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Omphalitis

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Neonatal Omphalitis After Lotus Birth.

Courtney Steer-Massaro,

Lotus birth, or umbilical nonseverance, is the practice wherein the umbilical cord is not separated from the placenta after birth, but allowed instead to dry and fall off on its own. Lotus birth may result in neonatal omphalitis. This article describes the history and rationale for lotus birth as well ... Read more >>

J Midwifery Womens Health (Journal of midwifery & women's health)
[2020, :]

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Umbilical cord separation time, predictors and healing complications in newborns with dry care.

María Dolores López-Medina, Ana Belén López-Araque, Manuel Linares-Abad, Isabel María López-Medina,

OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study was to explore the umbilical cord separation time, predictors, and healing complications from birth until the newborn was one month old. DESIGN:A quantitative longitudinal observational analytical study by stratified random sample was adopted. SETTING:Public health system hospitals in southern Spain and at newborns' homes. PARTICIPANTS:Between ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(1):e0227209]

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Application of 4% chlorhexidine to the umbilical cord stump of newborn infants in lower income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Aklilu Abrham Roba, Maleda Tefera, Teshager Worku, Tamirat Tesfaye Dasa, Abiy Seifu Estifanos, Nega Assefa,

Abstract:There are conflicting results from large randomized controlled trials in different populations regarding the effectiveness of topical application of 4% chlorhexidine to the umbilical stump of newborn infants at reducing neonatal mortality. Meta-analysis and systematic review of trials performed in South Asia and Europe support 4% chlorhexidine application to reduce ... Read more >>

Matern Health Neonatol Perinatol (Maternal health, neonatology and perinatology)
[2019, 5:16]

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Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography Imagıng in Pseudo Sister Mary Joseph's Nodule.

Sabahat Inanir, Ceren Ozge Engur,

Sister Mary Joseph's nodule (SMJN) refers to umbilical metastatic lesions and indicates widespread intra-abdominal malignancy. The most common primary sites are gastrointestinal and genital tract. Benign umbilical nodules are called pseudo-SMJN (PSMJN) and have been also reported in nonmalignant lesions such as endometriosis, fibroma, papillomas, myxoma, keloid, omphalith, nevi, foreign-body ... Read more >>

Indian J Nucl Med (Indian journal of nuclear medicine : IJNM : the official journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India)
[2020, 35(1):66-67]

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Collective memory of umbilical cord stump care: an educational experience.

Eliane Fonseca Linhares, Joana Angélica Andrade Dias, Maria da Conceição Quirino Dos Santos, Rita Narriman Silva de Oliveira Boery, Ninalva de Andrade Santos, Felipe Eduardo Ferreira Marta,

OBJECTIVE:To report the educational experience with pregnant women considering the recovery of collective memory inherited from the care for the umbilical cord stump provided by grandmothers. METHOD:This case study was based on collective memory and resulted from a workshop with 20 pregnant women from a Basic Health Unit in a ... Read more >>

Rev Bras Enferm (Revista brasileira de enfermagem)
[2019, 72(suppl 3):360-364]

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The Use of Alcohol versus Dry Care for the Umbilical Cord in Newborns: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized and Non-randomized Studies.

Hassan Al-Shehri,

Inadequate cord care in neonates is an important modifiable risk factor of cord stump infection, sepsis, and neonatal death, particularly in countries with limited resources. Dry cord care and alcohol 70% are commonly used in multiple developing countries. There is a need to investigate the efficacy and safety of both ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2019, 11(7):e5103]

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591. Mupirocin and Chlorhexidine Resistance in Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Children in South Korea.

Bi Na Kim, Hyun Mi Kang, Sun Hee Park, Joonhong Park, Jin Han Kang, Jong-Hyun Kim,

AbstractBackgroundIncreasing prevalence of mupirocin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus have been reported, and chlorhexidine resistance has become an issue. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of mupirocin and chlorhexidine resistance in both colonized and infection causing Staphylococcus aureus in children, and find factors associated with increased virulence.MethodsStaphylococcus aureus, isolated from children <18 ... Read more >>

Open Forum Infect Dis (Open forum infectious diseases)
[2019, 6(Suppl 2):S279-S279]

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Successful umbilical cord blood transplantation in children with leukocyte adhesion deficiency type I.

Xiaowen Qian, Ping Wang, Hongsheng Wang, Wenjin Jiang, Jinqiao Sun, Xiaochuan Wang, Xiaowen Zhai,

Background:This study aims to investigate the efficacy and safety of umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) without serotherapy for treating children with leukocyte adhesion deficiency type I (LAD-I). Methods:Clinical characteristics and data of five children with LAD-I who underwent UCBT at our hospital between September 2016 and September 2018 were retrospectively ... Read more >>

Transl Pediatr (Translational pediatrics)
[2020, 9(1):34-42]

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Otherwise Healthy 15-Month-Old With Rapid-Onset Soft Tissue Swelling.

