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Nutritional Requirements of Adults Before Transplantation

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Overview of nutritional approach in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: COVID-19 update

Gamze Akbulut, Ozge Yesildemir,

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by the newly discovered SARS-CoV-2. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a high-risk procedure. The novelty of COVID-19 has created more uncertainty during all phases of HSCT. It is thought that HSCT patients taking immunosuppressive agents are more likely to contract COVID-19 than ... Read more >>

World J Stem Cells (World journal of stem cells)
[2021, 13(10):1530-1548]

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Current Guidelines and Future Strategies for the Management of Cow's Milk Allergy.

Yvan Vandenplas, Helen A Brough, Alessandro Fiocchi, Mohamad Miqdady, Zakiudin Munasir, Silvia Salvatore, Nikhil Thapar, Carina Venter, Mario C Vieira, Rosan Meyer,

<h4>Abstract</h4>Exclusive breast feeding is recommended in all guidelines as the first choice feeding. Cow milk allergy (CMA) can be diagnosed by a diagnostic elimination diet for 2 to 4 weeks with a hypo-allergenic formula, followed by a challenge test with intact cow milk protein. The most often used hypo-allergenic formula ... Read more >>

J Asthma Allergy (Journal of asthma and allergy)
[2021, 14:1243-1256]

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Incidence and Outcome of Acute Kidney Injury in Patients Hospitalized With Coronavirus Disease-19 at a Tertiary Care Medical Center in Saudi Arabia

Mahfooz A Farooqui, Alwaleed Almegren, Sattam R Binrushud, Faisal A Alnuwaiser, Nasser M Almegren, Nawaf A Alhamied, Eissa A Aloraifi, Abdullah M Alothman, Moath A Aldafas, Husam I Ardah, Fayez F Alhejaili,

Introduction The systemic acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has been associated with acute kidney injury (AKI). We retrospectively studied the incidence and outcome of AKI in patients hospitalized with COVID-19 at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC) Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted after ethical approval ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[0, 13(10):]

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Effects of fasting on solid organ transplant recipients during Ramadan - a practical guide for healthcare professionals.

Shafi Malik, Rizwan Hamer, Shazia Shabir, Sajeda Youssouf, Mohamed Morsy, Rafaqat Rashid, Salman Waqar, Nazim Ghouri,

Fasting in the month of Ramadan is an obligatory act for healthy adult Muslims. It requires abstinence from food and drink from dawn to sunset. Although there are exemptions from fasting, many patients are keen to fulfil what they see as a religious obligation, even if this may be against ... Read more >>

Clin Med (Lond) (Clinical medicine (London, England))
[2021, 21(5):e492-e498]

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Malnutrition in Pediatric Chronic Cholestatic Disease: An Up-to-Date Overview.

Maria Tessitore, Eduardo Sorrentino, Giuseppe Schiano Di Cola, Angelo Colucci, Pietro Vajro, Claudia Mandato,

Despite recent advances, the causes of and effective therapies for pediatric chronic cholestatic diseases remain elusive, and many patients progress to liver failure and need liver transplantation. Malnutrition is a common complication in these patients and is a well-recognized, tremendous challenge for the clinician. We undertook a narrative review of ... Read more >>

Nutrients (Nutrients)
[2021, 13(8):]

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Multidisciplinarity in Transition Pathways for Patients With Kidney Disease: The Current State of Play.

Dorella Scarponi, Viviana Cammaroto, Andrea Pasini, Claudio La Scola, Francesca Mencarelli, Cristina Bertulli, Marco Busutti, Gaetano La Manna, Andrea Pession,

In the field of medical care, successful transition from pediatric-centered to adult-oriented healthcare can provide a sense of continuity in the development of youth, and prepare them to accept responsibility for and manage their own chronic kidney condition in complete autonomy. The so-called transition process requires the presence of some ... Read more >>

Front Pediatr (Frontiers in pediatrics)
[2021, 9:689758]

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SHORT-TERM EFFECT OF WHEY PROTEIN SUPPLEMENTATION ON THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF PATIENTS WAITING FOR LIVER TRANSPLANTATION: A DOUBLE BLINDED RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL.

