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Neurologic Manifestations of Glioblastoma Multiforme

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Glioblastoma Multiforme Associated with Arteriovenous Malformation: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Thara Tunthanathip, Kanet Kanjanapradit,

Although microvascular proliferation can be observed in glioblastoma, obvious vascularity coupled with coexisting cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is extremely rare. This report is of a rare case of glioblastoma, coexisting with a cerebral AVM. A 20-year-old male presented with progressive right hemiparesis within 1 month. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging revealed ... Read more >>

Ann Indian Acad Neurol (Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology)
[2020, 23(1):103-106]

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Complications of stereotactic biopsy of lesions in the sellar region, pineal gland, and brainstem: A retrospective, single-center study.

Gang Cheng, Xin Yu, Hulin Zhao, Weidong Cao, Hailong Li, Qinggang Li, Zhicaho Li, Feng Yin, Rui Liu, Jianning Zhang,

Stereotactic biopsy (STB) is commonly used in the pathological diagnosis of intracranial lesions. The associated complication and mortality rates are low, but few reports with large sample sizes have assessed the complications of STB for lesions in the brain midline.To evaluate the complications of STB of lesions in the sellar ... Read more >>

Medicine (Baltimore) (Medicine)
[2020, 99(8):e18572]

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Intravascular Large B-cell Lymphoma Associated with Systemic and Central Nervous System Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis: A Case Report.

Aradhana Verma, Akanksha Sharma, Ryan Robetorye, Alyx Porter, Talal Hilal,

INTRODUCTION:We present a case of an Asian variant of intravascular large B-cell lymphoma associated with systemic and central nervous system hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) with multiple neurologic manifestations. CASE PRESENTATION:A 68-year-old, previously healthy, Korean woman presented with a 4-week history of fever and weight loss. She had pancytopenia with neutropenia, a ... Read more >>

Perm J (The Permanente journal)
[2020, 24:]

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A case of dyskinesia after levetiracetam administration.

Soo Hwan Yim, Yun Ho Choi, Kyoung Heo, Kyoo Ho Cho,

BACKGROUND:Antiepileptic drug (AED) induced dyskinesia is an unusual manifestation in the medical field. In the previous case reports describing first generation-AED related involuntary movements, the authors suggested that a plausible cause is pharmacokinetic interactions between two or more AEDs. To date, development of dyskinesia after levetiracetam (LEV) has not been ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2019, 19(1):292]

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Prognostic factors of patients with Gliomas - an analysis on 335 patients with Glioblastoma and other forms of Gliomas.

Jianfeng Liang, Xiaomin Lv, Changyu Lu, Xun Ye, Xiaolin Chen, Jia Fu, Chenghua Luo, Yuanli Zhao,

BACKGROUND:The prognosis of glioma is poor, despite recent advances in diagnosis and treatment of the disease. It is important to investigate the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of glioma so as to provide basis for treatment and management of patients. METHOD:A total of 335 patients with glioma were included in ... Read more >>

BMC Cancer (BMC cancer)
[2020, 20(1):35]

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A Mistaken Diagnosis of Secondary Glioblastoma as Parasitosis.

Chenxi Liu, Wenlong Xu, Pan Liu, Yukui Wei,

Background: Glioblastoma is a malignant brain tumor with poor prognosis requiring early diagnosis. Secondary glioblastoma refers to cases that progressed from low-grade glioma. Evidence shows that timely resection correlates with increased survival. Case presentation: We describe a case of a patient with secondary glioblastoma who was mistakenly diagnosed with Angiostrongylus ... Read more >>

Front Neurol (Frontiers in Neurology)
[2019, 10:952]

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The spectrum of malignancies presenting with neurological manifestations: A prospective observational study.