Julie Jelaine Anderson, Pablo Avendano, Rahul Kaila,

Necrotizing soft tissue infections are a serious medical emergency that involve necrosis within the soft tissue space including the dermis, subcutaneous tissue, superficial fascia, deep fascia, and muscle. Inciting factors include recent varicella infection, omphalitis, trauma, intramuscular injections, perianal trauma, and surgery. Unlike adult cases, children presenting with necrotizing soft ... Read more >>

Pediatr Emerg Care (Pediatric emergency care)
[2019, 35(8):e138-e140]

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Dry care versus chlorhexidine cord care for prevention of omphalitis. Systematic review with meta-analysis.

María Dolores López-Medina, Manuel Linares-Abad, Ana Belén López-Araque, Isabel María López-Medina,

ABSTRACTObjective:to compare the effect of dry care and the application of chlorhexidine to the umbilical cord of newborns at risk of developing omphalitis. Method:systematic review with meta-analysis. Clinical trials comparing dry care with the application of clorexidine to evaluate omphalitis were selected. Methodological quality was evaluated using the . Results:the ... Read more >>

Rev Lat Am Enfermagem (Revista latino-americana de enfermagem)
[2019, 27:]

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Effect of an integrated neonatal care kit on neonatal health outcomes: a cluster randomised controlled trial in rural Pakistan.

Lisa G Pell, Ali Turab, Diego G Bassani, Joy Shi, Sajid Soofi, Masawar Hussain, Shabina Ariff, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Shaun K Morris,

Introduction:In 2016, 2.6 million children died during their first month of life. We assessed the effectiveness of an integrated neonatal care kit (iNCK) on neonatal survival and other health outcomes in rural Pakistan. Methods:We conducted a community-based, cluster randomised, pragmatic, open-label, controlled intervention trial in Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab, Pakistan. ... Read more >>

BMJ Glob Health (BMJ global health)
[2019, 4(3):e001393]

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Comparative analysis of hatcheries contribution to poor development of day-old chicks based on biological and immunological performance.

P P Yeboah, L A Konadu, J A Hamidu, E A Poku, D Wakpal, P Y Kudaya, A Dey, S M Siddiq,

Background and Aim:The quality of day-old chicks is a cornerstone to successful poultry production. Chicks with a poor quality start slowly in the field and may have high feed intake, poor growth rate, and poor feed conversion ratio. The current study aimed to assess chick quality challenges encountered from day-old ... Read more >>

Vet World (Veterinary World)
[2019, 12(11):1849-1857]

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Variceal bleeding due to idiopathic portal vein thrombosis in a 15-year-old boy.

Dario Dilber, Dubravko Habek, Zlatko Hrgović, Jasna Čerkez Habek, Marina Gradišer,

Portal vein thrombosis is an important cause of portal hypertension in the pediatric population. It is a rare and potentially fatal condition with diverse underlying pathology. A successfully managed case, without an identified etiology, is reported herein. ... Read more >>

Clin Case Rep (Clinical case reports)
[2019, 7(8):1612-1614]

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An infected urachal cyst presenting as acute abdominal pain in a child: A case report.

I-Shan Tsai, Lung-Huang Lin, Shih-Pin Hung,

INTRODUCTION:Urachal cyst is an exceptionally rare disease in children caused by the incomplete obliteration of the urachal remnant. Urachal cysts seldom cause symptoms unless a secondary infection occurs. The symptoms of an infected urachal cyst are nonspecific and may be similar to acute appendicitis or other acute abdominal conditions. However, ... Read more >>

Medicine (Baltimore) (Medicine)
[2020, 99(5):e18884]

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Eliminating Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus and Promoting Clean Delivery Practices Through Disposable Clean Birth Kits.

Syed Ahsan Raza, Bilal Iqbal Avan,

Front Public Health (Frontiers in public health)
[2019, 7:339]

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Antimicrobial Resistance and Potential Pathogenicity of Escherichia coli Isolates from Healthy Broilers in Québec, Canada.

Passoret Vounba, Julie Arsenault, Rianatou Bada-Alambédji, John Morris Fairbrother,

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health issue, particularly when it affects critically important antimicrobials such as third-generation cephalosporins (3GC). The objective of this study was to characterize Escherichia coli isolates from healthy chickens in Québec in farms where ceftiofur has been administered to chickens in ovo over a long ... Read more >>

Microb. Drug Resist. (Microbial drug resistance (Larchmont, N.Y.))
[2019, 25(7):1111-1121]

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Eosinophilic cystitis caused by Candida glabrata: A case report.

David T Duong, Harris S Goodman,

Eosinophilic cystitis is a rare disease of the bladder, for which there is no clear cause or standard treatment. We report the case of a 61 year old man who presented with irritative voiding symptoms and gross hematuria. Cystoscopy showed diffuse urothelial erythema and a posterior bladder wall ulcer. Bladder ... Read more >>

Urol Case Rep (Urology case reports)
[2019, 26:100970]

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Omphalitis, urachocystitis and septicemia by Streptococcus dysgalactiae in a southern right whale calf Eubalaena australis, Brazil.

