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Journal World J Surg

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We Asked the Experts: Emerging Role of YouTube Surgical Videos in Education and Training.

Kai Siang Chan, Vishal G Shelat,

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2021, 45(2):417-419]

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Partial Division of Puborectalis Muscle with Lateral Internal Sphincterotomy: A Novel Surgical Technique for Management of Anal Hypertonia-Associated Anismus.

Mahmoud Abdelnaby, Mohammad Fathy, Hany Maurice Mikhail, Karim Kamal Maurice, Mohamed Arnous, Sameh Hany Emile,

<h4>Background</h4>Treatment of anismus usually starts with biofeedback therapy and injection of botulinum toxin in the puborectalis muscle (PRM). Patients refractory to conservative treatment may require surgery. The present cohort study aimed to assess a combined technique of partial division of PRM and tailored lateral internal sphincterotomy (LIS) in treatment of ... Read more >>

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2021, :]

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The Association Between BMI and Mortality in Surgical Patients.

Idit Dotan, Tzipora Shochat, Ilan Shimon, Amit Akirov,

<h4>Background</h4>While obesity is commonly associated with increased morbidity and mortality, in patients with chronic diseases, it has have been associated with a better prognosis, a phenomenon known as the 'obesity paradox'.<h4>Objective</h4>We investigated the relationship between mortality, length of hospital stay (LOHS), and body mass index (BMI) in patients hospitalized to ... Read more >>

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2021, :]

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Adrenal Surgery for Synchronously Metastatic Adrenocortical Carcinoma: A Population-Based Analysis.

Kan Wu, Zhihong Liu, Xiang Li, Yiping Lu,

<h4>Background</h4>Metastatic adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is an aggressive cancer with poor prognosis, with limited treatment options. The survival benefit of adrenal surgery in patients with synchronous metastatic disease has not been well explored.<h4>Methods</h4>Patients with ACC with synchronous metastases were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database (2010-2016). The effect ... Read more >>

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2021, :]

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Active Breaks Initiative During Hospital Rounds in the Surgical ICU to Improve Wellness of Healthcare Providers: An Observational Descriptive Study.

Maria Armas, Danielle Aronowitz, Richard Gaona, Gene Coppa, Rafael Barrera,

<h4>Background</h4>Healthcare professionals in the intensive care unit (ICU) confront stressful working conditions. Morning rounds involve several hours of prolonged standing and uninterrupted concentration each day and require both mental and physical endurance from the entire care team. There is concern that work-related fatigue among ICU practitioners will compromise their ability ... Read more >>

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2021, :]

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Abdominal Decompression after Cardiac Surgery: Outcome of 42 Patients with Abdominal Compartment Syndrome.

Michaela Ramser, Philippe M Glauser, Tracy R Glass, Benjamin Weixler, Martin T R Grapow, Henry Hoffmann, Philipp Kirchhoff,

<h4>Background</h4>Up to 50% of patients in intensive care units develop intraabdominal hypertension (IAH) in the course of medical treatment. If not detected on time and treated adequately, IAH may develop into an abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) which is associated with a high mortality rate. Patients undergoing cardiac surgery are especially ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Firearm Deaths are Increasing and Endemic in the USA: It is a Problem of Suicides and Not Homicides.

Peter Rhee, Kartik Prabhakaran, Bellal Joseph, Abbas Smiley, Kenji Okumura, Joshua Klein, Anthony Policastro, Gary Lombardo, Rifat Latifi,

<h4>Background</h4>To analyze and report on the changes in epidemiology traumatic causes of death in the USA.<h4>Methods</h4>Data were extracted from the annual National Vital Statistics Reports (2008-2017) from Center for Disease Control and analyzed for trends during the time period given. Generalized additive model was applied to evaluate the significance of ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Transplanting Organs from Donors with HIV or Hepatitis C: The Viral Frontier.

Brian J Boyarsky, Alexandra T Strauss, Dorry L Segev,

A wide gap between the increasing demand for organs and the limited supply leads to immeasurable loss of life each year. The organ shortage could be attenuated by donors with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV). The transplantation of organs from HIV+ deceased donors into HIV+ individuals (HIV D+ /R+) ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Patient Experiences of the Emergency Laparotomy Pathway: A Qualitative Study.

Brittany Park, Ahmed Barazanchi, Jamie-Lee Rahiri, Weisi Xia, Ashish Taneja, Andrew G Hill,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Emergency laparotomy (EL) is a commonly performed operation with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Despite a growing body of literature on outcomes from EL, there is sparse literature on the patient experience. The aim of this study is to capture the perspective of patients on their EL experience. Qualitative ... Read more >>

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2021, :]

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Incidence of and Risk Factors for Gastroepiploic Lymph Node Involvement in Patients with Cancer of the Transverse Colon Including the Hepatic Flexure.

