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Mercury Toxicity

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A comparison of individual-level vs. hypothetically pooled mercury biomonitoring data from the Maternal Organics Monitoring Study (MOMS), Alaska, 1999-2012.

Emily Mosites, Ernesto Rodriguez, Samuel P Caudill, Thomas W Hennessy, James Berner,

Biomonitoring for heavy metals is important to assess health risks, especially in Arctic communities where rural residents rely on locally harvested foods. However, laboratory testing for blood contaminants is expensive and might not be sustainable for long-term monitoring. We assessed whether pooled specimen biomonitoring could be a part of a ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1726256]

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Non-invasive biomonitoring of mercury in birds near thermal power plants: lessons from Maharashtra, India.

Sunidhi Thakur, Shalini Dhyani, Kavita Bramhanwade, Krishna Kumar Pandey, Naresh Bokade, Ramesh Janipella, Paras Pujari,

Thermal power plants (TPPs) have emerged as a major source of air, water, and soil pollution because of the presence of many toxic metals. The presence of mercury (Hg) in fly ash has proven to be toxic in nature because of its tendency to get bioaccumulated and biomagnified in the ... Read more >>

Environ Monit Assess (Environmental monitoring and assessment)
[2020, 192(4):260]

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Evaluation of Dietary Organic and Inorganic Mercury Threshold Levels on Induced Mercury Toxicity in a Marine Fish Model.

Said Majdood Raihan, Mohammad Moniruzzaman, Youngjin Park, Seunghan Lee, Sungchul C Bai,

Mercury as one of the most toxic elements can be present in organic or inorganic form in marine fishes, which may cause a potential threat to public health. In this study, we investigated to determine the dietary organic (O-Hg) and inorganic (I-Hg) mercury threshold levels on induced mercury toxicity in ... Read more >>

Animals (Basel) (Animals : an open access journal from MDPI)
[2020, 10(3):]

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Evaluation of a nanoscale zero-valent iron amendment as a potential tool to reduce mobility, toxicity, and bioaccumulation of arsenic and mercury from wetland sediments.

Ellen Emily Vanessa Chapman, Christine Moore, Linda M Campbell,

Gold mining in the 1800s has led to the contamination of wetlands with introduced mercury (Hg) and geogenic arsenic (As). In situ risk management tools to reduce mobility and toxicity of Hg and As are needed to support natural restoration of impacted ecosystems. Here, we explored whether a nanoscale zero-valent ... Read more >>

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int (Environmental science and pollution research international)
[2020, :]

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The "wing-heeled" traveler.

Taylor Kain, Jordan Weinstein, Aaron Thompson, Andrea K Boggild,

Intoxication syndromes may be travel acquired, and are related to intentional or accidental inhalational or percutaneous exposures or ingestions. Due to their myriad clinical presentations, initial differential diagnosis of such intoxications in returned travelers is broad, and typically requires detailed history and laboratory investigations to disentangle. We herein use a ... Read more >>

Trop Dis Travel Med Vaccines (Tropical diseases, travel medicine and vaccines)
[2020, 6:2]

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The mercury science-policy interface: History, evolution and progress of the Minamata Convention.

Michael S Bank,

Mercury (Hg) pollution is an important environmental and public health issue that has garnered significant interest from policy makers and the global regulatory community. Consumption of seafood is the primary mechanism of methyl Hg (MeHg) exposure in humans, globally, and marine fish represent an important linkage between atmospheric dynamics, aquatic ... Read more >>

Sci. Total Environ. (The Science of the total environment)
[2020, 722:137832]

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Health risk assessment and levels of toxic metals in fishes (Oreochromis noliticus and Clarias anguillaris) from Ankobrah and Pra basins: Impact of illegal mining activities on food safety.

Nii Korley Kortei, Marcus Ekow Heymann, Edward Ken Essuman, Fidelis Mawunyo Kpodo, Papa Toah Akonor, Sylvester Yao Lokpo, Nathaniel Owusu Boadi, Matilda Ayim-Akonor, Clement Tettey,

Arsenic (As), mercury (Hg), Cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) are toxic heavy metals that naturally occur in the ecosystem. Their levels are on the rise due to anthropogenic activities posing threat to aquatic wildlife and humans. In Ghana, pollution of some water bodies has led to unsafe consumption of riverine ... Read more >>

Toxicol Rep (Toxicology reports)
[2020, 7:360-369]

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Evaluation of chelating and cytoprotective activity of vanillin against the toxic action of mercuric chloride as an alternative for phytoremediation.

