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Neurological Sequelae of Infectious Endocarditis

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End-of-Therapy Echocardiography May Not Be Needed in All in Patients With Endocarditis.

Abinash Virk, Kirsten M Schutte, James M Steckelberg, Walter R Wilson, Lawrence J Sinak, Larry M Baddour,

Background:The American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines for infective endocarditis (IE) management recommend end-of-therapy (EOT) echocardiography (ETE) to "establish a new baseline" and based on "expert opinion." Methods:Medical records of IE patients treated between January 2005 and December 2011 were reviewed. Utilization of ETE and cumulative incidence of re-treatment with antimicrobials ... Read more >>

Open Forum Infect Dis (Open forum infectious diseases)
[2020, 7(3):ofaa069]

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A Fulminant Case of Demyelinating Encephalitis With Extensive Cortical Involvement Associated With Anti-MOG Antibodies.

Sonja Hochmeister, Thomas Gattringer, Martin Asslaber, Verena Stangl, Michaela Tanja Haindl, Christian Enzinger, Romana Höftberger,

Anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibodies (MOG-Abs) are commonly associated with clinical presentations as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) in both adults and children and anti-aquaporin 4 antibody-seronegative neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) and related syndromes such as optic neuritis, myelitis, and brainstem encephalitis. Most often, the presence of MOG-Abs is associated ... Read more >>

Front Neurol (Frontiers in neurology)
[2020, 11:31]

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The Burden of Noncommunicable Diseases in Ethiopia, 2000-2016: Analysis of Evidence from Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 and Global Health Estimates 2016.

Tadele Girum, Dereje Mesfin, Jemal Bedewi, Misgun Shewangizaw,

Background:The continuing rise in the burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) is a key global health agendum due to the fact that NCDs cause more deaths than all other causes combined together. Although measuring the burden of NCD is very important to improve the existing health care systems and to monitor ... Read more >>

Int J Chronic Dis (International journal of chronic diseases)
[2020, 2020:3679528]

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A risk scoring system for predicting Streptococcus suis hearing loss: A 13-year retrospective cohort study.

Ajaree Rayanakorn, Wasan Katip, Bey Hing Goh, Peninnah Oberdorfer, Learn Han Lee,

BACKGROUND:Streptococcus suis (S.suis) is an emerging zoonosis disease with a high prevalence in Southeast Asia. There are over 1,500 cases reported globally in which majority of cases are from Thailand followed by Vietnam. The disease leads to meningitis in human with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) as the most common complication ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(2):e0228488]

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Thalamic Abscess in a Newly Diagnosed Diabetic Patient.

Kenneth A Swanson, Robert J Citronberg,

Brain abscesses are commonly located in the cerebral cortex and cerebellum; however, solitary thalamic lesions are rare. Recent cases report dental pathology as a common source, potentially compounded by immunocompromise. Here, we report a newly diagnosed diabetic male with poor dentition presenting with evidence of meningitis wherein thalamic abscess was ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2019, 2019:2719505]

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Neurobrucellosis in a 9-year-old girl.

Alireza Aziz-Ahari, Setareh Mamishi, Adeleh Dadkhah, Fatemeh S Ghazinejadian-Sh,

Brucellosis is a zoonotic multi-organ infectious disease most frequent in developing countries. Neurobrucellosis a quite rare but serious complication of brucellosis in the pediatric age group manifests with different neurological symptoms and signs. In the present case a 9-year-old girl was referred to our centre with a 9-months history of ... Read more >>

J Radiol Case Rep (Journal of Radiology Case Reports)
[2019, 13(12):13-19]

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Brain Abscess Secondary to a Dental Infection.

Léonor Costa Mendes, Frédéric Vaysse, Delphine Maret,

The risk of a brain abscess is a complication of odontogenic infection that is rarely considered by physicians and little spoken of, yet treating dental infections may avoid a potentially life-threatening condition. We report a case of 7-year-old boy with a brain abscess secondary to a dental infection. He was ... Read more >>

Case Rep Emerg Med (Case Reports in Emergency Medicine)
[2020, 2020:3248174]

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Cervical Dystonia Mimics: A Case Series and Review of the Literature.

Srinivas Raju, Amogh Ravi, L K Prashanth,

Background:Cervical dystonia is mostly idiopathic in nature. However, a small subset of cases are mimics, leading to diagnostic pitfalls. There is paucity of literature on pseudodystonias affecting the cervical region. Method:We performed a retrospective review of patients attending a movement disorders clinic over a period of 7 years (2012-2018). Among ... Read more >>

Tremor Other Hyperkinet Mov (N Y) (Tremor and other hyperkinetic movements (New York, N.Y.))
[2019, 9:]

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Surgical options in infective valve endocarditis with neurological complications.