Michelle Carvalho de Oliveira D'Alessandro, Amanda Dias Gomes, Jéssica França Morais, Yani Glaúcia Gomide Mizubuti, Thales Antônio da Silva, Silvia Mauricio Fernandes, Larissa Loures Mendes, Maria Isabel Toulson Davisson Correia, Simone de Vasconcelos Generoso,

<h4>Background</h4>Chronic liver disease is associated with malnutrition that negatively impacts a patient's health-related quality of life (HRQoL).<h4>Aim</h4>To evaluate the short-term effect of whey protein supplementation on the HRQoL and nutritional and functional status of patients waiting for liver transplantation.<h4>Methods</h4>This was a double-blind randomized clinical trial with patients waiting for liver ... Read more >>

Arq Bras Cir Dig (Arquivos brasileiros de cirurgia digestiva : ABCD = Brazilian archives of digestive surgery)
[2021, 34(2):e1596]

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188: Cystic fibrosis kidney stone disease in the era of CFTR modulator use and the COVID-19 pandemic

S. Romano, T. Frantzen, G. LaVecchia, J. Wang,

J Cyst Fibros (Journal of cystic fibrosis : official journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society)
[2021, 20:S92-S93]

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Optimizing Diet to Slow CKD Progression.

Pablo Molina, Eva Gavela, Belén Vizcaíno, Emma Huarte, Juan Jesús Carrero,

Due to the unique role of the kidney in the metabolism of nutrients, patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) lose the ability to excrete solutes and maintain homeostasis. Nutrient intake modifications and monitoring of nutritional status in this population becomes critical, since it can affect important health outcomes, including progression ... Read more >>

Front Med (Lausanne) (Frontiers in medicine)
[2021, 8:654250]

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A Rare Presentation of Ileocecal Mucormycosis in a Heart Transplant Recipient

Sook Hoang, Michael Sestito,

ABSTRACT Mucorales is an order of angioinvasive fungi that classically infects immunocompromised patients. As an aerogenous pathogen, it most frequently causes disease of the lungs and paranasal sinuses. Gastrointestinal mucormycosis represents a particularly rare site of infection. This case report describes the complicated presentation of ileocecal mucormycosis in an immunocompromised ... Read more >>

ACG Case Rep J (ACG case reports journal)
[2021, 8(11):]

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Acute Liver Injury Among Pediatric Liver Transplantation Recipients With Coronavirus Disease 2019: An International Collaborative Study.

Priscila Sin, Luis Antonio Díaz, Mercedes Martínez, Cecilia Vizcaya, Daniel D'Agostino, Juan Cristóbal Gana,

<h4>Abstract</h4>Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an ongoing pandemic. The occurrence of acute liver injury (ALI) has been reported in liver transplant (LT) recipients; however, the findings on children remain controversial. This is the first extensive, worldwide report on the impact of COVID-19 on pediatric LT recipients. Our online survey reported ... Read more >>

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr (Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition)
[2021, 73(3):391-394]

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The Effects of Treatment with Blood Transfusion, Iron Chelation and Hydroxyurea on Puberty, Growth and Spermatogenesis in Sickle Cell Disease (SCD): A short update.

Ashraf T Soliman, Nada Alaaraj, Mohamed Yassin,

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is traditionally associated with growth failure and delayed puberty. Wasting and stunting are still prevalent in children and adolescents with SCD, especially in developing countries. In addition, sperm abnormalities are frequent in males with SCD, with high rates of low sperm density, low sperm counts, poor ... Read more >>

Acta Biomed (Acta bio-medica : Atenei Parmensis)
[2021, 92(4):e2021386]

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Growth in children on kidney replacement therapy: a review of data from patient registries.

