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How efficient are facial masks against COVID-19? Evaluating the mask use of various communities one year into the pandemic.

Aslıhan Candevir, Cem Üngör, Figen Çizmeci Şenel, Yeşim Taşova,

Face masks are devices worn over the mouth and nose to protect against splashes, infectious respiratory droplets or aerosols generated during breathing or coughing according to their filtering capacity. Medical masks, respirators or cloth masks have been used for source control and for the protection of the exposed. After the ... Read more >>

Turk J Med Sci (Turkish journal of medical sciences)
[2021, :]

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Managing life during the pandemic: Communication strategies, mental health and the ultimate toll of the COVID-19.

Mehmet Hakan Türkçapar, Yasemin Kahya, Tuğba Çapar Taşkesen, Hatice Işik,

The purpose of this review was to present the ultimate toll of the COVID-19 pandemic by focusing on the communication strategies and mental health. We unsystematically reviewed the studies published between 2020-2021 from databases as Google Scholar, Web of Science and ScienceDirect. Firstly, ?new-normal? life challenges during the pandemic were ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Neuropeptide-S Affects Cognitive Impairment and Depression-like Behavior on MPTP Induced Experimental Mouse Model of Parkinson's Disease.

Ayşe Özkan, Mehmet Bülbül, Narin Derin, Osman Sinen, Güven Akçay, Hande Parlak, Mutay Aydin Aslan, Aysel Ağar,

<h4>Background/aim</h4>The present study proposes to investigate the effect of neuropeptide-S (NPS) on cognitive functions and depression-like behavior of MPTP-induced experimental model of Parkinson?s disease (PD).<h4>Materials and methods</h4>Three-month-old C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into three groups as; Control, Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) and MPTP+NPS 0.1 nmol (received intraperitoneal injection of MPTP and intracerebroventricular ... Read more >>

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Incidence, risk factors, and adverse outcomes of acute kidney injury in very premature neonates: a single center experience.

Nuran Üstün,

<h4>Background/aim</h4>Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious morbidity in premature neonates. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of AKI and to evaluate its impact on morbidity and mortality in very premature infants.<h4>Materials and methods</h4>This retrospective cohort study was conducted in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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POST-COVID SYNDROME: PULMONARY COMPLICATIONS.

Dorina Esendağli, Aydin Yilmaz, Müşerref Şule Akçay, Tevfik Özlü,

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has infected millions of people worlwide and caused a pandemic that is still ongoing. The virus can cause a disease named as COVID-19 which is composed of multi systemic manifestations with a pulmonary system predominance. As the time passes we are dealing more ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Current Infection Prevention and Control Strategies of COVID-19 in Hospitals.

Gamze Kalin Ünüvar, Mehmet Doğanay, Emine Alp,

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), has been appeared first in China since December 2019. Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 occurs primarily with droplets through coughing and sneezing, is also occurs through inhalation of aerosolized secretions, which travel, remain suspended in the air longer. Since ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Allergic diseases in the elderly population: a single-center experience.

Eray Yildiz, Fatih Çölkesen, Şevket Arslan, Recep Evcen, Filiz Sadi Aykan, Mehmet Kilinç, Gökhan Aytekin,

<h4>Background</h4>Although allergic diseases are generally considered to be diseases of childhood and youth, the first symptoms of allergic diseases can be seen in old age sometimes. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of allergic diseases in the elderly population admitted to the allergy unit ... Read more >>

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Assessment of diagnostic value of preoperative elastography in thyroid nodules having indeterminate cytology results.

Bekir Uçan, Mustafa Şahin, Binnur Önal, Muhammed Kizilgül, Hakan Düğer, Muhammed Erkam Sencar, Erman Çakal, Mustafa Özbek,

<h4>Background</h4>The management of nodules with indeterminate cytology (atypia of undetermined significance (AUS), follicular lesion of undetermined significance (FLUS), follicular neoplasm (FN), suspicious for a follicular neoplasm (SFN) and suspicious for malignancy (SM)) results is controversial.<h4>Aim</h4>To assess the role of elastography technique in the diagnosis of malignancy in the subtypes of ... Read more >>

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Musculoskeletal ultrasonography in rheumatic diseases.

Erhan Capkin,

Ultrasonography is an imaging technique that is used for evaluation of soft tissues based-on utilization of sound waves. Sound waves has been used for a long time in non-medical field including military defense systems, radar systems and detection of icebergs. In association with the technological advances inventions in medical imaging ... Read more >>

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Pandemic Hospitals and Re-organizing Emergency Departments.

