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No association between early maternal HbA1c and offspring birthweight among women without pre-existing diabetes in Greenland.

Katja Vedsted Rasmussen, Karoline Kragelund Nielsen, Michael Lynge Pedersen,

Studies of the association between maternal blood glucose measured by glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) during pregnancy and the offspring's birthweight have been heterogeneous. The aim of this study was to examine the association between maternal HbA1c level before gestational week 20 and the offspring's birthweight among predominantly indigenous women in Greenland. ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1702798]

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A qualitative assessment of the influence of family dynamics on adolescents' sexual risk behaviour in a migration-affected community.

Felix Chima Anyanwu, Henry Abayomi Akinsola, Augustine Kwame Tugli, Nkechi Obisie-Nmehielle,

Purpose: Adolescents may be known to take risks, but they may also conform to societal norms if they are given proper guidance, implying that there is a need for proper monitoring. This qualitative study explores the influence of family dynamics on adolescents sexual risk behaviour within a migration affected community.Method: ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2020, 15(1):1717322]

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Timing of initiation of renal replacement therapy in acute kidney injury: an updated meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Ling Zhang, Dezheng Chen, Xin Tang, Peiyun Li, Yong Zhang, Ye Tao,

Purpose: The results from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) concerning the timing of initiation of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) are still inconsistent.Materials and methods: We searched for RCTs, as well as relevant references, focusing on the timing of RRT for AKI patients in the ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal Failure)
[2020, 42(1):77-88]

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Why do women discontinue contraception and what are the post-discontinuation outcomes? Evidence from the Arusha Region, Tanzania.

Ryoko Sato, Bilikisu Elewonibi, Sia Msuya, Rachel Manongi, David Canning, Iqbal Shah,

In Africa, high discontinuation of contraceptive use is thwarting goals for healthy birth spacing or limiting childbearing. This paper investigates how well the contraception program is addressing the needs of women and couples in the Arusha region, Tanzania by studying contraceptive use continuation. We measured the overall and method-specific discontinuation ... Read more >>

Sex Reprod Health Matters (Sexual and reproductive health matters)
[2020, 28(1):1723321]

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Health care utilisation changes among Alaska Native adults after participation in an indigenous community programme to address adverse life experiences: a propensity score-matched analysis.

Lily Ray, Bobbi Outten, Katherine Gottlieb,

The aim of this study was to investigate whether participation in Family Wellness Warriors Initiative (FWWI), an Alaska Native program that addresses adverse life experiences, is associated with changes in health care utilisation. The study method was a propensity score-matched cohort analysis using retrospective electronic health record data from Southcentral ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1705048]

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Social isolation and exclusion: the parents' experience of caring for children with rare neurodevelopmental disorders.

Genevieve Currie, Joanna Szabo,

Purpose: The experiences of parents caring for the complex care needs of children with rare neurodevelopmental disorders are not well understood. Parents struggle to meet their children's medical, behavioural, and social needs within and across health, social, and family systems. The purpose of this study was to explore the parents' ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2020, 15(1):1725362]

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Knowledge, application and how about competence? Qualitative assessment of multiple-choice questions for dental students.

Mesküre Capan Melser, Verena Steiner-Hofbauer, Bledar Lilaj, Hermann Agis, Anna Knaus, Anita Holzinger,

Background: Many medical schools train their faculty members to construct high cognitive level multiple choice questions (MCQs) that demand a great deal of analytical and critical thinking, application, and competence. The purpose of this study is to determine the cognitive levels of MCQs by using Moore's Expanded Outcomes Framework and ... Read more >>

Med Educ Online (Medical education online)
[2020, 25(1):1714199]

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Late diagnosis of Lesch-Nyhan disease complicated with end-stage renal disease and tophi burst: a case report.

Cahyani Gita Ambarsari, Daffodilone Cahyadi, Lenny Sari, Oryza Satria, Felly Sahli, Thyrza Laudamy Darmadi, Agustina Kadaristiana,

Background: Lesch-Nyhan disease (LND) is a rare X-linked recessive inborn error of purine metabolism. Late diagnosis of LND may cause significant morbidity. LND cases have never been reported in Indonesia.Case report: A 15-year-old male who had been diagnosed with cerebral palsy was referred to our hospital due to renal failure ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal Failure)
[2020, 42(1):113-121]

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Healthy ageing in the far North: perspectives and prescriptions.

Jennifer R Peterson, Didar A Baumgartner, Sabrina L Austin,

Objectives: This study captured factors integral to healthy ageing in central Alaska. To date, conceptual models fail to meaningfully address how healthy ageing is impacted by location and context, particularly in remote or sparsely populated areas. The way "healthy", or "successful", ageing is defined in an extreme environment, and how ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1735036]

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Enamel defects and caries prevalence in preterm children aged 5-10 years in Dubai.