Joelma P da Silva, Maria do S Costa, Fabia F Campina, Camila F Bezerra, Thiago S de Freitas, Amanda K Sousa, Celestina E Sobral Souza, Yedda M L S de Matos, Francisco N Pereira-Junior, Irwim R A Menezes, Henrique D M Coutinho, Janaína E Rocha,

Mercury is widely found in nature, however, in low concentrations, but anthropological activities have increased its concentration considerably. This causes various environmental hazards and human health. Many substances are capable of reversing the toxicity of mercuric chloride in the environment. The aim of the present study was to determine the ... Read more >>

Environ Geochem Health (Environmental geochemistry and health)
[2020, :]

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Thermal stress accelerates mercury chloride toxicity in Oreochromis niloticus via up-regulation of mercury bioaccumulation and HSP70 mRNA expression.

Rania Waheed, Amel M El Asely, Hatem Bakery, Ragab El-Shawarby, Mohamed Abuo-Salem, Nabila Abdel-Aleem, Farag Malhat, Asmaa Khafaga, Ahmed Abdeen,

Mercury (Hg) is an environmental pollutant that threatens aquatic life. Many environmental factors, including water temperature, are reported to influence the toxicity of dissolved chemicals in the aquatic ecosystem. Therefore, we investigated the impact of thermal stress on Hg-induced subchronic toxicity in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Fish were randomly allocated ... Read more >>

Sci. Total Environ. (The Science of the total environment)
[2020, 718:137326]

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Mercury methylation in rice paddy and accumulation in rice plant: A review.

Lei Zhao, Bo Meng, Xinbin Feng,

The bioavailability and toxicity of mercury (Hg) are dependent on its chemical speciation, in which methylmercury (MeHg) is the most toxic compound. Inorganic Hg can be transformed into MeHg in anaerobic conditions. Subsequent accumulation and biomagnification in the food chain pose a potential threat to human health. Previous studies have ... Read more >>

Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. (Ecotoxicology and environmental safety)
[2020, 195:110462]

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Effect of soil mercury pollution on ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe): Growth, product quality, health risks and silicon mitigation.

Jiamin Xu, Jing Zhang, Yao Lv, Kun Xu, Shaoyong Lu, Xiaohui Liu, Yong Yang,

The mercury residue in soil not only poisons plants, but also bioaccumulates and biomagnifies through the food chain, causing a significant risk to human health. As an essential condiment on the table, the food safety of ginger should be focused on. Using soil culture experiments, this study aimed to identify ... Read more >>

Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. (Ecotoxicology and environmental safety)
[2020, 195:110472]

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Effect of FeS on mercury behavior in mercury-contaminated stream sediment: A case study of Pohang Gumu Creek in South Korea.

Young-Soo Han, Seol-Hee Kim, Chul-Min Chon, Soyeon Kwon, Jae Gon Kim, Han Woo Choi, Joo Sung Ahn,

This study investigated mercury contamination with respect to the sediment characteristics in Gumu Creek near the Pohang Industrial Complex, South Korea. The contaminated sediment had high levels of Hg, exceeding 250 mg Hg/kg sediment at the sampling position, and high concentrations of iron, sulfur, and organic carbon under extreme anaerobic conditions. ... Read more >>

J. Hazard. Mater. (Journal of hazardous materials)
[2020, 393:122373]

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Characterization of Met25 as a Color Associated Genetic Market in Yarrowia lipolytica

Harley Edwards, Zhiliang Yang, Peng Xu,

Yarrowia lipolytica offers an ideal host for biosynthesis of high value natural products and oleochemicals through metabolic engineering despite being restricted to a limited number of selective markers, and counter-selection achieved primarily with URA3. In this work, we investigate MET25, a locus of sulfide housekeeping within the cell, to be ... Read more >>

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Therapeutic Efficacy of the N,N' Bis-(2-Mercaptoethyl) Isophthalamide Chelator for Methylmercury Intoxication in Caenorhabditis elegans.

