Full Text Journal Articles about
Pediatric Craniosynostosis

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The Craniosynostosis Puzzle: New Simulation Model for Neurosurgical Training.

Giselle Coelho, Nícollas Nunes Rabelo, Liana Beni Adani, Dario Cecilio-Fernandes, Fabiano Ribeiro Souza Carvalho, Fernando Gomes Pinto, Nelci Zanon, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Eberval Gadelha Figueiredo,

BACKGROUND:Neurosurgical training usually requires long hours for hands-on procedures, making it difficult for inexperienced surgeons to quickly learn in an error-proof environment. The objective of this study was to propose a puzzle-like new model for neurosurgical education that simulates craniosynostosis correction (scaphocephaly type) using Renier's H technique. A model of ... Read more >>

World Neurosurg (World neurosurgery)
[2020, :]

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Is Less Actually More? An Evaluation of Surgical Outcomes Between Endoscopic Suturectomy and Open Cranial Vault Remodeling for Craniosynostosis.

Alyson A Melin, Joseph Moffitt, David C Hopkins, Manish N Shah, Stephen A Fletcher, David I Sandberg, John F Teichgraeber, Matthew R Greives,

BACKGROUND:Both open cranial vault remodeling (CVR) and endoscopic suturectomy are effective in treating the anatomical deformity of craniosynostosis. While parents are increasingly knowledgeable about these 2 treatment options, information regarding the perioperative outcomes remains qualitative. This makes preoperative counseling regarding surgical choices difficult. The purpose of this study was to ... Read more >>

J Craniofac Surg (The Journal of craniofacial surgery)
[2020, :]

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Motor Function in School-Aged Children With Positional Plagiocephaly or Brachycephaly.

Brent R Collett, Deborah Kartin, Erin R Wallace, Michael L Cunningham, Matthew L Speltz,

OBJECTIVE:To determine whether children with a history of positional plagiocephaly/brachycephaly (PPB) show persistent deficits in motor development. METHODS:In a longitudinal cohort study, we completed follow-up assessments with 187 school-aged children with PPB and 149 participants without PPB who were originally enrolled in infancy. Primary outcomes were the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of ... Read more >>

Pediatr Phys Ther (Pediatric physical therapy : the official publication of the Section on Pediatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association)
[2020, 32(2):107-112]

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Single-suture craniosynostosis: is there a correlation between preoperative ophthalmological, neuroradiological, and neurocognitive findings?

D P R Chieffo, V Arcangeli, F Bianchi, A Salerni, L Massimi, P Frassanito, G Tamburrini,

BACKGROUND:In spite of literature data stating that children with single-suture craniosynostosis have an increased risk for neuropsychological deficits, no data are present clarifying the potential risk factors. METHODS:All children with non-syndromic single-suture craniosynostosis operated on from January 2014 to January 2017 were enrolled. A comprehensive neurocognitive and neuro-ophthalmological evaluation was ... Read more >>

Childs Nerv Syst (Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery)
[2020, :]

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Multidisciplinary care for a patient with syndromic craniosynostosis: A case report with 20 years of special care.

Kyungsup Shin, Lina M Moreno-Uribe, Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Richard G Burton, Arnold H Menezes, Mark D Fisher, Karin Weber-Gasparoni, Satheesh Elangovan,

AIM:The functional and structural complexities accompanying syndromic craniosynostosis make dental care for these patients particularly challenging. We report a case of long-term care for a syndromic craniosynostosis patient. The objective of this report is to introduce special care guidance and clinical recommendation, so that oral health care providers, as key ... Read more >>

Spec Care Dentist (Special care in dentistry : official publication of the American Association of Hospital Dentists, the Academy of Dentistry for the Handicapped, and the American Society for Geriatric Dentistry)
[2020, 40(1):127-133]

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On-site CAD templates reduce surgery time for complex craniostenosis repair in infants: a new method.

