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Myokymia

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Evaluation of botulinum toxin effects in hemifacial spasm patients: correlation between clinical rating scales and high-speed video system measurements.

Tammy H Osaki, Midori H Osaki, Denny M Garcia, Teissy Osaki, Lilian Ohkawara, Rubens Belfort, Antonio Augusto V Cruz,

The purpose of this study was to compare the scores of two clinical rating scales and high-speed video system measurements obtained during spontaneous eyelid movements in hemifacial spasm (HFS) patients before and after treatment. Patients were evaluated before and 30 days after receiving treatment with onabotulinumtoxinA injections. Using a high-speed video ... Read more >>

J Neural Transm (Vienna) (Journal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996))
[2020, :]

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Comparison of preseptal and pretarsal onabotulinum toxin A injection in patients with hemifacial spasm.

Ayşen Tuğba Canbasoğlu Yılmaz, Murat Yılmaz, Mehmet Fevzi Öztekin,

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of different doses of onabotulinum toxin A on the amplitude and latency values of the blink reflex and facial nerve in the pretarsal and preseptal portions of the orbicularis oculi muscle in patients with hemifacial spasm. Thirty patients with ... Read more >>

Int. J. Neurosci. (The International journal of neuroscience)
[2020, :1-9]

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Facial myokymia in inherited peripheral nerve hyperexcitability syndrome.

Clara Gontijo Camelo, André Macedo Serafim Silva, Cristiane Araújo Martins Moreno, Ciro Matsui-Júnior, Carlos Otto Heise, José Luiz Pedroso, Edmar Zanoteli,

Peripheral nerve hyperexcitability syndrome comprises a heterogeneous group of diseases, clinically characterised by myokymia, fasciculation, muscle cramps and stiffness. The causes are either immune mediated or non-immune mediated. Non-immune-mediated forms are mostly genetic, relating to two main genes: KCNQ2 and KCNA1 Patients with KCNQ2 gene mutations typically present with epileptic ... Read more >>

Pract Neurol (Practical neurology)
[2020, :]

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Will Tonic Water Stop My Eyelid Twitching?

Majid Moshirfar, Shaan N Somani, Kathryn M Shmunes, Yasmyne C Ronquillo,

Eyelid myokymia, commonly referred to as "eyelid twitching", is a common, benign condition that resolves in most individuals within hours to days; however, chronic cases can persist for several weeks to months, prompting the search for home remedies that may reduce the frequency or duration of symptoms. In this article, ... Read more >>

Clin Ophthalmol (Clinical Ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.))
[2020, 14:689-691]

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Painful myokymia after surgery in a patient with Isaacs' syndrome: a case report.

Hiroai Okutani, Yukari Okano, Munetaka Hirose,

BACKGROUND:Isaacs' syndrome is a peripheral nerve hyperexcitability syndrome and rare acquired channel disease. The symptoms (myokymia, neuromyotonia, and muscle spasm) emerge even during sleep. This report describes the anesthetic management, especially neuromuscular blocking drugs and postoperative pain, in a case of Isaacs' syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION:A 63-year-old woman with Isaacs' syndrome ... Read more >>

JA Clin Rep (JA clinical reports)
[2020, 6(1):14]

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Fully endoscopic microvascular decompression of the hemifacial spasm: our experience.

Bao-Hui Feng, Wen-Xiang Zhong, Shi-Ting Li, Xu-Hui Wang,

PURPOSE:Microvascular decompression (MVD) surgery has been accepted as a potentially curative method for hemifacial spasm (HFS). The primary cause of failure of MVD is incomplete decompression of the offending vessel due to inadequate visualization. This study is aimed at evaluating the benefit of endoscopic visualization and the value of fully ... Read more >>

Acta Neurochir (Wien) (Acta neurochirurgica)
[2020, :]

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Clinical Analysis of Patients with Ipsilateral Coexistence of Hemifacial Spasm and Trigeminal Neuralgia.

Jiayu Liu, Chunping Zhu, Ruen Liu, Bo Liu, Jingru Zhou, Cungang Fan, Feng Jiao, Dongliang Wang, Gang Wu, Yongan Jiang,

OBJECTIVE:To analyze the clinical data of patients with ipsilateral coexistence of hemifacial spasm (HFS) and trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and their treatment by microvascular decompression (MVD). METHODS:We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data, imaging examination, offending vessels, surgical methods and efficacy in 40 patients with ipsilateral coexistence of HFS and TN from ... Read more >>

World Neurosurg (World neurosurgery)
[2020, :]

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Fourth Cranial Nerve Palsy Associated With Sildenafil Citrate.

