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Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Degeneration

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Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration: initial presentation of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma in a patient with primary Sjögren syndrome.

Xia Cao, Cai-Gang Xu,

Chin. Med. J. (Chinese medical journal)
[2020, :]

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[Ataxia - a group of heterogeneous diseases].

Martin Paucar, Niklas Dahl, Martin Engvall, Per Svenningsson, Göran Solders,

Ataxias constitute a group of heterogeneous diseases with overlapping symptoms. The clinical investigation should primarily seek for treatable conditions such as neurometabolic disorders and autoimmune diseases. Rapid progression is often characteristic for paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration, autoimmune diseases or multiple system atrophy (MSA). The rapid development of massive parallel DNA sequencing ... Read more >>

Lakartidningen (Lakartidningen)
[2020, 117:]

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Paraneoplastic Diseases of the Central Nervous System.

Jonathan Galli, John Greenlee,

Paraneoplastic neurological syndromes are nonmetastatic complications of malignancy secondary to immune-mediated neuronal dysfunction or death. Pathogenesis may occur from cell surface binding of antineuronal antibodies leading to dysfunction of the target protein, or from antibodies binding against intracellular antigens which ultimately leads to cell death. There are several classical neurological ... Read more >>

F1000Res (F1000Research)
[2020, 9:]

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Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Degeneration in Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma and Review of Associated Onconeural Antibodies.

Vasu Saini, Aditi Dhir, Ariana W Rudnick, Joshua Lukas, Karlo J Lizarraga, Jason Margolesky, Deborah O Heros, James E Hoffman,

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk (Clinical lymphoma, myeloma & leukemia)
[2020, :]

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[Vertigo as the first manifestation of ovarian cancer].

M T D Weiland, W P J van Oosterhout, S D Bakker,

BACKGROUND:Vertigo is a common complaint and may rarely be the presenting symptom of a paraneoplastic neurological syndrome (PNS). CASE DESCRIPTION:A 76-year-old woman presented at the ER with subacute cerebellar syndrome and severe vertigo. Laboratory testing revealed mild anaemia. A cerebral CT scan showed no intracranial pathology. The patient was admitted ... Read more >>

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd (Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde)
[2020, 164:]

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[Paraneoplastic subacute degeneration of the cerebellum in non-small cell lung cancer and positive anti-Tr3 antibodies].

M Frackowiak, M Kowar, Ch Sippel, K Wilhelm, Y-D Ko, A H Jacobs,

Neurological disorders can occur before the diagnosis of a malignoma is set. These disorders are induced by a misguided immune response with antibodies against intracellular or cell surface antigens. One of the most common paraneoplastic diseases is the subacute degeneration of the cerebellum. In most of the cases antibodies against ... Read more >>

Nervenarzt (Der Nervenarzt)
[2020, 91(2):156-160]

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Combined Cerebellar and Spinal Cord Deficits Caused by an Underlying Gynecologic Malignancy.

Tamer Othman, Moshe-Samuel Hendizadeh, Ritika Vankina, Susan Park, Phyllis Kim,

Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD) is an uncommon autoimmune disorder targeting antigens within the nervous system and is usually associated with an underlying malignancy. Neurologic symptoms frequently precede the cancer diagnosis, which is most often seen in women with breast or gynecologic tumors. Anti-Yo-related PCD is the most common PCD syndrome, ... Read more >>

Case Rep Oncol Med (Case reports in oncological medicine)
[2020, 2020:9021843]

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Paraneoplastic Diseases of the Central Nervous System

Jonathan Galli, John Greenlee,

Paraneoplastic neurological syndromes are nonmetastatic complications of malignancy secondary to immune-mediated neuronal dysfunction or death. Pathogenesis may occur from cell surface binding of antineuronal antibodies leading to dysfunction of the target protein, or from antibodies binding against intracellular antigens which ultimately leads to cell death. There are several classical neurological ... Read more >>

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A Case of Paraneoplastic Neurological Syndrome Expressing Dual Antineuronal Antibodies: Anti-Hu and Recoverin.

Ho-Sung Ryu, Shin Yup Lee, Dong Ho Park, Jong-Mok Lee,

Ann Indian Acad Neurol (Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology)
[2020, 23(1):133-135]

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Associations between HLA and autoimmune neurological diseases with autoantibodies.