Afşin Emre Kayipmaz, Ahmet Demircan,

Emergency departments have always been the first point of contact for hospitals in many situations, including man-made and natural disasters. The first places where patients with symptoms of COVID-19 were met in health institutions were also emergency departments. Emergency departments play an important role in diagnosing the disease and isolating ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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WARFARIN IS ASSOCIATED WITH THE RISK OF VASCULAR CALCIFICATION IN ABDOMINAL AORTA IN HEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS: A MULTICENTER CASE-CONTROL STUDY.

Rezzan Eren Sadioğlu, Evren Üstüner, Ihsan Ergün, Süleyman Tevfik Ecder, Gökhan Nergizoğlu, Kenan Keven,

<h4>Background/aim</h4>Vascular calcifications (VCs), recognized risk factor for increased mortality, are highly prevalent in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We aimed to investigate the relation between VC and warfarin use with plain radiography.<h4>Materials and methods</h4>VCs were assessed using Adragao (radial and digital) and Kauppila (aortic) scores in 76 HD patients from six centers. ... Read more >>

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Exercise capacity, muscle strength, dyspnea, physical activity, and quality of life in preoperative patients with lung cancer.

Gülşah Barğı, Ece Baytok, Zeliha Çelik, Merve Şatır Türk, Ali Çelik, İsmail Cüneyt Kurul, Meral Boşnak Güçlü,

<h4>Background</h4>To detect the extent to which physical impairments are observed in patients with lung cancer awaiting lung surgery, exercise capacity, muscle strength, physical activity, dyspnea, and quality of life (QOL) were objectively compared between the patients and healthy individuals in current study.<h4>Methods</h4>Patients with lung cancer (n= 26) and healthy individuals ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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One and a half years into the COVID-19 pandemic - Exit strategies and efficacy of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines for holistic management and achieving global control.

Eskild Petersen, Ayşe Deniz Gökengin, Asma Al Balushi, Alimuddin Zumla,

The pandemic has now unfolded over the past one and a half year and all data show that SARS-CoV-2 has a higher mortality compared to influenza and people with sequelae after infection need to be treated by the health care systems. Evolution of new virus variants is discussed. The global ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Serum Growth Differentiation Factor-15 Analysis as a Malnutrition Marker in Hemodialysis Patients.

Didem Turgut, Deniz Ilhan Topcu, Cemile Cansu Alperen, Sidika Esra Baskin,

Background Growth differentiation factor (GDF)-15 is related to inflammation and mortality in many conditions. We aimed to determine if an elevated serum GDF-15 level is related to nutritional status of patients on hemodialysis (HD), and mortality. Materials and Methods Routine HD patients (n=158) were included in the study and followed ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Non-Damaging Retinal Laser Therapy in Recurrent Diabetic Macular Edema after Anti-VEGF injections.

Mehmet Çitirik,

<h4>Background/aim</h4>Subthreshold yellow non-damaging retinal laser therapy (NRT) could provide a greater safety profile when compared to conventional laser methods. NRT may also improve diabetic macular edema (DME). This study aims to assess whether the severity of DME affects the efficacy of subthreshold yellow NRT.<h4>Methods</h4>The study included 70 eyes that had ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Factors That Affect Placental Retinol Transfer In Preterm Infants And Mothers With Retinol Deficiency.

Kadir Şerafettin Tekgündüz, Dilara Dilek, Mustafa Kara, Nurinnisa Öztürk, Sibel Ejder Tekgündüz,

<h4>Background</h4>The retinol level and retinol delivery to the placenta may vary depending on various factors involving the mother and baby. The present study evaluates the factors affecting retinol levels in babies and the transplacental retinol passage in preterm babies.<h4>Materials and methods</h4>In this prospective cohort study, the retinol and retinol binding ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Melatonin has favorable preventive effects on experimental chronic pancreatitis rat model.

Esra Guzel Tanoglu, Alpaslan Tanoğlu, Makbule Çisel Aydin Meriçöz, Muhammed Fevzi Esen,

<h4>Background/aim</h4>Currently, there is not any specific treatment for chronic pancreatitis (CP). It was aimed to investigate the effects of melatonin administration on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, oxidative stress, fibrosis, biochemical and histopathological parameters and Abcc2,Abcc5 and Abcg2 gene levels in an experimental rat CP model.<h4>Methods</h4>Forty rats were randomized into five ... Read more >>

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The prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine use among Turkish patients with primary headache.