Xiaojie Wang, Shenghui Huang, Xingrong Lu, Ying Huang, Pan Chi,

<h4>Background</h4>To define the incidence of gastroepiploic lymph node (GLN) metastasis in patients with cancer of the transverse colon, including the hepatic flexure, and to identify the preoperative predictors of GLN involvement in a large-volume center in China.<h4>Methods</h4>This retrospective monocentric cross-sectional study respected the STROBE statement. Of 3208 consecutive patients who underwent ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Comparative Analysis of Three-Versus Two-dimensional Imaging in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.

Asta Tauriainen, Fausto Biancari, Tuomas Tauriainen,

<h4>Background</h4>Three-dimensional (3D) imaging has been suggested to improve learning and performance of laparoscopy. We sought to investigate whether 3D imaging could improve the outcomes after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.<h4>Materials and methods</h4>Two-hundred and forty-one consecutive patients underwent elective or urgent laparoscopic cholecystectomy using 2D (n = 111) and 3D (n = 130) imaging equipments from March 2017 ... Read more >>

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2021, :]

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The Fun Factor: Does Serious Gaming Affect the Volume of Voluntary Laparoscopic Skills Training?

Jan-Maarten Luursema, Wouter IJgosse, Camiel Rosman, Harry van Goor,

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2021, :]

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The Correlation Between Fissureless Technique and Prolonged Air Leak for Patients Undergoing Video-Assisted Right Upper Lobectomy.

Kotaro Murakami, Sachio Maehara, Yoshihisa Shimada, Yojiro Makino, Masaru Hagiwara, Masatoshi Kakihana, Naohiro Kajiwara, Tatsuo Ohira, Norihiko Ikeda,

<h4>Purpose</h4>We aimed to assess the clinical usefulness of the fissureless technique, which avoided dissection of the lung parenchyma over the pulmonary artery, in preventing prolonged air leak after video-assisted thoracic surgery right upper lobectomy (VATS RUL).<h4>Methods</h4>Perioperative outcomes, including the frequency of prolonged air leak after fissureless technique or traditional fissure ... Read more >>

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2021, :]

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Factors Associated with Unexpected Readmission Following Lung Resection.

Shinsuke Uchida, Yukihiro Yoshida, Masaya Yotsukura, Kazuo Nakagawa, Shun-Ichi Watanabe,

<h4>Background</h4>Identification of the predictors of readmission can facilitate appropriate perioperative management. The current study aimed to investigate the potential predictors of unexpected readmission after lung resection for primary lung cancers.<h4>Methods</h4>This retrospective study enrolled 1000 patients who underwent pulmonary resection for lung cancer at our institution between January 2016 and December ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Textbook Outcomes in Liver Transplantation.

Dimitrios Moris, Andrew S Barbas,

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2021, :]

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Robotic Gastrectomy Compared with Laparoscopic Gastrectomy for Clinical Stage I/II Gastric Cancer Patients: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis.

Makoto Hikage, Keiichi Fujiya, Satoshi Kamiya, Yutaka Tanizawa, Etsuro Bando, Akifumi Notsu, Keita Mori, Masanori Terashima,

<h4>Background</h4>Robotic gastrectomy (RG) has been developed to address the drawbacks of laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG); however, whether or not RG is superior to conventional LG remains to be seen. The present study aimed to clarify the impact of RG on clinical stage I/II gastric cancer patients.<h4>Methods</h4>The present study included 1208 patients ... Read more >>

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2021, :]

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The Value of Navigators in Breast Cancer Management in a South African Hospital.

S R Čačala, H Farrow, S Makhanya, D G Couch, M Joffe, L Stopforth,

<h4>Background</h4>Specialist breast cancer nurses (BCNs) have improved the psychological care and follow-up rates of breast cancer (BC) patients. This study sought to determine if breast cancer research workers (BCRWs) as de facto BCNs impacted patients' adherence to treatment by comparing groups with and without these patient navigators; hence assessing our ... Read more >>

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2021, :]

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Clinical Outcomes and Effectiveness of Laser Treatment for Hemorrhoids: A Systematic Review.