Markus Lehner, D Wendling-Keim, M Kunz, S Deininger, S Zundel, A Peraud, G Mast,

INTRODUCTION:The surgical correction of craniostenosis in children is a time-consuming and taxing procedure. To facilitate this procedure, especially in infants with complex craniostenosis, we refined the computer-aided design and manufacturing technique (CAD/CAM) based on computed tomography (CT)-generated DICOM data. We used cutting guides and molding templates, which allowed the surgeon ... Read more >>

Childs Nerv Syst (Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery)
[2020, 36(4):793-801]

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Commentary on "Motor Function in School-Aged Children With Positional Plagiocephaly or Brachycephaly".

Lindsey Woosley, Kimberly Carvell,

Pediatr Phys Ther (Pediatric physical therapy : the official publication of the Section on Pediatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association)
[2020, 32(2):113]

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Intracranial pressure, brain morphology and cognitive outcome in children with sagittal craniosynostosis.

Amalie E Thiele-Nygaard, Jon Foss-Skiftesvik, Marianne Juhler,

BACKGROUND:Patients with sagittal craniosynostosis are at increased risk of developing raised intracranial pressure (ICP) and neurocognitive deficiencies such as reduced attention, planning, speech, behavioural and learning disabilities. AIM:To determine if the existing literature supports a correlation between elevated ICP and negative cognitive outcome in patients with sagittal craniosynostosis. Secondly, to ... Read more >>

Childs Nerv Syst (Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery)
[2020, 36(4):689-695]

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Visualization of skull remodeling and re-ossification after reconstructive surgery and mosaic-like cranioplasty in sagittal synostosis and deformational brachycephaly1.

G L Kaiser, Chr Steffen,

INTRODUCTION:Extended vertex craniectomy in sagittal synostosis (SS) and transposition craniectomy in severe deformational brachycephaly (DB) combined with mosaic-like cranioplasty (M-LC) have been performed in 17 and 24 infants from 2001 to 2003. The hitherto not well-known mechanisms of remodeling and effectiveness of M-LC is assessed by X-ray and anthropometry. METHODS:Follow-ups ... Read more >>

Childs Nerv Syst (Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery)
[2020, :]

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A review of the management of single-suture craniosynostosis, past, present, and future.

Mark R Proctor, John G Meara,

BACKGROUND:Craniosynostosis is a condition in which 2 or more of the skull bones fuse prematurely. The spectrum of the disorder most commonly involves the closure of a single suture in the skull, but it can also involve syndromic diagnoses in which multiple skull bones and/or bones outside of the cranium ... Read more >>

J Neurosurg Pediatr (Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics)
[2019, 24(6):622-631]

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Safety and efficacy of independent allied healthcare professionals in the assessment and management of plagiocephaly patients.

Yahya Khormi, Michelle Chiu, Ronette Goodluck Tyndall, Patricia Mortenson, David Smith, Paul Steinbok,

BACKGROUND:The incidence of positional plagiocephaly has increased significantly over the last two decades, which has caused a service delivery challenge for pediatric neurosurgeons. As a potential solution to the long waitlists for abnormal head shape, a plagiocephaly clinic was established at BC Children's Hospital (BCCH) in Vancouver, Canada. This clinic ... Read more >>

Childs Nerv Syst (Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery)
[2020, 36(2):373-377]

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National Database Reported Outcomes Following Craniosynostosis Reconstruction.

Benjamin B Massenburg, Amer H Nassar, Richard A Hopper,

BACKGROUND:While there has been ample interest and literature published regarding craniosynostosis surgical technique, there are few reports on adverse hospital and health system outcomes. The purpose of this study was to describe rate of and risk factors for complications, and adverse outcomes following craniosynostosis reconstruction. METHODS:This study retrospectively reviewed the ... Read more >>

J Craniofac Surg (The Journal of craniofacial surgery)
[2020, 31(1):154-157]

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Behavioral Disorders of Preschool Children With Non-Syndromic Craniosynostosis.

