Full Text Journal Articles about
Parapneumonic Pleural Effusions and Empyema Thoracis

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Change in Pulmonary Function Following Decortication for Chronic Pleural Empyema.

Sujith Varghese Abraham, Prashant Chikkahonnaiah,

OBJECTIVES:Chronic empyema is the final stage of the triphasic pathogenesis of empyema that is characterized by fibrin deposits in both pleural surfaces, leading to the formation of a thickened pleural peel. This restricts the lung movements, giving rise to a trapped lung and impairment of pulmonary function. The aim of ... Read more >>

Turk Thorac J (Turkish thoracic journal)
[2020, 21(1):27-31]

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Empyema Thoracis in Children: A 5-Year Experience in a Tertiary Care Institute.

Kartik Chandra Mandal, Gobinda Mandal, Pankaj Halder, Dipanwita Mitra, Bidyut Debnath, Mala Bhattacharya,

Objective:Empyema thoracis (ET) in children is a disease of significant morbidity and mortality. In the event of failure to resolute following intercostal chest tube drainage (ICD), thoracotomy decortication (TDC) remains the treatment of choice. We have reviewed the outcome of management of 96 cases of ET with the intent to ... Read more >>

J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg (Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
[2019, 24(3):197-202]

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Safety and complications of medical thoracoscopy in the management of pleural diseases.

Yun-Yan Wan, Cong-Cong Zhai, Xin-Shan Lin, Zhou-Hong Yao, Qing-Hua Liu, Ling Zhu, De-Zhi Li, Xi-Li Li, Ning Wang, Dian-Jie Lin,

BACKGROUND:Medical thoracoscopy is considered an overall safe procedure, whereas numbers of studies focus on complications of diagnostic thoracoscopy and talc poudrage pleurodesis. We conduct this study to evaluate the safety of medical thoracoscopy in the management of pleural diseases and to compare complications in different therapeutic thoracoscopic procedures. METHODS:A retrospective ... Read more >>

BMC Pulm Med (BMC pulmonary medicine)
[2019, 19(1):125]

Cited: 1 time

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Single incision VATS decortication for 3rd stage empyema.

Yasser Aljehani, Sukainah Alabkary,

The use of U-VATS should be preferred to conventional three-port VATS if skills are mastered as it causes less and single intercostal trauma. Moreover, it minimizes infection spread to the chest wall. We advocate the use of U-VATS as a routine approach in patient with empyema stage III for positive ... Read more >>

Clin Case Rep (Clinical case reports)
[2018, 6(11):2144-2146]

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Development and validation of the PET-CT score for diagnosis of malignant pleural effusion.

Min-Fu Yang, Zhao-Hui Tong, Zhen Wang, Ying-Yi Zhang, Li-Li Xu, Xiao-Juan Wang, Wan Li, Xiu-Zhi Wu, Wen Wang, Yu-Hui Zhang, Tao Jiang, Huan-Zhong Shi,

PURPOSE:Although some parameters of positron emission tomography with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) and computed tomography (PET-CT) are somehow helpful in differentiating malignant pleural effusion (MPE) from benign effusions, no individual parameter offers sufficient evidence for its implementation in the clinical practice. The aim of this study was to establish the diagnostic accuracy ... Read more >>

Eur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging (European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging)
[2019, 46(7):1457-1467]

Cited: 1 time

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Sepsis and Pleural Empyema Caused by Streptococcus pyogenes after Influenza A Virus Infection.

Fumihiro Ochi, Hisamichi Tauchi, Toshihiro Jogamoto, Hiromitsu Miura, Tomozo Moritani, Kozo Nagai, Eiichi Ishii,

Streptococcus pyogenes (also referred to as group A streptococci, GAS) causes severe invasive diseases such as bacteremia, necrotizing fasciitis, pneumonia, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, and toxic shock syndrome in children. However, there are only a few reports on pleural empyema caused by GAS in children. Here, we report the case of ... Read more >>

Case Rep Pediatr (Case reports in pediatrics)
[2018, 2018:4509847]

Cited: 1 time

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A Retrospective Study of Ultrasound Characteristics and Macroscopic Findings in Confirmed Malignant Pleural Effusion.

Nevenka Piskac Zivkovic, Igor Cikara, Nina Petra Novak, Boris Brkljacic, Neven Tudoric,

Background:A definitive diagnosis of malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is reached by cytological or histological assessment, but thorough analysis of the ultrasound features of the effusion as well as pleural thickening or nodularity can also be of significant diagnostic help. Objective:To assess the relationship of specific ultrasound characterisctics and macroscopic features ... Read more >>

Pulm Med (Pulmonary medicine)
[2019, 2019:5628267]

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Infectious pleural effusion status and treatment progress.

Wei Yang, Bo Zhang, Ze-Ming Zhang,

Pleural cavity infection continuously seriously threatens human health with continuous medical progress. From the perspective of pathophysiology, it can be divided into three stages: exudative stage, fibrin exudation and pus formation stage, and organization stage. Due to the pathogenic bacteria difference of pleural cavity infection and pulmonary infection, it is ... Read more >>

J Thorac Dis (Journal of Thoracic Disease)
[2017, 9(11):4690-4699]

Cited: 1 time

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Dual RNA-seq in Streptococcus pneumoniae Infection Reveals Compartmentalized Neutrophil Responses in Lung and Pleural Space.