Marjolein Bonthuis, Jérôme Harambat, Kitty J Jager, Enrico Vidal,

Growth retardation is a major complication in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and on kidney replacement therapy (KRT). Conversely, better growth in childhood CKD is associated with an improvement in several hard morbidity-mortality endpoints. Data from pediatric international registries has demonstrated that improvements in the overall conservative management of ... Read more >>

Pediatr Nephrol (Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany))
[2021, 36(8):2563-2574]

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Prognostic Role of Serum Albumin Level in Patients with Lymphoma Undergoing Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation.

Chengxin Luo, Qingrong Li, Xi Li, Guixian Wu, Xiangtao Huang, Yali Zhang, Yanni Ma, Mingling Xie, Yanni Sun, Yarui Huang, Zhen Huang, Shuangnian Xu, Jieping Chen,

BACKGROUND High-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (HDT/ASCT) plays a crucial role in the therapy of patients with lymphoma. This retrospective study aimed to analyze prognostic factors in patients undergoing HDT/ASCT for lymphoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS We included patients with lymphoma who underwent HDT/ASCT at our center. Time-to-event ... Read more >>

Ann Transplant (Annals of transplantation)
[2021, 26:e933365]

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Successful Treatment of Life-Threatening COVID-19 Infection in a Face Transplant Recipient.

Demetrius M Coombs, Grzegorz J Kwiecien, Christine Koval, Bijan Eghtesad, Francis A Papay, Maria Siemionow, Brian R Gastman,

<h4>Abstract</h4>Recent literature suggests that severe COVID-19 is associated with an exaggerated immune response during viral infection, resulting in cytokine storm. Although elevated plasma interleukin 6 (IL-6) has been reported in severe COVID-19 infections, and treatment with anti-IL-6 (tocilizumab) has demonstrated promising outcomes both domestically and abroad, reports remain limited and ... Read more >>

Ann Plast Surg (Annals of plastic surgery)
[2021, 87(1):105-106]

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N-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Their Lipid Mediators as A Potential Immune-Nutritional Intervention: A Molecular and Clinical View in Hepatic Disease and Other Non-Communicable Illnesses.

Francisca Herrera Vielma, Rodrigo Valenzuela, Luis A Videla, Jessica Zúñiga-Hernández,

In recent years, the beneficial effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) intake on human health has been widely accepted in the field of immunonutrition. Today, we find a diversity of supplements based on n-3 PUFAs and/or minerals, vitamins and other substances. The main objective of this review is ... Read more >>

Nutrients (Nutrients)
[2021, 13(10):]

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New onset diabetes mellitus after liver transplantation

Benedict Maliakkal, Sanjaya K. Satapathy,

(Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition)
[2021, 10(5):724-727]

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Burn Center Organization and Cellular Therapy Integration: Managing Risks and Costs.

Michèle Chemali, Alexis Laurent, Corinne Scaletta, Laurent Waselle, Jeanne-Pascale Simon, Murielle Michetti, Jean-François Brunet, Marjorie Flahaut, Nathalie Hirt-Burri, Wassim Raffoul, Lee Ann Applegate, Anthony S de Buys Roessingh, Philippe Abdel-Sayed,

The complex management of severe burn victims requires an integrative collaboration of multidisciplinary specialists in order to ensure quality and excellence in healthcare. This multidisciplinary care has quickly led to the integration of cell therapies in clinical care of burn patients. Specific advances in cellular therapy together with medical care ... Read more >>

J Burn Care Res (Journal of burn care & research : official publication of the American Burn Association)
[2021, 42(5):911-924]

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Risk Factors for Gut Dysbiosis in Early Life.

Kimberley Parkin, Claus T Christophersen, Valerie Verhasselt, Matthew N Cooper, David Martino,

Dysbiosis refers to a reduction in microbial diversity, combined with a loss of beneficial taxa, and an increase in pathogenic microorganisms. Dysbiosis of the intestinal microbiota can have a substantial effect on the nervous and immune systems, contributing to the onset of several inflammatory diseases. Epidemiological studies provided insight in ... Read more >>

Microorganisms (Microorganisms)
[2021, 9(10):]

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Associations of creatinine/cystatin C ratio and postoperative pulmonary complications in elderly patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery: a retrospective study.

