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Pediatric Bacterial Endocarditis

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Systematic Review of Kingella kingae Musculoskeletal Infection in Children: Epidemiology, Impact and Management Strategies.

Maria Wong, Nicole Williams, Celia Cooper,

Kingella kingae, a pathogen often responsible for musculoskeletal infections in children is the most common cause of septic arthritis and osteomyelitis in children 6 to 36 months of age. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of previous studies to determine the proportion of K. kingae ... Read more >>

Pediatric Health Med Ther (Pediatric health, medicine and therapeutics)
[2020, 11:73-84]

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Infectious pseudo-aneurysm of the left ventricle: a case report and a review of the literature.

Amadu E. Juliana, Kevin H. van ’t Kruys, Pieter G. Voigt, Nico A. Blom,

BackgroundIn the workup of a pediatric patient with pericarditis we found evidence of a pseudo-aneurysm of the left ventricle, which is a rare complication of purulent pericarditis.Case presentationWe present a case of a six-year-old girl who was diagnosed with pericarditis and a fistula between the pericardial and the intra-luminal space ... Read more >>

BMC Cardiovasc Disord (BMC cardiovascular disorders)
[2020, 20:]

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Outbreaks of Kingella kingae Infections in Daycare Centers Suggest Tissue Tropism of the Causative Strains.

Pablo Yagupsky, Nawal El Houmami, Ronen Fluss,

BACKGROUND:Although Kingella kingae is recognized as an important pediatric pathogen, our knowledge of the virulence factors involved in the invasion of specific host's tissues is limited. Outbreaks of K kingae infections in daycare centers represent natural experiments in which a single virulent strain, introduced into a cohort of susceptible young ... Read more >>

J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc (Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society)
[2020, :]

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Pentalogy of Fallot: A case report and overview dental implications.

Drishti Kaushal, Namita Kalra, Rishi Tyagi, Amit Khatri, Krishna Biswas,

Pentalogy of Fallot is a rare congenital cyanotic heart disease and a variant of tetralogy of Fallot, in which tetralogy of Fallot is associated additionally with an atrial septal defect. It is characterized by right to left intracardiac shunting of blood leading to decreased pulmonary blood flow resulting in the ... Read more >>

Spec Care Dentist (Special care in dentistry : official publication of the American Association of Hospital Dentists, the Academy of Dentistry for the Handicapped, and the American Society for Geriatric Dentistry)
[2020, 40(1):121-126]

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Clinical Significance of Aerococcus-Related Infections: An Emerging Threat.

Kamal Kant Sahu, Ajay Kumar Mishra, Amos Lal,

J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc (Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society)
[2019, 8(6):578]

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Streptococcus pyogenes Endocarditis Associated With Varicella-Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Patrizia Savoia, Ulrich Heininger, Michael Buettcher,

Infection with varicella zoster virus (VZV) is usually a benign and self-limiting disease. Serious complications by bacterial pathogens do occur, such as necrotising fasciitis (NF). One of the most important is Streptococcus pyogenes (or Group A Streptococcus, GAS), which colonizes epithelial surfaces, primarily of the throat and skin. In rare ... Read more >>

Front Pediatr (Frontiers in pediatrics)
[2019, 7:500]

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Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Endovascular Infection in a Neonate: Prolonged, Safe, and Effective Use of Daptomycin and Enoxaparin.

Joshua I Chan, Asif Noor, Christie Clauss, Renu Aggarwal, Amrita Nayak,

We report on a former 28-week gestation neonate with persistent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) endocarditis, with a heterozygous Factor V Leiden mutation. The neonate became clinically ill after 1 week of life, with positive blood cultures for MRSA. Echocardiography revealed large thrombi in the inferior vena cava and right atrium. ... Read more >>

J Pediatr Pharmacol Ther (The journal of pediatric pharmacology and therapeutics : JPPT : the official journal of PPAG)
[2020, 25(1):68-74]

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[Late onset endocarditis in Amplatzer carrier. Conservative management in a pediatric patient].

