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Satisfaction of young ENT surgeons with their work. A Finnish national study.

Elina Penttilä, Samuli Hannula, Jura Numminen, Heikki Irjala, Tuomas Selander, Piitu Parmanne, Antti Mäkitie,

The objective was to investigate work satisfaction among recently graduated otorhinolaryngologist - head and neck surgeons - (ENT surgeons). An electronic questionnaire was sent to all ENT surgeons graduated in Finland during a ten-year period. Answers about work satisfaction were analyzed in detail with regards to age, gender, university of ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2021, 80(1):1925445]

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Do wine experts share the same mental representation? A drawing elicitation study with wine makers, sellers, and critics

M Otheguy, C Honoré-Chedozeau, D Valentin,

Wine experts’ mental representations have often been studied by comparing experts and novices without differentiating between the types of experts. Yet, it seemed that experts developed skills through their training and practice, and thus may have different wine representations. The first objective of this study was to examine the effect ... Read more >>

(Food quality and preference.)
[2021, 94:Not Available]

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Indigenous women's reproductive health in the Arctic zone of Western Siberia: challenges and solutions.

Elena Bogdanova, Sergei Andronov, Andrey Lobanov, Ruslan Kochkin, Andrei Popov, Ildiko Asztalos Morell, JonØyvind Odland,

In the Russian Arctic, alarming trends (shortage of nomadic Indigenous women, high reproductive loss, child mortality rates) indicate long-term changes towards demographic decline. This study aimed at comparing some indicators of the reproductive health (childbirth rates, number of pregnancies, pregnancy loss) of Indigenous and non-Indigenous women in the exploration of ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2021, 80(1):1855913]

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Feasibility assessment of an occupational therapy lifestyle intervention added to multidisciplinary chronic pain treatment at a Danish pain centre: a qualitative evaluation from the perspectives of patients and clinicians.

Svetlana Solgaard Nielsen, Jeanette Reffstrup Christensen, Jens Søndergaard, Vicki Oldenschläger Mogensen, Anette Enemark Larsen, Søren T Skou, Charlotte Simonÿ,

<b>Purpose:</b> As part of intervention feasibility evaluation before conducting a clinical trial, this study aimed to investigate perspectives of patients and clinicians involved in the occupational therapy lifestyle-oriented programme REVEAL(OT) [Redesign your EVEveryday Activities and Lifestyle with Occupational Therapy] which was added to multidisciplinary chronic pain treatment.<b>Methods:</b> We conducted three ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2021, 16(1):1949900]

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Co-developing an integrated primary care workforce planning approach at a regional level: overarching framework and guiding principles.

Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Caroline Chamberland-Rowe, Sarah Simkin,

Health workforce planning provides a crucial evidence-base for decision-makers in the development and deployment of a fit-for-purpose workforce. Although less common, health workforce planning at the regional level helps to ground planning in the unique realities of local health systems. This commentary provides an overview of the process by which ... Read more >>

Hum Resour Health (Human resources for health)
[2021, 19(1):87]

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What Do Public Health Graduates Do and Where Do They Go? An Analysis of Job Destinations and Mismatch in Australian Public Health Graduates.

Rory David Watts, Devin C Bowles, Colleen Fisher, Ian W Li,

<h4>Background</h4>It is not well understood what occupations public health graduates have after graduation, nor is it well known whether their education provides them with the relevant knowledge and skills to feel well matched to their occupations. Furthermore, it is commonly presumed that public health graduates work in government, and investments ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2021, 18(14):]

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Development of a Data Visualization Tool for Occupational Exposure to Chemicals of Concern for Breast Cancer Among California Working Women, 2010-2014.

Stella Beckman, Elana Silver, Justine L Weinberg, Susan Hurley, Matt Frederick, Jacqueline Chan, Peggy Reynolds, Robert Harrison,

We identified the occupations that employ California women and a list of chemicals of concern for breast cancer. We evaluated the likelihood of on-the-job exposure to the categories of chemicals by occupation among formally and informally employed women. We selected 145 occupations representing more than 6.6 million women (85% of ... Read more >>

New Solut (New solutions : a journal of environmental and occupational health policy : NS)
[2021, :10482911211032971]

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HIV/AIDS treatment funding system to support the people affected by HIV/AIDS in Surakarta, Indonesia.

Argyo Demartoto, Bhisma Murti, Siti Zunariyah,

People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA's) quality of life (QoL) is determined by the lifetime treatment sustainability. Republic of Indonesia Minister of Health's Decree Number 328 of 2003 stated that government subsidies the PLWHA's medication and treatment, despite not covering entire medication and treatment cost. The objective of research was to ... Read more >>

SAHARA J (SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance)
[2021, 18(1):1-16]

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An integrated primary care workforce planning toolkit at the regional level (part 2): quantitative tools compiled for decision-makers in Toronto, Canada.

