Full Text Journal Articles about
Neurological Manifestations of Uremic Encephalopathy

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Hypercalcemic Encephalopathy as an Initial Presentation of Multiple Myeloma.

Durga Shankar Meena, Gopal Krishana Bohra, Mahendra Kumar Garg, Abhishek Purohit, Deepak Kumar, Swapnil Tripathi,

We report the case of an 84-year-old female presented to us with acute onset altered sensorium. On investigation, neurological and infectious causes were ruled out. On further evaluation, her serum calcium was found elevated (15.07 gm/dl). The diagnosis of hypercalcemic encephalopathy was made with the possibility of multiple myeloma due to ... Read more >>

Case Rep Emerg Med (Case Reports in Emergency Medicine)
[2020, 2020:4746865]

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Understanding and managing acute encephalitis.

Rashmi Kumar,

Encephalitis is an important cause of morbidity, mortality, and permanent neurologic sequelae  globally. Causes are diverse and include viral and non-viral infections of the brain as well as autoimmune processes. In the West, the autoimmune encephalitides are now more common than any single infectious cause, but, in Asia, infectious causes ... Read more >>

F1000Res (F1000Research)
[2020, 9:]

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Bilateral Basal Ganglia Lesions in a Dialytic Patient with Diabetes and Recurrent Hypoglycemia.

Jong Hwan Jung,

Chonnam Med J (Chonnam medical journal)
[2019, 55(3):173-174]

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Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome: Clinical Features and Outcome.

Archana Hinduja,

Background: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is an acute neurotoxic syndrome that is characterized by a spectrum neurological and radiological feature from various risk factors. Common neurological symptoms includes headache, impairment in level of consciousness, seizures, visual disturbances, and focal neurological deficits. Common triggering factors include blood pressure fluctuations, renal ... Read more >>

Front Neurol (Frontiers in neurology)
[2020, 11:71]

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Status Epilepticus as a Consequence of Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis in a Previously Healthy Infant.

Saeed M Nassar, Muath A AlBattah, Ahmad A Bukhari, Aryaf Alslimah, Assalh A Nahass,

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare and fatal entity with an incidence rate of 1.2 cases per million people per year. HLH is explained as a highly destructive inflammatory consequence of rampant hypercytokinemia due to excessive lymphocyte-mediated activation of macrophages and histiocytes. Primary HLH is a product of genetic dysfunction ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(1):e6824]

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Is renal replacement therapy necessary in deceased donor liver transplantation candidates with hepatorenal syndrome?: a 2-year experience at a high-volume center.

Gil-Chun Park, Shin Hwang, Dong-Hwan Jung, Gi-Won Song, Chul-Soo Ahn, Ki-Hun Kim, Deok-Bog Moon, Tae-Yong Ha, Young-In Yoon, Hui-Dong Cho, Jae-Hyun Kwon, Yong-Kyu Chung, Sang-Hyun Kang, I-Ji Jung, Jin Uk Choi, Sung-Gyu Lee,

Purpose:Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a fatal complication in patients with end-stage liver disease awaiting liver transplantation (LT). HRS often develops in patients with high model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score. This study investigated the outcomes of peritransplant management of HRS in a high-volume LT center in Korea for 2 ... Read more >>

Ann Surg Treat Res (Annals of surgical treatment and research)
[2020, 98(2):102-109]

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Dilated cardiomyopathy: A rare and late complication of the hemolytic-uremic syndrome.

Oumaima Naour, Abdenasser Drighil, Kaoutar Idouz, Sellama Nadifi, Fatima Ezzahra Rochdi, Kenza Bouayed, Nabiha Mikou,

Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a non-exceptional, progressive complication of acute gastroenteritis in children, especially secondary to Escherichia coli infection. It is responsible for significant morbidity and significant mortality (10% of deaths) because of acute renal failure which often complicates it. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a rare but critical extra renal ... Read more >>

J Cardiol Cases (Journal of cardiology cases)
[2019, 20(4):125-128]

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Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome and Reversible Cerebral Vasoconstriction Syndrome: Clinical and Radiological Considerations.

Fabio Pilato, Marisa Distefano, Rosalinda Calandrelli,

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) are relatively uncommon neurological disorders, but their detection has been increasing mainly due to clinical awareness and spreading of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Because these syndromes share some common clinical and radiologic features and occasionally occur in the same ... Read more >>

Front Neurol (Frontiers in neurology)
[2020, 11:34]

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Dialysis Disequilibrium Syndrome: Rare Serious Complication of Hemodialysis and Effective Management.

Sreedhar Adapa, Venu Madhav Konala, Narothama Reddy Aeddula, Vijay Gayam, Srikanth Naramala,

Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome (DDS) is an extremely rare central nervous system complication that occurs in patients receiving hemodialysis and can be potentially fatal. The prognosis is poor when this manifests with serious neurological manifestations like seizures and obtundation. Evidence in effective management is sparse. Herein, we present the case of a ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2019, 11(6):e5000]

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Alveolar Hemorrhage, a Rare and Life-Threatening Complication of Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Syndrome.

