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Kraepelin

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The evolution of Kraepelin's nosological principles.

Stephan Heckers, Kenneth S Kendler,

Emil Kraepelin developed a new psychiatric nosology in the eight editions of his textbook. Previous papers have explored his construction of particular diagnoses, including dementia praecox and manic-depressive insanity. Here we are providing a close reading of his introductory textbook chapter, that presents his general principles of nosology. We identify ... Read more >>

World Psychiatry (World psychiatry : official journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA))
[2020, 19(3):381-388]

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Archetypes of Gamification: Analysis of mHealth Apps.

Manuel Schmidt-Kraepelin, Philipp A Toussaint, Scott Thiebes, Juho Hamari, Ali Sunyaev,

BACKGROUND:Nowadays, numerous health-related mobile apps implement gamification in an attempt to draw on the motivational potential of video games and thereby increase user engagement or foster certain health behaviors. However, research on effective gamification is still in its infancy and researchers increasingly recognize methodological shortcomings of existing studies. What we ... Read more >>

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth (JMIR mHealth and uHealth)
[2020, 8(10):e19280]

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Conceptual and historical evolution of psychiatric nosology.

Awais Aftab, Elizabeth Ryznar,

Psychiatric taxonomies exist within conceptual frameworks which presuppose certain conceptions of psychiatric distress and offer guiding principles. This article provides an overview of the historical development of psychiatric classifications with an emphasis on their methodological assumptions. After identifying roots of scientific psychiatric classifications in the works of Sydenham and Linnaeus ... Read more >>

Int Rev Psychiatry (International review of psychiatry (Abingdon, England))
[2020, :1-14]

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Lactobacillus paracasei KW3110 Suppresses Inflammatory Stress-Induced Premature Cellular Senescence of Human Retinal Pigment Epithelium Cells and Reduces Ocular Disorders in Healthy Humans.

Takahiro Yamazaki, Hiroaki Suzuki, Sayuri Yamada, Konomi Ohshio, Miho Sugamata, Takahiro Yamada, Yuji Morita,

Lactobacillus paracasei KW3110 (KW3110) has anti-inflammatory effects and mitigates retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cell damage caused by blue-light exposure. We investigated whether KW3110 suppresses chronic inflammatory stress-induced RPE cell damage by modulating immune cell activity and whether it improves ocular disorders in healthy humans. First, we showed that KW3110 treatment ... Read more >>

Int J Mol Sci (International journal of molecular sciences)
[2020, 21(14):]

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The characteristic signs and symptoms of mania and depression according to Kraepelin circa 1905: a comparison with DSM-III.

Kenneth S Kendler,

Although the rise of operationalized diagnostic criteria and the creation of DSM-III were influenced in the USA by a neo-Kraepelinian 'revival' of interest in psychiatric nosology, Kraepelin was only a distal influence on the specific diagnostic criteria proposed. The historical origins of the DSM-III criteria for mania and major depression ... Read more >>

Psychol Med (Psychological medicine)
[2020, :1-6]

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The Development of Kraepelin's Concept of Dementia Praecox: A Close Reading of Relevant Texts.

Kenneth S Kendler,

In 1893 and 1896, in his fourth and fifth textbook editions, Emil Kraepelin brought together 3 syndromes to form the first and second of his 2 prequels to dementia praecox (DP), a definitive version of which he would propose in his 1899 sixth textbook edition. These syndromes, which would become ... Read more >>

JAMA Psychiatry (JAMA psychiatry)
[2020, :]

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Detecting early symptoms of mental health deterioration using handwriting duration parameters.

Yuhei Mashio, Hideo Kawaguchi,

INTRODUCTION:Recent years have witnessed a rapid rise in the incidence of mental health deterioration, such as depression and depressive symptoms. Therefore, early detection and measures of prevention have become important. This study aimed to develop a predictive method for assessing the incident risk of mental health deterioration by examining the ... Read more >>

Neuropsychopharmacol Rep (Neuropsychopharmacology reports)
[2020, 40(3):246-253]

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[Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in adults in the clinical description and classification of Emil Kraepelin].

