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Neonatal Injuries in Child Abuse

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Estimating the Burden of Prematurity on Infant Mortality: A Comparison of Death Certificates and Child Fatality Review in Ohio, 2009-2013.

Martha Montgomery, Elizabeth Conrey, Ekwutosi Okoroh, Charlan Kroelinger,

Introduction Infant mortality is a key population health indicator, and accurate cause of death reporting is necessary to design infant mortality prevention strategies. Death certificates and child fatality review (CFR) both track leading infant causes of death in Ohio but produce different results. Our aim was to determine the frequency ... Read more >>

Matern Child Health J (Maternal and child health journal)
[2020, 24(2):135-143]

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Subgaleal Hemorrhage Secondary to Child Physical Abuse in a 4-Year-Old Boy.

Joseph P Bowens, Kelly Liker,

Subgaleal hemorrhage is commonly described in the neonatal population but is a rare injury in young children and adolescents. Though infrequently seen, it can follow blunt head trauma or hair pulling. This case report details a 4-year-old African American boy with massive subgaleal hemorrhage and bilateral periorbital swelling and ecchymosis ... Read more >>

Pediatr Emerg Care (Pediatric emergency care)
[2020, :]

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The Extremely Preterm Infant: Ethical Considerations in Life-and-Death Decision-Making.

Susan Albersheim,

Care of the preterm infant has improved tremendously over the last 60 years, with attendant improvement in outcomes. For the extremely preterm infant, <28 weeks' gestation, concerns related to survival as well as neurodevelopmental impairment, have influenced decision-making to a much larger extent than seen in older children. Possible reasons ... Read more >>

Front Pediatr (Frontiers in Pediatrics)
[2020, 8:55]

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Correlation between Kind of Cesarean Section and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Greek Women.

Eirini Orovou, Maria Dagla, Georgios Iatrakis, Aikaterini Lykeridou, Chara Tzavara, Evangelia Antoniou,

A birth experience with cesarean section (CS) can be a cause of the development of post-traumatic stress disorder after a cesarean (PTSD-AC) or profile PTSD, for a percentage of women. So far, there is no data on the frequency of PTSD-AC in Greece and this syndrome is often associated with ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(5):]

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Neonatal, infant, and child mortality among women exposed to intimate partner violence in East Africa: a multi-country analysis.

Peter Memiah, Tristi Bond, Yvonne Opanga, Caroline Kingori, Courtney Cook, Michelle Mwangi, Nyawira Gitahi-Kamau, Deus Mubangizi, Kevin Owuor,

BACKGROUND:Most neonatal, infant, and child deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where incidence of intimate partner violence (IPV) is highest in the world. Despite these facts, research regarding whether the two are associated is limited. The main objective was to examine associations between IPV amongst East African women ... Read more >>

BMC Womens Health (BMC women's health)
[2020, 20(1):10]

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Difficult birth is the main contributor to birth-related fracture and accidents to other neonatal fractures.

Ulf Högberg, Vineta Fellman, Ingemar Thiblin, Ruth Karlsson, Knut Wester,

AIM:Specific birth-related fractures have been studied; underestimates might be a problem. We aimed to assess all fractures diagnosed as birth-related as well as other neonatal fractures. METHODS:A population-based study on all infants born in Sweden 1997-2014; data were retrieved from the Swedish Health Registers (10th version of International Classification of ... Read more >>

Acta Paediatr. (Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992))
[2020, :]

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Desire to delay the first childbirth among young, married women in India: a cross-sectional study based on national survey data.

Ismael Ibarra-Nava, Vikas Choudhry, Anette Agardh,

BACKGROUND:Young women in India continue to face diverse challenges that threaten their health and wellbeing. The reproductive health and rights of newly married women, who are often expected to begin childbearing soon after marriage, are often neglected. The present study aims to understand some of the factors associated with the ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2020, 20(1):350]

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Liver Involvement in Children with Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency: A Multicenter Study.

Murat Cakir, Elif Sag, Ali Islek, Masallah Baran, Gokhan Tumgor, Sema Aydogdu,

Purpose:Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (A1ATD) in one of the most common genetic causes of liver disease in children. We aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with A1ATD. Methods:This study included patients with A1ATD from five pediatric hepatology units. Demographics, clinical findings, genetics, and outcome of the patients ... Read more >>

Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr (Pediatric gastroenterology, hepatology & nutrition)
[2020, 23(2):146-153]

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Exposure and attitudes to adolescent health amongst Paediatric trainees in Northern Ireland: a mixed-methods study.