Grace Loza, Carlos Hallo, Byron Chiliquinga, Alejandro Hallo,

Alveolar hemorrhage is the rarest pulmonary complication of catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome and is associated with high mortality risk. This life-threatening complication results from autoimmune damage to the alveolar blood vessels. Given the limited literature addressing the association of these two pathologies, we report a series of three cases with this ... Read more >>

Case Rep Rheumatol (Case reports in rheumatology)
[2019, 2019:3284258]

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Metformin-associated Encephalopathy in Hemodialysis.

S P Simon, J Thomas,

Metformin-associated encephalopathy in maintenance hemodialysis is very rare in literature, till now only three to four cases are published. We report a patient on maintenance hemodialysis from standalone unit presented to us with abnormal neurological signs and symptoms. His medication chart included metformin, which he was taking for quite a ... Read more >>

Indian J Nephrol (Indian journal of nephrology)
[2019, 29(3):194-196]

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Imaging of Atypical and Complicated Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome.

Amin F Saad, Ruchir Chaudhari, Max Wintermark,

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a condition clinically characterized by headache, altered mental status, seizures, and visual loss and may be associated with systemic hypertension, preeclampsia/eclampsia, chemotherapy, immunosuppressive therapies in the setting of organ transplantation, and uremic encephalopathy. While brain imaging in patients with PRES typically reveals symmetric vasogenic ... Read more >>

Front Neurol (Frontiers in Neurology)
[2019, 10:964]

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Reversible lesion in the splenium of the corpus callosum.

Syuichi Tetsuka,

AIM OF REVIEW:The presence of isolated, reversible lesions in the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC) is essential to confirm the diagnosis of mild encephalitis/encephalopathy. The lesions usually heal within a month after the onset of neurological symptoms. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has increasingly been used as a diagnostic tool, ... Read more >>

Brain Behav (Brain and behavior)
[2019, 9(11):e01440]

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A coinfection of severe leptospirosis and scrub typhus in Indian Himalayas.

Vibha Mehta, Ankith Bhasi, Prasan Kumar Panda, Pratima Gupta,

Scrub typhus and leptospirosis are zoonosis and systemic febrile illnesses with diverse, nonspecific clinical manifestations, and shared risk factors for coinfection. Diagnosis of the coinfection is dependent on laboratory serological tests, which are under used. A coinfection from Uttarakhand Himalayan region is not yet reported. A 25-year-old man from altitude ... Read more >>

J Family Med Prim Care (Journal of family medicine and primary care)
[2019, 8(10):3416-3418]

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Methadone-induced encephalopathy: a case series and literature review.

Maryam Haghighi-Morad, Zahra Naseri, Nazila Jamshidi, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Nasim Zamani, Leila Ahmad-Molaei,

BACKGROUND:Accidental ingestion or consumption of supra-therapeutic doses of methadone can result in neurological sequelae in humans. We aimed to determine the neurological deficits of methadone-poisoned patients admitted to a referral poisoning hospital using brain magnetic resonance (MR) and diffusion weighted (DW) imaging. METHODS:In this retrospective study, brain MRIs of the ... Read more >>

BMC Med Imaging (BMC medical imaging)
[2020, 20(1):6]

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High-dose hydroxocobalamin achieves biochemical correction and improvement of neuropsychiatric deficits in adults with late onset cobalamin C deficiency.

Tomoyasu Higashimoto, Alexander Y Kim, Jessica T Ogawa, Jennifer L Sloan, Mohammed A Almuqbil, Julia M Carlson, Irini Manoli, Charles P Venditti, Meral Gunay-Aygun, Tao Wang,

Cobalamin C (cblC) deficiency is the most common inborn error of intracellular cobalamin metabolism caused by pathogenic variant(s) in MMACHC and manifests with methylmalonic acidemia, hyperhomocysteinemia, and hypomethioninemia with a variable age of presentation. Individuals with late-onset cblC may be asymptomatic until manifesting neuropsychiatric symptoms, thromboembolic events, and renal disease. ... Read more >>

JIMD Rep (JIMD reports)
[2020, 51(1):17-24]

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Synaptic plasticity in hippocampal CA1 neurons and learning behavior in acute kidney injury, and estradiol replacement in ovariectomized rats.

Fatemeh Sharifi, Parham Reisi, Maryam Malek,

BACKGROUND:Neurological complications may occur in patients with acute or chronic renal failure; however, in cases of acute renal failure, the signs and symptoms are usually more pronounced, and progressed rapidly. Oxidative stress and nitric oxide in the hippocampus, following kidney injury may be involved in cognitive impairment in patients with ... Read more >>

BMC Neurosci (BMC neuroscience)
[2019, 20(1):52]

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Diclofenac-induced thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura with concomitant complement dysregulation: a case report and review of the literature.