Hye Jin Kim, Hye-Bin Kim, Ha Yan Kim, Jae-Kwang Shim, Cheolhun Lee, Young-Lan Kwak,

Sarcopenia along with nutritional status are associated with postoperative pulmonary complications in various surgical fields. Recently, the creatinine/cystatin C ratio and CONtrolling NUTritional status score were introduced as biochemical indicators for sarcopenia and malnutrition, respectively. We aimed to investigate the associations among these indicators and postoperative pulmonary complications in elderly ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2021, 11(1):16881]

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Five Hundred Patients With Gut Malrotation: Thirty Years of Experience With the Introduction of a New Surgical Procedure.

Kareem Abu-Elmagd, George Mazariegos, Sherif Armanyous, Neha Parekh, Ayat ElSherif, Ajai Khanna, Beverly Kosmach-Park, Giuseppe D'Amico, Masato Fujiki, Mohammed Osman, Marissa Scalish, Amanda Pruchnicki, Elizabeth Newhouse, Ahmed A Abdelshafy, Erick Remer, Guilherme Costa, R Matthew Walsh,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Define clinical spectrum and long-term outcomes of gut malrotation. With new insights, an innovative procedure was introduced and predictive models were established.<h4>Methods</h4>Over 30-years, 500 patients were managed at 2 institutions. Of these, 274 (55%) were children at time of diagnosis. At referral, 204 (41%) patients suffered midgut-loss and the remaining ... Read more >>

Ann Surg (Annals of surgery)
[2021, 274(4):581-596]

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Pediatric non-cirrhotic portal hypertension: Endoscopic outcome and perspectives from developing nations

Moinak Sen Sarma, Jayendra Seetharaman,

Non-cirrhotic portal hypertension (NCPH) forms an important subset of portal hypertension in children. Variceal bleed and splenomegaly are their predominant presentation. Laboratory features show cytopenias (hypersplenism) and preserved hepatic synthetic functions. Repeated sessions of endoscopic variceal ligation or endoscopic sclerotherapy eradicate esophageal varices in almost all cases. After variceal eradication, ... Read more >>

World J Hepatol (World journal of hepatology)
[2021, 13(10):1269-1288]

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A Review of Four Practice Guidelines of Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Okelue E Okobi, Iboro O Udoete, Oyinlola O Fasehun, Tobechukwu Okobi, Endurance O Evbayekha, Joanna J Ekabua, Henry Elukeme, Imoh L Ebong, Olamide O Ajayi, Iyanu V Olateju, Anthonette Taiwo, Ifeoma C Anaya, Janet A Omole, Mireille B Nkongho, Ugochi Ojinnaka, Abimbola O Ajibowo, Omosefe E Ogbeifun, Osemwegie O Ugbo, Ovie Okorare, Zainab Akinsola, Rahman A Olusoji, Ijeoma O Amanze, Jane N Nwafor, Nnenna A Ukoha, Thomas A Elimihele,

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a term that encompasses conditions characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). It includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Major scientific organizations interested in gastrointestinal systems or GIT-focused organizations worldwide release guidelines for diagnosing, classifying, managing, and treating IBD. However, there are subtle ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2021, 13(8):e16859]

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Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation with right ventricular support in COVID-19 patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome

Antone J. Tatooles, Asif K. Mustafa, Devang J. Joshi, Pat S. Pappas,

JTCVS Open (JTCVS open)
[2021, :]

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Factors influencing the levothyroxine dose in the hormone replacement therapy of primary hypothyroidism in adults.

Philippe Caron, Solange Grunenwald, Luca Persani, Françoise Borson-Chazot, Remy Leroy, Leonidas Duntas,

Levothyroxine (LT4) is a safe, effective means of hormone replacement therapy for hypothyroidism. Here, we review the pharmaceutical, pathophysiological and behavioural factors influencing the absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of LT4. Any factor that alters the state of the epithelium in the stomach or small intestine will reduce and/or slow ... Read more >>

Rev Endocr Metab Disord (Reviews in endocrine & metabolic disorders)
[2021, :]

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