Stephen Mullen, Michael D Shields, Dara O'Donoghue,

Aims:To determine the exposure and attitudes of paediatric trainees towards adolescent medicine. Methods:All paediatric trainees in the Northern Ireland deanery (n=107) were invited to participate in an online survey in March 2016. The questionnaire was based on the 'Modified Perceptions of Adolescent Issues and Resources: Care of Adolescents' questionnaire. The ... Read more >>

BMJ Paediatr Open (BMJ paediatrics open)
[2020, 4(1):e000563]

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Prevalence of Hearing Loss among School-Age Children in the North of Iran.

Mir Mohammad Jalali, Fatemeh Nezamdoust, Hedieh Ramezani, Masomeh Pastadast,

Introduction:The present study aimed to investigate the audiological profiles of elementary school-age children in Rasht, Iran, and estimate the prevalence of hearing impairments in this population.Materials and Methods:In this cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study, the hearing threshold was screened using pure tone audiometry (PTA). Hearing impairment was defined as equal to or ... Read more >>

Iran J Otorhinolaryngol (Iranian journal of otorhinolaryngology)
[2020, 32(109):85-92]

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Caring for Rohingya Refugees With Diphtheria and Measles: On the Ethics of Humanity.

Ramin Asgary,

Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees arrived in Bangladesh within weeks in fall 2017, quickly forming large settlements without any basic support. Humanitarian first responders provided basic necessities including food, shelter, water, sanitation, and health care. However, the challenge before them-a vast camp ravaged by diphtheria and measles superimposed on ... Read more >>

Ann Fam Med (Annals of family medicine)
[2020, 18(2):176-178]

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Psychosocial predictors of antenatal stress in Pakistan: perspectives from a developing country.

Ahmed Waqas, Muhammad Zubair, Sadiq Zia, Hafsa Meraj, Kapil Kiran Aedma, Muhammad Hassan Majeed, Sadiq Naveed,

OBJECTIVE:Antenatal stress is highly prevalent globally and is associated with adverse physical and psychiatric morbidities and adverse neonatal outcomes. However, the burden of antenatal stress and its psychosocial predicators have not been explored in context of the Pakistani sociocultural environment. The present study explores the prevalence of antenatal stress and ... Read more >>

BMC Res Notes (BMC research notes)
[2020, 13(1):160]

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Parents' experiences of seeking health care and encountering allegations of shaken baby syndrome: A qualitative study.

Ulf Högberg, Gunnel Eriksson, Göran Högberg, Åsa Wahlberg,

OBJECTIVES:To explore parents' experiences of seeking health care for their children and instead being accused by healthcare professionals of Shaken Baby Syndrome/Abusive Head Trauma (SBS/AHT), being reported to Social Services, undergoing judiciary processing, and the impact of these events on family (dis)integration. METHODS:Design: A qualitative study based on qualitative content ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(2):e0228911]

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The relationship between women's experience of intimate partner violence and other socio-demographic factors, and under-5 children's health in South Africa.

Sasha Frade, Nicole De Wet-Billings,

Women in South Africa experience high levels of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). There are numerous health consequences experienced by victims. However, children of IPV victims often experience negative emotional and developmental outcomes as well. In South Africa, infant and child health outcomes are not optimal and IPV is high, and ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2019, 14(11):e0225412]

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Preconception and Prenatal Predictors of Early Experiences of Risk and Protection Among Alaska Children.

Anna E Austin, Nisha C Gottfredson, Adam J Zolotor, Carolyn T Halpern, Stephen W Marshall, Jared W Parrish, Meghan E Shanahan,

OBJECTIVES:Our objective was to identify preconception and prenatal predictors of early experiences of co-occurring risk and protective factors to help target prevention efforts to the highest-need families prior to the birth of the child. METHODS:Data were from the Alaska Longitudinal Child Abuse and Neglect Linkage project and the 2012-2014 Alaska ... Read more >>

Matern Child Health J (Maternal and child health journal)
[2020, 24(1):82-89]

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Association of Punitive and Reporting State Policies Related to Substance Use in Pregnancy With Rates of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome.

Laura J Faherty, Ashley M Kranz, Joshua Russell-Fritch, Stephen W Patrick, Jonathan Cantor, Bradley D Stein,

Importance:Despite the rapidly changing policy environment regarding substance use during pregnancy, information is lacking on the association of state policies with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Objective:To determine if punitive or reporting state policies related to substance use during pregnancy are associated with NAS rates. Design, Setting, and Participants:This repeated cross-sectional ... Read more >>

JAMA Netw Open (JAMA network open)
[2019, 2(11):e1914078]

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Escherichia coli: a rare cause of meningitis in immuno-competent adult.

