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Journal Urolithiasis

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Assess the safety and effectiveness of a novel approach during transurethral pneumatic cystolithotripsy in large urinary bladder stone: quasi-clinical trial.

E A Shalaby,

To assess the safety and efficacy of using continuous irrigation-modified hysteroscopy during transurethral pneumatic cystolithotripsy for large bladder calculi. A prospective study was carried out from May 2016 until March 2020. All patients with solitary or multiple bladder stones > 2.5 cm were subjected to Transurethral pneumatic cystolithotripsy using a modified continuous irrigation ... Read more >>

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, :]

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Obesity-related indices and urolithiasis.

Rujittika Mungmunpuntipantip, Viroj Wiwanitkit,

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, :]

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Diet-related urine collections: assistance in categorization of hyperoxaluria.

Hannah Dill, Cristina Martin-Higueras, Bernd Hoppe,

Hyperoxaluria, one of the major risk factors for calcium oxalate urolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis, causes significant morbidity and mortality and should therefore be detected and treated as soon as possible. An early, consequent and adequate evaluation, but also a distinction between primary (PH) and secondary hyperoxaluria (SH) is therefore essential. We ... Read more >>

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, :]

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How important urolithiasis is under 2 years of age?

Aysun Çaltik Yilmaz, Necla Ünal, Aslı Çelebi Tayfur, Bahar Büyükkaragöz,

Urolithiasis (UL) is a common health problem in the world and the observed incidence of this disease is increasing in the infantile period. The study included cases of UL diagnosed before the age of two who had a comprehensive analysis for possible etiologic variables and were followed for a minimum ... Read more >>

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, :]

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MicroRNA-204 attenuates oxidative stress damage of renal tubular epithelial cells in calcium oxalate kidney-stone formation via MUC4-mediated ERK signaling pathway.

Zhijuan Xie, Jianying Chen, Zhong Chen,

Oxalate-induced oxidative stress causes damage to cells, accompanied with renal deposition of calcium oxalate crystals. Recent studies have highlighted the extensive functions of microRNAs (miRNAs) in various processes, including cellular responses to oxidative stress. Hence, this study was intended to analyze the role of miR-204 in the calcium oxalate kidney-stone ... Read more >>

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, :]

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Retrograde intrarenal surgery versus percutaneous nephrolithotomy for treatment of renal pelvic stone more than 2 centimeters: a prospective randomized controlled trial.

Maged Kamal Fayad, Omar Fahmy, Khaled Mukhtar Abulazayem, Nashaat M Salama,

This study aimed at investigating the efficacy and safety of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in treatment of renal pelvic stone larger than 2 cm against the percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Between March 2018 and December 2020, 121 patients were randomized to undergo PCNL (60 patients), or RIRS (61 patients). Both groups were ... Read more >>

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, :]

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Tissue neutrophil elastase contributes to extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy-induced kidney damage and the neutrophil elastase inhibitor, sivelestat, attenuates kidney damage with gratifying immunohistopathological and biochemical findings: an experimental study.

Aykut Colakerol, Serhat Suzan, Mustafa Zafer Temiz, Serkan Gonultas, Serdar Aykan, Sule Ozsoy, Suat Hayri Kucuk, Emrah Yuruk, Engin Kandırali, Atilla Semercioz,

Although the efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) has been well established within the literature, debate continues on the safety of the procedure while focusing on cellular injury and its long-term consequences. Here, we describe the role of neutrophil elastase (NE) in ESWL-related rat kidney damage and investigate the ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Obesity-related indices and its association with kidney stone disease: a cross-sectional and longitudinal cohort study.

Ming-Ru Lee, Hung-Lung Ke, Jiun-Chi Huang, Shu-Pin Huang, Jiun-Hung Geng,

Obesity increases the risk of several diseases, including kidney stone disease (KSD). The study aimed to explore the relationship between KSD and various obesity-related indices. A total of 121,605 participants in the Taiwan Biobank from December 2008 to February 2020 were analyzed. The association between self-reported history of KSD and ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Ex vivo study: is it possible to overcome the blurriness caused by holmium laser fragmentation of kidney stones?

Murat Tuğrul Eren, Hakan Özveri, Murat Kolay, Neslihan Yıldırım Saral, Mustafa Serteser,

Better endoscopic vision is mandatory for successful ureteroscopic stone operations to achieve shorter operating time. However, an important impairing factor for a good endoscopic view is the cloudiness of vision which was formed during laser fragmentation. Holmium laser fragmentation of calcium oxalate stones produces calcium carbonate solubility of which is ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Importance of precise imaging for stone identification during shockwave lithotripsy: a critical evaluation of "OptiVision" as a post-processing radiography imaging modality.