Holger Steinberg, Maria Strauß,

This study presents descriptions of symptoms specific to the adult form of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the 8th edition of the Textbook on Psychiatry by Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926). To identify whether ADHD is a new, fashionable phenomenon in adults or whether early psychiatrists also saw such patients and how they classified ... Read more >>

Nervenarzt (Der Nervenarzt)
[2020, 91(5):446-454]

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Catatonic Schizophrenia

Ankit Jain, Paroma Mitra,

Schizophrenia was divided into five subtypes, including disorganized schizophrenia, paranoid schizophrenia, residual schizophrenia, undifferentiated schizophrenia, and catatonic schizophrenia per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV). In 2013 the American Psychiatric Association (APA) combined all the subtypes under the general category of schizophrenia. "Catatonia" is a word ... Read more >>

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The Development of Kraepelin's Mature Diagnostic Concept of Catatonic Dementia Praecox: A Close Reading of Relevant Texts.

Kenneth S Kendler,

Through a close reading of texts, this essay traces the development of catatonia from its origination in Kahlbaum's 1874 monograph to Kraepelin's catatonic subtype of his new category of Dementia Praecox (DP) in 1899. In addition to Kraepelin's second to sixth textbook editions, I examine the six articles referenced by ... Read more >>

(Schizophrenia bulletin)
[2020, 46(3):471-483]

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Rediscovery and phylogenetic relationships of the scolopendromorph centipede Mimops orientalis Kraepelin, 1903 (Chilopoda): a monotypic species of Mimopidae endemic to China, for more than one century.

Chao Jiang, Yunjun Bai, Mengxuan Shi, Juan Liu,

Mimops orientalis Kraepelin, 1903 is a monotypic species of Mimopidae endemic to China. The species is known only from a single specimen, the holotype. Little is known about its biology, habitat associations, or phylogenetic relationships. It was rediscovered on Qinling Mountain in Shaanxi and Henan provinces, China, 117 years after ... Read more >>

Zookeys (ZooKeys)
[2020, 932:75-91]

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Tracing the Roots of Dementia Praecox: The Emergence of Verrücktheit as a Primary Delusional-Hallucinatory Psychosis in German Psychiatry From 1860 to 1880.

Kenneth S Kendler,

While the roots of mania and melancholia can be traced to the 18th century and earlier, we have no such long historical narrative for dementia praecox (DP). I, here, provide part of that history, beginning with Kraepelin's chapter on Verrücktheit for his 1883 first edition textbook, which, over the ensuing ... Read more >>

Schizophr Bull (Schizophrenia bulletin)
[2020, 46(4):765-773]

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COVID-19 Catatonia-Would We Even Know?

Joseph J Cooper, David A Ross,

Biol. Psychiatry (Biological psychiatry)
[2020, 88(5):e19-e21]

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The Origin of Our Modern Concept of Depression-The History of Melancholia From 1780-1880: A Review.

Kenneth S Kendler,

The modern concept of depression arose from earlier diagnostic formulations of melancholia over the hundred years from the 1780s to the 1880s. In this historical sketch, this evolution is traced from the writings of 12 authors outlining the central roles played by the concepts of faculty psychology and understandability. Five ... Read more >>

JAMA Psychiatry (JAMA psychiatry)
[2020, 77(8):863-868]

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Dreyfus and the shift of melancholia in Kraepelin's textbooks from an involutional to a manic-depressive illness.

Kenneth S Kendler, Eric J Engstrom,

BACKGROUND:In the 1899 6th edition of Kraepelin's textbook, wherein he first articulated his concept of manic-depressive insanity (MDI), "Melancholia" was not part of MDI but remained within separate involutional disorders. In his 1913 8th edition, involutional melancholia (IM) was incorporated into MDI due largely to a study he commissioned - ... Read more >>

J Affect Disord (Journal of affective disorders)
[2020, 270:42-50]

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Schizoid Personality Disorder

Kamron Fariba, Vikas Gupta,

In the 5th century B.C., Hippocrates first propounded his theory of humorism to describe the different temperaments.[1] This idea postulated that human behavior could be categorized into four distinct temperaments, black bile, sanguine (blood), yellow bile, and phlegm, which in turn correlated with the four elements earth, air, fire, and water, respectively. ... Read more >>

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Bipolar Affective Disorder

Ankit Jain, Paroma Mitra,

"Mood" is defined as a ubiquitous and sustained feeling or emotion that dominates a person’s behavior and affects his perception. Mood disorders also known as affective disorders include depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and other disorders. Hippocrates described mania and melancholia as mental disorders but it was Jules Farley in 1854, ... Read more >>

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Neuropsychiatric symptoms in brain diseases - historical foundations.