Khalil Jawad, Guenther Kroeg, Alex Koziarz, Sven Lehmann, Maja Dieterlen, Stefan Feder, Jens Garbade, Vivek Rao, Michael Borger, Martin Misfeld,

Background:Surgery is a common treatment option for patients with infective endocarditis. We present a large cohort of surgically managed patients with infective endocarditis and evaluate the long-term mortality of those with and without neurological complications. Methods:We performed a retrospective review of patients surgically managed for infective endocarditis between 1994 and ... Read more >>

Ann Cardiothorac Surg (Annals of cardiothoracic surgery)
[2019, 8(6):661-666]

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Impact of Setting up an "Endocarditis Team" on the Management of Infective Endocarditis.

Yvon Ruch, Jean-Philippe Mazzucotelli, François Lefebvre, Aurélie Martin, Nicolas Lefebvre, Nawal Douiri, Philippe Riegel, Tam Hoang Minh, Hélène Petit-Eisenmann, Yves Hansmann, Xavier Argemi,

Background:Infective endocarditis (IE) remains a severe disease with a high mortality rate. Therefore, guidelines encourage the setup of a multidisciplinary group in reference centers. The present study evaluated the impact of this "Endocarditis Team" (ET). Methods:We conducted a monocentric observational study at Strasbourg University Hospital, Strasbourg, France, between 2012 and ... Read more >>

Open Forum Infect Dis (Open forum infectious diseases)
[2019, 6(9):ofz308]

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Intra-articular facet joint steroid injection-related adverse events encountered during 11,980 procedures.

Bo Ram Kim, Joon Woo Lee, Eugene Lee, Yusuhn Kang, Joong Mo Ahn, Heung Sik Kang,

OBJECTIVES:To analyze the incidence and characteristics of intra-articular facet joint injection (FJI)-related adverse events requiring hospitalization and emergency room visits. METHODS:From January 2007 to December 2017, a total of 11,980 FJI procedures in 6066 patients (mean age 66.8 years, range 15-97 years, M:F = 2004:4062) were performed in our department. ... Read more >>

Eur Radiol (European Radiology)
[2020, 30(3):1507-1516]

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Torcular herophili and lateral sinus thrombosis: An atypical presentation of Lemièrre's syndrome.

Jesús Baltasar-Corral, Reyes María Martín-Rojas, Alejandro Parra-Virto, Francisco Galeano-Valle, Mariano Del-Valle-Diéguez, Jorge Del-Toro-Cervera, Pablo Demelo-Rodríguez,

Lemièrre's syndrome (LS) is an uncommon disease characterized by septic thrombophlebitis of the jugular vein in the context of otorhinolaryngologic infections. These patients are often young and the pharyngotonsillar infection is the most frequent primary focus, but other foci like acute otitis media or otomastoiditis have been described. Although the ... Read more >>

Intractable Rare Dis Res (Intractable & rare diseases research)
[2019, 8(3):206-209]

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Skin-limited idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome presenting with retiform purpura.

Zizi Yu, Edward Christopher Dee, Tyler Menge, Ashley Ward, Philip Song,

JAAD Case Rep (JAAD case reports)
[2019, 5(8):742-745]

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Possible canine source of Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus causing meningitis in an infant.

Yorgo Zahlanie, Mohammed Almatrafi, Laura Filkins, Michelle S Hsiang,

Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus (S. zooepidemicus) is a pathogen that colonizes and causes disease in horses, and less commonly, in other mammals. This zoonotic disease in humans is rare. In the reported human cases, it has caused bacteremia, endocarditis, arthritis and meningitis, and it has been linked to contact with ... Read more >>

IDCases (IDCases)
[2019, 17:e00568]

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Two weeks versus four weeks of antibiotic therapy after surgical drainage for native joint bacterial arthritis: a prospective, randomised, non-inferiority trial.

Ergys Gjika, Jean-Yves Beaulieu, Konstantinos Vakalopoulos, Morgan Gauthier, Cindy Bouvet, Amanda Gonzalez, Vanessa Morello, Christina Steiger, Stefanie Hirsiger, Benjamin Alan Lipsky, Ilker Uçkay,

OBJECTIVE:The optimal duration of postsurgical antibiotic therapy for adult native joint bacterial arthritis remains unknown. METHODS:We conducted a prospective, unblinded, randomised, non-inferiority study comparing either 2 or 4 weeks of antibiotic therapy after surgical drainage of native joint bacterial arthritis in adults. Excluded were implant-related infections, episodes without surgical lavage and ... Read more >>

Ann. Rheum. Dis. (Annals of the rheumatic diseases)
[2019, 78(8):1114-1121]

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Candidate Animal Disease Model of Elizabethkingia Spp. Infection in Humans, Based on the Systematic Pathology and Oxidative Damage Caused by E. miricola in Pelophylax nigromaculatus.

Xiaoli Huang, Yang Feng, Hong Tang, Guanqing Xiong, Liangyu Li, Yucen Yang, Kaiyu Wang, Ping Ouyang, Yi Geng, Defang Chen, Shiyong Yang,

Most species of the genus Elizabethkingia are pathogenic to humans and animals, most commonly causing meningitis. However, our understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms involved is poor and there have been few pathological studies of Elizabethkingia spp. in animals. To understand the host injury induced by Elizabethkingia spp., we established a ... Read more >>

Oxid Med Cell Longev (Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity)
[2019, 2019:6407524]

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Management of HIV-infected patients in the intensive care unit.