Dhruv Batra, Hardeep S Malhotra, Ravindra K Garg, Kiran P Malhotra, Neeraj Kumar, Madan L Brahma Bhatt, Rajesh Verma, Praveen K Sharma, Imran Rizvi,

Introduction:A neurological consultation is needed in nearly 45% of patients suffering from cancer. The present study was planned to evaluate the clinical, radiological and histopathological spectrum of patients with an underlying malignancy and presenting with a neurological complaint. Materials and Methods:We prospectively evaluated all patients provisionally diagnosed either with a ... Read more >>

J Family Med Prim Care (Journal of family medicine and primary care)
[2019, 8(11):3726-3735]

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Intratumoral Susceptibility Signals Reflect Biomarker Status in Gliomas.

Ling-Wei Kong, Jin Chen, Heng Zhao, Kun Yao, Sheng-Yu Fang, Zheng Wang, Yin-Yan Wang, Shou-Wei Li, Shou-Wei Li,

Susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) can be a useful tool to depict vascular structures in brain tumors as well as micro-bleedings, which represent tumor invasion to blood vessels and could also be representative of tumoral angiogenesis. In this study, we investigated the relationship between SWI features and glioma grades, and the expression ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2019, 9(1):17080]

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An Update on Neurofibromatosis Type 1-Associated Gliomas.

Mina Lobbous, Joshua D Bernstock, Elizabeth Coffee, Gregory K Friedman, Laura K Metrock, Gustavo Chagoya, Galal Elsayed, Ichiro Nakano, James R Hackney, Bruce R Korf, Louis B Nabors,

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant tumor predisposition syndrome that affects children and adults. Individuals with NF1 are at high risk for central nervous system neoplasms including gliomas. The purpose of this review is to discuss the spectrum of intracranial gliomas arising in individuals with NF1 with a ... Read more >>

Cancers (Basel) (Cancers)
[2020, 12(1):]

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Tumors diagnosed as cerebellar glioblastoma comprise distinct molecular entities.

Annekathrin Reinhardt, Damian Stichel, Daniel Schrimpf, Christian Koelsche, Annika K Wefers, Azadeh Ebrahimi, Philipp Sievers, Kristin Huang, M Belén Casalini, Francisco Fernández-Klett, Abigail Suwala, Michael Weller, Dorothee Gramatzki, Joerg Felsberg, Guido Reifenberger, Albert Becker, Volkmar H Hans, Marco Prinz, Ori Staszewski, Till Acker, Hildegard Dohmen, Christian Hartmann, Werner Paulus, Katharina Heß, Benjamin Brokinkel, Jens Schittenhelm, Rolf Buslei, Martina Deckert, Christian Mawrin, Ekkehard Hewer, Ute Pohl, Zane Jaunmuktane, Sebastian Brandner, Andreas Unterberg, Daniel Hänggi, Michael Platten, Stefan M Pfister, Wolfgang Wick, Christel Herold-Mende, Andrey Korshunov, David E Reuss, Felix Sahm, David T W Jones, David Capper, Andreas von Deimling,

In this multi-institutional study we compiled a retrospective cohort of 86 posterior fossa tumors having received the diagnosis of cerebellar glioblastoma (cGBM). All tumors were reviewed histologically and subjected to array-based methylation analysis followed by algorithm-based classification into distinct methylation classes (MCs). The single MC containing the largest proportion of ... Read more >>

Acta Neuropathol Commun (Acta neuropathologica communications)
[2019, 7(1):163]

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Primary Angiitis of the Central Nervous System Mimicking Glioblastoma: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Hang Jin, Yang Qu, Zhen-Ni Guo, Guo-Zhen Cui, Fu-Liang Zhang, Yi Yang,

Primary angiitis of the central nervous system (PACNS) is a rare disorder resulting in idiopathic inflammation affecting the parenchymal and leptomeningeal vessels confined to the central nervous system (CNS), of which a tumor-like mass lesion is an even rare subtype. We described a case of PACNS initially misdiagnosed as glioblastoma. ... Read more >>

Front Neurol (Frontiers in neurology)
[2019, 10:1208]

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iPSCs-Based Neural 3D Systems: A Multidimensional Approach for Disease Modeling and Drug Discovery.