Miguel A Matamala Morillo, Zaira Belmonte Pintre, Moisés Rodríguez González, Antonio Segado Arenas,

Since their introduction, percutaneous techniques have been replacing conventional surgery as a first-line treatment for septal defects. Amplatzer devices were the first to be approved by the Food and Drug Administration, and their placement has become a standard procedure in pediatric cardiology. Bacterial endocarditis of intracardiac devices such as the ... Read more >>

Arch Argent Pediatr (Archivos argentinos de pediatria)
[2019, 117(5):e489-e492]

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Prevention of infective endocarditis and bacterial resistance to antibiotics: A brief review.

Juan Pablo Loyola-Rodriguez, Alexandre Franco-Miranda, Alejandra Loyola-Leyva, Bulfrano Perez-Elizalde, Guillermo Contreras-Palma, Oscar Sanchez-Adame,

The purpose of this statement is to debate the recommendations of the American Heart Association (AHA) for the prevention of infective endocarditis through an antibiotic prophylaxis protocol and its relation with bacterial resistance to antibiotics. Since dental infections involve biofilms that include several bacterial species (Gram-negative and Gram-positive), it is ... Read more >>

Spec Care Dentist (Special care in dentistry : official publication of the American Association of Hospital Dentists, the Academy of Dentistry for the Handicapped, and the American Society for Geriatric Dentistry)
[2019, 39(6):603-609]

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Significance of oral health in adult patients with congenital heart disease.

Matthias Folwaczny, Florian Bauer, Christina Grünberg,

Due to improved diagnosis and treatment life expectancy of patients with congenital heart disease is steadily increasing resulting in a growing portion of adult patients. When entering, adulthood patients commonly show a shift in their specific needs for medical care. Since the treatment is mostly not curative many patients have ... Read more >>

Cardiovasc Diagn Ther (Cardiovascular diagnosis and therapy)
[2019, 9(Suppl 2):S377-S387]

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Pediatric Blood Cultures and Antibiotic Resistance: An Overview.

Chand Wattal, Neeraj Goel,

Bloodstream infections (BSI) due to multidrug-resistant organisms, especially from pediatric intensive care units (PICU), are being increasingly reported across the world. Since BSI is associated with high mortality, it is essential to treat these infections early with appropriate antibiotics. Surveillance of etiology and emerging antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is considered an ... Read more >>

Indian J Pediatr (Indian journal of pediatrics)
[2020, 87(2):125-131]

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Moraxella nonliquefaciens bloodstream infection and sepsis in a pediatric cancer patient: case report and literature review.

Carlos L Correa-Martínez, Kerstin K Rauwolf, Franziska Schuler, Miriam Füller, Stefanie Kampmeier, Andreas H Groll,

BACKGROUND:Moraxella nonliquefaciens is a usually non-pathogenic biofilm-producing Gram-negative coccobacillus which may colonize the upper respiratory tract, rarely causing invasive disease. Although very rare, bloodstream infections caused by this organism have been described, showing often a fatal outcome. Here, we report the case of a pediatric cancer patient with bloodstream infection ... Read more >>

BMC Infect. Dis. (BMC infectious diseases)
[2019, 19(1):836]

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Comparative analysis of the oral microbiota between iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) patients and healthy individuals by high-throughput sequencing.

Ranhui Xi, Renke Wang, Yuan Wang, Zhenting Xiang, Zhifei Su, Zaiqiang Cao, Xin Xu, Xin Zheng, Jiyao Li,

BACKGROUND:The relationship between oral microbiota and IE (infective endocarditis) is well established. Opportunistic pathogens in normal oral flora enter the bloodstream through daily oral cleaning or invasive dental procedures, leading to the occurrence of infective endocarditis. An in vitro iron-deficient condition leads to a drastic community shift in oral microbiota ... Read more >>

BMC Oral Health (BMC oral health)
[2019, 19(1):255]

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Clinical Manifestations and Risk Factors of Streptococcus suis Mortality Among Northern Thai Population: Retrospective 13-Year Cohort Study.