Anood Alshehhi, Manal Al Halabi, Iyad Hussein, Anas Salami, Amar Hassan, Mawlood Kowash,

Background: Enamel defects (EDs) are commonly reported dental findings in preterm/low birthweight children. EDs potentially increase caries susceptibility.Aim: To assess the prevalence of EDs and dental caries in a group of preterm children (aged 5-10 years) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE).Methodology: A retrospective cohort study of medical records of ... Read more >>

Libyan J Med (The Libyan journal of medicine)
[2020, 15(1):1705633]

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Examining coverage, content, and impact of maternal nutrition interventions: the case for quality-adjusted coverage measurement.

Naima T Joseph, Ellen Piwoz, Dennis Lee, Address Malata, Hannah H Leslie, ,

Background:Reductions in neonatal mortality remain stagnant, despite gains in health care access and utilization. Nutrition interventions during antenatal care (ANC) and in the immediate postpartum period are associated with improved neonatal outcomes. Adjusting coverage estimates for the quality of care provided yields greater insight into health system performance and potential ... Read more >>

J Glob Health (Journal of global health)
[2020, 10(1):010501]

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Coaching in undergraduate medical education: a national survey.

Margaret Wolff, Maya Hammoud, Sally Santen, Nicole Deiorio, Megan Fix,

Background: Evidence to support coaching in medical education has grown over the past decade leading educators to search for resources to aid the development of their own coaching programs. A sample of medical schools in the USA were surveyed to describe coaching programs to assist other institutions in the development ... Read more >>

Med Educ Online (Medical education online)
[2020, 25(1):1699765]

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Parental Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (MEN 1) Is Associated with Increased Offspring Childhood Mortality.

Michael Thompson, Prudence Hogg, Antonio De Paoli, John Burgess,

CONTEXT:Information regarding the impact of parental multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1) on neonatal outcomes is limited to case reports. OBJECTIVE:To determine the impact of parental MEN 1 on neonatal outcomes. METHODS:Retrospective cohort analysis of the Tasman 1 MEN 1 kindred stratified by whether birth occurred before ("historical cohort") ... Read more >>

J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism)
[2020, 105(4):]

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Intra-uterine insemination for unexplained subfertility.

Reuben Olugbenga Ayeleke, Joyce Danielle Asseler, Ben J Cohlen, Susanne M Veltman-Verhulst,

BACKGROUND:Intra-uterine insemination (IUI) is a widely-used fertility treatment for couples with unexplained subfertility. Although IUI is less invasive and less expensive than in vitro fertilisation (IVF), the safety of IUI in combination with ovarian hyperstimulation (OH) is debated. The main concern about IUI treatment with OH is the increase in ... Read more >>

Cochrane Database Syst Rev (The Cochrane database of systematic reviews)
[2020, 3:CD001838]

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Prevalence and curriculum of sexual and gender minority education in Japanese medical school and future direction.

Yuka Yamazaki, Akiko Aoki, Junji Otaki,

Background: In Japan, sexual and gender minorities (SGM) remain stigmatized, provoking hospital access barriers and health disparities from judgmental care. Japan's Western-influenced introduction of SGM course content into medical education for future physicians addresses these disparities, although often perfunctorily and inconsistently.Objective: To examine the prevalence and characteristics of medical education ... Read more >>

Med Educ Online (Medical education online)
[2020, 25(1):1710895]

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Perinatal outcome in children born after assisted reproductive technologies.

Ulla-Britt Wennerholm, Christina Bergh,

Over the past 40 years access and effectiveness of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) have increased, and to date more than 8 million children have been conceived after ART globally. Most pregnancies resulting from ART are uncomplicated and result in the birth of healthy children. Yet, it is well known that pregnancies ... Read more >>

Ups. J. Med. Sci. (Upsala journal of medical sciences)
[2020, :1-9]

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A wearable sensor identifies alterations in community ambulation in multiple sclerosis: contributors to real-world gait quality and physical activity.

Shirley Shema-Shiratzky, Inbar Hillel, Anat Mirelman, Keren Regev, Katherine L Hsieh, Arnon Karni, Hannes Devos, Jacob J Sosnoff, Jeffrey M Hausdorff,

People with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) often suffer from gait impairments. These changes in gait have been well studied in laboratory and clinical settings. A thorough investigation of gait alterations during community ambulation and their contributing factors, however, is lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate community ambulation ... Read more >>

J. Neurol. (Journal of Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes of Chinese women with infertility undergoing assisted reproductive technology treatment:a retrospective cohort study

Jiumei Author), Jingxue Author), Qiwei Liu, Boer Deng, Fang Chen, Xiaowei Liu,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background : To examine differences in the maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes of Chinese women with various causes of infertility who underwent assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included women with various causes of infertility who used ART. Data on demographic characteristics, ... Read more >>

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Observational retrospective study of UK national success, risks and costs for 319,105 IVF/ICSI and 30,669 IUI treatment cycles.

