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Neurocysticercosis

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Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Management Strategies and Outcomes in Adult Spinal Neurocysticercosis.

Umaru Barrie, Olatunde Badejo, Salah G Aoun, Emmanuel Adeyemo, Nicole Moler, Zachary K Christian, James P Caruso, Tarek Y El Ahmadieh, Vin Shen Ban, Matthew C MacAllister, Valery Peinado Reyes, Kristen Hall, Louis Whitworth, Carlos A Bagley,

OBJECTIVE:Spinal involvement in neurocysticercosis is rare and can lead to debilitating injury if not diagnosed and treated early. We aimed to provide the reader with a thorough analysis of the best available evidence regarding patient characteristics, optimal treatment modality and outcomes in cases of spinal neurocysticercosis. Methods A systematic review ... Read more >>

World Neurosurg (World neurosurgery)
[2020, :]

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Prevalence and risk factors for neurocysticercosis in children with a first-onset seizure in rural North India.

Amit Kumar Mital, Priyanka Choudhary, R B Jain,

Background: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a parasitic infection acquired by consuming food and water contaminated by the faeces of a Taenia solium tapeworm carrier. It is an important cause of acquired seizures and also the common identifiable cause of new-onset seizures in children.Methods: A hospital-based prospective cross-sectional study of NCC was ... Read more >>

Paediatr Int Child Health (Paediatrics and international child health)
[2020, :1-8]

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Intramedullary Neurocysticercosis Mimicking Cord Tumor.

Kamlesh Jobanputra, Karuna Raj, Frank Yu, Amit Agarwal,

Isolated spinal intramedullary involvement by neurocysticercosis is extremely rare. We report a case of a Hispanic female with right-sided weakness, magnetic resonance imaging showing cervical intramedullary lesion. Surgery was performed due to the progressive nature of symptoms. The cervical cord lesion was completely removed; pathology was consistent with degenerated cysticercosis. ... Read more >>

J Clin Imaging Sci (Journal of clinical imaging science)
[2020, 10:7]

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Racemose Neurocysticercosis.

Susan Y Yang, William W Lines, Carlos M Vásquez, For The Cysticercosis Working Group In Perú,

Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene)
[2020, 102(4):703-704]

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Histopathologic evaluation of experimental murine neurocysticercosis after treatment with albendazole/nitazoxanide combination.

Guilherme A Sampaio, Larissa V Zago, Nayana F de Lima, Guaraciara de A Picanço, Ruy de S Lino Júnior, Marina C Vinaud,

Parasitology (Parasitology)
[2020, :1-23]

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Pattern of Comorbid Headache Among Children with Epilepsy Treated for Neurocysticercosis.

Hitesh Bhatia, Radhamohan Rana, Riya Goyal, Virender Kumar Gehlawat, Jaya Shankar Kaushik,

The present cross-sectional study was designed to describe the pattern of comorbid headache among children with epilepsy (CWE) secondary to neurocysticercosis (NCC). Children aged 6 to 14 y (n = 70) already diagnosed with neurocysticercosis on a minimum follow-up of six months were consecutively enroled in the study over a period of four ... Read more >>

Indian J Pediatr (Indian journal of pediatrics)
[2020, :]

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Next-generation sequencing of cerebrospinal fluid for the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis.

Xiaofei Fei, Chaoyang Li, Yun Zhang, Hongya Zhang, Xuewu Liu, Xinchao Ji, Yajun Shi, Na Liu, Mengli Wu, Fang Du, Yining Yang, Wen Dai, TingTing Liu, Ying He, Ting Bian, Huimin Zhou, Xingyue An, Zheng Cai, Jian Shi, Guodong Feng, Ming Shi, Gang Zhao,

OBJECTIVE:Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most common parasitic disease of the human central nervous system (CNS). However, a diagnosis of NCC may be hard to make if the specific clinical and routine neuroimaging manifestations are lacking, which hinders physicians from considering further immunodiagnostic tests. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Seven patients presented with fever, ... Read more >>

Clin Neurol Neurosurg (Clinical neurology and neurosurgery)
[2020, 193:105752]

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Course and prognosis of adult-onset epilepsy in Brazil: A cohort study.

Ana Letícia F Caprara, Jamir P Rissardo, Martim T B Leite, Juliana O F Silveira, Paulo G M Jauris, Josi Arend, Aline Kegler, Luiz Fernando Freire Royes, Michele Rechia Fighera,

BACKGROUND:Most of the epilepsy longitudinal studies have analyzed children. However, in endemic regions, such as Brazil, neurocysticercosis accounts for many adult-onset epilepsy cases. So, the main objective of this study was to identify the clinical predictors associated with drug-resistant adult-onset epilepsy in Brazil during a long-term follow-up. METHODS:We followed 302 ... Read more >>

Epilepsy Behav (Epilepsy & behavior : E&B)
[2020, 105:106969]

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The rolling cyst: migrating intraventricular neurocysticercosis-a case-based update.