Julieta Moreno-Villagómez, Ma Guillermina Yáñez-Téllez, Belén Prieto-Corona, Ana Natalia Seubert-Ravelo, Antonio García,

Craniosynostosis is the premature closure of one or more cranial sutures that results in an abnormal skull shape. This condition has been associated with cognitive problems of different levels of severity in all developmental stages in a substantial percentage of children. However, the study of behavioral problems related to this ... Read more >>

J Craniofac Surg (The Journal of craniofacial surgery)
[2020, 31(1):147-149]

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Behavioral functioning of school-aged children with non-syndromic craniosynostosis.

Senem Zeytinoğlu-Saydam, M Memet Özek, Justin Marcus, Canice Crerand,

PURPOSE:This study investigated the risk for children with non-syndromic craniosynostosis to develop behavioral problems during school age determined by the type of craniosynostisis, age at first surgery, and number of surgeries. METHOD:Final sample consisted of 43 children aged between 6 years and 8 months and 17 years and 1 month (M = 10 years and 5 months). Behavioral ... Read more >>

Childs Nerv Syst (Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery)
[2020, 36(4):783-792]

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Comparison of Black Bone MRI and 3D-CT in the preoperative evaluation of patients with craniosynostosis.

Anne Saarikko, Eero Mellanen, Linda Kuusela, Junnu Leikola, Atte Karppinen, Taina Autti, Pekka Virtanen, Nina Brandstack,

PURPOSE:Black Bone (BB) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a nonionizing imaging method and a recent alternative to computed tomography (CT) in the examination of cranial deformities. The purpose of this study was to compare BB-MRI and routine 3D-CT in the preoperative evaluation of patients with craniosynostosis. METHODS:At our center, we ... Read more >>

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg (Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS)
[2020, 73(4):723-731]

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Fusion patterns of major calvarial sutures on volume-rendered CT reconstructions.

C Corbett Wilkinson, Nicholas V Stence, Cesar A Serrano, Sarah J Graber, Lígia Batista-Silverman, Emily Schmidt-Beuchat, Brooke M French,

OBJECTIVE:Recently, the authors investigated the normal course of fusion of minor lateral calvarial sutures on "3D" volume-rendered head CT reconstructions in pediatric trauma patients. While evaluating these reconstructions, they found many more fused sagittal sutures than expected given the currently accepted prevalence of sagittal craniosynostosis. In the present study, using ... Read more >>

J Neurosurg Pediatr (Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics)
[2020, :1-10]

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Fronto-orbital advancement and reconstruction using reverse frontal bone graft without the use of orbital bar: a technical note.

James M W Robins, Asim J Sheikh, Dmitri Shastin, Moritz W J Schramm, Paula Carter, John L Russell, Mark Liddington, Paul D Chumas,

INTRODUCTION:We describe our technique of using reverse frontal bone graft for FOAR for patients with metopic or coronal synostosis and present our complications using the Leeds classification system for complications in craniosynostosis surgery. METHODS:Since April 2015, seventeen patients have been operated using this technique. We perform a frontal bone graft ... Read more >>

Childs Nerv Syst (Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery)
[2020, :]

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A comparison between flow-regulated and adjustable valves used in hydrocephalus during infancy.

D Henderson, A Budu, H Zaki, S Sinha, P de Lacy, J McMullan, S Ushewokunze,

INTRODUCTION:Ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion during the neonatal period and early infancy is associated with a high rate of shunt failure when compared to the adult population. Furthermore, the function of flow-regulated valves and differential pressure valves may be different in neonatal hydrocephalus. METHODS:A retrospective case series of all primary shunt procedures ... Read more >>

Childs Nerv Syst (Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery)
[2020, :]

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Pediatric hypophosphatasia: a retrospective single-centre chart review of 50 children

Christine Hofmann, Marius Vogt, Hermann Girschick, Tilmann Schweitzer, Clemens Benoit, Annette Holl-Wieden, Lothar Seefried, Franz Jakob,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background: Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare, inherited metabolic disorder caused by loss-of-function mutations in the ALPL gene that encodes the tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase TNAP (ORPHA 436). Its clinical presentation is highly heterogeneous with a remarkably wide-ranging severity. HPP affects patients of all ages. Therefore, diagnosis is ... Read more >>

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Operative Time as the Predominant Risk Factor for Transfusion Requirements in Nonsyndromic Craniosynostosis Repair.

