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Boosting proteolytic pathways as a treatment against glycation-derived damage in the brain?

Allen Taylor, Eloy Bejarano,

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2022, 17(2):320-322]

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Circulating white blood cells and lung function impairment: the observational studies and Mendelian randomization analysis.

Xiulong Wu, Chenming Wang, Hang Li, Hua Meng, Jiali Jie, Ming Fu, Yansen Bai, Guyanan Li, Wei Wei, Yue Feng, Mengying Li, Xin Guan, Meian He, Xiaomin Zhang, Huan Guo,

<h4>Background</h4>Circulating white blood cell (WBC) counts have been related to lung function impairment, but causal relationship was not established. We aimed to evaluate independent effects and causal relationships of WBC subtypes with lung function.<h4>Methods</h4>The 19,159 participants from NHANES 2011-2012 (<i>n</i> = 3570), coke-oven workers (COW, <i>n</i> = 1762) and Dongfeng-Tongji (DFTJ, <i>n</i> = 13,827) cohorts were ... Read more >>

Ann Med (Annals of medicine)
[2021, 53(1):1118-1128]

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The promise of neuroprotection by dietary restriction in glaucoma.

Rossella Russo, Carlo Nucci, Annagrazia Adornetto,

Glaucoma, a progressive age-related optic neuropathy characterized by the death of retinal ganglion cells, is the most common neurodegenerative cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. The therapeutic management of glaucoma, which is limited to lowering intraocular pressure, is still a challenge since visual loss progresses in a significant percentage of treated ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2022, 17(1):45-47]

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Association of the inflammatory potential of diet and lower urinary tract symptoms among men in the United States.

Xinyang Liao, Haiyang Bian, Xiaonan Zheng, Jianzhong Ai, Lu Yang, Liangren Liu, Shi Qiu, Qiang Wei,

<h4>Background</h4>Inflammation is crucial in the pathogenesis of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men. Diet modulates inflammation. Therefore, diet could be a modifiable factor in male LUTS prevention and treatment. We aimed to investigate the association between dietary inflammatory potential and male LUTS.<h4>Methods</h4>We used two cycles of National Health and ... Read more >>

Aging Male (The aging male : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male)
[2021, 24(1):72-79]

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Association between the liver fat score (LFS) and cardiovascular diseases in the national health and nutrition examination survey 1999-2016.

Chun-On Lee, Hang-Long Li, Man-Fung Tsoi, Ching-Lung Cheung, Bernard Man Yung Cheung,

<h4>Background</h4>The liver fat score (LFS) has been proposed to be a simple non-invasive marker of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is highly prevalent in the general population. We tested its association with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and prognosis.<h4>Methods</h4>17,244 adult participants from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2016 were ... Read more >>

Ann Med (Annals of medicine)
[2021, 53(1):1065-1073]

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Effects of low and high levels of maternal nutrition consumed for the entirety of gestation on the development of muscle, adipose tissue, bone, and the organs of Wagyu cattle fetuses.

Yi Zhang, Kounosuke Otomaru, Kazunaga Oshima, Yuji Goto, Ichiro Oshima, Susumu Muroya, Mitsue Sano, Rena Saneshima, Yukiko Nagao, Aoi Kinoshita, Yasuko Okamura, Sanggun Roh, Akira Ohtsuka, Takafumi Gotoh,

This study aimed to investigate the effects of high and low levels of energy intake during the entire gestation period on the skeletal muscle development, organ development, and adipose tissue accumulation in fetuses of Wagyu (Japanese Black) cows, a breed with highly marbled beef. Cows were allocated to a high-nutrition ... Read more >>

Anim Sci J (Animal science journal = Nihon chikusan Gakkaiho)
[2021, 92(1):e13600]

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Brief, effective experience to increase first-year medical students' nutrition awareness.

Mary Thoesen Coleman, Paula Rhode Brantley, Pamela Markiewicz Wiseman, M Robin English, Lauri Byerley,

<b>Background</b>: Wellness is an important concept for medical students to learn, both for their own health and for their patients. Since nutrition is an essential part of one's wellness that can positively or negatively impact one's health, it is important for medical students to learn approaches to nutritional wellness. Studies ... Read more >>

Med Educ Online (Medical education online)
[2021, 26(1):1896160]

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Phase angle values, a good indicator of nutritional status, are associated with median value of hemoglobin rather than hemoglobin variability in hemodialysis patients.

Do Hyoung Kim, Dong-Jin Oh,

<h4>Background</h4>Our aim was to elucidate whether Hb variability affects nutritional status in HD patients.<h4>Methods</h4>This study included chronic HD patients (<i>n</i> = 76) with available monthly Hb levels up to 24 months prior to the body composition monitoring (BCM) measurement. The parameters obtained in the BCM included body mass index (BMI), lean tissue index ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2021, 43(1):327-334]

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Clarifying the relationship between sarcopenia and depression in geriatric outpatients.

