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Meningococcal Meningitis

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The Origin of the Idea That Herpes Labialis Is of Prognostic Importance in Bacterial Meningitis.

Peter J Koehler,

OBJECTIVE:The aim of the work was to study the origin of the idea that herpes labialis (HL) in patients with pneumonia and meningitis was believed to be of prognostic importance. BACKGROUND:HL is caused by a primary infection or reactivation of herpes simplex type I. In the past, it has been ... Read more >>

Eur. Neurol. (European neurology)
[2020, :1-6]

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Multicenter Hospital-Based Prospective Surveillance Study of Bacterial Agents Causing Meningitis and Seroprevalence of Different Serogroups of Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenzae Type b, and Streptococcus pneumoniae during 2015 to 2018 in Turkey.

Mehmet Ceyhan, Yasemin Ozsurekci, Sevgen Tanır Basaranoglu, Nezahat Gurler, Enes Sali, Melike Keser Emiroglu, Fatma Nur Oz, Nursen Belet, Murat Duman, Emel Ulusoy, Zafer Kurugol, Hasan Tezer, Aslinur Ozkaya Parlakay, Ener Cagri Dinleyici, Umit Celik, Solmaz Celebi, Ahmet Faik Oner, Mehmet Ali Solmaz, Adem Karbuz, Nevin Hatipoglu, Ilker Devrim, Ilknur Caglar, Sefika Elmas Bozdemir, Emine Kocabas, Ozlem Ozgur Gundeslioglu, Murat Sutcu, Ozge Metin Akcan, Necdet Kuyucu, Fesih Aktar, Soner Sertan Kara, Havva Ozlem Altay Akisoglu, Nilden Tuygun, Zeynep Diyar Tamburaci Uslu, Eda Karadag Oncel, Cihangul Bayhan, Ali Bulent Cengiz,

The etiology of bacterial meningitis in Turkey changed after the implementation of conjugated vaccines against Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) in the Turkish National Immunization Program (NIP). Administration of Hib vaccine and PCV-7 (7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine) was implemented in NIP in 2006 and 2009, respectively. In ... Read more >>

mSphere (mSphere)
[2020, 5(2):]

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Meningitis (bacterial) and meningococcal septicaemia in under 16s: recognition, diagnosis and management

This guideline covers recognising, diagnosing and managing bacterial meningitis and meningococcal septicaemia (blood poisoning) in babies, children and young people under 16. It aims to reduce deaths and disability by promoting early recognition of symptoms and timely effective management.WHO IS IT FOR? Healthcare professionals. Under 16s with bacterial meningitis or ... Read more >>

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Care of the patient with invasive meningococcal disease by prehospital emergency medical service clinicians: a scoping review.

James Pearce, Micah Peters, Nikki May, Helen Marshall, Cindy Hein, Hugh Grantham,

OBJECTIVE:The objective of this scoping review is to systematically map the literature to identify the scope, depth, key concepts and gaps in the evidence regarding care of the patient with invasive meningococcal disease by emergency medical service (EMS) clinicians. DESIGN:Scoping review. This review is reported in accordance with the Preferred ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2020, 10(2):e033447]

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Meningococcal disease: A paradigm of type-IV pilus dependent pathogenesis.

Isabel Dos Santos Souza, Nawal Maïssa, Jason Ziveri, Philippe C Morand, Mathieu Coureuil, Xavier Nassif, Sandrine Bourdoulous,

Neisseria meningitidis (meningococcus) is a Gram-negative bacterium responsible for two devastating forms of invasive diseases: purpura fulminans and meningitis. Interaction with both peripheral and cerebral microvascular endothelial cells is at the heart of meningococcal pathogenesis. During the last two decades, an essential role for meningococcal type IV pili in vascular ... Read more >>

Cell. Microbiol. (Cellular microbiology)
[2020, 22(4):e13185]

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Validation of a New Rapid Detection Test for Detection of Neisseria meningitidis A/C/W/X/Y Antigens in Cerebrospinal Fluid.

