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Journal Vet Anaesth Analg

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Effect of intravenous butorphanol infusion on the minimum alveolar concentration of isoflurane in cats.

Bruno H Pypendop, Mariela Goich, Yael Shilo-Benjamini,

<h4>Objective</h4>To determine the effect of butorphanol, administered by intravenous (IV) infusion, on the minimum alveolar concentration of isoflurane (MAC<sub>ISO</sub>) in cats and to examine the dosage dependence of this effect.<h4>Study design</h4>Randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover experimental study.<h4>Animals</h4>A group of six healthy adult male neutered cats.<h4>Methods</h4>Cats were anesthetized with isoflurane in oxygen. A ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Development of an ultrasound-guided transgluteal injection of the pudendal nerve in cats: a cadaveric study.

Jessica D Briley, Erin K Keenihan, Kyle G Mathews, Ludovica Chiavaccini,

<h4>Objective</h4>To develop an ultrasound-guided interfascial plane technique for injection of the pudendal nerve near its sacral origin in cats.<h4>Study design</h4>Prospective, randomized, anatomical study.<h4>Animals</h4>A group of 12 feline cadavers.<h4>Methods</h4>Gross and ultrasound anatomy of the ischiorectal fossa, the pudendal nerve relationship with parasacral structures, and the interfascial plane were described. Computed tomography ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Evaluation of the tongue for oscillometric measurement of arterial pressure in anesthetized Beagle dogs.

Dalhae Kim, Hyunseok Kim, Donghwi Shin, Jiyoung Kim, Inhyung Lee, Won-Gyun Son,

<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate the agreement between oscillometric blood pressure (OBP) measured from the tongue and invasive blood pressure (IBP), and to compare OBPs measured from the tongue with OBPs measured from the pelvic limb and tail.<h4>Study design</h4>Prospective experimental study.<h4>Animals</h4>A total of eight adult Beagle dogs weighing 11.1 ± 1.2 kg.<h4>Methods</h4>Animals were premedicated with intravenous ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Incorrect anaesthetic breathing system setup and suspected vagal response with subsequent cardiac arrest in a dog undergoing thyroidectomy.

Manuel Alejandro Fernández Barrientos, Oscar Bautista Díaz-Delgado, Natalie Bruniges,

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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The perioperative management of small animals with previously implanted pacemakers undergoing anaesthesia.

Alejandra García de Carellán Mateo, Domingo Casamián-Sorrosal,

There is little information in the veterinary literature about the perioperative management of small animal patients with previously implanted pacemakers undergoing elective or emergency non-cardiac procedures. The purpose of this article is to review the current literature with regard to human patients, with previously implanted pacemakers, undergoing general anaesthesia. Using ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Reduction of train-of-four ratio following low dose neostigmine reversal of atracurium in a cat.

Anastasia Papastefanou, Eamonn Parsons, Eva Rioja,

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Effects of dopamine, norepinephrine or phenylephrine on the prevention of hypotension in isoflurane-anesthetized cats administered vatinoxan or vatinoxan and dexmedetomidine.

Kristi Kobluk, Bruno H Pypendop,

OBJECTIVE:To determine the dose of phenylephrine, norepinephrine and dopamine necessary to maintain mean arterial pressure (MAP) within 70-80 mmHg during administration of isoflurane, isoflurane and vatinoxan and isoflurane, vatinoxan and dexmedetomidine at three plasma concentrations. STUDY DESIGN:Randomized crossover experimental study. ANIMALS:A group of five adult healthy neutered male cats. METHODS:Instrumentation ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Investigating the effect of anxiety on pain scores in dogs.

Bethan Ellwood, Pamela J Murison,

<h4>Objective</h4>To investigate the relationship between anxiety and pain scores using the Glasgow Composite Measure Pain Scale-Short Form (CMPS-SF) in dogs.<h4>Study</h4>Prospective observational study.<h4>Animals</h4>A group of 18 dogs undergoing surgical management of stifle disease.<h4>Methods</h4>Preoperatively dogs were scored using the CMPS-SF, the anxiety behaviour-based Reactivity Evaluation Form (REF), a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Describing acid-base balance using three different methods of analysis in a feline acute haemorrhage-resuscitation model.

Gareth E Zeiler, Andrea Fuller, Peter Kamerman, Roxanne K Buck, Friederike Pohlin, Brighton T Dzikiti,

<h4>Objective</h4>To describe acid-base status using the Henderson-Hasselbalch, Stewart and semi-quantitative methods of analysis in a feline haemorrhage-resuscitation model.<h4>Study design</h4>Randomized crossover study.<h4>Animals</h4>A total of six domestic cats (mean age, 21 months; weight, 4.9 kg).<h4>Methods</h4>Venous blood samples were taken before haemorrhage, after haemorrhage at 30 minute intervals during fluid resuscitation and at ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Retrospective study of the prevalence of factors contributing to successful standing at first attempt in horses recovering from general anesthesia.