Kemal Sarica, Mehmet Ferhat, Rei Ohara, Sameer Parmar,

To evaluate the efficacy of a unique imaging software "OptiVision" on the confidence of stone identification using X-ray imaging during shockwave lithotripsy. A total of 57 patients with solitary radio-opaque kidney stones sized < 15 mm were included and evaluated with appropriate radiological imaging and laboratory studies before undergoing shockwave lithotripsy (SWL). The ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Low-energy high-frequency Ho-YAG lithotripsy: is RIRS going forward? A case-control study.

D Peretti, E Dalmasso, A Pecoraro, C Ambruosi, F Venzano, C Fiori, F Porpiglia, O Maugeri,

Retrograde Intra-Renal Surgery (RIRS) plays a primary role in renal stone treatment context. Energy, frequency and width of laser impulse can be modulated by surgeons to achieve better outcomes. In our study, patients with single renal stone sized 10-20 mm were retrospectively divided into two groups. Patients of Group 1 underwent ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Hydroxycitrate prevents calcium oxalate crystallization and kidney injury in a nephrolithiasis rat model.

Bowei Yang, Jiongming Li, Bin Wang, Guang Wang, Pei Li, Haixiang Guo, Yuhang Li, Tongxin Yang,

Hydroxycitrate (HCA) is a derivative of citric acid, and previous studies of HCA have revealed its ability to inhibit the formation of calcium oxalate crystals in vitro. To date, there has been little evidence proving that HCA has the same effectiveness in vivo. The present study was designed to investigate ... Read more >>

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, :]

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"Trust my morphology", the key message from a kidney stone.

Agnieszka Pozdzik, Carl Van Haute, Naim Maalouf, Emmanuel Letavernier, James C Williams, Khashayar Sakhaee,

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, 49(5):493-494]

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Should we treat asymptomatic concurrent contralateral renal stones? A longitudinal analysis.

Shuang Li, Scott Quarrier, Emily C Serrell, Kristina L Penniston, Stephen Y Nakada,

The objective is to explore the need for future surgery among patients treated for asymptomatic concurrent contralateral stones versus those that were not. Upon IRB approval, we retrospectively reviewed records of patients who underwent stone surgeries (SWL, URS, PCNL) from 2009 to 2018. Patients were included if they were greater ... Read more >>

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, :]

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Evaluation of the anatomical factors affecting the success of retrograde intrarenal surgery for isolated lower pole kidney stones.

Sedat Tastemur, Samet Senel, Yalcin Kizilkan, Cuneyt Ozden,

Studies which examine the factors affecting success rate in kidney stones located in the lower pole as well as the effects of infundibulopelvic angle (IPA) and infundibular length (IL) have been conducted with a small number of patients. We aimed to evaluate the cut-off points of IPA and IL parameters ... Read more >>

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, :]

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Incidence of posterolateral and retrorenal colon in supine and prone position in percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

Kyung Jae Hur, Hyong Woo Moon, Sung Min Kang, Kang Sup Kim, Yong Sun Choi, Hyukjin Cho,

Colon injury is a distressing complication during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Posterolateral colon (PLC) and retrorenal colon (RRC) are known to be the risk factors of colonic injury during PCNL. We evaluated the incidence of PLC and RRC in both supine and prone position of patients who underwent PCNL in our ... Read more >>

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, 49(6):585-590]

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The impact of smart technology on adherence rates and fluid management in the prevention of kidney stones.

Henry C Wright, Luay Alshara, Heidi DiGennaro, Yvonne El Kassis, Jianbo Li, Manoj Monga, Juan Calle, Sri Sivalingam,

Smart technology (ST) can enhance chronic disease management, yet little is known about the benefits of ST on kidney stone prevention. Our aim was to prospectively evaluate the impact of ST on follow-up adherence rates and urine output (UOP) in patients with nephrolithiasis. Kidney stone patients with low UOP (< 2.5 L/24 h) ... Read more >>

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, :]

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A randomized prospective study: assessment of transient ureteral stenting by mono-J insertion after primary URS and stone extraction (FaST 3).

