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Labyrinthitis

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Evolution of Cochlear implant mapping and vestibular function in a pediatric case of Labyrinthitis.

Sophie Lipson, Ross O'Shea, Susan Gibbons, Guangwei Zhou, Jacob Brodsky,

BACKGROUND:Vestibular symptoms such as vertigo and imbalance are known to occur in some cochlear implant patients during the immediate postoperative period; however, acute vertigo in implanted children occurring remotely from the postoperative period has not been previously well-described. CASE PRESENTATION:A three-year-old girl with a history of bilateral sequential cochlear implantation ... Read more >>

J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg (Journal of otolaryngology - head & neck surgery = Le Journal d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervico-faciale)
[2020, 49(1):7]

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Human Temporal Bone Study of Vestibular Histopathology in Cochlear Implant Patients With Cochlear Hydrops.

Brooke M Su-Velez, Ivan A Lopez, Akira Ishiyama, Gail Ishiyama,

HYPOTHESIS:Endolymphatic hydrops (EH) associated with cochlear implantation are associated with vestibular dysfunction. BACKGROUND:Vestibular dysfunction is a known risk after cochlear implantation (CI). CI has been shown to cause cochlear hydrops due to fibrosis surrounding the ductus reuniens. However, the association of cochlear hydrops with vestibular hydrops and the relationship to ... Read more >>

Otol. Neurotol. (Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology)
[2020, :]

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Inner ear MRI: is it always useful to manage intravenous contrast?

C A Sepúlveda Villegas, E Santos Armentia, E Utrera Pérez, C Jurado Basildo, M Novoa Ferro, S Del Campo Estepar,

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the added value of administering intravenous contrast (IVC) routinely to the MRI of patients with audiovestibular symptoms in the assessment of a neuroradiologist and a resident. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Retrospective study including patients who had an inner ear MRI for two months. Two radiologists reviewed independently and blinded the ... Read more >>

Radiologia (Radiologia)
[2020, :]

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Acute mastoiditis in children.

Pasquale Cassano, Giorgio Ciprandi, Desiderio Passali,

Acute mastoiditis is the most common complication of acute otitis media. Although rare, the disease is carefully studied by otolaryngologists because it usually affects very young children with severe clinical course and sometimes causes serious complications. Most important risk factors are the young age (often>2 years), high fever, alteration of ... Read more >>

Acta Biomed (Acta bio-medica : Atenei Parmensis)
[2020, 91(1-S):54-59]

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Role of Free Radical Formation in Murine Cytomegalovirus-Induced Hearing Loss.

Phayvanh P Pecha, Ali A Almishaal, Pranav D Mathur, Elaine Hillas, Taelor Johnson, Melissa S Price, Travis Haller, Jun Yang, Namakkal S Rajasekaran, Matthew A Firpo, Albert H Park,

OBJECTIVES:The goal of the study was to determine whether reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediates cytomegalovirus (CMV)-induced labyrinthitis. STUDY DESIGN:Murine model of CMV infection. SETTING:University of Utah laboratory. SUBJECTS AND METHODS:Nrf2 knockout mice were inoculated with murine CMV. Auditory brainstem response (ABR) and distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) were then performed ... Read more >>

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg (Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery)
[2020, :194599820901485]

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The Forgotten Second Window: A Pictorial Review of Round Window Pathologies.

J C Benson, F Diehn, T Passe, J Guerin, V M Silvera, M L Carlson, J Lane,

The round window serves to decompress acoustic energy that enters the cochlea via stapes movement against the oval window. Any inward motion of the oval window via stapes vibration leads to outward motion of the round window. Occlusion of the round window is a cause of conductive hearing loss because ... Read more >>

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol (AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology)
[2020, 41(2):192-199]

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Complications of herpes zoster in children.

Keita Kanamori, Kensuke Shoji, Noriko Kinoshita, Akira Ishiguro, Isao Miyairi,

BACKGROUND:Herpes zoster (HZ) may cause complications; however, information regarding complications of HZ in children is relatively sparse. We reviewed cases of HZ in children retrospectively and investigated the risk factors contributing to the development of complications. METHODS:A retrospective observational study was conducted at a tertiary care children's hospital in Japan. ... Read more >>

Pediatr Int (Pediatrics international : official journal of the Japan Pediatric Society)
[2019, 61(12):1216-1220]

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An Unusual Etiology of Cerebellar Ataxia.