Yehuda Chocron, Alain J Azzi, Rafael Galli, Nayif Alnaif, Jeffrey Atkinson, Roy Dudley, Jean-Pierre Farmer, Mirko S Gilardino,

Despite recent advances in surgical, anesthetic, and safety protocols in the management of nonsyndromic craniosynostosis (NSC), significant rates of intraoperative blood loss continue to be reported by multiple centers. The purpose of the current study was to examine our center's experience with the surgical correction of NSC in an effort ... Read more >>

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open (Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Global Open)
[2020, 8(1):e2592]

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Reducing blood loss in pediatric craniosynostosis surgery by use of tranexamic acid.

G Eustache, L Riffaud,

INTRODUCTION:Craniosysnostosis surgical corrections are routine procedures in the pediatric neurosurgical field. However, these procedures result in significant blood loss. Tranexamic acid (TXA) is an antifibrinolytic drug, which has demonstrated a significant reduction in perioperative blood loss in many pediatric surgical procedures such as cardiac surgery and scoliosis surgery. We conducted ... Read more >>

Neurochirurgie (Neuro-Chirurgie)
[2019, 65(5):302-309]

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Osteoclastic craniectomy for scaphocephaly in infants results in physiological head shapes.

M Lehner, F Ferrari-von Klot, S Zundel, D Wendling-Keim,

INTRODUCTION:Sagittal synostosis leading to scaphocephaly is the most common type of craniostenosis being operated. Different treatment options are known, but the optimal treatment method is still controversial. Head growth indicated by measurements of the head´s circumference and cephalic index (CI) are valid surrogate parameters for normal head shapes in children. ... Read more >>

J Craniomaxillofac Surg (Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery : official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery)
[2019, 47(12):1891-1897]

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Cerebral blood flow in children with syndromic craniosynostosis: cohort arterial spin labeling studies.

Priya N Doerga, Maarten H Lequin, Marjolein H G Dremmen, Bianca K den Ottelander, Katya A L Mauff, Matthias W Wagner, Juan A Hernandez-Tamames, Sarah L Versnel, Koen F M Joosten, Marie-Lise C van Veelen, Robert C Tasker, Irene M J Mathijssen,

OBJECTIVE:In comparison with the general population, children with syndromic craniosynostosis (sCS) have abnormal cerebral venous anatomy and are more likely to develop intracranial hypertension. To date, little is known about the postnatal development change in cerebral blood flow (CBF) in sCS. The aim of this study was to determine CBF ... Read more >>

J Neurosurg Pediatr (Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics)
[2019, :1-11]

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Intracranial pressure patterns in children with craniosynostosis utilizing optical coherence tomography.

Jordan W Swanson, Wen Xu, Gui-Shuang Ying, Wei Pan, Shih-Shan Lang, Gregory G Heuer, Scott P Bartlett, Jesse A Taylor,

BACKGROUND:Better understanding the incidence and patterns of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients with craniosynostosis may facilitate more timely intervention to alter neurocognitive outcomes. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) of the retina can non-invasively diagnose elevated ICP, and has demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity among patients with craniosynostosis. This study ... Read more >>

Childs Nerv Syst (Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery)
[2020, 36(3):535-544]

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Positional posterior plagiocephaly: a single-center review.

Ranbir Ahluwalia, Chelsea Kiely, Jarrett Foster, Stephen Gannon, Alyssa L Wiseman, Chevis N Shannon, Christopher M Bonfield,

OBJECTIVE:The authors sought to assess the prevalence and severity of positional posterior plagiocephaly (PPP) in the pediatric population at a tertiary care center. METHODS:The authors conducted a retrospective review of 1429 consecutive patients aged 2 months to 18 years who presented with head trauma and a negative CT scan in ... Read more >>

J Neurosurg Pediatr (Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics)
[2020, :1-5]

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