Cyrille H Haddar, Aude Terrade, Paul Verhoeven, Berthe-Marie Njanpop-Lafourcade, Mireille Dosso, Fati Sidikou, Ali Elhaj Mahamane, Jean-Pierre Lombart, Aziza Razki, Eva Hong, Alain Agnememel, Evelyne Begaud, Yves Germani, Bruno Pozzetto, Muhamed-Kheir Taha,

Meningococcal meningitis remains a life-threatening disease worldwide, with high prevalence in the sub-Saharan meningitis belt. A rapid diagnosis is crucial for implementing adapted antimicrobial treatment. We describe the performances of a new immunochromatographic test (MeningoSpeed, BioSpeedia, France) for detecting and grouping Neisseria meningitidis Cerebrospinal fluids (CSFs) were collected from 5 ... Read more >>

J. Clin. Microbiol. (Journal of clinical microbiology)
[2020, 58(3):]

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Peripheral Gangrene and Extremity Amputations - Painful Preventable Sequelae of Meningococcal Septicaemia: Case Series Reports.

F S Ejagwulu, K E Amaefule, Y Z Lawal, I M Maitama, S S Audu, T Delia,

Extremity gangrene is a fairly common pathology, which complicates systemic vascular and endocrine diseases. Most often, it is encountered in diseases like uncontrolled Diabetes Mellitus, presenting as diabetic foot gangrene, severe peripheral arteriosclerosis with gangrene of the extremity complicating severe uncontrolled systemic hypertension and meningococcal septicaemia with peripheral gangrene. It ... Read more >>

West Afr J Med (West African journal of medicine)
[2020, 37(2):189-196]

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Multiple Linear Regression Model of Meningococcal Disease in Ukraine: 1992-2015.

Hennadii Mokhort,

Estimating the rates of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) from epidemiologic data remains critical for making public health decisions. In Ukraine, such estimations have not been performed. We used epidemiological data to develop a national database. These data were used to estimate the population susceptible to IMD and identify the prevalence ... Read more >>

Comput Math Methods Med (Computational and mathematical methods in medicine)
[2020, 2020:5105120]

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Neisseria meningitidis Induced Fatal Waterhouse-Friderichsen Syndrome in a Patient Presenting With Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation and Multiple Organ Failure.

Meng-Yu Wu, Chien-Sheng Chen, Chih-Yi Tsay, Giou-Teng Yiang, Jian-Yu Ke, Po-Chen Lin,

Neisseria meningitidis-induced acute systemic meningococcal disease is an emergency and a fatal condition that has a high mortality rate. In patients with a fulminant infection, a maculopapular petechial eruption, purpura fulminans, or an ecchymotic lesion are worrisome signs reflecting disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and hint at Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome (WFS). Here, ... Read more >>

Brain Sci (Brain sciences)
[2020, 10(3):]

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Health workers' perceptions and challenges in implementing meningococcal serogroup a conjugate vaccine in the routine childhood immunization schedule in Burkina Faso.

Sylvain F Nkwenkeu, Mohamed F Jalloh, Jenny A Walldorf, Robert L Zoma, Felix Tarbangdo, Soukeynatou Fall, Sansan Hien, Roland Combassere, Cesaire Ky, Ludovic Kambou, Alpha Oumar Diallo, Akshaya Krishnaswamy, Flavien H Aké, Cynthia Hatcher, Jaymin C Patel, Isaïe Medah, Ryan T Novak, Terri B Hyde, Heidi M Soeters, Imran Mirza,

BACKGROUND:Meningococcal serogroup A conjugate vaccine (MACV) was introduced in 2017 into the routine childhood immunization schedule (at 15-18 months of age) in Burkina Faso to help reduce meningococcal meningitis burden. MACV was scheduled to be co-administered with the second dose of measles-containing vaccine (MCV2), a vaccine already in the national schedule. ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2020, 20(1):254]

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Differences in the courses of meningococcal and pneumococcal cerebrospinal meningitis.

Wojciech Szymański, Krzysztof Simon, Marta Rorat,

Neisseria meningitidis and Streptococcus pneumoniae are the most common pathogens causing cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM) in adults. The mortality rate and the number of complications remain high. In our study, retrospective evaluations were conducted on data concerning 98 adult patients with bacterial cerebrospinal meningitis caused by Neisseria meningitidis (n = 42) ... Read more >>

Neurol. Neurochir. Pol. (Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska)
[2020, 54(1):39-46]

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Escherichia coli: a rare cause of meningitis in immuno-competent adult.

