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Journal Trop Anim Health Prod

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A SNP within the PMCH gene as a molecular marker associated with fertility traits in Angus and Brangus beef heifers raised under a desert environment.

Norberto Ismael Angulo-Valenzuela, Milton G Thomas, David G Riley, Juan F Medrano, Javier Rolando Reyna-Granados, Carlos Martín Aguilar-Trejo, Pablo Luna-Nevárez,

Components of the GH/IGF1 endocrine axis regulate growth and reproductive traits in cattle. The pro-melanin-concentrating hormone (PMCH) gene located within chromosome 5 belongs to this axis. Objective herein was to evaluate PMCH single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as molecular markers associated with age at first calving, calving interval, and age at second ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):355]

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Neopterin, procalcitonin, clinical biochemistry, and hematology in calves with neonatal sepsis.

Enes Akyüz, Gürbüz Gökce,

This study aims to determine how neopterin, procalcitonin, biochemical and hematological parameters change during treatment of calves with neonatal sepsis. A total of 25 calves divided into two groups. Sepsis group was composed of 15 newborn calves aged 0-10 days which met neonatal sepsis criteria, but did not receive any treatment. ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):354]

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Alleviation of heat stress by Chlorophytum borivilianum: impact on stress markers, antioxidant, and immune status in crossbred cows.

Pooja Devi, Mahendra Singh, Yallappa M Somagond, Anjali Aggarwal,

Eighteen crossbred Karan Fries (KF) cows in mid-lactation (av. 130 days) were selected from the livestock herd of the institute. The treatment for the experimental cows was as follows: no supplement (control), a low dose of Chlorophytum borivilianum (CB) at a dose rate of 40 mg/kg BW/day (T1, n = 6), and a high ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):351]

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Comparison of methods for predicting genomic breeding values for growth traits in Nellore cattle.

Ana Paula Nascimento Terakado, Raphael Bermal Costa, Natalia Irano, Tiago Bresolin, Henrique Nunes de Oliveira, Roberto Carvalheiro, Fernando Baldi, Iara Del Pilar Solar Diaz, Lucia Galvão de Albuquerque,

The objective of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of genomic predictions of growth traits in Nellore cattle. Data from 5064 animals belonging to farms that participate in the Conexão DeltaGen and PAINT breeding programs were used. Genotyping was performed with the Illumina BovineHD BeadChip (777,962 SNPs). After quality ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):349]

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Effect of dietary pomegranate peel powder on productive traits, blood chemistry, economic efficiency and the expression of FSHR and LH-β genes in two strains of laying Japanese quail.

Eman Ramadan Kamel, Basant Mohamed Shafik, Maha Mamdouh, Shimaa Elrafaay, Fathy Attia Ismaiel Abdelfattah,

The current experiment was designed to study the response of two strains of laying Japanese quail to diet containing different levels (0%, 3%, 6%, and 9%) of pomegranate peel (PP) powder for a period of 6 weeks, on egg production, blood chemistry, carcass traits, expression of FSHR and LH-β genes, and ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):358]

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Characteristics and trait preferences of West African Dwarf goat keepers in Ghana.

S A Ofori, J K Hagan,

A study was conducted to evaluate the characteristics of West African Dwarf (WAD) goat keepers and their trait preferences as part of a broader phenotypic characterisation work with the aim of providing information for improving the household management, conservation and productivity of the breed in Ghana. A total of 384 ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):356]

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Performance, biochemical and physiological parameters of Dorper × Santa Ines lambs fed with three levels of metabolizable energy.

Angélica Bonafede Martins Teixeira, Bruno Raphael Fasolli Schuh, Veridiana Lourenço Daley, Pedro Henrique Nicolau Pinto, Sergio Rodrigo Fernandes, José Antônio de Freitas,

This study aimed to evaluate the performance and the blood biochemical and physiological parameters of Dorper × Santa Ines lambs receiving three levels of metabolizable energy (ME). A completely randomized design with three treatments (ME levels) and eight replicates (lambs) was used. Twenty-four non-castrated male lambs of four months of ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):353]

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Dietary soybean oil modulates fatty acid composition of pork.

Stephan Alexander da Silva Alencar, Charles Kiefer, Karina Márcia Ribeiro de Souza Nascimento, Luiz Henrique Viana, Anderson Corassa, Marina de Nadai Bonin Gomes, Danilo Alves Marçal, Taynah Vieira Aguiar Farias,

This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of soybean oil level on performance and fatty acid profile of backfat and longissimus lumborum muscle of gilts. Forty-eight gilts with an initial weight of 21.75 ± 0.138 kg and final weight of 98.65 ± 2.106 kg were subjected to one of the following six dietary soybean oil ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):357]

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Identification of genes affecting milk fat and fatty acid composition in Vrindavani crossbred cattle using 50 K SNP-Chip.