Sergio Muñiz-Castrillo, Alberto Vogrig, Jérôme Honnorat,

Recently, several autoimmune neurological diseases have been defined by the presence of autoantibodies against different antigens of the nervous system. These autoantibodies have been demonstrated to be specific and useful biomarkers, and most of them are also pathogenic. These aspects have increased the value of autoantibodies in neurological practice, as ... Read more >>

Auto Immun Highlights (Autoimmunity Highlights)
[2020, 11(1):2]

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Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Degeneration in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: a Unique Association.

S Bhardwaj, S Khasani, D Benasher, E G Stein, T Meghal, N Jacoby, Y J Huang,

Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD) is a rare disorder that is associated with lung or gynecological malignancies and Hodgkin lymphoma. Neurologic symptoms are commonly the initial presenting sign leading to the diagnosis of an underlying malignancy. We are presenting an Asian male with progressive lower extremity weakness with EBV-positive nasopharyngeal carcinoma ... Read more >>

Cerebellum (Cerebellum (London, England))
[2019, 18(6):1126-1129]

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Recent Advances in the Treatment of Cerebellar Disorders.

Hiroshi Mitoma, Mario Manto, Jordi Gandini,

Various etiopathologies affect the cerebellum, resulting in the development of cerebellar ataxias (CAs), a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized clinically by movement incoordination, affective dysregulation, and cognitive dysmetria. Recent progress in clinical and basic research has opened the door of the ''era of therapy" of CAs. The therapeutic rationale of ... Read more >>

Brain Sci (Brain sciences)
[2019, 10(1):]

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Non-small cell lung cancer associated with late-onset Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome and paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration.

Guoxin Cai, Xindong Sun, Jinming Yu, Xue Meng, Jisheng Li,

Neurol. Sci. (Neurological sciences : official journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology)
[2019, :]

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Sequelae of Lassa Fever: Postviral Cerebellar Ataxia.

Chiomah Ezeomah, Adeyi Adoga, Chikwe Ihekweazu, Slobodan Paessler, Irma Cisneros, Oyewale Tomori, David Walker,

Lassa fever is a zoonotic disease endemic in some West African countries. It is exported to countries in America, Asia, and Europe. Antivirals against Lassa fever are important to provide a cure in patients with the disease and provide protection against it. In addition, due to the potential utilization of ... Read more >>

Open Forum Infect Dis (Open forum infectious diseases)
[2019, 6(12):ofz512]

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Neurotoxicities associated with checkpoint inhibitors: Two case reports and a review of the literature.

Lisa M Cordes, Nicole N Davarpanah, Lauren B Reoma, Billel Gasmi, Martha Quezado, Omar I Khan, Avindra Nath, Andrea B Apolo,

We report a case of nivolumab-induced delayed-onset aseptic meningitis and a case of limbic encephalitis and peripheral nerve palsy with toxicity relapse 6 months after initial presentation. The atypical presentations contribute to our knowledge of these rare events and reinforce the necessity for vigilant monitoring and a multidisciplinary treatment approach. ... Read more >>

Clin Case Rep (Clinical case reports)
[2020, 8(1):24-32]

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Stroke-Like Presentation of Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Degeneration: a Single-Center Experience and Review of the Literature.

Alberto Vogrig, Andrea Bernardini, Gian Luigi Gigli, Elisa Corazza, Alessandro Marini, Samantha Segatti, Martina Fabris, Jérôme Honnorat, Mariarosaria Valente,

Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD) is usually thought to have a subacute progression over several weeks. We report herein incidence and clinical features of hyperacute onset PCD, a vertebrobasilar stroke mimic. We performed a retrospective analysis of all suspected PCD cases referred to the Udine University Hospital between 2009 and 2017. ... Read more >>

Cerebellum (Cerebellum (London, England))
[2019, 18(5):976-982]

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Anti-Hu limbic encephalitis preceding the appearance of mediastinal germinoma by 9 years.

Matthew Silsby, Candice J Clarke, Kenneth Lee, David Sharpe,

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(3):]

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Cerebellar Hypermetabolism in a Case of Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Syndrome With the Primary Lymphoepithelial Carcinoma in Tonsil.

Jingnan Wang, Wenze Wang, Yang Zhao, Ruixue Cui,

A 70-year-old man with cerebellar syndromes was clinically diagnosed as paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration and underwent whole-body F-FDG PET/CT imaging for screening primary tumor. Intensely elevated tracer uptake in both cerebellar hemispheres was revealed, whereas no abnormality was found in MRI. Increased tracer uptake and swelling of the left tonsil and ... Read more >>

Clin Nucl Med (Clinical nuclear medicine)
[2019, 44(10):812-814]

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Long-term follow-up, quality of life, and survival of patients with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome.