Dursun Hakan Delibaş, Neslihan Eşkut, Birkan İlhan, Esin Erdoğan, Dilek Top Kartı, Özge Yılmaz Küsbeci, Gülistan Bahat,

<h4>Objective</h4>We investigate the relationship between sarcopenia components and depression in geriatric outpatients, considering the effects of potential confounding factors.<h4>Methods</h4>Adults ≥60 years of age were selected from outpatient clinics. Muscle strength was assessed using handgrip strength (HGS) measured using a hydraulic hand dynamometer and chair stand test (CSST). Physical performance was evaluated ... Read more >>

Aging Male (The aging male : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male)
[2021, 24(1):29-36]

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A review of okara (soybean curd residue) utilization as animal feed: Nutritive value and animal performance aspects.

Mohammad Mijanur Rahman, Khairiyah Mat, Genki Ishigaki, Ryo Akashi,

Year by year, huge quantities of by-products are generated during the manufacturing process of soybean-based products. Okara is one of the by-products, and it is an insoluble portion of the soybean. It consists of high moisture (8.4-22.9%); on dry matter basis, it contains high metabolizable energy (9.0-14.2 MJ/kg) and other components ... Read more >>

Anim Sci J (Animal science journal = Nihon chikusan Gakkaiho)
[2021, 92(1):e13594]

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Walnut intake, cognitive outcomes and risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Danielle Cahoon, Shruti P Shertukde, Esther E Avendano, Jirayu Tanprasertsuk, Tammy M Scott, Elizabeth J Johnson, Mei Chung, Nanguneri Nirmala,

<h4>Background</h4>Walnuts contain nutrients that are associated with improved cognitive health. To our knowledge, no review has systematically examined the effects of walnuts on cognitive function and risk for cognitive decline.<h4>Objective</h4>To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating the effects of walnut intake on cognition-related outcomes and risk-factors for cognitive decline ... Read more >>

Ann Med (Annals of medicine)
[2021, 53(1):971-997]

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Number of children needed to evaluate products made in cooking workshops

Daiana Novello, Adilson dos Anjos, Jaqueline Machado Soares, Juliana de Lara Castagnoli, Mayra Lopes de Oliveira, Kerulyn Maria Chanivski Machado, Elisvânia Freitas dos Santos,

This study investigated the necessary sample size of children for the sensory evaluation of products made in cooking workshops containing low acceptance ingredients. The study included 315 children aged 7 to 10 years. Five products were submitted to sensory evaluation in the cooking workshops: eggplant cookie, chard muffin, watercress bread, radish ... Read more >>

(Food quality and preference.)
[2021, 94:Not Available]

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Effectiveness of multimodal nutrition interventions during pregnancy to achieve 2009 Institute of Medicine gestational weight gain guidelines: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Andrew R Beauchesne, Kelly Copeland Cara, Jiawen Chen, Qisi Yao, Laura Paige Penkert, Wenfang Yang, Mei Chung,

<h4>Background</h4>In 2009, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) published a revision to its 1990 recommendations on gestational weight gain (GWG). The objective of this review is to update a previous systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of nutrition interventions in achieving recommended GWG.<h4>Methods</h4>We conducted updated literature searches in MEDLINE<sup>®</sup> ... Read more >>

Ann Med (Annals of medicine)
[2021, 53(1):1179-1197]

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Experiences before and after nasogastric and gastrostomy tube insertion with emphasis on mealtimes: a case study of an adolescent with cerebral palsy.

Ulrika Mårtensson, Mats Cederlund, Margaretha Jenholt Nolbris, Karin Mellgren, Helle Wijk, Stefan Nilsson,

<b>Purpose</b>: Adolescents with cerebral palsy may need a feeding tube due to feeding challenges, since nutritional intake and mealtimes may be negatively affected. The purpose of the study was to describe and better understand how one adolescent with cerebral palsy and her parents experienced mealtimes before and after a nasogastric ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2021, 16(1):1942415]

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Lipid profile by direct infusion ESI-MS and fatty acid composition by GC-FID in human milk: Association with nutritional status of donors

Adriela A Rydlewski, Luciana P Manin, Jéssica S Pizzo, Patrícia D Silva, Roberta da Silveira, Christyna B G Tavares, Meliana de Paula, Omar Pereira, Oscar O Santos, Jesuí V Visentainer,

Nutritional status of donors of human milk (HM) to a human milk bank was investigated as a factor capable of modulating lipid concentrations of this food. Colostrum and transitional milk from 55 women with different body mass indexes (eutrophic, overweight and obese) were collected and separated into pools to evaluate ... Read more >>

J Food Compost Anal (Journal of food composition and analysis : an official publication of the United Nations University, International Network of Food Data Systems)
[2021, :Not Available]

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Testing the Effects of Cinnamon Extract Supplementation on Inflammation and Oxidative Stress Induced by Acrylamide.