Akansha Singh, Amit Kumar, Cedric Gondro, Andrea Renata da Silva Romero, A Karthikeyan, Arnav Mehrotra, A K Pandey, Triveni Dutt, B P Mishra,

The aim of this study was to identify candidate genes associated with milk fat per cent and fatty acid (FA) composition in Vrindavani cattle using the Illumina 50 K single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array. After quality control, a total of 41,427 informative and high-quality SNPs were used for a genome-wide association study ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):347]

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Seroprevalence and risk factors for lumpy skin disease in cattle in Northern Egypt.

Abdelfattah Selim, Eman Manaa, Hanem Khater,

Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is an endemic infectious viral disease of cattle in African and Middle East countries. A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of LSD among cattle in Northern Egypt and assessed the associated risk factors with LSD infection. A total of 1000 sera samples were ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):350]

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Effect of housing and nutritional interventions during winter on wool attributes of Corriedale sheep.

Azra Arshad Chishti, Hilal Musadiq Khan, Rauf Ahmad Pattoo, Asif Hassan Sofi,

There are several factors that can directly or indirectly influence wool quality and quantity in sheep, the main elements being genetic and environmental factors. An experiment was conducted to assess the effect of different management/housing interventions during winter on wool quality and yield in Corriedale ewes. Forty healthy pregnant ewes ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):348]

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Lignin degradation by water buffalo.

Qingbiao Xu, Huimin Zhong, Jiayan Zhou, Yong Wu, Zhenhua Ma, Liguo Yang, Zhen Wang, Chuqi Ling, Xiang Li,

So far, few animals with the ability of lignin degradation have been reported except termite and longicorn. In this study, it was found that the crude fiber and acid detergent lignin (ADL) of rice straw can be degraded dramatically higher by buffalo than those by cattle. In order to further ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):344]

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Water buffalo production in the Brazilian Amazon Basin: a review.

Jamile Andréa Rodrigues da Silva, Alexandre Rossetto Garcia, André Martinho de Almeida, Andréia Santana Bezerra, José de Brito Lourenço Junior,

The Brazilian Amazon has witnessed, in the last decades, an increase in the water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) inventory, with interesting productivity results. As the Brazilian Amazon contains the main water buffalo population in the Americas, the aim of this work is to review its most relevant production systems and some ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):343]

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Single-nucleotide polymorphism detecting of some candidate genes related to lipid metabolism in Booroola Merino-Afshari sheep by Bayesian model averaging.

Rahimeh Sepehri, Sadegh Alijani, Jalil Shodja Ghias, Taher Harkinezhad, Seyed Abbas Rafat, Marziyeh Ebrahimi,

This study was designed to identify single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of some candidate genes related to lipid metabolism and their association with carcass fat in male crossbred lambs. Hence, 96 of almost 11-month-old Booroola Merino-Afshari crossbred lambs (first-generation backcross) were used by considering their phenotypic carcass traits. Then, DNA was extracted ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):342]

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Influence of seasonal variation on post-farrowing dysgalactia syndrome (PFDS) and serum biochemistry profiles in the periparturient sow.

M K Patra, U K De, Y Kent, S Rungsung, N Krishnaswamy, B C Deka,

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of seasonal variation on the frequency of post-farrowing dysgalactia syndrome (PFDS), sow body condition score (BCS), piglet survival, and weaning to estrus interval under intensive management systems. In addition, the effects of PFDS on litter characteristics and serum biochemistry, oxidative ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):346]

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Treatments with intravaginal sponges for estrous synchronization in ewes: length of the treatment, amount of medroxyprogesterone, and administration of a long-acting progesterone.

Raquel Pérez-Clariget, Álvaro López-Pérez, Rodolfo Ungerfeld,

We evaluated if alternative treatments achieve at least similar results as traditional long treatments with intravaginal sponges (IVS) in three experiments considering (1) the use of 6-day treatments associated or not with the administration of PGF2alpha at IVS insertion; (2) a reduction of 50% MAP content in short-term or traditional ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):345]

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Use of radio-frequency identification technology to assess the frequency of cattle visits to mineral feeders.

J Ranches, R A De Oliveira, M Vedovatto, E A Palmer, P Moriel, J D Arthington,

Three experiments were conducted to evaluate the frequency of visits to a mineral feeder equipped with radio-frequency identification (RFID). In Exp. 1, twelve heifers (Braford, Brahman, and White Angus; n = 4/breed) were fitted with RFID ear tags and placed into a pasture with access to a RFID-equipped mineral feeder. Number of ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):341]

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Effects of season, genotype and rearing system on some meat quality traits for broilers raised in semi-intensive systems.