Alina Reicherz, Hannah Westhues, Lorine Häuser, Patricia Wenzel, Joachim Noldus, Peter Bach,

To compare the outcome of a short-term insertion of a mono-J catheter for 6 h following ureteroscopic stone removal to a conventional double-J catheter. This single-center academic study (Fast Track Stent study 3) evaluated stenting in 108 patients with urinary calculi after ureterorenoscopy. Patients were prospectively randomized into two study arms ... Read more >>

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, 49(6):599-606]

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Human jackstone arms show a protein-rich, X-ray lucent core, suggesting that proteins drive their rapid and linear growth.

Victor Hugo Canela, Cornelius Dzien, Sharon B Bledsoe, Michael S Borofsky, Ronald S Boris, James E Lingeman, Tarek M El-Achkar, James C Williams,

Jackstone calculi, having arms that extend out from the body of the stone, were first described over a century ago, but this morphology of stones has been little studied. We examined 98 jackstones from 50 different patient specimens using micro-computed tomography (micro CT) and infrared (IR) spectroscopy. Micro CT showed ... Read more >>

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, :]

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LITHOSCREEN: a comprehensive screening program and database for the assessment and treatment management of patients with kidney stones.

William G Robertson,

The aim of the LITHOSCREEN project was to construct a comprehensive screening program and database for recording and assessing the various risk factors for stone-formation in patients with urolithiasis. It is intended for use in Stone Clinics and is now being made available free of charge to researchers in the ... Read more >>

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, 49(5):387-397]

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Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of stone composition: a single-center retrospective study.

Xierzhati Aizezi, Linguo Xie, Haijie Xie, Jie Li, Zhiqun Shang, Chunyu Liu,

The aim of the study was to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of stone components in patients with urolithiasis and analyze the associations between stone components with patients' clinical characteristics. A total of 7126 patients with urolithiasis between July 2005 and June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. In this research, calcium oxalate ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Mutation of Klotho rs3752472 protect the kidney from the renal epithelial cell injury caused by CaOx crystals through the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

Chen Xu, Wei Zhang, Pei Lu, Jian-Chun Chen, Yong-Qiang Zhou, Gang Shen, Zhen-Fan Wang, Zheng Ma, Min-Jun Jiang, Ri-Jin Song,

Calcium oxalate (CaOx) is a major contributor to urolithiasis, one of the most common urological diseases. Our previous study has shown that Klotho rs3752472 polymorphism correlates with an increased risk of CaOx-related urolithiasis in human cohorts. This study aims to identify the effect of Klotho rs3752472 polymorphism on the renal ... Read more >>

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, 49(6):543-550]

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Use of ultra-low dose computed tomography versus abdominal plain film for assessment of stone-free rates after shock-wave lithotripsy: implications on emergency room visits, surgical procedures, and cost-effectiveness.

Akshay Sood, Philip Wong, Alex Borchert, Jeff Budzyn, Jacob Keeley, Chase Heilbronn, Ben Eilender, Raymond Littleton, David A Leavitt,

The aims of this investigation were: (1) to compare residual stone-fragment (RSF) detection rates of ultra-low dose computed tomography (ULD-CT) and abdominal plain film (KUB) in urolithiasis patients undergoing shock-wave lithotripsy (SWL), and (2) to evaluate the downstream sequelae of utilizing these two disparate imaging pathways of differing diagnostic fidelity. ... Read more >>

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, 49(6):591-598]

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Association between intelectin-1 variation and human kidney stone disease in northeastern Thai population.

Thanakorn Pungsrinont, Choochai Nettuwakul, Nunghathai Sawasdee, Nanyawan Rungroj, Suchai Sritippayawan, Pa-Thai Yenchitsomanus,

An interplay of multiple genetic and environmental factors implicates an incidence of human kidney stone disease (KSD). However, the genetic factors associated with KSD are not completely known or understood. To identify KSD-associated genetic variations among the northeastern Thai patients, a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was conducted. We initially employed ... Read more >>

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, 49(6):521-532]

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Robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery for treatment of urinary tract stones in children: report of a multicenter international experience.

Ciro Esposito, Lorenzo Masieri, Thomas Blanc, Thomas Lendvay, Maria Escolino,

This study aimed to report a multi-institutional experience with robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery (RALS) for treatment of urinary tract stones in children. The medical records of 15 patients (12 boys), who underwent RALS for urolithiasis in 4 international centers of pediatric urology over a 5-year period, were retrospectively collected. The median ... Read more >>

Urolithiasis (Urolithiasis)
[2021, 49(6):575-583]

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