Ryan Sohail Kaiser, Arpita Khemka, Oishik Roy, Subhash Das, Kalpana Datta,

Cerebellar ataxia, which is the lack of coordination, has a number of causes none of which are as uncommon or unheard of as Scrub typhus. Scrub typhus very rarely presents itself with CNS manifestations. Here, we present the case of a 7-year-old girl from the Hooghly district in West Bengal, ... Read more >>

Child Neurol Open (Child neurology open)
[2020, 7:2329048X20907754]

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The prognostic value and pathophysiologic significance of three-dimensional fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (3D-FLAIR) magnetic resonance imaging in idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Marc J W Lammers, Emily Young, David Fenton, Jane Lea, Brian D Westerberg,

BACKGROUND:The underlying pathophysiology of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) is still unknown. However, an increasing number of observational studies report intralabyrinthine signal alterations in patients with ISSNHL using three-dimensional fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (3D-FLAIR) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These findings warrant a meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW:To conduct a meta-analysis assessing ... Read more >>

Clin Otolaryngol (Clinical otolaryngology : official journal of ENT-UK ; official journal of Netherlands Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology & Cervico-Facial Surgery)
[2019, 44(6):1017-1025]

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Value of Routine Magnetic Resonance Imaging for the Preoperative Assessment of Cochlear Implant Candidates.

Farid Alzhrani, Alaa Babkour, Fida Almuhawas, Abdulrahman Sanosi,

Background The selection of an appropriate imaging technique for assessment before cochlear implantation is critical for precise diagnosis and management. While magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used for the diagnosis of several conditions, such as labyrinthitis ossificans, cochlear nerve deficiency, and neoplasms, high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) provides excellent details of ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2019, 11(12):e6279]

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The impact of etiology and duration of deafness on speech perception outcomes in SSD patients.

Anja Kurz, Marius Grubenbecher, Kristen Rak, Rudolf Hagen, Heike Kühn,

OBJECTIVE:To investigate a cohort of adult single-sided deafness (SSD) patients who received a cochlear implant and to determine the impact of underlying causes of etiology and duration of deafness on outcome STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective data analysis SETTING: Tertiary referral centre with a large cochlear implant program SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A ... Read more >>

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol (European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery)
[2019, 276(12):3317-3325]

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Plinia cauliflora (Mart.) Kausel: A comprehensive ethnopharmacological review of a genuinely Brazilian species.

Arquimedes Gasparotto Junior, Priscila de Souza, Francislaine Aparecida Dos Reis Lívero,

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE:Plinia cauliflora (Mart.) Kausel is widespread in alluvial plains and open forests in Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay. The fruits of P. cauliflora are used as food, and almost all parts of this species have long been used as a traditional Brazilian medicine for the treatment of skin irritations, flu, ... Read more >>

J Ethnopharmacol (Journal of ethnopharmacology)
[2019, 245:112169]

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Dizziness demystified.

Miriam S Welgampola, Allison S Young, Jacob M Pogson, Andrew P Bradshaw, G Michael Halmagyi,

Four vestibular presentations caused by six different disorders constitute most of the neuro-otology cases seen in clinical practice. 'Acute vestibular syndrome' refers to a first-ever attack of acute, spontaneous, isolated vertigo and there are two common causes: vestibular neuritis / labyrinthitis and cerebellar infarction. Recurrent positional vertigo is most often ... Read more >>

Pract Neurol (Practical neurology)
[2019, 19(6):492-501]

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Recurrent Ischemic Strokes due to Chronic Otomastoiditis: A Rare Clinical Entity.

Gaurav Chauhan, Vivek Singh, R V Phadke, Sapna Yadav,

Saudi J Med Med Sci (Saudi journal of medicine & medical sciences)
[2019, 7(3):234-236]

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Imaging of temporal bone inflammations in children: a pictorial review.

Tom Campion, Ajay Taranath, Lorenzo Pinelli, Lorenzo Ugga, Robert Nash, Giacomo Talenti, Hisham Dahmoush, Felice D'Arco,

PURPOSE:Understanding the underlying pathophysiology and the patterns of disease spread is crucial in accurate image interpretation. In this pictorial review, the common and important inflammatory processes of the temporal bone in children will be discussed, and key computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features described. METHODS:Inflammatory processes are ... Read more >>

Neuroradiology (Neuroradiology)
[2019, 61(9):959-970]

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Recovering of Dizziness of a Patient with Sinusitis after Root Canal Therapy for Upper Second Molar.

Ibrahem Amro, Lyana Shawar, Raed Abu Hantash, Basem Abuquba, Akram Amro,

This case report illustrates the recovery of dizziness of a young healthy patient after root canal therapy of upper second molar. The patient developed dizziness and unbalanced walking four months ago. After cardiac, ENT, neurological, physiotherapy and medical investigations, his entire checkup showed no abnormalities. The patient visited a dental ... Read more >>

Case Rep Dent (Case reports in dentistry)
[2019, 2019:8394147]

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Reconstructive rhinoplasty with costal cartilage grafting: A case report of relapsing polychondritis.

Yunhae Lee, Hyungon Choi,

Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare autoimmune disorder of unknown etiology characterized by recurrent episodes of inflammation and the destruction of cartilaginous tissues, primarily involving the ear, nose, and the respiratory tract. Nasal chondritis is present in 24% of patients at the time of diagnosis and develops subsequently in 53% ... Read more >>

Arch Craniofac Surg (Archives of craniofacial surgery)
[2019, 20(5):341-344]

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An unusual cause of bowel ischemia in an intensive care unit patient with herpes simplex virus encephalitis.