Fatemeh Haidari, Majid Mohammadshahi, Behnaz Abiri, Paul C Guest, Mehdi Zarei, Mojdeh Fathi,

We investigated the effects of cinnamon water extract supplementation on inflammation and oxidative stress induced by acrylamide in rats. This revealed acrylamide-intoxicated control group had significant higher levels of malondialdehyde, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), leptin and alanine transaminase, and lower levels of total antioxidant capacity compared ... Read more >>

Methods Mol Biol (Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.))
[2022, 2343:179-190]

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Composition and physiological functions of the porcine colostrum.

Ryo Inoue, Takamitsu Tsukahara,

The first secretion, 24-h post parturition of the mammary glands of sows, known as colostrum, is high in protein and low in lactose and fat. As a consequence of an insufficient ingestion of colostrum, more than 50% of piglets fail to reach weaning and die. The composition and some functions ... Read more >>

Anim Sci J (Animal science journal = Nihon chikusan Gakkaiho)
[2021, 92(1):e13618]

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Healthy eating strategies for socioeconomically disadvantaged populations: a meta-ethnography.

Christina Gillies, Sabina Super, Hedwig Te Molder, Kees de Graaf, Annemarie Wagemakers,

<b>Purpose</b>: In developed countries, diet-related health inequalities between people with different levels of socioeconomic advantage persist. However, there is limited qualitative evidence to inform the design of effective healthy eating (HE) strategies in socioeconomically disadvantaged populations (SDPs). The purpose of this review was to explore the characteristics influencing HE strategies ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2021, 16(1):1942416]

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Understanding empowerment for a healthy dietary intake during pregnancy.

Sabina Super, Annemarie Wagemakers,

<b>Purpose</b>: In order for health professionals to encourage pregnant women with a low socioeconomic status (SES) to move towards empowerment for a healthy dietary intake, crucial steps are to understand the perspectives of pregnant women of food and eating and to identify opportunities for empowerment. This study aimed to examine ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2021, 16(1):1857550]

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East-Greenland traditional nutrition: a reanalysis of the Inuit energy balance and the macronutrient consumption from the Høygaard nutritional data (1936-1937).

Patrick Mullie, Tom Deliens, Peter Clarys,

Greenlandic traditional nutrition was unique in the arctic environment because it was an almost exclusive meat dietary pattern. Høygaard et al. left Copenhagen in August 1936, and stayed in East Greenland until August 1937. The four members of the expedition resided in Tasisaq and visited eight settlements around where nutritional ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2021, 80(1):1932184]

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Testing the Physical and Molecular Effects of Nutritional Supplements and Resistance Exercise in Middle-Aged Females.

Behnaz Abiri, Paul C Guest, Parvin Sarbakhsh, Mohammadreza Vafa,

Aging results in loss of muscle mass and strength, which are linked to development of metabolic disorders such as insulin resistance, obesity, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. A number of studies have now shown that these effects can be ameliorated by dietary supplementation with natural products such as vitamins, omega-3 ... Read more >>

Methods Mol Biol (Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.))
[2022, 2343:345-360]

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Vitamin C in East-Greenland traditional nutrition: a reanalysis of the Høygaard nutritional data (1936-1937).

Patrick Mullie, Tom Deliens, Peter Clarys,

Greenlandic traditional nutrition was an almost exclusive meat dietary pattern. Høygaard et al. stayed in East-Greenland between August 1936 and August 1937. The four members of the expedition resided in Tasisaq and recorded nutritional intake by residing in families. However, data were analysed on a household level. The aim of ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2021, 80(1):1951471]

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A Protocol of Intradialytic Exercise for Improvements in Inflammatory Status, Body Composition, and Functional Capacity.

Lorena Cristina Curado Lopes, Paula Alves Monteiro, João Felipe Mota,

Skeletal muscle wasting has been well-documented among hemodialysis patients. This catabolic condition can be induced by numerous factors, including low-grade inflammation, and is associated with impairments in functional capacity and quality of life, as well as an increased mortality risk. We previously showed that 12 weeks of intradialytic resistance training increases ... Read more >>

Methods Mol Biol (Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.))
[2022, 2343:149-158]

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The “Pappa di Parma” integrated approach against moderate acute malnutrition

Mia Marchini, Alice Rosi, Francesca Giopp, Veronica Lolli, Francesca Scazzina, Eleonora Carini,

The use of Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTFs) is not a sustainable strategy to treat child moderate acute malnutrition due to its high cost and unfamiliarity.An integrated multidisciplinary approach called “Pappa di Parma” was used to develop, characterize and introduce alternative sustainable and energy-dense meals against malnutrition.Six formulations were developed by ... Read more >>

(Innovative food science & emerging technologies.)
[2021, 66:Not Available]

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"When a Father feels Excluded": A Qualitative Study Exploring the Role of Fathers in the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Supplemental Nutrition Program.

Dan K Dychtwald, Girija Kaimal, Linda M Kilby, Cynthia Klobodu, Brandy-Joe Milliron,

<b>Background</b>: Evidence suggests that men can play a key role in influencing maternal health behaviours, potentially affecting birthing outcomes. However, that role may not be fostered in safety net programmes like the Special Supplemental Nutrition programme for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), a programme for which men do not qualify.<b>Purpose</b>: ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2021, 16(1):1932026]

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