Neil D Ritchie, Tom J Evans,

Streptococcus pneumoniae is the dominant cause of community-acquired pneumonia worldwide. Invasion of the pleural space is common and results in increased mortality. We set out to determine the bacterial and host factors that influence invasion of the pleural space. In a murine model of pneumococcal infection, we isolated neutrophil-dominated samples ... Read more >>

mSystems (mSystems)
[2019, 4(4):]

Cited: 1 time

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Surgical management of stage III pediatric empyema thoracis.

Aditya Pratap Singh, Arvind Kumar Shukla, Pramila Sharma, Jyotsna Shukla,

This study aims to report 100 pediatric patients of empyema thoracis treated by open decortication, highlighting the presentation, delay in referral, operative findings, the response to surgical intervention, and follow-up.All the children who underwent open decortication for stage III empyema thoracis during the study period January 2015-December 2016 were included. ... Read more >>

Lung India (Lung India : official organ of Indian Chest Society)
[2018, 35(3):209-214]

Cited: 1 time

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Empyema Necessitans in the Setting of Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus aureus Causing Pneumonia and Bacteremia.

Sindhura Bandaru, Sukesh Manthri, Vidya Sundareshan, Vidhya Prakash,

Empyema necessitans (EN) is a rare phenomenon that refers to an insidious extension of the empyema through parietal pleura and subsequent dissection into subcutaneous tissue of the chest wall. A 29-year-old man presented to the hospital with fever and chills a few days after an inadvertent needle stick while injecting ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2018, 2018:4906547]

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Treating empyema thoracis using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and open decortication procedures: a systematic review and meta-analysis by meta-mums tool.

Massoud Sokouti, Ramin Sadeghi, Saeid Pashazadeh, Saeed Eslami Hasan Abadi, Mohsen Sokouti, Morteza Ghojazadeh, Babak Sokouti,

Introduction:The optimal treatment of empyema thoracis is still debatable between academics and surgeons. This study reviews advantages and disadvantages of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and open thoracotomy decortication (OTD) considering outcomes of empyema thoracis. Materials and methods:A descriptive Boolean query was used for searching three databases to extract the published ... Read more >>

Arch Med Sci (Archives of medical science : AMS)
[2019, 15(4):912-935]

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A Rare Case of Spontaneous Empyema by Clostridium perfringens.

Sijan Basnet, Izza Mir, Elan Mohanty, Rashmi Dhital, Biswaraj Tharu, Dilli Ram Poudel,

Empyema caused by clostridial infections is rare especially in the absence of invasive thoracic procedures. We present the case of an 81-year-old man without a history of preceding trauma who presented with shortness of breath and nonproductive cough and grew Clostridium perfringens only in the pleural cavity. He was predisposed ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2018, 2018:2791349]

Cited: 1 time

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Chest Tube Drainage of the Pleural Space: A Concise Review for Pulmonologists.

José M Porcel,

Chest tube insertion is a common procedure usually done for the purpose of draining accumulated air or fluid in the pleural cavity. Small-bore chest tubes (≤14F) are generally recommended as the first-line therapy for spontaneous pneumothorax in non-ventilated patients and pleural effusions in general, with the possible exception of hemothoraces ... Read more >>

Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul) (Tuberculosis and respiratory diseases)
[2018, 81(2):106-115]

Cited: 2 times

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Hippocrates (ca 460-375 bc), Introducing Thoracotomy Combined With a Tracheal Intubation for the Parapneumonic Pleural Effusions and Empyema Thoracis.

Gregory Tsoucalas, Markos Sgantzos,

Hippocrates was the first physician to describe in accuracy pleural effusion and pneumonia. To treat empyema thoracis he had introduced a combined method of tracheal intubation with a simultaneously thoracotomy. The surgical incision was used for the pus to be progressively drainaged. If the patient was too weak to eat, ... Read more >>

Surg Innov (Surgical innovation)
[2016, 23(6):642-643]

Cited: 3 times

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Thoracic ultrasound for pleural effusion in the intensive care unit: a narrative review from diagnosis to treatment.

E Brogi, L Gargani, E Bignami, F Barbariol, A Marra, F Forfori, L Vetrugno,

Pleural effusion (PLEFF), mostly caused by volume overload, congestive heart failure, and pleuropulmonary infection, is a common condition in critical care patients. Thoracic ultrasound (TUS) helps clinicians not only to visualize pleural effusion, but also to distinguish between the different types. Furthermore, TUS is essential during thoracentesis and chest tube ... Read more >>

Crit Care (Critical care (London, England))
[2017, 21(1):325]

Cited: 7 times

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Parapneumonic pleural effusion: early versus late thoracoscopy.