Alexander F Lipka, Marion I Boldingh, Erik W van Zwet, Marco W J Schreurs, Jan B M Kuks, Chantal M Tallaksen, Maarten J Titulaer, Jan J G M Verschuuren,

OBJECTIVE:To study survival and to characterize long-term functional impairments and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS). METHODS:In this observational study, survival of patients with LEMS, separately for nontumor (NT) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC), was compared to that of the Dutch general population ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, 94(5):e511-e520]

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Paraneoplastic cerebellar ataxia and antibodies to metabotropic glutamate receptor 2.

Raquel Ruiz-García, Eugenia Martínez-Hernández, Bastien Joubert, Mar Petit-Pedrol, Elena Pajarón-Boix, Verónica Fernández, Lidia Salais, María Del Pozo, Thais Armangué, Lidia Sabater, Josep Dalmau, Francesc Graus,

OBJECTIVE:To report the presence of a new neuronal surface antibody against the metabotropic glutamate receptor 2 antibody (mGluR2-Ab) in 2 patients with paraneoplastic cerebellar ataxia. METHODS:mGluR2-Abs were initially characterized by immunohistochemistry on the rat brain and confirmed by immunofluorescence on HEK293 cells transfected with mGluR2. Additional studies included analysis of ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(2):]

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Paraneoplastic Syndromes Associated with Laryngeal Cancer.

Alessandra Rinaldo, Andrés Coca-Pelaz, Carl E Silver, Alfio Ferlito,

OBJECTIVES:Paraneoplastic syndromes occur rarely in association with laryngeal cancer. When present, the syndrome may be the first sign of the malignancy. The aim of the present study was to review and report on all published cases in the international literature. METHODS:A search of PubMed was conducted for "paraneoplastic syndromes in ... Read more >>

Adv Ther (Advances in therapy)
[2020, 37(1):140-154]

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Progressive Ataxia with Elevated Alpha-Fetoprotein: Diagnostic Issues and Review of the Literature.

Martin Paucar, Alexander M R Taylor, Marios Hadjivassiliou, Brent L Fogel, Per Svenningsson,

Background:Ataxias represent a challenging group of disorders due to significant clinical overlap. Here, we present a patient with early-onset progressive ataxia, polyneuropathy and discuss how elevation of alpha fetoprotein (AFP) narrows the differential diagnosis. Case report:Ataxia, polyneuropathy, and mild elevation of AFP are features compatible with ataxia with oculomotor apraxia ... Read more >>

Tremor Other Hyperkinet Mov (N Y) (Tremor and other hyperkinetic movements (New York, N.Y.))
[2019, 9:]

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Rare case of paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration secondary to high-grade serous carcinoma of tubo-ovarian origin.

Eman Butt, John A Tadross, Karan R Chadda, John Latimer,

This case describes a 69-year-old woman, who presented with rapidly progressive cerebellar symptoms and unintentional weight loss. Full neurological assessment excluded space-occupying lesions, vascular accidents and infection. Surprisingly, a chest, abdomen and pelvis CT showed a left hemipelvis mass, which was subsequently biopsied. A high-grade serous carcinoma of tubo-ovarian origin ... Read more >>

BMJ Case Rep (BMJ case reports)
[2019, 12(8):]

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Single-Cell RNA Sequencing in Human Retinal Degeneration Reveals Distinct Glial Cell Populations.

Andrew P Voigt, Elaine Binkley, Miles J Flamme-Wiese, Shemin Zeng, Adam P DeLuca, Todd E Scheetz, Budd A Tucker, Robert F Mullins, Edwin M Stone,

Degenerative diseases affecting retinal photoreceptor cells have numerous etiologies and clinical presentations. We clinically and molecularly studied the retina of a 70-year-old patient with retinal degeneration attributed to autoimmune retinopathy. The patient was followed for 19 years for progressive peripheral visual field loss and pigmentary changes. Single-cell RNA sequencing was ... Read more >>

Cells (Cells)
[2020, 9(2):]

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Progressive myeloneuropathy with symptomatic anaemia.

Charlene L Rohm, Sara Acree, Louis Lovett,

Hypocupremia is a rare and under-recognised cause of bone marrow dysplasia and myeloneuropathy. A 47-year-old Caucasian woman had progressive ascending peripheral neuropathy and gait ataxia over 3 months and fatigue, dyspnoea and unintentional weight loss over 8 months. She had profound macrocytic anaemia and neutropenia. Initial workup included normal serum ... Read more >>

BMJ Case Rep (BMJ case reports)
[2019, 12(12):]

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