François Barbier, Mervin Mer, Piotr Szychowiak, Robert F Miller, Éric Mariotte, Lionel Galicier, Lila Bouadma, Pierre Tattevin, Élie Azoulay,

The widespread use of combination antiretroviral therapies (cART) has converted the prognosis of HIV infection from a rapidly progressive and ultimately fatal disease to a chronic condition with limited impact on life expectancy. Yet, HIV-infected patients remain at high risk for critical illness due to the occurrence of severe opportunistic ... Read more >>

Intensive Care Med (Intensive care medicine)
[2020, 46(2):329-342]

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Human campylobacteriosis: A public health concern of global importance.

Aboi Igwaran, Anthony Ifeanyi Okoh,

Campylobacter species are among the leading cause of bacterial foodborne and waterborne infections. In addition, Campylobacter is one of the major causative agent of bacterial gastrointestinal infections and the rise in the incidence of Campylobacter infections have been reported worldwide. Also, the emergence of some Campylobacter species as one of ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2019, 5(11):e02814]

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Unusual meningitis caused by non-typhoid Salmonella in an Italian infant: a case report.

Monica Ficara, Valentina Cenciarelli, Lisa Montanari, Beatrice Righi, Simone Fontjin, Greta Cingolani, Barbara Predieri, Alberto Berardi, Laura Lucaccioni, Lorenzo Iughetti,

BACKGROUND:Non-typhoid Salmonella (NTS) is an important cause of bacterial meningitis in newborn and infants in developing countries, but rarely in industrialized ones. We describe an unusual presentation of bacterial meningitis in an infant, focusing on his diagnostic and therapeutic management. CASE REPORT:An Italian two-month old male presented high fever and ... Read more >>

Acta Biomed (Acta bio-medica : Atenei Parmensis)
[2019, 90(2):333-338]

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Brain abscess of odontogenic origin in children: a systematic review of the literature with emphasis on therapeutic aspects and a new case presentation.

C Lajolo, G Favia, L Limongelli, A Tempesta, A Zuppa, M Cordaro, I Vanella, M Giuliani,

Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital (Acta otorhinolaryngologica Italica : organo ufficiale della Societa italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale)
[2019, 39(2):67-74]

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Surgical management of a brain abscess due to plant foreign body in a dog.

Ana Cloquell, Isidro Mateo,

Background:Intracranial abscesses as a result of grass awn migration have been rarely described in the veterinary literature. The identification of their radiological features is mandatory for proper diagnosis. As occurs with abscesses in other organs, surgical drainage and directed antibiotic therapy should be considered the treatment of choice. Case Description:A ... Read more >>

Open Vet J (Open veterinary journal)
[2019, 9(3):216-221]

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Proenkephalin a 119-159 (penKid) - a novel biomarker for acute kidney injury in sepsis: an observational study.

Mari Rosenqvist, Kevin Bronton, Oliver Hartmann, Andreas Bergmann, Joachim Struck, Olle Melander,

BACKGROUND:Sepsis is a leading cause of death worldwide and a major challenge for physicians to predict and manage. Proenkephalin A 119-159 (penKid) is a reliable surrogate marker for the more unstable endogenous opioid peptide enkephalin, which has previously been shown to predict both acute and chronic kidney disease. The aim ... Read more >>

BMC Emerg Med (BMC emergency medicine)
[2019, 19(1):75]

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Managing Meningoencephalitis in Indian ICU.

Harsh Sapra, Vasudha Singhal,

How to cite this article: Sapra H, Singhal V. Managing Meningo-encephalitis in Indian ICU. Indian J Crit Care Med 2019;23(Suppl 2):S124-S128. ... Read more >>

Indian J Crit Care Med (Indian journal of critical care medicine : peer-reviewed, official publication of Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine)
[2019, 23(Suppl 2):S124-S128]

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Group B Streptococcus (Streptococcus agalactiae).

Vanessa N Raabe, Andi L Shane,

Invasive disease due to group B Streptococcus infection (Streptococcus agalactiae) results in a wide spectrum of clinical disease. In North America, serotypes Ia, Ib, II, III, and V are most frequently associated with invasive disease. Group B Streptococcus remains a continuing source of morbidity and mortality in high-risk populations, including ... Read more >>

Microbiol Spectr (Microbiology spectrum)
[2019, 7(2):]

Cited: 1 time

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Community-acquired group B streptococcal meningitis in adults: 33 cases from prospective cohort studies.

Merel N van Kassel, Merijn W Bijlsma, Matthijs C Brouwer, Arie van der Ende, Diederik van de Beek,

OBJECTIVES:Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococcus, GBS) is an uncommon cause of bacterial meningitis in adults. We describe clinical characteristics, serotype distribution and outcome of adult GBS meningitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Patients aged 16 years or older with GBS cultured in cerebrospinal fluid included in two prospective nationwide cohort studies performed in ... Read more >>

J. Infect. (The Journal of infection)
[2019, 78(1):54-57]

Cited: 4 times

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