Jose Perez Lara, Yaneidy Santana, Maneesh Gaddam, Asghar Ali, Sandeep Malik, Misbahuddin Khaja,

BACKGROUND:Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and hemolytic uremic syndrome are two forms of thrombotic microangiopathies. They are characterized by severe thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolysis, and thrombosis, leading to a systemic inflammatory response and organ failure. Plasmapheresis is used to treat thrombotic microangiopathies. A different entity known as atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome has garnered ... Read more >>

J Med Case Rep (Journal of medical case reports)
[2019, 13(1):190]

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Peripheral nerve disease secondary to systemic conditions in children.

Jo M Wilmshurst, Robert A Ouvrier, Monique M Ryan,

This review is an overview of systemic conditions that can be associated with peripheral nervous system dysfunction. Children may present with neuropathic symptoms for which, unless considered, a causative systemic condition may not be recognized. Similarly, some systemic conditions may be complicated by comorbid peripheral neuropathies, surveillance for which is ... Read more >>

Ther Adv Neurol Disord (Therapeutic advances in neurological disorders)
[2019, 12:1756286419866367]

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Shiga Toxin-Associated Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome: A Narrative Review.

Adrien Joseph, Aurélie Cointe, Patricia Mariani Kurkdjian, Cédric Rafat, Alexandre Hertig,

The severity of human infection by one of the many Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is determined by a number of factors: the bacterial genome, the capacity of human societies to prevent foodborne epidemics, the medical condition of infected patients (in particular their hydration status, often compromised by severe diarrhea), ... Read more >>

Toxins (Basel) (Toxins)
[2020, 12(2):]

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Reversible chorea secondary to uremia in an older adult.

Abhijith Rajaram Rao, Pramod Kumar, Venugopalan Gunasekaran, Aparajit Ballav Dey,

Aging Med (Milton) (Aging medicine (Milton (N.S.W)))
[2019, 2(2):118-120]

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An adult case of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome presented with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome: Successful response to late-onset eculizumab treatment.

Serife Solmaz Medeni, Sinem Namdaroglu, Tugba Cetintepe, Can Ozlu, Funda Tasli, Zehra Hilal Adibelli, Oktay Bilgir, Erhan Tatar,

Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome is a rare and progressive disease caused by uncontrolled alternative complement activation. Dysregulatıon of the complement activation results in thrombotic microangiopathy and multiorgan damage. A 29-yearold woman who was admitted with complaints of vomiting and headache was detected to have acute renal failure with microangiopathic hemolytic ... Read more >>

Hematol Rep (Hematology reports)
[2018, 10(3):7553]

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Catastrophic Antiphospholid Syndrome - An Unusual Case Report.

Sneha Madkaiker,

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APLS) is characterised by venous or arterial thrombosis and/or adverse pregnancy outcome in the presence of persistent laboratory evidence of antiphospholipid antibodies. Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Syndrome (CAPS) is a severe and rare form of antiphospholipid syndrome characterised by multiple site thrombosis involving small, medium and large blood vessels occurring ... Read more >>

Indian J Crit Care Med (Indian journal of critical care medicine : peer-reviewed, official publication of Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine)
[2019, 23(6):276-280]

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Syndrome of uremic encephalopathy and bilateral basal ganglia lesions in non-diabetic hemodialysis patient: a case report.

Wen-Yu Gong, Shan-Shan Li, Zong-Chao Yu, Hong-Wei Wu, Liang-Hong Yin, Li-Fan Mei, Fan-Na Liu,

BACKGROUND:Uremic encephalopathy (UE), a toxic metabolic encephalopathy, is an uncommon complication resulting from endogenous uremic toxins in patients with severe renal failure. UE syndrome can range from mild inattention to coma. The imaging findings of UE include cortical or subcortical involvement, basal ganglia involvement and white matter involvement. The basal ... Read more >>

BMC Nephrol (BMC nephrology)
[2018, 19(1):370]

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Language impairment in adults with end-stage liver disease: application of natural language processing towards patient-generated health records.

Lindsay K Dickerson, Masoud Rouhizadeh, Yelena Korotkaya, Mary Grace Bowring, Allan B Massie, Mara A McAdams-Demarco, Dorry L Segev, Alicia Cannon, Anthony L Guerrerio, Po-Hung Chen, Benjamin N Philosophe, Douglas B Mogul,

End-stage liver disease (ESLD) is associated with cognitive impairment ranging from subtle alterations in attention to overt hepatic encephalopathy that resolves after transplant. Natural language processing (NLP) may provide a useful method to assess cognitive status in this population. We identified 81 liver transplant recipients with ESLD (4/2013-2/2018) who sent ... Read more >>

NPJ Digit Med (NPJ digital medicine)
[2019, 2:106]

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