T Aksoy, D Narinç, A Önenç, D Ilaslan Çürek,

We compared fast-growing and slow-growing broilers raised in extensive indoor, free-range, and traditional free-range systems in terms of meat quality in spring and summer. Five different semi-intensive broiler production applications (fast- in extensive indoor, slow- in extensive indoor, fast- in free-range, slow- in free-range and slow- in traditional free-range) were ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):352]

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Antibiotic usage and resistance in animal production in Vietnam: a review of existing literature.

Khanh Nguyen Di, Duy Toan Pham, Tay Sun Tee, Quach An Binh, Thanh Cong Nguyen,

Inappropriate use of antibiotics in animal production system is one of the major factors leading to the antibiotic resistance (ABR) development. In Vietnam, the ABR situation is crucial as antibiotics have been used indiscriminately for disease prevention and as growth promoters in animals. Thus, a thorough understanding on the ABR ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):340]

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Use of multivariate adaptive regression splines for prediction of body weight from body measurements in Marecha (Camelus dromedaries) camels in Pakistan.

Cem Tırınk, Ecevit Eyduran, Asim Faraz, Abdul Waheed, Nasir Ali Tauqir, Muhammad Shahid Nabeel, Mohammad Masood Tariq, Irfan Shahzad Sheikh,

The aim of the present work was to predict live body weight by means of some body measurements, i.e., SH, CG, and BG in indigenous Marecha camel breed. For this purpose, multivariate adaptive regression splines (MARS) algorithm was used at proportions of various training and test sets, i.e., 65:35, 70:30, ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):339]

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Seroprevalence of Theileria equi, Babesia caballi, and Trichinella spp. infections in horses and donkeys from Nigeria, West Africa.

Kamani Joshua, Bártová Eva, Kašpárková Nikola, Mohammed J Samaila, Budíková Marie, Sedlák Kamil,

The protozoan parasites Theileria equi and Babesia caballi, transmitted by ticks, cause equine piroplasmosis, the most prevalent tick-borne disease in equids. Trichinellosis is a worldwide food-borne zoonosis caused by helminth Trichinella spp. that can lead to serious disease in humans, with fatal outcome. Although the infection is rare in horses, ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):338]

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Natural intoxication caused by protodioscin in lambs kept in Brachiaria pastures.

Marlova Cristina Mioto da Costa, Luís Carlos Vinhas Ítavo, Camila Celeste Brandão Ferreira Ítavo, Alexandre Menezes Dias, Gelson Dos Santos Difante, Rafael Henrique de Tonissi Buschinelli de Goes, Eduardo de Souza Leal, Lucimara Modesto Nonato, Noemila Débora Kozerski, Gabriella Jorgetti de Moraes, Marcus Vinicius Garcia Niwa, Antonio Leandro Chaves Gurgel, Thais Fernanda Farias de Souza Arco,

Protodioscin poisoning of Brachiaria spp. has been a serious problem for lambs in grazing systems. The defoliation process can stimulate the appearance of new leaves and, the younger leaves have a lower concentration of protodioscin. Thus, it was aimed to assess the effect of different leaf offerings on the protodioscin ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):336]

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Intake salinity water by creole goats in a controlled environment: ingestive behavior and physiological variables.

Evaldo de A Cardoso, Dermeval A Furtado, Neila L Ribeiro, Edilson Paes Saraiva, José W Barbosa do Nascimento, Ariosvaldo Nunes de Medeiros, Francinilda A de Sousa, Pedro H Borba Pereira,

The study aimed to verify the effect of water salinity and environmental temperature on the physiological variables (respiratory rate, heart rate, rectal temperature, and surface temperature) and ingestive behavior (rumination, feeding, drinking, and idle) of creole goats. Thirty-six males with an average age of 5.0 ± 0.6 months and an ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):333]

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Influence of FecGE mutation on the reproductive variables of Pelibuey ewes in the anestrus period.

Canuto Muñoz-García, Humberto Vaquera-Huerta, Jaime Gallegos-Sánchez, Carlos Miguel Becerril-Pérez, Luis Antonio Tarango-Arámbula, Ángel Bravo-Vinaja, César Cortez-Romero,

The growth and differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) intervenes in the fecundity and prolificacy of the ewe, which are important variables that participate in the reproductive efficiency of a flock. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of FecG<sup>E</sup> mutation of the gene GDF9 in the natural response ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(2):328]

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Genetic diversity and population genetic structure in native Ethiopian donkeys (Equus asinus) inferred from equine microsatellite markers.

E Kefena, S Rosenbom, A Beja-Pereira, M Yusuf Kurtu, J L Han, T Dessie,

We investigated the genetic diversity and population genetic structure of six morphologically distinct Ethiopian donkey populations using 12 equine microsatellite markers. The donkey populations were Abyssinian (AB), Afar (AF), Hararghe (HA), Ogaden (OG), Omo (OM) and Sinnar (SI). Blood samples were collected from 180 genetically unrelated donkeys (30 individuals per ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2021, 53(3):334]

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