Cristina de Miguel Garcia, Luis Campoy, Stephen A Parry, Manuel Martin-Flores, Robin D Gleed,

<h4>Objective</h4>Several factors affect the quality of recovery from general anesthesia in horses. These can increase the likelihood of injury. Body and limb position during recovery may correlate with successful standing. The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence of and the factors associated with successful standing at the ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Effects of sevoflurane, propofol or alfaxalone on neuromuscular blockade produced by a single intravenous bolus of rocuronium in dogs.

I-Ying Chen, Haruka Tamogi, Yixian Wei, Keiko Kato, Takaharu Itami, Tadashi Sano, Kazuto Yamashita,

<h4>Objective</h4>To compare the effects of sevoflurane, propofol and alfaxalone on the neuromuscular blockade induced by a single intravenous bolus of rocuronium in dogs.<h4>Study design</h4>A randomized, prospective, crossover experimental study.<h4>Animals</h4>A total of eight adult Beagle dogs (four female, four male), weighing 8.9-15.3 kg and aged 5-7 years.<h4>Methods</h4>The dogs were anesthetized three ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Essential oil of Aloysia citriodora Paláu and citral: sedative and anesthetic efficacy and safety in Rhamdia quelen and Ctenopharyngodon idella.

Alessandro C Dos Santos, Adriane E Bianchini, Guerino Bandeira Junior, Quelen I Garlet, Marisa Teresinha de B Brasil, Berta Maria Heinzmann, Bernardo Baldisserotto, Braulio O Caron, Mauro A da Cunha,

<h4>Objective</h4>To verify the efficacy of citral in inducing sedation and anesthesia in silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) and grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) and to assess the safety of essential oil (EO) of Aloysia citriodora and citral in inducing and maintaining anesthesia in silver catfish.<h4>Study design</h4>Clinical study, randomized, parallel, multi-arm with control ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Effects of intramuscular and intranasal administration of midazolam-dexmedetomidine on sedation and some cardiopulmonary variables in New Zealand White rabbits.

Latif E Yanmaz, Sitkican Okur, Ferda Turgut, Ayse Golgeli,

<h4>Objective</h4>To compare the sedative and cardiopulmonary effects of intranasal (IN) and intramuscular (IM) administration of dexmedetomidine and midazolam combination in New Zealand White rabbits.<h4>Study design</h4>A randomized, crossover experimental study.<h4>Animals</h4>A total of eight healthy New Zealand White rabbits, aged 6-12 months, weighing 3.1 ± 0.3 kg (mean ± standard deviation).<h4>Methods</h4>The animals ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Fatal upper airway obstruction in a pig after general anaesthesia.

Alessandro Mirra, Mirjam Arnold, Daniela Casoni, Ekaterina Gámez Maidanskaia, Luisana Gisela Garcia Casalta, Olivier Levionnois,

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Comparison of single-breath continuous positive airway pressure manoeuvre with inhaled salbutamol to improve oxygenation in horses anaesthetized for laparotomy.

Julien Dupont, Alexandra Gougnard, Alexandra Salciccia, Johann Detilleux, Didier Serteyn, Charlotte Sandersen,

<h4>Objective</h4>To compare the efficacy of single-breath continuous positive airway pressure manoeuvre (CPAP-M) with inhaled salbutamol, and a combination of both.<h4>Study design</h4>Randomized, clinical study.<h4>Animals</h4>A total of 62 client-owned horses (American Society of Anesthesiologists status III-V) anaesthetized for laparotomy.<h4>Methods</h4>Horses were premedicated with intravenous (IV) xylazine (0.4-0.6 mg kg<sup>-1</sup>), anaesthesia was induced with ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Epidural administration of combinations of ropivacaine, morphine and xylazine in bitches undergoing total unilateral mastectomy: a randomized clinical trial.

José R Herrera Becerra, Eduardo R Monteiro, Luiz Gb Martins, Maria E Baier, Eduardo Ar Santos, Simone P Bianchi,

<h4>Objective</h4>To investigate the epidural administration of combinations of ropivacaine, morphine and xylazine in bitches undergoing unilateral mastectomy.<h4>Study design</h4>Prospective, randomized, blinded, clinical study.<h4>Animals</h4>A total of 22 bitches scheduled to undergo unilateral mastectomy for mammary tumor excision.<h4>Methods</h4>Dogs were anesthetized with acepromazine (0.02 mg kg<sup>-1</sup>) and morphine (0.3 mg kg<sup>-1</sup>) intramuscularly, propofol intravenously ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Alfaxalone for anesthesia of a giant snake.

Flavio Av Freitag, Trinita K Barboza, Christopher Dutton, Roxanne K Buck,

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Randomization, blinding, data handling and sample size estimation in papers published in Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia in 2009 and 2019.

Brittany A Munro, Paige Bergen, Daniel Sj Pang,

<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate reporting of items indicative of bias and weak study design.<h4>Study design</h4>Literature survey.<h4>Population</h4>Papers published in Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia.<h4>Methods</h4>Reporting of randomization, blinding, sample size estimation and data exclusion were compared for papers published separated by a 10 year interval. A reporting rate of more than 95% was considered ideal. ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Training satisfaction and well-being among veterinary anaesthesia residents: time for action.