Gulam Bahadur, Roy Homburg, Judith E Bosmans, Judith A F Huirne, Peter Hinstridge, Kanna Jayaprakasan, Paul Racich, Rakib Alam, Ioannis Karapanos, Afeeza Illahibuccus, Ansam Al-Habib, Eric Jauniaux,

OBJECTIVE:To compare success rates, associated risks and cost-effectiveness between intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilisation (IVF). DESIGN:Retrospective observational study. SETTING:The UK from 2012 to 2016. PARTICIPANTS:Data from Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority's freedom of information request for 2012-2016 for IVF/ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection)and IUI as practiced in 319 105 ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2020, 10(3):e034566]

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Mothers' and fathers' lived experiences of postpartum depression and parental stress after childbirth: a qualitative study.

Maude Johansson, Ylva Benderix, Idor Svensson,

Purpose: The study aims are to explore the lived experiences of mothers and fathers of postpartum depression and parental stress after childbirth.Methods: Qualitative interviews conducted, and analysed from an interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) perspective.Results: Both mothers and fathers described experiences of inadequacy, although fathers described external requirements, and mothers described ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2020, 15(1):1722564]

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Hemoglobin levels and anemia evaluation among pregnant women in the remote and rural high lands of mid-western Nepal: a hospital based study.

Deepak Sharma, Kapil Amgain, Prem Prasad Panta, Bishal Pokhrel,

BackgroundAnemia though is a major risk factor for unfavorable pregnancy outcomes; no previous studies have yet described the hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations and anemia prevalence among pregnant women of remote mid western highlands of Nepal where the aggravating factors that increase the risk of anemia are very common. In addition, the ... Read more >>

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth (BMC pregnancy and childbirth)
[2020, 20:]

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The role of maternal infection in preterm birth: evidence from the Brazilian Multicentre Study on Preterm Birth (EMIP).

Ricardo P. Tedesco, Rafael B. Galvão, Jose Paulo Guida, Renato Passini-Júnior, Giuliane J. Lajos, Marcelo L. Nomura, Patricia M. Rehder, Tabata Z. Dias, Renato T. Souza, Jose G. Cecatti,

OBJECTIVES:Evidence suggests that infection or inflammation is a major contributor to early spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB). Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the development and causes of maternal infection associated with maternal and neonatal outcomes in women with sPTB.METHODS:This was a secondary analysis of a multicenter cross-sectional study with a ... Read more >>

Clinics (Sao Paulo) (Clinics)
[2020, 75:]

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Maternal and child-health outcomes in pregnancies following Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART): a prospective cohort study.

Shana Ginar da Silva, Mariângela Freitas da Silveira, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Marlos Rodrigues Domingues, Iná da Silva Dos Santos,

BACKGROUND:Studies comparing the outcome of spontaneous versus assisted reproductive technologies (ART) pregnancies report heterogeneous results. Despite the success of ART to overcome infertility, concern is growing regarding both its safety and its effect on maternal and child health. The objective of this study was to compare maternal and child-health outcomes ... Read more >>

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth (BMC pregnancy and childbirth)
[2020, 20(1):106]

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Mediterranean diet during pregnancy and childhood respiratory and atopic outcomes: birth cohort study.

Annabelle Bédard, Kate Northstone, A John Henderson, Seif O Shaheen,

Evidence for associations between Mediterranean diet during pregnancy and childhood asthma, allergy and related outcomes is conflicting. Few cohorts have followed children to school age, and none have considered lung function.In the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, we analysed associations between maternal Mediterranean diet score during pregnancy (estimated ... Read more >>

Eur. Respir. J. (The European respiratory journal)
[2020, 55(3):]

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Prevalence of a Good Perinatal Outcome With Cryopreserved Compared With Fresh Donor Oocytes.

Jennifer L Eaton, Tracy Truong, Yi-Ju Li, Alex J Polotsky,

OBJECTIVE:To compare the odds of a good perinatal outcome between cryopreserved and fresh donor oocytes. METHODS:We used the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinic Outcomes Reporting System to conduct a retrospective cohort study of women undergoing donor oocyte in vitro fertilization (IVF) from 2012 to 2015. Cycles using cryopreserved embryos, ... Read more >>

Obstet Gynecol (Obstetrics and gynecology)
[2020, 135(3):709-716]

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