Sarah Simkin, Caroline Chamberland-Rowe, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault,

<h4>Background</h4>Health workforce planning capability at a regional level is increasingly necessary to ensure that the healthcare needs of defined local populations can be met by the health workforce. In 2016, a regional health authority in Toronto, Canada, identified a need for more robust health workforce planning infrastructure and processes. The ... Read more >>

Hum Resour Health (Human resources for health)
[2021, 19(1):86]

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An integrated primary care workforce planning toolkit at the regional level (part 1): qualitative tools compiled for decision-makers in Toronto, Canada.

Caroline Chamberland-Rowe, Sarah Simkin, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault,

<h4>Background</h4>A regional health authority in Toronto, Canada, identified health workforce planning as an essential input to the implementation of their comprehensive Primary Care Strategy. The goal of this project was to develop an evidence-informed toolkit for integrated, multi-professional, needs-based primary care workforce planning for the region. This article presents the ... Read more >>

Hum Resour Health (Human resources for health)
[2021, 19(1):85]

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Socioeconomic Health Inequalities in Adolescent Metabolic Syndrome and Depression: No Mediation by Parental Depression and Parenting Style.

Alexander Lepe, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Josué Almansa, Andrea F de Winter, Marlou L A de Kroon,

We assessed to what extent parental depression and parenting style mediate the relationships between different measures of parental socioeconomic status (SES) and both depression and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in adolescents, and whether sex moderates these mechanisms. Data were from the prospective multigenerational Dutch Lifelines Cohort Study. Our sample consisted of ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2021, 18(14):]

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The use of paracetamol for first-line treatment of acute sore throat. A descriptive generic qualitative study of GPs and patients.

Kimberley De Vocht, Tycho Debie, Hilde Bastiaens, Sibyl Anthierens,

<h4>Background</h4>Paracetamol is recommended as first-line treatment for an acute sore throat. However, in primary care, antibiotics are still frequently prescribed as first-line management for sore throat.<h4>Objectives</h4>We aimed to explore the views and experiences of general practitioners (GPs) and patients regarding paracetamol for sore throat to understand why guidelines are often ... Read more >>

Eur J Gen Pract (The European journal of general practice)
[2021, 27(1):60-67]

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Italian Workers at Risk During the COVID-19 Epidemic

Teresa Barbieri, Gaetano Basso, Sergio Scicchitano,

We analyze the task-content of occupations operating in about 600 sectors of the economy with a focus on the dimensions that expose workers to contagion risks during the COVID-19 epidemic. We do so in the Italian context, leveraging extremely detailed and granular information from ICP, the Italian equivalent of O*Net ... Read more >>

(Italian Economic Journal)
[2021, :1-21]

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Deep-learning framework and computer assisted fatty infiltration analysis for the supraspinatus muscle in MRI.

Kyunghan Ro, Joo Young Kim, Heeseol Park, Baek Hwan Cho, In Young Kim, Seung Bo Shim, In Young Choi, Jae Chul Yoo,

Occupation ratio and fatty infiltration are important parameters for evaluating patients with rotator cuff tears. We analyzed the occupation ratio using a deep-learning framework and studied the fatty infiltration of the supraspinatus muscle using an automated region-based Otsu thresholding technique. To calculate the amount of fatty infiltration of the supraspinatus ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2021, 11(1):15065]

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A Population-Based Feasibility Study of Occupation and Thoracic Malignancies in New Mexico.

Claire R Pestak, Tawny W Boyce, Orrin B Myers, L Olivia Hopkins', Charles L Wiggins, Bruce R Wissore, Akshay Sood, Linda S Cook,

<h4>Background</h4>Occupational exposures in mining and oil/gas extraction are known risk factors for thoracic malignancies (TMs). Given the relatively high proportion of these industries in New Mexico (NM), we conducted a feasibility study of adult lifetime occupational history among TM cases. We hypothesized a higher proportion of occupational TM in NM ... Read more >>

Southwest J Pulm Crit Care (Southwest journal of pulmonary & critical care)
[2021, 22(1):23-25]

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Chronic bronchitis and emphysema among workers exposed to dust, vapors, or fumes by industry and occupation.

Brent Doney, Laura Kurth, Girija Syamlal,

Exposures to dust, vapors, or fumes (DVF) are associated with chronic bronchitis (CB) and emphysema. The 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data were used to estimate age-standardized prevalence of CB and emphysema among ever-employed adults by exposure status and industry and occupation groups. Age-standardized CB and emphysema prevalence ... Read more >>

Arch Environ Occup Health (Archives of environmental & occupational health)
[2021, :1-5]

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Who are the essential and frontline workers?