Hamaseh Tayari, Rita Mocci, Othamane Haji, Alexandra Helena Anne Dugdale,

<h4>Objective</h4>To explore the satisfaction and well-being experienced by anaesthesia residents during their training, and to investigate factors that may have influenced their experiences.<h4>Study design</h4>Cross-sectional online anonymous voluntary survey.<h4>Sample population</h4>A total of 150 (of approximately 600 canvassed) former veterinary anaesthesia residents.<h4>Methods</h4>Participants were invited to complete an internet-based survey regarding the satisfaction ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Effects of dissociative anesthesia opioid-free protocols combined with local anesthesia, with or without flumazenil or atipamezole postoperatively, for orchiectomy in cats.

Viviane H Gomes, Anna Jr Peixoto, Maria EdosSL Fernandes, Lucinéia C Oliveira, Cassia Mm Coelho, Marta FAda Silva,

<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate the anesthetic effects of two drug combinations with local anesthesia, with or without postoperative antagonists, for orchiectomy in cats.<h4>Study design</h4>Prospective, randomized blinded clinical study.<h4>Animals</h4>A total of 64 healthy cats.<h4>Methods</h4>Cats were assigned to four equal groups: ketamine (5 mg kg<sup>-1</sup>) and dexmedetomidine (10 μg kg<sup>-1</sup>) were administered intramuscularly (IM), ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Description of a novel ultrasound-guided approach for a dorsal quadratus lumborum block: a canine cadaver study.

Manuel Alaman, Cristina Bonastre, Ignacio de Blas, Christian M Gomez-Alvarez, Alicia Laborda,

<h4>Objective</h4>To describe an ultrasound-guided approach to the dorsal aspect of the quadratus lumborum muscle (D-QL) and to evaluate the spread of methylene blue dye in canine cadavers.<h4>Study design</h4>Prospective, experimental anatomical study.<h4>Animals</h4>A total of 12 canine cadavers.<h4>Methods</h4>The ultrasonographic landmarks and injection technique for the D-QL approach were determined in two cadavers. ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Effect of fentanyl, with or without treatment of bradycardia, on the minimum alveolar concentration of isoflurane and cardiovascular function in dogs.

Marcela L Machado, Joao H N Soares, Bruno H Pypendop, Natalia Henao-Guerrero, Renato L S Oliveira,

<h4>Objective</h4>To determine the effect of fentanyl on the minimum alveolar concentration of isoflurane (MAC<sub>ISO</sub>) and cardiovascular variables in dogs, and how the treatment of bradycardia affects them.<h4>Study design</h4>Prospective, randomized crossover-controlled trial.<h4>Animals</h4>A total of six male Beagle dogs weighing 9.9 ± 0.7 kg (mean ± standard deviation) and aged 13 months.<h4>Methods</h4>To ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Impact of endotracheal tube size and cuff pressure on tracheal and laryngeal mucosa of adult horses.

Tatiana H Ferreira, Molly Allen, Diego De Gasperi, Kevin A Buhr, Samantha L Morello,

<h4>Objective</h4>To assess the effects of two sizes of silicone endotracheal tubes with internal diameter 26 mm (ETT<sub>26</sub>) and 30 mm (ETT<sub>30</sub>) inflated to minimum occlusive volume on tracheal and laryngeal mucosa of adult horses anesthetized for 2 hours with isoflurane.<h4>Study design</h4>Prospective, randomized, blinded, crossover experimental study.<h4>Animals</h4>A total of eight healthy ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, 48(6):891-899]

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Accuracy and trending capability of haemoglobin measurement by noninvasive pulse co-oximetry in anaesthetized horses.

Hamaseh Tayari, Derek Flaherty, Stijn Schauvliege, Lavinia La Rosa, Adam Auckburally,

<h4>Objective</h4>To assess the accuracy and trending capability of continuous measurement of haemoglobin concentration [Hb], haemoglobin oxygen saturation (SaO<sub>2</sub>) and oxygen content (CaO<sub>2</sub>) measured by the Masimo Radical-7 pulse co-oximeter in horses undergoing inhalational anaesthesia.<h4>Study design</h4>Prospective observational clinical study.<h4>Animals</h4>A group of 23 anaesthetized adult horses.<h4>Methods</h4>In 23 healthy adult horses undergoing elective ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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Demographic, preoperative and anaesthesia-related risk factors for unsatisfactory recovery quality in horses undergoing emergency abdominal surgery.

Isabel Santiago-Llorente, Francisco Javier López-San Román, María Villalba-Orero,

<h4>Objective</h4>To determine demographic, preoperative and anaesthesia-related variables that may be associated with unsatisfactory recovery quality in horses undergoing emergency abdominal surgery (colic) in an equine teaching hospital.<h4>Study design</h4>Retrospective case series.<h4>Animals</h4>A total of 313 horses.<h4>Methods</h4>The anaesthetic records of horses admitted for surgical treatment of colic between 2005 and 2018 were examined. ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, 48(6):882-890]

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