Maryam Zafar, Abubakar Tauseef, Muhammad Sohaib Asghar, Narmin Khan, Nabeeha Farooqui, Mustafa Dawood, Tanvir Alam, Durre Naman,

A 35-year-old male of Asian ethnicity presented with complaints of high-grade fever, severe headache, vomiting, generalized seizures, deteriorated conscious level and neck stiffness. After all baseline workup Computed Tomography (CT) scan of the brain was done, which turned out to be unremarkable. CT scan was then followed by lumbar puncture ... Read more >>

J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect (Journal of community hospital internal medicine perspectives)
[2020, 10(1):69-72]

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Clinical and economic burden of invasive meningococcal disease: Evidence from a large German claims database.

Liping Huang, Olivia Denise Heuer, Sabrina Janßen, Dennis Häckl, Niklas Schmedt,

BACKGROUND:Limited data is available to describe clinical characteristics, long-term outcomes, healthcare resource use and the attributable costs of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) in Germany. We aimed to examine demographic and clinical characteristics as well as healthcare resource use and related costs. METHODS:We conducted a retrospective cohort study based on the ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(1):e0228020]

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Human genetics of meningococcal infections.

Stephanie Hodeib, Jethro A Herberg, Michael Levin, Vanessa Sancho-Shimizu,

Neisseria meningitidis is a leading cause of bacterial septicaemia and meningitis worldwide. Meningococcal disease is rare but can be life threatening with a tendency to affect children. Many studies have investigated the role of human genetics in predisposition to N. meningitidis infection. These have identified both rare single-gene mutations as ... Read more >>

Hum. Genet. (Human genetics)
[2020, :]

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Clinical manifestations of invasive meningococcal disease in Victoria with the emergence of serogroup W and serogroup Y Neisseria meningitidis.

Michael T Birrell, Janet Strachan, Natasha E Holmes, Kerrie Stevens, Benjamin P Howden, Lucinda J Franklin, Mihaela Ivan, Jason C Kwong,

BACKGROUND:Historically, Australian cases of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) have been most frequently caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup-B, but recently an increase in cases due to serogroup-W (MenW) and serogroup-Y (MenY) has occurred. AIMS:To determine whether clinical manifestations of IMD have changed due to increased incidence of MenW and MenY. METHODS:We ... Read more >>

Intern Med J (Internal medicine journal)
[2020, :]

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Characterization of invasive Neisseria meningitidis isolates recovered from children in Turkey during a period of increased serogroup B disease, 2013-2017.

Mehmet Ceyhan, Yasemin Ozsurekci, Jay Lucidarme, Ray Borrow, ,

Diverse Neisseria meningitidis strains belonging to various serogroups and clonal complexes cause epidemic and endemic life-threatening disease worldwide. This study aimed to investigate the genetic diversity of recent invasive meningococci in Turkey with respect to multilocus sequence type (MLST) and also meningococcal serogroup B (MenB) vaccine antigens to enable assessment ... Read more >>

Vaccine (Vaccine)
[2020, 38(19):3545-3552]

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Surveillance of penicillin resistance of Neisseria meningitidis strains from invasive infections between 2013 and 2018 in Turkey.

Eda Karadag Oncel, Mehmet Ceyhan, Sevgen Tanir Basaranoglu, Venhar Gurbuz, Ahmet Emre Aycan, Yasemin Ozsurekci, Zafer Kurugol, Melike Keser Emiroglu, Ilker Devrim, Adem Karbuz, Havva Ozlem Altay Akisoglu, Nezahat Gurler,

Neisseria meningitidis (N. meningitidis) is regarded as the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in many regions of the world. The empiric antimicrobial treatment is mainly based on antimicrobial resistance and patient characteristics. We aimed to analyze susceptibility patterns of N. meningitidis strains isolated in Turkey. Invasive meningococci collected in a ... Read more >>

J Chemother (Journal of chemotherapy (Florence, Italy))
[2020, :1-4]

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Cerebrospinal meningitis: a global disease with regional variability?