Tao Ke, Julia Bornhorst, Tanja Schwerdtle, Abel Santamaría, Félix Alexandre Antunes Soare, João B T Rocha, Marcelo Farina, Aaron B Bowman, Michael Aschner,

Methylmercury (MeHg) is a global pollutant and potent neurotoxin. In humans, MeHg damages the central nervous system (CNS), causing irreversible neuronal shrinkage, and neuronal loss. Most chelators for clinical mercury detoxification are thiol-containing agents. N,N 'bis-(2-mercaptoethyl) isophthalamide (NBMI) is a lipophilic thiol agent synthesized from natural chemicals. NBMI has high ... Read more >>

Neurotox Res (Neurotoxicity research)
[2020, :]

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Health Risk Assessment and Source Apportionment of Mercury, Lead, Cadmium, Selenium, and Manganese in Japanese Women: An Adjunct Study to the Japan Environment and Children's Study.

Chaochen Ma, Miyuki Iwai-Shimada, Nozomi Tatsuta, Kunihiko Nakai, Tomohiko Isobe, Mai Takagi, Yukiko Nishihama, Shoji F Nakayama,

Toxic element pollution is a serious global health concern that has been attracting considerable research. In this study, we elucidated the major routes of exposure to three toxic elements (mercury, cadmium, and lead) and two essential elements (manganese and selenium) through diet, soil, house dust, and indoor air and assessed ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(7):]

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Enhancing the catalytic oxidation of elemental mercury and suppressing sulfur-toxic adsorption sites from SO2-containing gas in Mn-SnS2.

Haomiao Xu, Yongpeng Ma, Bailong Mu, Wenjun Huang, Qinyuan Hong, Yong Liao, Zan Qu, Naiqiang Yan,

It is difficult to stabilize gaseous elemental mercury (Hg°) on a sorbent from SO2-containing industrial flue gas. Enhancing Hg° oxidation and activating surface-active sulfur (S*) can benefit the chemical mercury adsorption process. A Mn-SnS2 composite was prepared using the Mn modification of SnS2 nanosheets to expose more Mn oxidation and ... Read more >>

J. Hazard. Mater. (Journal of hazardous materials)
[2020, 392:122230]

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All that glitters is not gold: Mercury poisoning in a family mimicking an infectious illness.

Sukhshant K Atti, Elizabeth M Silver, Yera Chokshi, Sue Casteel, Emily Kiernan, Rogelio Dela Cruz, Ziad Kazzi, Robert J Geller,

Three siblings with inhalational elemental mercury toxicity presented with fever, rash, and upper respiratory tract symptoms. The patients were heavily exposed to elemental mercury that was spilled in their home and then vacuumed. Initial whole blood mercury levels were elevated at >200 µg/L, 153 µg/L and 130 µg/L (Mayo Clinic ... Read more >>

Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care (Current problems in pediatric and adolescent health care)
[2020, :100758]

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Learning from Sisyphus: time to rethink our current, ineffective strategy on neurodevelopmental environmental toxicants.

Larissa Takser, Darel John Hunting,

BACKGROUND:The overwhelming number of potentially toxic chemicals in consumer products and in our daily environment makes it unrealistic to carry out in-depth analyses of each product with the objective of banning and eliminating toxic chemicals from our environment. OBJECTIVES:To present the challenges that environmental toxicology and epidemiology are currently facing ... Read more >>

Environ Health (Environmental health : a global access science source)
[2020, 19(1):31]

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Tissue distribution of mercury and copper after Aarogyavardhini Vati treatment in rat model of CCl4 induced chronic hepatotoxicity.

Shrirang Jamadagni, Pallavi Jamadagni, Binita Angom, Dhirendranath Mondal, Sachchidanand Upadhyay, Sudesh Gaidhani, Jayram Hazra,

BACKGROUND:Aarogyavardhini Vati is a classical Ayurvedic herbomineral formulation. It contains mercury and copper compounds as principal minerals along with other minerals and herbal ingredients. Aarogyavardhini Vati is indicated in chronic liver ailments. However, safety concerns are often raised regarding the use of mercury containing ayurvedic drugs in disease conditions due ... Read more >>

J Ayurveda Integr Med (Journal of Ayurveda and integrative medicine)
[2020, :]

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Protective effect of rutin on mercuric chloride-induced reproductive damage in male rats.