Ajaree Rayanakorn, Wasan Katip, Bey Hing Goh, Peninnah Oberdorfer, Learn Han Lee,

Purpose:Streptococcus suis (S. suis) is an emerging zoonotic disease mainly in pigs, causing serious infections in humans with high prevalence in Southeast Asia. Despite a relatively high mortality rate, there are limited data regarding the risk factors of this life-threatening infection. Therefore, a 13-year retrospective cohort study in Chiang Mai, ... Read more >>

Infect Drug Resist (Infection and drug resistance)
[2019, 12:3955-3965]

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Designing a customized clinical practice guideline regarding antibiotic prophylaxis for Iranian general dentists.

Najmeh Savadi, Omid Barati, Hossein Mirhadi, Ali Golkari,

BACKGROUND:Clinical practice guidelines produced by developed countries seemed to be not completely feasible for developing countries due to their different local context. In this study, we designed a customized guideline about antibiotic prophylaxis before dental procedures for Iranian general dentists. METHODS:This study was conducted of two parts, including a qualitative ... Read more >>

BMC Oral Health (BMC oral health)
[2019, 19(1):217]

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A Large Isolated Congenital Left Circumflex Artery-to-Right Atrial Fistula in a 9-Year-Old Child.

Xin Li, Jun An, Shuai Wang, Wanli Lu, Zhigang Liu, Yili Wu, Fengjuan Jiao,

Isolated congenital coronary artery fistula (ICCAF) is an exceedingly rare anomaly in which there is a direct abnormal connection between a coronary artery and other cardiac chambers or any of great vessels. The left circumflex artery (LCX) is the least common source of ICCAF. Here we reported a rare case ... Read more >>

Front Pediatr (Frontiers in pediatrics)
[2020, 8:51]

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Bacterial Endocarditis Caused by Actinomyces oris: First Reported Case and Literature Review.

Chanita Phichaphop, Nopporn Apiwattanakul, Suthep Wanitkun, Sophida Boonsathorn,

Actinomyces species are gram-positive, facultative anaerobic bacilli. Infection caused by Actinomyces species is usually limited to cervicofacial, thoracic, and abdominopelvic regions. Infective endocarditis due to Actinomyces species is extremely rare with only 30 reported cases since 1939. We report a case of Actinomyces oris endocarditis in a 14-year-old boy who ... Read more >>

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep (Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports)
[2020, 8:2324709620910645]

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Prevalence of Vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE) in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Addisu Melese, Chalachew Genet, Tesfaye Andualem,

BACKGROUND:The emergence of Vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE) poses a major public health problem since it was first reported. Although the rising rates of VRE infections are being reported elsewhere in the worldwide; there is limited national pooled data in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was aimed to estimate the pooled prevalence ... Read more >>

BMC Infect. Dis. (BMC infectious diseases)
[2020, 20(1):124]

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Current Evidence on Oral Antibiotics for Infective Endocarditis: A Narrative Review.

Takaaki Kobayashi, Tomo Ando, Judy Streit, Poorani Sekar,

Infective endocarditis (IE) continues to be associated with high morbidity and mortality, even when treated with optimal antibiotic regimens. The selection of treatment depends on the causative pathogen, its antibiotic susceptibility profile, local and systemic complications and the presence of prosthetic materials or devices. Standard therapy typically involves 4-6 weeks of intravenous ... Read more >>

Cardiol Ther (Cardiology and therapy)
[2019, 8(2):167-177]

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Antibiotic abuse during endodontic treatment: A contributing factor to antibiotic resistance.

Ramta Bansal, Aditya Jain, Mehak Goyal, Tejveer Singh, Himanshu Sood, Harjeet Singh Malviya,

Antibiotic resistance is one of our most serious global health threats. The adverse effects of overusing and misusing antibiotics are highly publicized in the health professional literature. Antibiotic abuse occurs during routine endodontic treatment and there are deficiencies in knowledge regarding prescribing antibiotic and appropriate prophylactic antibiotic use. Multidisciplinary coordination ... Read more >>

J Family Med Prim Care (Journal of family medicine and primary care)
[2019, 8(11):3518-3524]

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Oral Health Knowledge Level of Nursing Staff Working in Semi-Intensive Heart Failure Units.