Gianluca Costamagna, Luca Andreoli, Stefania Corti, Irene Faravelli,

Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs)-based two-dimensional (2D) protocols have offered invaluable insights into the pathophysiology of neurological diseases. However, these systems are unable to reproduce complex cytoarchitectural features, cell-cell and tissue-tissue interactions like their in vivo counterpart. Three-dimensional (3D)-based culture protocols, though in their infancy, have offered new insights into ... Read more >>

Cells (Cells)
[2019, 8(11):]

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Polycystin 2 is increased in disease to protect against stress-induced cell death.

Allison L Brill, Tom T Fischer, Jennifer M Walters, Arnaud Marlier, Lorenzo R Sewanan, Parker C Wilson, Eric K Johnson, Gilbert Moeckel, Lloyd G Cantley, Stuart G Campbell, Jeanne M Nerbonne, Hee Jung Chung, Marie E Robert, Barbara E Ehrlich,

Polycystin 2 (PC2 or TRPP1, formerly TRPP2) is a calcium-permeant Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) cation channel expressed primarily on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane and primary cilia of all cell and tissue types. Despite its ubiquitous expression throughout the body, studies of PC2 have focused primarily on its role in ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):386]

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A Case Report of Intraparenchymal Neurocysticercosis in a Postpartum Female in Saudi Arabia.

Foziah Jabbar Alshamrani, Abdulla Alsulaiman, Ghadah Faisal Shareefi, Alaa Nabil Turkistani,

Neurocysticercosis is a neurologic disease caused by infection with larvae of Taenia solium. It is most commonly transmitted by consumption of pork, water contaminated with T. solium or poor hygiene habits. As only few cases of neurocysticercosis have been documented in Saudi Arabia, the authors report a case of neurocysticercosis ... Read more >>

Saudi J Med Med Sci (Saudi journal of medicine & medical sciences)
[2020, 8(1):60-63]

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Presentation of treatment effect in glioblastoma after dose-escalation radiation therapy.

Danielle Cicka, Charles Lester Ford, Erica Templin, Zachary Pitts, Saumya Gurbani, Bree Eaton, Lindsey Lowder, Jeffrey Olson, Brent D Weinberg, Hyunsuk Shim, Soma Sengupta,

Glioblastoma is the most aggressive primary brain tumor in adults. Limited treatment options and the intense nature of therapy make determining the appropriate treatment course for each patient difficult. The appearance of transient worsening of imaging findings, known as treatment effect, after chemoradiation further complicates clinical decision-making. Accurately differentiating treatment ... Read more >>

Oxf Med Case Reports (Oxford medical case reports)
[2019, 2019(9):omz085]

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Current Biomedical Use of Copper Chelation Therapy.

Silvia Baldari, Giuliana Di Rocco, Gabriele Toietta,

Copper is an essential microelement that plays an important role in a wide variety of biological processes. Copper concentration has to be finely regulated, as any imbalance in its homeostasis can induce abnormalities. In particular, excess copper plays an important role in the etiopathogenesis of the genetic disease Wilson's syndrome, ... Read more >>

Int J Mol Sci (International journal of molecular sciences)
[2020, 21(3):]

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MiR-144 overexpression as a promising therapeutic strategy to overcome glioblastoma cell invasiveness and resistance to chemotherapy.

Ana M S Cardoso, Madalena Sousa, Catarina M Morais, Liliana R Oancea-Castillo, Anne Régnier-Vigouroux, Olinda Rebelo, Hermínio Tão, Marcos Barbosa, Maria C de Lima Pedroso, Amália S Jurado,

Glioblastoma (GB) is the most aggressive and common form of primary brain tumor, characterized by fast proliferation, high invasion, and resistance to current standard treatment. The average survival rate post-diagnosis is only of 14.6 months, despite the aggressive standard post-surgery treatment approaches of radiotherapy concomitant with chemotherapy with temozolomide. Altered cell ... Read more >>

Hum. Mol. Genet. (Human molecular genetics)
[2019, 28(16):2738-2751]

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Pretreatment Geriatric Assessments of Elderly Patients with Glioma: Development and Implications.