Francine D Blau, Josefine Koebe, Pamela A Meyerhofer,

Identifying essential and frontline workers and understanding their characteristics is useful for policymakers and researchers in targeting social insurance and safety net policies in response to the COVID-19 crisis and allocating scarce resources like personal protective equipment (PPE) and vaccines. We develop a working definition and provide data on the ... Read more >>

Bus Econ (Business economics (Cleveland, Ohio))
[2021, :1-11]

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Understanding factors relevant to poor sleep and coping methods in people with schizophrenia.

Yen-Ching Chang, Megan C Chang, Yun-Jou Chang, Ming-De Chen,

<h4>Background</h4>Sleep disruption is pervasive in people with schizophrenia, but few studies have explored their sleep experiences. This study aims to identify factors relevant to sleep problems and explore coping methods used by community-dwelling people with schizophrenia.<h4>Methods</h4>Eighteen participants with schizophrenia were recruited from three mental health centers in Taiwan. They completed ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):373]

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Variation in Employment in Healthcare Occupations and County-Level Differences in COVID-19 Cases in the United States of America.

Dong Le, Devan Hawkins,

<h4>Objective</h4>To study how county-level differences in employment in healthcare occupations contributes to county-level differences in COVID-19 cases.<h4>Method</h4>The number of active COVID-19 cases were gathered from the Johns Hopkins University Coronavirus Resource Center weekly between April 22, 2020 and July 1, 2020. Data for the number of workers employed in healthcare ... Read more >>

J Occup Environ Med (Journal of occupational and environmental medicine)
[2021, 63(7):629-631]

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Exploring the occupational lives of Syrians under temporary protection in Turkey.

Onur Altuntaş, Vecihe Azizoğlu, Jane A Davis,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Persons who become displaced due to situations such as war and natural disasters face extreme challenges in maintaining their occupational repertoires. This study aimed to explore the occupational lives of Syrians under temporary protection in Turkey.<h4>Methods</h4>This mixed method study used a cross-sectional design with a predominantly qualitative focus. Syrians living ... Read more >>

Aust Occup Ther J (Australian occupational therapy journal)
[2021, :]

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Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Properties of the Spanish Version of the Occupational Balance Questionnaire: An Instrument for Occupation-Based Research.

Paula Peral-Gómez, Sofía López-Roig, María Ángeles Pastor-Mira, Ester Abad-Navarro, Desirée Valera-Gran, Carita Håkansson, Petra Wagman,

Occupational balance (OB) may be a major determinant of health outcomes due to its role in bringing a sense of purpose in the occupations that are personally experienced as a process of getting health and wellness. The Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) is a reliable instrument for measuring OB, although it ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2021, 18(14):]

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Mortality rates and cardiovascular disease burden in type 2 diabetes by occupation, results from all Swedish employees in 2002-2015.

Sofia Carlsson, Tomas Andersson, Mats Talbäck, Maria Feychting,

<h4>Objective</h4>To identify occupations where employees with type 2 diabetes have a high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality, and their prevalence of CVD risk factors. This study can contribute in the creation of targeted interventions at the workplace.<h4>Research design and methods</h4>This nationwide registry-based study included all employees with type ... Read more >>

Cardiovasc Diabetol (Cardiovascular diabetology)
[2021, 20(1):129]

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COVID-19 and the Gender Employment Gap among Parents of Young Children

Yue Qian, Sylvia Fuller,

Working life in Canada has changed dramatically during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using Labour Force Survey data, we show that gender employment gaps among parents of young children widened considerably between February and May 2020, net of differences in job and personal characteristics. Gender gaps grew more for parents of elementary ... Read more >>

Can Public Policy (Canadian public policy. Analyse de politiques)
[0, 46(Suppl 2):S89-S101]

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Factors Associated with Mental Health Outcomes: Results from a Tertiary Referral Hospital in Lebanon during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Fatima Msheik El Khoury, Farid Talih, Mohamad F El Khatib, Nadine Abi Younes, Midhat Siddik, Sahar Siddik-Sayyid,

Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) has caused global mental health impacts, and healthcare workers (HCWs) face an increased risk of exposure to the disease when compared to the general population. This study aimed to assess factors associated with mental health among Lebanese HCWs six months after the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. ... Read more >>

Libyan J Med (The Libyan journal of medicine)
[2021, 16(1):1901438]

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Occupation and subcategories of asthma: a population-based incident case-control study.

Maritta S Jaakkola, Taina K Lajunen, Behzad Heibati, Ying-Chuan Wang, Ching-Huang Lai, Jouni J K Jaakkola,

<h4>Background</h4>We hypothesised that occupational exposures differently affect subtypes of adult-onset asthma.<h4>Objective</h4>We investigated potential relations between occupation and three subtypes of adult asthma, namely atopic asthma, non-atopic asthma and asthma-COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS).<h4>Methods</h4>This is a population-based case-control study of incident asthma among working-age adults living in Pirkanmaa Hospital District in Southern ... Read more >>

Occup Environ Med (Occupational and environmental medicine)
[2021, :]

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