Stefano Cianetti, Paola Anderini, Stefano Pagano, Paolo Eusebi, Massimiliano Orso, Rosario Salvato, Guido Lombardo,

Purpose:Critical care units, such as heart failure units, house inpatients with a compromised general health status that requires rigorous prevention of further complications. Oral health infections that gain access through the bloodstream or airway might represent such potential complications (eg, endocarditis pneumonia). Avoiding these critical occurrences requires that adequate oral ... Read more >>

J Multidiscip Healthc (Journal of multidisciplinary healthcare)
[2020, 13:165-173]

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Incidence, clinical profile, and risk factors for serious bacterial infections in children hospitalized with fever in Ujjain, India.

Ashish Pathak, Radika Upadhayay, Aditya Mathur, Sunil Rathi, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg,

BACKGROUND:Fever is a cause for concern for both parents and the treating pediatrician and a common reason for antibiotic overuse. However, the proportion of children hospitalized for fever with serious bacterial infection (SBI) is uncertain. We aimed to evaluate the epidemiological, clinical, hematological, and biochemical risks for SBI among the ... Read more >>

BMC Infect. Dis. (BMC infectious diseases)
[2020, 20(1):162]

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Metabolic syndrome and periodontal disease: An overview for physicians.

Mahesh C Srivastava, Ruchi Srivastava, Pushpendra Kumar Verma, Anju Gautam,

The metabolic syndrome (MetS) (also known as insulin resistance syndrome, syndrome X) is a cluster of factors associated with increased risk of developing coronary heart disease or type 2 diabetes mellitus. Several studies in the past have reviewed an association between MetS and periodontitis. Periodontal disease is considered an infectious ... Read more >>

J Family Med Prim Care (Journal of family medicine and primary care)
[2019, 8(11):3492-3495]

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Consensus Report on Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Infective Endocarditis by Turkish Society of Cardiovascular Surgery (TSCVS), Turkish Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (KLIMIK), Turkish Society of Cardiology (TSC), Turkish Society of Nuclear Medicine (TSNM), Turkish Society of Radiology (TSR), Turkish Dental Association (TDA) and Federation of Turkish Pathology Societies (TURKPATH) Cardiovascular System Study Group.

Serap Şimşek-Yavuz, Ahmet Rüçhan Akar, Sinan Aydoğdu, Denef Berzeg-Deniz, Hakan Demir, Tuncay Hazırolan, Mehmet Ali Özatik, Necla Özer, Murat Sargın, Emine Nursen Topcuoğlu, Nesrin Turhan, Mehmet Birhan Yılmaz, Özlem Azap, Seniha Başaran, Yasemin Çağ, Atahan Çağatay, Güle Çınar, Sibel Doğan-Kaya, Lokman Hızmalı, Mehmet Emirhan Işık, Nirgül Kılıçaslan, Şirin Menekşe, Meliha Meriç-Koç, Serpil Öztürk, Ayfer Şensoy, Yasemin Tezer-Tekçe, Elif Tükenmez-Tigen, Yeşim Uygun-Kızmaz, Mutlu Şeyda Velioğlu-Öcalmaz, Ayşegül Yeşilkaya, Emel Yılmaz, Neziha Yılmaz, Fatma Yılmaz-Karadağ,

Infective endocarditis (IE) is rare, but associated with significant morbidity and mortality rates. Estimates of the incidence of IE in Turkey are compromised by the absence of population-based prospective studies. Due to the frequent presence of predisposing cardiac conditions and higher rates of nosocomial bacteremia in highrisk groups, the incidence ... Read more >>

Turk Gogus Kalp Damar Cerrahisi Derg (Turk gogus kalp damar cerrahisi dergisi)
[2020, 28(1):2-42]

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Infectious Diseases Consultation Is Associated With Decreased Mortality in Enterococcal Bloodstream Infections.

Rachael A Lee, Daniel T Vo, Joanna C Zurko, Russell L Griffin, J Martin Rodriguez, Bernard C Camins,

Background:Enterococcus species frequently cause health care-associated bacteremia, with high attributable mortality. The benefit of consultation with infectious disease (ID) specialists has been previously illustrated with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia. Whether ID consultation (IDC) improves mortality in enterococcal bacteremia is unknown. Methods:This is a retrospective cohort single-center study from January 1, 2015, ... Read more >>

Open Forum Infect Dis (Open Forum Infectious Diseases)
[2020, 7(3):ofaa064]

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