Valentina Baro, Mariagiulia Anglani, Francesco Martinolli, Andrea Landi, Domenico d'Avella, Luca Denaro,

BACKGROUND:Neurocysticercosis is the most frequent parasitic disease of the central nervous system, and its incidence in the developed countries is increasing due to immigration and travels from endemic areas. The intraventricular location has been found to involve up to 61.3% of the patients; moreover, only 22 cases of migrating intraventricular ... Read more >>

Childs Nerv Syst (Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery)
[2020, 36(4):669-677]

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Demyelination in experimental intraventricular neurocysticercosis.

Vania Beatriz Lopes Moura, Analia Cirqueira Milhomem, Sarah Buzaim Lima, Hidelberto Matos-Silva, Denis Masashi Sugita, Mariana Clare Vinaud, Ruy de Souza Lino-Júnior,

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is classified as a neglected tropical disease, which affects mainly Latin America and Africa in spite of some reports in North America and Europe. NCC represents the cause of up to 30% of the reported cases of epilepsy in endemic countries. The NCC injuries present direct relation to ... Read more >>

Arq Neuropsiquiatr (Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria)
[2020, 78(2):103-111]

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Development of multi-epitope chimeric vaccine against Taenia solium by exploring its proteome: an in silico approach.

Rimanpreet Kaur, Naina Arora, Majeed Abdulwahid Jamakhani, Shelvia Malik, Pramod Kumar, Farhan Anjum, Shweta Tripathi, Amit Mishra, Amit Prasad,

Objective: Taenia solium is a neglected tropical disease; larvae of this parasite infect central nervous system i.e. Neurocysticercosis, and adults mature and survive into intestine i.e. Taeniasis. Globally more than 50 million people are at the risk of infection. This is one of the main etiological agents for onset of new early epilepsy in developing countries. ... Read more >>

Expert Rev Vaccines (Expert review of vaccines)
[2020, 19(1):105-114]

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Quantitative assessment of lesion load and efficacy of 3 cycles of albendazole in disseminated cysticercosis: a prospective evaluation.

Sudhakar Pandey, Hardeep Singh Malhotra, Ravindra Kumar Garg, Kiran Preet Malhotra, Neeraj Kumar, Imran Rizvi, Amita Jain, Neera Kohli, Rajesh Verma, Praveen Sharma, Ravi Uniyal, Shweta Pandey,

BACKGROUND:The management of disseminated cysticercosis is unclear and largely considered hazardous. The role of albendazole remains controversial in such patients. METHODS:A tertiary care, University hospital-based prospective intervention study was conducted from December 2015 to December 2017. Patients with disseminated cysticercosis, defined as the presence of multiple viable neurocysticerci (≥ 3) ... Read more >>

BMC Infect. Dis. (BMC infectious diseases)
[2020, 20(1):220]

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Optimal Treatment for Subarachnoid Neurocysticercosis: Closer, but Not There yet.

A Clinton White, Agnes Fleury,

Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene)
[2020, 102(1):1-2]

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Neurocysticercosis in people with epilepsy in Sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence and strength of association.

Lukman Femi Owolabi, Bappa Adamu, Abubakar Muhammed Jibo, Shakirah Desola Owolabi, Adamu Isa Imam, Ibrahim Daiyyabu Alhaji,

PURPOSE:We analyzed studies on neurocysticercosis (NCC) and epilepsy across Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to determine the prevalence of NCC in people with epilepsy (PWE) and the strength of association of NCC with epilepsy in the region. METHODS:We conducted a systematic review of the existing literature on NCC and epilepsy in SSA. ... Read more >>

Seizure (Seizure)
[2020, 76:1-11]

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[Imported infections of the central nervous system : Migration and travel neurology].

Erich Schmutzhard, Bettina Pfausler,

The numbers of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers reached an unprecedented high in Europe in 2015 and 2016 but in 2019 they are back to the average numbers of the last 30 years. In contrast, frequencies of international and intercontinental travelers have continuously increased over the past decades and will ... Read more >>

Nervenarzt (Der Nervenarzt)
[2020, 91(2):161-169]

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A Case Report of Intraparenchymal Neurocysticercosis in a Postpartum Female in Saudi Arabia.

Foziah Jabbar Alshamrani, Abdulla Alsulaiman, Ghadah Faisal Shareefi, Alaa Nabil Turkistani,

Neurocysticercosis is a neurologic disease caused by infection with larvae of Taenia solium. It is most commonly transmitted by consumption of pork, water contaminated with T. solium or poor hygiene habits. As only few cases of neurocysticercosis have been documented in Saudi Arabia, the authors report a case of neurocysticercosis ... Read more >>

Saudi J Med Med Sci (Saudi journal of medicine & medical sciences)
[2020, 8(1):60-63]

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Microsurgical Treatment of Epilepsy with Parenchymal Neurocysticercosis.

Yu-Tang Tan, Suo-Jun Zhang, Kai Shu, Ting Lei, Hong-Quan Niu,

Parenchymal neurocysticercosis is the most common form of neurocysticercosis in the central nervous system (CNS), which mainly causes epilepsy and usually responses well to routine medications. However, there are appreciable cases of relapses refractory to medical treatment. We investigated microsurgical treatment of epilepsy with parenchymal neurocysticercosis. Nine cases of epilepsy ... Read more >>

Curr Med Sci (Current medical science)
[2019, 39(6):984-989]

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Twenty-five years of evolution of standard diagnostic criteria for neurocysticercosis. How have they impacted diagnosis and patient outcomes?