Rodrigo Romualdo Pereira, Cristina Gonçalves Alvim, Cláudia Ribeiro de Andrade, Cássio da Cunha Ibiapina,

To evaluate the best time to perform thoracoscopy for the treatment of complicated parapneumonic pleural effusion in the fibrinopurulent phase in patients ≤ 14 years of age, regarding the postoperative evolution and occurrence of complications.This was a retrospective comparative study involving patients with parapneumonic pleural effusion presenting with septations or ... Read more >>

J Bras Pneumol (Jornal brasileiro de pneumologia : publicacao oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia)
[2017, 43(5):344-350]

Cited: 2 times

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Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery for Pediatric Empyema by Two-Port Technique: A Single-Center Experience with 167 Consecutive Cases.

Sandesh V Parelkar, Shalil H Patil, Beejal V Sanghvi, Rahul Kumar Gupta, Satej S Mhaskar, Rujuta S Shah, Pooja Tiwari, Arjun A Pawar,

The aim of our study is to determine efficacy, safety, and feasibility of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in childhood empyema with a technique of only two ports and open instruments at a tertiary care center in India.This is a retrospective study of patients below 18 years, with empyema presenting to ... Read more >>

J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg (Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
[2017, 22(3):150-154]

Cited: 0 times

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Surgical versus non-surgical management for pleural empyema.

Mark D Redden, Tze Yang Chin, Mieke L van Driel,

BACKGROUND:Empyema refers to pus in the pleural space, commonly due to adjacent pneumonia, chest wall injury, or a complication of thoracic surgery. A range of therapeutic options are available for its management, ranging from percutaneous aspiration and intercostal drainage to video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) or thoracotomy drainage. Intrapleural fibrinolytics may ... Read more >>

Cochrane Database Syst Rev (The Cochrane database of systematic reviews)
[2017, 3:CD010651]

Cited: 15 times

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Thoracoscopic evaluation of 129 cases having undiagnosed exudative pleural effusions.

Chetan Basavaraj Patil, Ramakant Dixit, Rakesh Gupta, Neeraj Gupta, Varna Indushekar,

Medical thoracoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure used in diagnostic and therapeutic applications for pleural diseases. In this study, we describe our experience in the outcome and analysis of thoracoscopy in undiagnosed pleural effusion presenting to our center.This is a prospective study conducted over last 2 years. We performed thoracoscopy ... Read more >>

Lung India (Lung India : official organ of Indian Chest Society)
[2016, 33(5):502-506]

Cited: 0 times

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Blood Culture Bottle and Standard Culture Bottle Methods for Detection of Bacterial Pathogens in Parapneumonic Pleural Effusion.

Surapan Charoentunyarak, Sarassawan Kananuraks, Jarin Chindaprasirt, Panita Limpawattana, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth,

Bacterial parapneumonic pleural effusions (PPEs) have high morbidity. The accurate identification of pathogens is vital for initiating the appropriate treatment. A previous study suggested that the use of blood culture bottles might improve the bacterial yield in PPEs.The aim of this study was to compare the culture positivity rate by ... Read more >>

Jundishapur J Microbiol (Jundishapur journal of microbiology)
[2015, 8(10):e24893]

Cited: 1 time

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Necrotizing pneumonia: an emerging problem in children?

I Brent Masters, Alan F Isles, Keith Grimwood,

BACKGROUND:In children, necrotizing pneumonia (NP) is an uncommon, severe complication of pneumonia. It is characterized by destruction of the underlying lung parenchyma resulting in multiple small, thin-walled cavities and is often accompanied by empyema and bronchopleural fistulae. REVIEW:NP in children was first reported in children in 1994, and since then ... Read more >>

Pneumonia (Nathan) (Pneumonia (Nathan Qld.))
[2017, 9:11]

Cited: 2 times

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Massive Pleural Fluid Collection in Adult Nigerians.

Kelechi E Okonta, Emmanuel O Ocheli, Peter D Okoh,

Background. There are no available literatures on massive pleural effusions (MPE) in our country. Aim. To determine the aetiology of MPE and compare the mortality rate between malignant and nonmalignant MPE in adult Nigerians. Methods. A prospective study of all the patients diagnosed with nontraumatic pleural fluid collections for one ... Read more >>

Adv Med (Advances in medicine)
[2016, 2016:6946459]

Cited: 0 times

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Ultrasound for the Pulmonary Consultant.

Astha Chichra, Mina Makaryus, Parag Chaudhri, Mangala Narasimhan,

Bedside ultrasonographic assessment of the lung and pleura provides rapid, noninvasive, and essential information in diagnosis and management of various pulmonary conditions. Ultrasonography helps in diagnosing common conditions, including consolidation, interstitial syndrome, pleural effusions and masses, pneumothorax, and diaphragmatic dysfunction. It provides procedural guidance for various pulmonary procedures, including thoracentesis, ... Read more >>

Clin Med Insights Circ Respir Pulm Med (Clinical medicine insights. Circulatory, respiratory and pulmonary medicine)
[2016, 10:1-9]

Cited: 1 time

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Abstracts DGCH.

Innov Surg Sci (Innovative surgical sciences)
[2018, 3(Suppl 1):s232-s281]

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