Büşra Sümeyye Arica Polat, Ayşe Çağlar Sarilar,

<h4>Background/aim</h4>The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is common in patients with primary headache. However, no study has been reported in which standardized modalities were questioned in a Turkish population. The aim of the present study was to investigate the frequency of CAM use and factors related to it ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Maintenance of Pulmonary Rehabilitation Benefits in Patients with COPD: Is a Structured 5-year Follow-up Program Helpful?

Ipek Candemir, Pinar Ergün, Mustafa Engin Şahin,

<h4>Background</h4>Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has proven useful in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD),but the benefits decrease over time. We evaluated the effects of a structured follow-up program after PR on patient pulmonary function, dyspnea, body composition, exercise capacity, quality of life, psychological status, i-BODE index, hospitalization status, 5-year survival ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Effect of Humic Acid on Oxidative Stress and Neuroprotection in Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury: An Experimental Study.

Burak Kinali, Nail Özdemir, Ali Karadağ, Özge Kaya Korkmaz, Ayşe Gülden Diniz Ünlü, Fatma Demet Arslan,

<h4>Objective</h4>Traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is an important health problem especially in developing countries with additional socio-economic loss. Humic acids (HA) usually have anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, blood-circulating and antiviral effects. We aimed to show effect of HA on neuroprotection in TSCI model.<h4>Methods</h4>We performed TSCI model in Twenty-four Wistar-Albino rats in four ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Cross-cultural adaptation, reliability, and validity of the Turkish version of the obesity-specific quality of life questionnaire: quality of life, obesity and dietetics (QOLOD) rating scale.

Mustafa Özbek, Murat Çalapkulu, Sema Hepşen, Muhammed Erkam Sencar, Hayri Bostan, Ilknur Öztürk Ünsal, Erman Çakal,

Background /aim: Acromegaly is a rare chronic endocrine disorder, the active form of which is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular and metabolic disease. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases in acromegaly patients are important in terms of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Fatty Acid-Binding Protein-4 May Be a Biomarker Predicting Acromegaly-Associated Diabetes Mellitus.

Sema Hepşen, Pinar Akhanli, Hakan Düğer, Murat Çalapkulu, Bekir Uçan, Muhammed Erkam Sencar, Davut Sakiz, Ilknur Öztürk Ünsal, Seyit Murat Bayram, Mustafa Özbek, Erman Çakal,

<h4>Background</h4>The known pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus (DM) in acromegaly is mainly based on growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) excess. Fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP-4), a novel adipokine, is found to induce insulin resistance and type 2 DM. We aimed to investigate the possible effect of FABP-4 on ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Comparison of the Clinical and Laboratory Findings in COVID-19 Positive Pregnants without Comorbidity.

Fatma Bozkurt, Ömer Çoşkun, Sevda Yeleç, Muhammed Bekçibaşi, Muhammet Asena, Ihsan Bağli,

Background COVID-19 disease may present with different clinical presentations in pregnant women. Comorbid diseases are important factors affecting the progression of this disease. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical and laboratory findings in pregnant women with COVID-19 who had no comorbid disease. Material and Methods This retrospective ... Read more >>

Turk J Med Sci (Turkish journal of medical sciences)
[2021, :]

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Anti-inflammatory effects of adalimumab, tocilizumab, and steroid on lipopolysaccharide-induced lung injury.

Nurhan Sarioğlu, Fatma Bahar Sunay, Arzu Hanim Yay, Oğuzhan Korkut, Fuat Erel, Adnan Adil Hişmioğullari, Mehmet Köse, Betül Yalçin,

<h4>Background/aim</h4>Acute lung injury (ALI) is a major cause of death in the intensive care unit. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced lung injury is the most widely used experimental ALI model and provides opportunities for new targeting therapy. In this study, we investigated the effects of tocilizumab, adalimumab, and methylprednisolone in LPS-induced acute ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Points to consider when evaluating three-dimensional digital subtraction angiography of intracranial aneurysms and their effects on treatment

İsmail Yardımcıoğlu, Yılmaz Önal, Murat Velioğlu, Hakkı Muammer Karakaş,

<h4>Background/aim</h4>In this study, we aimed to investigate what should be regarded as potential determinants of treatment strategies when evaluating 3D digital subtraction angiography (DSA) images.<h4>Material and methods</h4>Our inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) presence of at least one intracranial aneurysm demonstrated by conventional angiography, (2) having both 2D and 3D ... Read more >>

Turk J Med Sci (Turkish journal of medical sciences)
[2021, 51(3):1428-1438]

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