Fatih Mehmet Kandemir, Cuneyt Caglayan, Emrah Hicazi Aksu, Serkan Yildirim, Sefa Kucukler, Cihan Gur, Gizem Eser,

This study investigated the effects of rutin against reproductive damage caused by toxic mercury in male rats. Thirty-five Sprague Dawley rats were used. Control group was injected with saline for 7 days. The rutin-100 group received 100 mg/kg/b.w. rutin for 7 days. Mercuric chloride (HgCl2 ) group received 1.23 mg/kg/b.w. of HgCl2 for 7 days. ... Read more >>

Andrologia (Andrologia)
[2020, 52(3):e13524]

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Nano-selenium functionalized zinc oxide nanorods: A superadsorbent for mercury (II) removal from waters.

Meseret Amde, Jun Yao, Jing-Fu Liu, Zhi-Qiang Tan,

In this study, nano selenium functionalized zinc oxide nanorods, [email protected], was prepared, characterized and investigated for Hg(II) removal from waters of different types. The study results revealed that the material showed a superior adsorption capacity (qm, 1110 mg g-1) and excellent distribution coefficient (Kd, 9.11 × 108 mL g-1) which is two or more ... Read more >>

J. Hazard. Mater. (Journal of hazardous materials)
[2020, 392:122495]

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Emergence of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Belonging to Clonal Complex 15 (CC15-MRSA) in Kuwait Hospitals.

Edet E Udo, Samar S Boswihi, Bindu Mathew, Bobby Noronha, Tina Verghese, Aisha Al-Jemaz, Fatma Al Saqer,

Purpose:Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) belonging to clonal complex 15 (CC15-MRSA) is rare among clinical isolates with few reports from retail camel meat and human patients. This study investigated the genetic relatedness of CC15-MRSA isolated for the first time from patients in Kuwait hospitals. Methods:Antibiotic susceptibility was tested by the disk ... Read more >>

Infect Drug Resist (Infection and drug resistance)
[2020, 13:617-626]

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Gaseous mercury capture by coir fibre coated with a metal-halide.

Damien N McCarthy, Grant C Edwards,

Toxic gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) is emitted to the atmosphere through a variety of anthropogenic and natural routes at rates estimated at over 5000 tonnes per annum, a large fraction of which is Anthropogenic. It is then widely disbursed atmospherically and eventually deposited, where it is subject to further biogeochemical ... Read more >>

J Air Waste Manag Assoc (Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995))
[2020, :]

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One minute synthesis of green fluorescent copper nanocluster: The preparation of smartphone aided paper-based kit for on-site monitoring of nanomolar level mercury and sulfide ions in environmental samples.

Muniyandi Maruthupandi, Dharmaraj Thiruppathi, Nagamalai Vasimalai,

We wish to report, a minute synthesis of green fluorescent copper nanocluster by simple sonication. 1-Thio-β-d-glucose was used as a capping ligand to synthesis copper nanocluster (TG-CuNCs). The TG-CuNCs exhibit the emission maximum at 430 nm. The synthesized TG-CuNCs was well characterized by UV-vis, fluorescent, XRD, HR-TEM and FT-IR techniques. After ... Read more >>

J. Hazard. Mater. (Journal of hazardous materials)
[2020, 392:122294]

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Levels, sources, isotope signatures, and health risks of mercury in street dust across China.

Guangyi Sun, Xinbin Feng, Chenmeng Yang, Leiming Zhang, Runsheng Yin, Zhonggen Li, Xiangyang Bi, Yunjie Wu,

Spatial distribution and isotope signature of mercury (Hg) in street dusts across China were investigated by collecting dust samples from 14 cities and reviewing previously published data from an additional 46 cities. Potential sources of street dust and the associated health risks to humans were also assessed. The total Hg ... Read more >>

J. Hazard. Mater. (Journal of hazardous materials)
[2020, 392:122276]

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