Matheus V Bianchi, Luiza P Ehlers, Thainã P Vargas, Bruna C Lopes, Paula A Taunde, Bianca S de Cecco, Luan C Henker, Andréia Vielmo, Marina P Lorenzett, Camila I Riboldi, Cassiane E Lopes, Derek B de Amorim, Josué Diaz-Delgado, Gustavo G M Snel, Franciele M Siqueira, Luciana Sonne,

Southern right whales Eubalaena australis (SRW) use the southern coast of Brazil as a wintering and calving ground. Other than anthropogenic threats, there is limited knowledge on health and disease aspects for this species. We report the gross and microscopic findings and microbiological identification of streptococcal septicemia in a SRW ... Read more >>

Dis. Aquat. Org. (Diseases of aquatic organisms)
[2018, 131(3):227-232]

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Correlation of Hepatic Artery Resistive Index with Portal Pressure and Serum Nitric Oxide Levels in Patients with Extrahepatic Portal Vein Obstruction.

Abhishek Gupta, Veereshwar Bhatnagar, Anjan Kumar Dhua, Manisha Jana, Archana Singh, Rohan Malik,

Aim:The aim was to study the correlation of hepatic artery resistive index (HARI) with the portal pressure (PP) and its surrogate marker serum nitric oxide (NO) levels and to determine the validity of HARI as noninvasive indirect marker of PP in extrahepatic portal venous obstruction (EHPVO) pre- and postoperatively. Methods:A ... Read more >>

J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg (Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
[2020, 25(1):38-42]

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Investigation of haptoglobin, serum amyloid A, and some biochemical parameters in calves with omphalitis.

K Bozukluhan, O Merhan, M Ogun, B Kurt, M Cihan, E E Erkilic, G Gokce, U Aydin, A Ozcan,

<label>Aim</label>In this study, it was aimed to determine the concentration of some important acute phase proteins (APPs) and some biochemical parameters pre-operative and post-operative in calves with omphalitis.<label>Materials and Methods</label>A total of 20 calves were used in the study and they consist of 10 clinically healthy calves that were used ... Read more >>

Vet World (Veterinary world)
[2018, 11(8):1055-1058]

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Systematic Review of the Effect of Topical Application of Human Breast Milk on Early Umbilical Cord Separation.

Angela Hui Ping Kirk, Jinling Yang, Woei Chyi Sim, Lydia Yi Xin Chia, Ying Lau,

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the efficacy of topical application of human breast milk to reduce umbilical cord separation time. DATA SOURCES:We used a three-step search strategy. First, we searched six electronic databases from inception through July 16, 2018: PubMed, Cochrane, CINAHL, Embase, Scopus, and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global. We used the ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs (Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN)
[2019, 48(2):121-130]

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Can community health workers identify omphalitis? A validation study from Southern Province, Zambia.

Julie M Herlihy, Sara Gille, Caroline Grogan, Lauren Bobay, Kelvin Simpamba, Bashagaluke Akonkwa, Tina Chisenga, Davidson H Hamer, Katherine Semrau,

OBJECTIVE:Omphalitis, or umbilical cord infection, is an important cause of newborn morbidity and mortality in low-resource settings. We tested an algorithm that task-shifts omphalitis diagnosis to community-level workers in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS:Community-based field monitors and Zambian paediatricians independently evaluated newborns presenting to health facilities in Southern Zambia using a signs ... Read more >>

Trop. Med. Int. Health (Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH)
[2018, 23(7):806-813]

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Phenotypic and genetic differences among group B Streptococcus recovered from neonates and pregnant women in Shenzhen, China: 8-year study.

Benqing Wu, Jinzhen Su, Li Li, Weiyuan Wu, Jingsong Wu, Yuemei Lu, Wenqing Li, Jin'e Cheng, Xunhong Liang,

BACKGROUND:Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of early-onset disease (EOD) and late-onset disease (LOD) in infants. We sought to investigate the antibiotic susceptibility profiles, resistance genes, virulence-related genes, serotype distribution and genotypic characteristics of GBS recovered from infected or colonized neonates and pregnant women in a tertiary teaching ... Read more >>

BMC Microbiol. (BMC microbiology)
[2019, 19(1):185]

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Effect of chlorhexidine cord application on prevention of neonatal sepsis in developing countries: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Tilayie Feto Gelano, Yadeta Dassie Bacha, Degu Abate,

Objective:The aim of this review was to identify the pooled effect of chlorhexidine cord application on prevention of neonatal sepsis in developing countries. Methods:We have conducted systemic review and meta-analysis. Articles were searched from electronic databases such as PubMed, EMBASE, CINHAL, Cochrane central register of controlled trials (CENTRAL), and other ... Read more >>

Int J Health Sci (Qassim) (International journal of health sciences)
[2019, 13(1):40-51]

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In Ovo Administration of Innate Immune Stimulants and Protection from Early Chick Mortalities due to Yolk Sac Infection.

Brenda Allan, Colette Wheler, Wolfgang Köster, Mishal Sarfraz, Andy Potter, Volker Gerdts, Arshud Dar,

Omphalitis or yolk sac infection (YSI) and colibacillosis are the most common infectious diseases that lead to high rates of early chick mortalities (ECMs) in young chicks. Out of numerous microbial causes, avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) or extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli infections are considered the most common cause of ... Read more >>

Avian Dis. (Avian diseases)
[2018, 62(3):316-321]

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