the CNS. The clinical courses of patients with intracranial ependymomas can be quite variable. At present, data on parkinsonism caused by ependymomas are scarce. Case presentation:A 13-year-old girl presented with parkinsonism symptoms of clumsiness in her left leg and hand. Her mother ... Read more >>

Aging Med (Milton) (Aging medicine (Milton (N.S.W)))
[2019, 2(4):223-226]

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Pediatric antiphospholipid syndrome.

Jacqueline A Madison, Yu Zuo, Jason S Knight,

Despite its potential to cause significant morbidity in children, pediatric antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an understudied condition. In this review, we will cover what is known about pediatric APS epidemiology and how the clinician might approach the diagnosis of pediatric APS. We will highlight similarities and differences with the adult ... Read more >>

Eur J Rheumatol (European journal of rheumatology)
[2019, :1-10]

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Abstracts from Hydrocephalus 2019: The Eleventh Meeting of the International Society for Hydrocephalus and Cerebrospinal Fluid Disorders.

Fluids Barriers CNS (Fluids and barriers of the CNS)
[2019, 16(Suppl 3):36]

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Neurological Manifestations in Familial Mediterranean Fever: a Genotype-Phenotype Correlation Study.

Farhad Salehzadeh, Ahad Azami, Maryam Motezarre, Roghayeh Nematdoust Haghi, Farzad Ahmadabadi,

Background and Aims:Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) is a periodic auto-inflammatory disease with an autosomal recessive hereditary pattern. The aim of this study is to explain the spectrum of possible neurological manifestations and its genotype-phenotype correlation in patients with familial Mediterranean fever. Methods:In this case series study, data of 311 FMF ... Read more >>

Open Access Rheumatol (Open Access Rheumatology : Research and Reviews)
[2020, 12:15-19]

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