Jason L Siegel,

INTRODUCTION:In this edition, Szymanski et al. present the results of their retrospective study of the clinical differences between patients with meningococcal meningitis and pneumococcal cerebrospinal meningitis at the Regional Specialistic Hospital in Wroclaw, Poland. CLINICAL REFLECTIONS:The authors found that compared to patients with N. meningitidis, patients with S. pneumoniae were ... Read more >>

Neurol. Neurochir. Pol. (Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska)
[2020, 54(1):6-7]

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Understanding immunogenicity assessments for meningococcal serogroup B vaccines.

Paul Balmer, Johannes Beeslaar, Jamie Findlow, Amit Srivastava,

Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) is a potentially devastating infection associated with high mortality and long-term sequelae; however, vaccines are available to protect against the five common disease-causing serogroups (A, B, C, W, and Y). Because traditional field efficacy clinical trials were not feasible due to low IMD incidence that necessitates ... Read more >>

Postgrad Med (Postgraduate medicine)
[2020, :1-8]

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Choosing a Mass Immunization Program against Meningococcal B.

Ken Wu, E Kim Mulholland, Kathryn M Edwards,

N. Engl. J. Med. (The New England journal of medicine)
[2020, 382(4):379-382]

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Nasal Delivery of a Commensal Pasteurellaceae Species Inhibits Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae Colonization and Delays Onset of Otitis Media in Mice.

Caitlyn M Granland, Naomi M Scott, Jean-Francois Lauzon-Joset, Jeroen D Langereis, Camilla de Gier, Katrien M J Sutherland, Sharon L Clark, Janessa L Pickering, Ruth B Thornton, Peter C Richmond, Deborah H Strickland, Lea-Ann S Kirkham,

Nasopharyngeal colonization with nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is a prerequisite for developing NTHi-associated infections, including otitis media. Therapies that block NTHi colonization may prevent disease development. We previously demonstrated that Haemophilus haemolyticus, a closely related human commensal, can inhibit NTHi colonization and infection of human respiratory epithelium in vitro We ... Read more >>

Infect. Immun. (Infection and immunity)
[2020, 88(4):]

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Life-Threatening Infectious Complications in Sickle Cell Disease: A Concise Narrative Review.

Dominik Ochocinski, Mansi Dalal, L Vandy Black, Silvana Carr, Judy Lew, Kevin Sullivan, Niranjan Kissoon,

Sickle cell disease (SCD) results in chronic hemolytic anemia, recurrent vascular occlusion, insidious vital organ deterioration, early mortality, and diminished quality of life. Life-threatening acute physiologic crises may occur on a background of progressive diminishing vital organ function. Sickle hemoglobin polymerizes in the deoxygenated state, resulting in erythrocyte membrane deformation, ... Read more >>

Front Pediatr (Frontiers in pediatrics)
[2020, 8:38]

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Atypical presentation of invasive meningococcal disease caused by serogroup W meningococci.

C Stinson, C Burman, J Presa, M Abalos,

Neisseria meningitidis, a gram-negative diplococcus, is typically an asymptomatic coloniser of the oropharynx and nasopharynx. Passage of N. meningitidis into the bloodstream can cause invasive meningococcal disease (IMD), a potentially life-threatening illness with rapid onset that generally presents as meningitis, septicemia or both. Serogroup W IMD has been increasing in ... Read more >>

Epidemiol. Infect. (Epidemiology and infection)
[2020, 148:e12]

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Complement interactions with the pathogenic Neisseriae: clinical features, deficiency states, and evasion mechanisms.

Lisa A Lewis, Sanjay Ram,

Neisseria gonorrhoeae causes the sexually transmitted infection gonorrhea, while Neisseria meningitidis is an important cause of bacterial meningitis and sepsis. Complement is a central arm of innate immune defenses and plays an important role in combating Neisserial infections. Persons with congenital and acquired defects in complement are at a significantly higher risk ... Read more >>

FEBS Lett. (FEBS letters)
[2020, :]

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Proteomics approach and techniques in identification of reliable biomarkers for diseases.

Raed Abdullah Alharbi,

Biomarkers, also called biological markers, are indicators to identify a biological case or situation as well as detecting any presence of biological activities and processes. Proteins are considered as a type of biomarkers based on their characteristics. Therefore, proteomics approach is one of the most promising approaches in this field. ... Read more >>

Saudi J Biol Sci (Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences)
[2020, 27(3):968-974]

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