Kasun Lakmal, Oshan Basnayake, Umesh Jayarajah, Dharmabandhu N Samarasekera,

<h4>Background</h4>Laser treatment is increasingly used in the treatment of symptomatic hemorrhoids, and several studies have attempted to describe its clinical outcomes. In this systematic review, we aimed to comprehensively analyze the clinical outcomes and effectiveness of laser treatment.<h4>Methods</h4>We performed a systematic review of currently available data on laser treatment for ... Read more >>

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2021, :]

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Requirements for Study Registration and Adherence to Reporting Guidelines in Surgery Journals: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Jing Zhou, Jianqiang Li, Jingao Zhang, Bo Geng, Yao Chen, Xiaobin Zhou,

<h4>Background</h4>Reporting guidelines and study registration can minimize bias and improve the reporting quality of biomedical research, but may not be fully utilized. The objective of this study was to investigate the policies of surgery journals as for reporting guidelines and study registration and explore associated journal characteristic variables.<h4>Methods</h4>Study samples were ... Read more >>

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2021, :]

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Letter to the Editor: Indications and Outcomes for Non-Trauma Emergency Laparotomy: A Comparison of Rwanda, South Africa, and the USA.

Sabri Selcuk Atamanalp,

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2021, :]

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The Implementation of an Acute Pain Service for Patients Undergoing Open Ventral Hernia Repair with Mesh and Abdominal Wall Reconstruction.

Engy T Said, Ross E Drueding, Erin I Martin, Timothy J Furnish, Minhthy N Meineke, Jacklynn F Sztain, Wendy B Abramson, Matthew W Swisher, Garth R Jacobsen, Amanda A Gosman, Rodney A Gabriel,

<h4>Introduction</h4>In this retrospective cohort single-institutional study, we report the outcomes of implementing a standardized protocol of multimodal pain management with thoracic epidural analgesia via the acute pain service (APS) for patients undergoing ventral hernia repair with mesh placement and abdominal wall reconstruction.<h4>Methods</h4>The primary outcome evaluated was postoperative 72-h opioid consumption, ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Minimally Invasive Pancreaticoduodenectomy in Elderly Patients: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Jisheng Zhu, Guiyan Wang, Peng Du, Jianpeng He, Yong Li,

<h4>Background</h4>Minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy (MIPD) for pancreatic head or periampullary lesions is being utilized with increasing frequency. However, few data are available for the elderly. The objective of this study is to assess the safety and feasibility of MIPD in elderly population, by making a comparison with conventional open pancreaticoduodenectomy (OPD) ... Read more >>

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2021, :]

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Comparison of Performance Score for Female and Male Residents in General Surgery Doing Supervised Real-Life Laparoscopic Appendectomy: Is There a Norse Shield-Maiden Effect?

Benedicte Skjold-Ødegaard, Hege Langli Ersdal, Jörg Assmus, Kjetil Soreide,

<h4>Background</h4>Gender bias may represent a threat to resident assessment during surgical training, and there have been concerns that women might be disadvantaged. There is a lack of studies investigating gender differences in 'entry-level' real-life procedures, such as laparoscopic appendectomy. We aimed to explore potential gender disparities in self-evaluation and faculty ... Read more >>

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2021, :]

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A Randomized Phase II Study to Evaluate Prolonged Prophylactic Antibacterial Drug Treatment for Patients with Elevated Drain Amylase Concentration After Gastrectomy with D2 Lymph Node Dissection (REDUCED2).

Yuichiro Miki, Masanori Tokunaga, Keita Mori, Norimasa Fukushima, Kazunari Misawa, Kazuhiro Nishikawa, Kazumasa Fujitani, Masaichi Ohira, Yutaka Tanizawa, Etsuro Bando, Masanori Terashima,

<h4>Introduction</h4>After D2 gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer, patients with a high drainage fluid amylase level (d-AMY) on the first postoperative day (1POD) have an especially high risk of severe abdominal infectious complications (AICs), which could be fatal. On the hypothesis that prolonged antibiotic administration could reduce the incidence of severe ... Read more >>

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2021, :]

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Intra-Abdominal Hemorrhage Control: The Need for Routine Four-Quadrant Packing Explored.

Dominik A Jakob, Panagiotis Liasidis, Morgan Schellenberg, Kazuhide Matsushima, Lydia Lam, Demetrios Demetriades, Kenji Inaba,

<h4>Background</h4>Routine four-quadrant packing (4QP) for hemorrhage control immediately upon opening is a standard practice for acute trauma laparotomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of 4QP for bleeding control in acutely injured patients undergoing trauma laparotomy.<h4>Methods</h4>Retrospective single-center study (01/2015-07/2019), including adult patients who underwent trauma laparotomy ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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