Karishma Seomangal, Yasir Bashir, Michael Boland, Paul Neary,

We present a case of an unexpected cause of bowel ischemia in an intensive care unit patient with herpes simplex virus encephalitis who required an operation. A 79-year-old lady was being worked up and treated for encephalitis with antibiotics and an antiviral. On Day 13, she developed abdominal pain, and ... Read more >>

J Surg Case Rep (Journal of Surgical Case Reports)
[2019, 2019(10):rjz267]

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Human Otopathology of Cochlear Implant Drill-out Procedures.

Danielle R Trakimas, Reuven Ishai, Elliott D Kozin, Joseph B Nadol, Aaron K Remenschneider,

OBJECTIVE:Human otopathology following drill-out procedures for cochlear implantation (CI) in cases with labyrinthitis ossificans (LO) has not been previously described. This study uses the high sensitivity of histopathology to (1) evaluate surgical drill-out technique with associated intracochlear findings and (2) quantify spiral ganglion neuron populations in a series of patients ... Read more >>

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg (Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery)
[2019, 161(4):658-665]

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Direction-Changing Positional Nystagmus in Acute Otitis Media Complicated by Serous Labyrinthitis: New Insights into Positional Nystagmus.

Jin Woo Choi, Kyujin Han, Hyunjoo Nahm, Jung Eun Shin, Chang-Hee Kim,

OBJECTIVE:To demonstrate characteristic nystagmus findings in acute otitis media (AOM) complicated by serous labyrinthitis and discuss the mechanism of direction-changing positional nystagmus (DCPN) in this condition. PATIENTS:A patient with AOM complicated by serous labyrinthitis on the left side. INTERVENTION:Video nystagmography and 3D fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) magnetic resonance imaging ... Read more >>

Otol. Neurotol. (Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology)
[2019, 40(4):e393-e398]

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Not 'just' a foreign body in the ear canal.

Niall Woodley, Mohd Afiq Mohd Slim, Theofano Tikka, Richard Robert Locke,

Foreign bodies are commonly seen by the Ear, Nose and Throat emergency team with cotton wool being the most common aural foreign body seen in the adult population. Most complications secondary to aural foreign bodies described in the literature are minor and rarely require any surgical intervention. Here, we present ... Read more >>

BMJ Case Rep (BMJ case reports)
[2019, 12(4):]

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Life-threatening pyogenic ventriculitis, complicating endocarditis, presenting as sudden hearing loss.

Toshiki Ito, Hiroaki Koiwa, Kazumasa Watanabe, Takayuki Yoshida, Kunio Hamada, Akihide Ito,

Approximately 70% of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) cases are idiopathic, but SSNHL may occasionally be related to fatality. Here, we report the case of a 54-year-old Asian female who complained of hearing loss as a primary symptom and was diagnosed with pyogenic ventriculitis (PV) derived from Streptococcus agalactiae endocarditis. ... Read more >>

Oxf Med Case Reports (Oxford medical case reports)
[2019, 2019(6):omz044]

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"Emergency" Cochlear Implantation in Labyrinthitis Ossificans Secondary to Polyarteritis Nodosa: How to Face a Rare Entity.

Pietro Canzi, Federico Aprile, Marco Manfrin, Irene Avato, Marianna Magnetto, Domenico Minervini, Lorenzo Cavagna, Marco Benazzo,

Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a systemic vasculitis affecting the small- and medium-sized arteries that may present with hearing impairment. In rare cases, PAN may be associated with progressive labyrinthitis ossificans (LO), an otologic emergency requiring early cochlear implantation (CI) to restore hearing before the complete, irreversible cochlear ossification. We report ... Read more >>

J Int Adv Otol (The journal of international advanced otology)
[2019, 15(1):156-159]

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Neurological and psychiatric safety of tafenoquine in Plasmodium vivax relapse prevention: a review.

Stephan Duparc, Stephan Chalon, Scott Miller, Naomi Richardson, Stephen Toovey,

BACKGROUND:Tafenoquine is an 8-aminoquinoline anti-malarial drug recently approved as a single-dose (300 mg) therapy for Plasmodium vivax relapse prevention, when co-administered with 3-days of chloroquine or other blood schizonticide. Tafenoquine 200 mg weekly after a loading dose is also approved as travellers' prophylaxis. The development of tafenoquine has been conducted over many ... Read more >>

Malar. J. (Malaria Journal)
[2020, 19(1):111]

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[Vertigo in children:composition and clinical characteristics].

Z Z Li, Q X Yao, H Wang, Z P Li, D Z Yu,

Objective: To explore composition and characteristics of vertigo in children. Method:The diagnosis, medical history and examinations of 46 patients (≤17 years old) with vertigo were studied retrospectively. Result:Of the 46 children patients with vertigo enrolled in this study, 19 patients were with BPVC(41.3%), 11 patients with VM(23.9%),4 patients with BPPV(8.7%), ... Read more >>

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi (Lin chuang er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology, head, and neck surgery)
[2019, 33(6):481-484]

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