Eliasz Engelhardt, Felipe Kenji Sudo, Gilberto Sousa Alves, Jerson Laks,

Neuropsychiatric symptoms, which may appear alone or combined with cognitive and neurological manifestations, are frequent in many brain dysfunctions or lesions due to vascular, traumatic, neurodegenerative, or systemic conditions. Throughout history, many of the most prominent names have contributed to the clinical definition of the currently recognized mental symptoms and ... Read more >>

(Dementia & neuropsychologia)
[2020, 14(3):324-328]

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Hormone replacement therapy with L-thyroxine promotes working memory and concentration in thyroidectomized female patients after differentiated thyroid carcinoma.

Joachim Cordes, Maya Woite, Christina Engelke, Gunnar Regenbrecht, Kai G Kahl, Christian Schmidt-Kraepelin, Uwe Henning, Daniel Kamp, Ansgar Klimke,

Objective:It is well established that long-term hypothyroidism is associated with cognitive deficits. Based on recent literature, we hypothesized that pharmacologically induced euthyroidism would lead to improved cognitive performance compared to a hypothyroid state. Methods:We analyzed data from 14 nondepressed thyroidectomized female patients after differentiated thyroid carcinoma during hypothyroidism (due to ... Read more >>

Int J Psychiatry Med (International journal of psychiatry in medicine)
[2020, 55(2):114-122]

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Eugen Bleuler's Views on the Genetics of Schizophrenia in 1917.

Kenneth S Kendler,

In 1917, Eugen Bleuler published an article (Mendelismus bei Psychosen, speziell bei der Schizophrenie [Mendelism in the Psychoses, especially Schizophrenia]) in response to the recently published first systematic family study of dementia praecox (DP) by Ernst Rüdin, then working under Kraepelin in Munich. Although briefly commented upon by David Rosenthal ... Read more >>

Schizophr Bull (Schizophrenia bulletin)
[2020, 46(4):758-764]

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Effect of the Neurofeedback-EEG Training During Physical Exercise on the Range of Mental Work Performance and Individual Physiological Parameters in Swimmers.

Mirosław Mikicin, Anna Mróz, Magdalena Karczewska-Lindinger, Karolina Malinowska, Andrzej Mastalerz, Marek Kowalczyk,

The aim of the study was to demonstrate the effects of the Neurofeedback-EEG training during physical exercise on the improvements in mental work performance and physiological parameters. The study examined seven swimmers based on the following anthropometric measurements: body height, body mass and body composition. The Kraepelin's work curve test, ... Read more >>

Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback (Applied psychophysiology and biofeedback)
[2020, 45(2):49-55]

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'I think' (the thoughts of others). The German tradition of apperceptionism and the intellectual history of schizophrenia.

Liesbet De Kock,

Although contemporary approaches to schizophrenia pinpoint 'disturbances of the self' as a central aetiological factor, historical insight into the link between accounts of schizophrenia and theories of subjectivity and self-consciousness is poor. This paper aims to overcome this gap by providing the outlines of a largely forgotten but crucial part ... Read more >>

Hist Psychiatry (History of psychiatry)
[2020, 31(4):387-404]

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Classical Schizophrenia: Liddle and the Core of Schizophrenia.

William T Carpenter,

Can J Psychiatry (Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie)
[2020, 65(4):228-230]

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Querulant delusion and post-traumatic embitterment disorder.

Michael Linden,

Injustice, breach of trust, and humiliation are social stressors which can result in embitterment, known to everybody and which has been described in the Bible (Cain and Abel) or by Aristotle in the Nicomachean Ethics. It has been discussed by several authors since the early days of psychiatric classification. In ... Read more >>

Int Rev Psychiatry (International review of psychiatry (Abingdon, England))
[2020, 32(5-6):396-402]

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Neurocognitive deficits in schizophrenia are likely to be less severe and less related to the disorder than previously thought.

Steffen Moritz, Stephen M Silverstein, Mona Dietrichkeit, Jürgen Gallinat,

(World psychiatry : official journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA))
[2020, 19(2):254-255]

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