Oscar H Del Brutto,

Introduction: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most common helminthic infection of the central nervous system and a global public health problem. However, its diagnosis is complicated since histological demonstration of the parasite is often not feasible, clinical manifestations are nonspecific, most neuroimaging findings are not pathognomonic, and immunological tests have problems ... Read more >>

Expert Rev Neurother (Expert review of neurotherapeutics)
[2020, 20(2):147-155]

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Neurocysticercosis.

Tayyaba Siddiqua, Ayesha Habeeb,

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is one of the common parasitic central nervous system (CNS) infections. Improperly cooked pork and eggs of the tapeworm Taenia solium, entering the body through the feco-oral route, are the common sources of its infection. Affected person may remain asymptomatic for long periods and can present with a ... Read more >>

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl (Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia)
[2020, 31(1):254-258]

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Giant unilocular and vesicular neurocysticercosis: unusual presentation.

Andrés Federico González Alvarez, Juan Cruz Liberatoscioli, Tomás Moliné, José Carlos Morales, Jorge Docampo,

Acta Neurol Belg (Acta neurologica Belgica)
[2020, 120(1):185-188]

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A longitudinal analysis of albendazole treatment effect on neurocysticercosis cyst evolution using multistate models.

Michelle A Montgomery, Marcel Ramos, Elizabeth A Kelvin, Arturo Carpio, Alexander Jaramillo, W Allen Hauser, Hongbin Zhang,

BACKGROUND:In neurocysticercosis, the larval form of the pork tapeworm Taenia solium appears to evolve through three phases-active, degenerative and sometimes calcification-before disappearance. The antihelmintic drug, albendazole, has been shown to hasten the resolution of active cysts in neurocysticercosis. Little is known about the time cysts take to progress through each ... Read more >>

Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene)
[2019, 113(12):781-788]

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Modelling for Taenia solium control strategies beyond 2020.

Matthew A Dixon, Uffe C Braae, Peter Winskill, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Chiara Trevisan, Inge Van Damme, Martin Walker, Jonathan I D Hamley, Sylvia N Ramiandrasoa, Veronika Schmidt, Sarah Gabriël, Wendy Harrison, Maria-Gloria Basáñez,

The cestode Taenia solium is responsible for a considerable cross-sectoral health and economic burden due to human neurocysticercosis and porcine cysticercosis. The 2012 World Health Organization (WHO) roadmap for neglected tropical diseases called for the development of a validated strategy for control of T. solium; however, such a strategy is not ... Read more >>

Bull. World Health Organ. (Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
[2020, 98(3):198-205]

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High frequency of Taenia solium antigen positivity in patients admitted for neurological disorders in the Rural Hospital of Mosango, Democratic Republic of Congo.

Deby MUKENDI, Jean-Roger Kalo, Pascal Lutumba, Barbara Barbé, Jan Jacobs, Cedric Yansouni, Sarah Gabriël, Pierre Dorny, François Chappuis, Marleen Boelaert, Andrea Winkler, Kristiern Verdonck, Emmanuel Bottieau,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background The epidemiology of human cysticercosis and neurocysticercosis, caused by the larval stage of the pork tapeworm Taenia solium, is not well known in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). As part of an etiological study, we consecutively evaluated from 2012 to 2016 all patients older ... Read more >>

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First case of human neurocoenurosis caused by Taenia serialis: A case report.

Erika Yamazawa, Makoto Ohno, Kaishi Satomi, Akihiko Yoshida, Yasuji Miyakita, Masamichi Takahashi, Natsuko Satomi, Taku Asanome, Akiko Maeshima, Mika Shiotsuka, Satoshi Iwata, Hiroshi Yamasaki, Yasuyuki Morishima, Hiromu Sugiyama, Yoshitaka Narita,

Human coenurosis is caused by the larval stages of Taenia species, mainly Taenia multiceps and Taenia serialis. T. multiceps has been reported to cause human central nervous system (CNS) infections, but no CNS case caused by T. serialis has been reported. The authors report the first case of human neurocoenurosis ... Read more >>

Int. J. Infect. Dis. (International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases)
[2020, 92:171-174]

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Unveiling Taenia solium kinome profile and its potential for new therapeutic targets.

Naina Arora, Anand Raj, Farhan Anjum, Rimanpreet Kaur, Suraj Singh Rawat, Rajiv Kumar, Shweta Tripathi, Gagandeep Singh, Amit Prasad,

Background: Helminth infections cause widespread morbidity and are a significant global disease burden. One among them is Neurocysticercosis, a central nervous system infection caused by the larvae Taenia solium, leading to epilepsy. Helminths are strong immune modulators and can survive for a long time in adverse host environments. Kinases are ... Read more >>

Expert Rev Proteomics (Expert review of proteomics)
[2020, 17(1):85-94]

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