Yaning Wang, Binghao Zhao, Wanqi Chen, Lei Liu, Wenlin Chen, Lizhou Zhou, Ziren Kong, Congxin Dai, Yu Wang, Wenbin Ma,

Glioma is the most frequent primary brain tumor affecting adults, and the most lethal type is glioblastoma (GBM); currently, the available therapies only provide palliation. The treatments for low-grade glioma (LGG) include neurosurgical resection, watchful waiting, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, while the therapeutic strategies for high-grade glioma (HGG), particularly in elderly ... Read more >>

Aging Dis (Aging and Disease)
[2020, 11(2):448-461]

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Longitudinal phenotype development in a minipig model of neurofibromatosis type 1.

Johanna Uthoff, Jared Larson, Takashi S Sato, Emily Hammond, Kimberly E Schroeder, Frank Rohret, Christopher S Rogers, Dawn E Quelle, Benjamin W Darbro, Rajesh Khanna, Jill M Weimer, David K Meyerholz, Jessica C Sieren,

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a rare, autosomal dominant disease with variable clinical presentations. Large animal models are useful to help dissect molecular mechanisms, determine relevant biomarkers, and develop effective therapeutics. Here, we studied a NF1 minipig model (NF1+/ex42del) for the first 12 months of life to evaluate phenotype development, ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):5046]

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An Inflammatory Landscape for Preoperative Neurologic Deficits in Glioblastoma.

Amal Katrib, Hyun-Hwan Jeong, Nina L Fransen, Kristin S Henzel, Jeremy A Miller,

Introduction: Patients with glioblastoma (GBM), one of the most aggressive forms of primary brain tumors, exhibit a wide range of neurologic signs, ranging from headaches to neurologic deficits and cognitive impairment, at first clinical presentation. While such variability is attributed to inter-individual differences in increased intracranial pressure, tumor infiltration, and ... Read more >>

Front Genet (Frontiers in Genetics)
[2019, 10:488]

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PI3K/mTOR Pathway Inhibition: Opportunities in Oncology and Rare Genetic Diseases.

Petra Hillmann, Doriano Fabbro,

The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway has been implicated as a cancer target. Big pharma players and small companies have been developing small molecule inhibitors of PI3K and/or mTOR since the 1990s. Although four inhibitors have been approved, many open questions regarding tolerability, patient selection, sensitivity ... Read more >>

Int J Mol Sci (International journal of molecular sciences)
[2019, 20(22):]

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Primary central nervous system lymphoma: is whole-body CT and FDG PET/CT for initial imaging reasonable?

Hana Malikova,

Quant Imaging Med Surg (Quantitative imaging in medicine and surgery)
[2019, 9(9):1615-1618]

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Tumor-associated status epilepticus in patients with glioma: Clinical characteristics and outcomes.

Giada Giovannini, Francesco Pasini, Niccolo' Orlandi, Laura Mirandola, Stefano Meletti,

Between 3 and 12% of all adult status epilepticus (SE) are caused by a brain tumor. Gliomas, and in particular, high-grade gliomas (HGGs), are at high risk of SE development. In this study, we aimed to describe the clinical characteristic and outcomes of tumor-associated SE (TASE) in a population of ... Read more >>

Epilepsy Behav (Epilepsy & behavior : E&B)
[2019, 101(Pt B):106370]

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Contribution of Different Positron Emission Tomography Tracers in Glioma Management: Focus on Glioblastoma.

Aurélie Moreau, Olivia Febvey, Thomas Mognetti, Didier Frappaz, David Kryza,

Although rare, glioblastomas account for the majority of primary brain lesions, with a dreadful prognosis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is currently the imaging method providing the higher resolution. However, it does not always succeed in distinguishing recurrences from non-specific temozolomide, have been shown to improve -related changes caused by the ... Read more >>

Front Oncol (Frontiers in oncology)
[2019, 9:1134]

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Genetic Factors of Nitric Oxide's System in Psychoneurologic Disorders.

Regina F Nasyrova, Polina V Moskaleva, Elena E Vaiman, Natalya A Shnayder, Nataliya L Blatt, Albert A Rizvanov,

[...]. ... Read more >>

Int J Mol Sci (International journal of molecular sciences)
[2020, 21(5):]

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