Maryam Zafar, Abubakar Tauseef, Muhammad Sohaib Asghar, Narmin Khan, Nabeeha Farooqui, Mustafa Dawood, Tanvir Alam, Durre Naman,

A 35-year-old male of Asian ethnicity presented with complaints of high-grade fever, severe headache, vomiting, generalized seizures, deteriorated conscious level and neck stiffness. After all baseline workup Computed Tomography (CT) scan of the brain was done, which turned out to be unremarkable. CT scan was then followed by lumbar puncture ... Read more >>

J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect (Journal of community hospital internal medicine perspectives)
[2020, 10(1):69-72]

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A clinical primer on intellectual disability.

Dilip R Patel, Maria Demma Cabral, Arlene Ho, Joav Merrick,

Between 1% and 3% of persons in general population are estimated to have some degree of intellectual disability. A diagnosis of intellectual disability is based on clinical history, level of intellectual ability and level of adaptive function. Both, the intellectual and adaptive functioning are measured using individually administered standardized tests. ... Read more >>

Transl Pediatr (Translational pediatrics)
[2020, 9(Suppl 1):S23-S35]

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The demographics of patients presenting for sexual assault to US emergency departments.

Randall T Loder, Tyler P Robinson,

BACKGROUND:Few studies address the demographics/epidemiology of patients presenting to emergency departments (ED) for evaluation of sexual assault across an entire nation. It was the purpose of this study to analyze the demographics of sexual assault using a national data base. METHODS:This was a retrospective study of prospectively collected data from ... Read more >>

J Forensic Leg Med (Journal of forensic and legal medicine)
[2020, 69:101887]

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Economic burden of maternal morbidity - A systematic review of cost-of-illness studies.

Patrick S Moran, Francesca Wuytack, Michael Turner, Charles Normand, Stephanie Brown, Cecily Begley, Deirdre Daly,

AIM:To estimate the economic burden of common health problems associated with pregnancy and childbirth, such as incontinence, mental health problems, or gestational diabetes, excluding acute complications of labour or birth, or severe acute adverse maternal outcomes. METHODS:Searches for relevant studies were carried out to November 2019 in Medline, Embase, CINAHL, ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(1):e0227377]

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Depression and Domestic Violence Experiences Among Asian Women: A Systematic Review.

Pallavi Koirala, Montakarn Chuemchit,

Purpose:To determine the association of postpartum depression with domestic violence experiences among women in Asia. Background:Postpartum depression (PPD) is an important cause of maternal morbidity as well as mortality. There is increasing evidence that domestic violence (DV) increases the risk of PPD. Methods:We performed literature searches using the databases PUBMED, ... Read more >>

Int J Womens Health (International Journal of Women's Health)
[2020, 12:21-33]

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Focus on Clozapine Withdrawal- and Misuse-Related Cases as Reported to the European Medicines Agency (EMA) Pharmacovigilance Database.

Stefania Chiappini, Fabrizio Schifano, John Martin Corkery, Amira Guirguis,

BACKGROUND:Clozapine is of high clinical relevance for the management of both treatment-resistant schizophrenia and psychotic disturbances with concurrent drug misuse. Although the molecule presents with a range of well-known side-effects, its discontinuation/withdrawal syndrome has been only anecdotally described. AIMS:the 2005-2018 European Medicines Agency (EMA) dataset of Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) ... Read more >>

Brain Sci (Brain sciences)
[2020, 10(2):]

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Clinical role of low hemoglobin ratio in poor neurologic outcomes in infants with traumatic intracranial hemorrhage.

En-Pei Lee, Shao-Hsuan Hsia, Oi-Wa Chan, Chia-Ying Lin, Jainn-Jim Lin, Han-Ping Wu,

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of pediatric morbidity and mortality worldwide, and half of all fatalities occur in infants aged less than 1 year. We analyzed 129 infants diagnosed with TBI complicated with intracranial hemorrhage confirmed by brain computed tomography. We defined delta hemoglobin (ΔHB) as nadir ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):400]

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Maternal characteristics associated with injury-related infant death in West Virginia, 2010-2014.

Wilson A Koech, Toni M Rudisill, Ian R H Rockett,

Although injury-related deaths have been documented among children and adult populations, insufficient attention has been directed towards injury-related infant deaths. The objective of this retrospective study was to investigate maternal and infant characteristics associated with injury-related infant deaths in West Virginia. Birth and infant mortality data for 2010-2014 were sourced ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2019, 14(8):e0220801]

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ACMT 2020 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts – New York, NY.

J Med Toxicol (Journal of Medical Toxicology)
[0, :1-53]

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