Yumi Lee, Kyung-Ah Park, Sei Yeul Oh, Ju-Hong Min, Byoung Joon Kim,

J Neuroophthalmol (Journal of neuro-ophthalmology : the official journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society)
[2020, :]

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Vestibular Impairment in Hemifacial Spasm Syndrome: A Case Report.

Luz Barona, Claudio Krstulovic, Bartolome Bejarano, Nicolas Perez,

J Int Adv Otol (The journal of international advanced otology)
[2020, :]

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Microvascular decompression: is routine postoperative CT imaging necessary?

Gökce Hatipoglu Majernik, Shadi Al-Afif, Hans E Heissler, Luisa Cassini Ascencao, Joachim K Krauss,

BACKGROUND:Postoperative head CT imaging is routinely performed for detection of postoperative complications following intracranial procedures. However, it remains unclear whether with regard to radiation exposure, costs, and possibly lack of consequences this practice is truly justified in various operative procedures. The objective of this study was to analyze whether routine ... Read more >>

Acta Neurochir (Wien) (Acta neurochirurgica)
[2020, :]

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Which factors impact on quality of life for adults with blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm?

Sadie Lawes-Wickwar, Hayley McBain, Shashivadan P Hirani, Catherine S Hurt, Nicola Dunlop, Dianne Solly, Bridget Crampton, Stanton P Newman, Daniel G Ezra,

Purpose: Benign essential blepharospasm (BEB) and hemifacial spasm (HFS) are debilitating conditions causing spasms to the eyes and/or face and can significantly impact on quality of life (QoL). Initial research has highlighted potential factors impacting on QoL in BEB, but there remains a wealth of demographic, clinical, and psychosocial factors ... Read more >>

Orbit (Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands))
[2020, :1-10]

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Clinical analysis of microvascular decompression in patients with hemifacial spasm: a retrospective study.

Fang Li, Ruen Liu,

BACKGROUND:Unilateral contractions of the facial muscles characterize hemifacial spasm (HFS). Microvascular decompression (MVD) was widely accepted for the treatment of HFS. To investigate the operative effects and surgical complications in patients with HFS after MVD. METHODS:A retrospective analysis of 540 patients with HFS after MVD was conducted from January 2017 ... Read more >>

Ann Palliat Med (Annals of palliative medicine)
[2020, :]

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The efficacy of temporary clamping of V3 with a suboccipital far-lateral approach in microvascular decompression for Hemifacial spasm associated with the vertebral artery.

Sho Tsunoda, Tomohiro Inoue, Kazuaki Naemura, Atsuya Akabane,

Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is often caused by compression of the vertebral artery (VA) directly or indirectly as a result of other intervening vessels, so VA-associated HFS is difficult to treat. Recently, we have achieved good surgical outcomes using a far lateral approach and temporary clamping of V3 for VA-associated HFS. ... Read more >>

Neurosurg Rev (Neurosurgical review)
[2020, :]

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Prognostic Value of Abnormal Muscle Response During Microvascular Decompression for Hemifacial Spasm: A Meta-Analysis.

Jie Zhang, Zong-Hao Li, Jin-Feng Wang, Yong-Han Chen, Ning Wang, Yi Wang,

OBJECTIVE:To perform a comprehensive meta-analysis to systematically assess the value of abnormal muscle response (AMR) in predicting the surgical outcome of patients with hemifacial spasm. METHODS:The electronic database PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and ScienceDirect were searched, and relevant articles were identified up to September 30, 2019. These data were ... Read more >>

World Neurosurg (World neurosurgery)
[2020, 137:8-17]

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Hypertension and Diabetes Are Associated With Clinical Characteristics in Patients Undergoing Microvascular Decompression for Hemifacial Spasm.

Lingzhao Min, Wenbo Zhang, Bangbao Tao, Qiuyang Sun, Shiting Li, Xiaoqiang Wang,

OBJECTIVES:The aim of the present study is to investigate effect of hypertension and diabetes on neuroelectrophysiology, outcomes and complications in patients with hemifacial spasm (HFS) treated by microvascular decompression (MVD). METHODS:From June 2014 to December 2016, 476 consecutive HFS patients who had undergone MVD were divided into 2 groups according ... Read more >>

J Craniofac Surg (The Journal of craniofacial surgery)
[2020, 31(2):468-471]

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[Hemifacial Spasm Caused by Vertebral Artery Fusiform Aneurysm and the Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery].

Masataka Miyama, Terushige Toyooka, Arumu Endo, Noriaki Tanabe, Kazuma Doi, Yohei Otsuka, Takashi Matsumoto, Toru Yoshiura, Makoto Takeuchi, Naoki Otani, Kojiro Wada, Kentaro Mori,

We report a case of hemifacial spasm in which the root exit zone(REZ)of the facial nerve was compressed by both the vertebral artery(VA)aneurysm and the anterior interior cerebellar artery(AICA). A 60-year-old female had suffered left hemifacial spasm for 2 years. Three-dimensional rotational angiography with selective arterial infusion of contrast medium(3DRA-IA)revealed ... Read more >>

No Shinkei Geka (No shinkei geka. Neurological surgery)
[2020, 48(2):143-149]

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Unilateral Fourth Nerve Palsy due to Presumed Metastatic Melanoma.

Joshua Pasol, Eric A Mellon, Lynn G Feun, Gaurav M Saigal, Tejan P Diwanji, Ricardo J Komotar,

An 81-year-old man with a history of metastatic melanoma presented with sudden onset of painless, binocular vertical diplopia. The clinical examination was consistent with a right fourth nerve palsy. An MRI of the head revealed a mass dorsal to the right tectum at the level of the inferior colliculus. An ... Read more >>

J Neuroophthalmol (Journal of neuro-ophthalmology : the official journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society)
[2020, :]

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Radiation induced subclinical brachial myokymia captured on muscle ultrasound.

Luciana Pelosi, Ian Galley,

Clin Neurophysiol (Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology)
[2020, :]

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Using strength-duration analysis to identify the afferent limb of the lateral spread response in hemifacial spasm patients during microvascular decompression surgery.

Marshall F Wilkinson, Tumul Chowdhury, Anthony M Kaufmann,

Strength-duration analysis has been used to identify excitability differences between motor and sensory axons in human peripheral mixed nerves. The trigeminal and facial nerves have both been suggested to play a role in mediating the lateral spread response (LSR) in patients with hemifacial spasm (HFS). We sought to investigate this ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, :]

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Significance of wave I loss of brainstem auditory evoked potentials during microvascular decompression surgery for hemifacial spasm.

Byung-Euk Joo, Sang-Ku Park, Min Ho Lee, Seunghoon Lee, Jeong-A Lee, Kwan Park,

OBJECTIVE:We sought to define the significance of wave I loss of brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) during microvascular decompression (MVD) surgery for hemifacial spasm. METHODS:Out of 670 patients, 36 showed wave V loss during MVD surgery. These patients were classified into the following two groups based on wave I loss: ... Read more >>

Clin Neurophysiol (Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology)
[2020, 131(4):809-815]

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Hemifacial Spasm Due to Bony Stenosis of the Internal Auditory Meatus: Look Beyond the Loop.

Barbara Ligas, Deepak Khatri, Catherine Higbie, Katherine Wagner, David Langer,

BACKGROUND:Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a neuromuscular disorder resulting from cranial nerve VII compression at the root entry zone, characterized by brief, involuntary, progressive spasms of muscles on one side of face. The cisternal part of cranial nerve VII myelinated by Schwann cells is considered relatively resistant to compression. Rarely, direct ... Read more >>

World Neurosurg (World neurosurgery)
[2020, 137:179-182]

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Comments on: Ocular surface status in patients with hemifacial spasm under long-lasting treatment with botulinum A toxin: A comparative fellow eye study.

Manisha Singh, Sima Das, Virender Sangwan,

Indian J Ophthalmol (Indian journal of ophthalmology)
[2020, 68(1):264-265]

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Limb Myokymia in Guillain-Barré Syndrome.

Gunasekaran Kuttiappan, S Sivakumar, K Thiruvarutchelvan,

Neurol India (Neurology India)
[2020, 68(1):230-233]

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Strengthened thalamoparietal functional connectivity in patients with hemifacial spasm: a cross-sectional resting-state fMRI study.

Xuan Niu, Hui Xu, Chenguang Guo, Tong Yang, Dustin Kress, Lin Gao, Shaohui Ma, Ming Zhang, Yuan Wang,

OBJECTIVE:In spite of the well-known importance of thalamus in hemifacial spasm (HFS), the thalamic resting-state networks in HFS is still rarely mentioned. This study aimed to investigate resting-state functional connectivity (FC) of the thalamus in HFS patients and examine its association with clinical measures. METHODS:25 HFS patients and 28 matched ... Read more >>

Br J Radiol (The British journal of radiology)
[2020, 93(1108):20190887]

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Clinical outcomes and aetiology of fourth cranial nerve palsy with acute vertical diplopia in adults.

Shin Yeop Oh, Sei Yeul Oh,

BACKGROUND:We investigated the clinical outcomes of fourth cranial nerve (CN4) palsy with acute vertical diplopia in adults. METHODS:A total of 80 patients with acute CN4 palsy who underwent at least 3 months of follow-up were included in this study. We retrospectively investigated the aetiology, rate of recovery, and factors associated ... Read more >>

Eye (Lond) (Eye (London, England))
[2020, :]

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