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Non-primary progressive language impairment in neurodegenerative conditions: protocol for a scoping review.

Sharon A Savage, Aida Suárez-González, Alice Cassani, Ragaviveka Gopalan, Joshua Stott,

<h4>Background</h4>Progressive language difficulties arise in many neurodegenerative conditions, causing significant impact upon patients and families. This occurs most obviously in primary progressive aphasia (PPA) but can also occur within other forms of progressive disease. In these cases, language decline may be significant, but as they are not the presenting or ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):32]

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Effectiveness of interventions to reduce household air pollution from solid biomass fuels and improve maternal and child health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review protocol.

Katherine E Woolley, Emma Dickinson-Craig, Suzanne E Bartington, Tosin Oludotun, Bruce Kirenga, Shelton T Mariga, Telesphore Kabera, April Coombe, Francis D Pope, Ajit Singh, William R Avis, Rosie Day, David Warburton, Semira Manaseki-Holland, David J Moore, G Neil Thomas,

<h4>Background</h4>A variety of public health interventions have been undertaken in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to prevent morbidity and mortality associated with household air pollution (HAP) due to cooking, heating and lighting with solid biomass fuels. Pregnant women and children under five are particularly vulnerable to the effects of HAP, ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):33]

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Factors that influence adherence to surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP) guidelines: a systematic review.

Sarah Hassan, Vincent Chan, Julie Stevens, Ieva Stupans,

<h4>Background</h4>Despite the extensive research that has been conducted to date, practice often differs from established guidelines and will vary between individuals and organisations. It has been noted that the global uptake of local and international surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP) guidelines is poor with limited research investigating factors that affect guideline ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):29]

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Diagnosis and treatment of Rosai-Dorfman disease of the spine: a systematic literature review.

Pan-Pan Hu, Feng Wei, Xiao-Guang Liu, Zhong-Jun Liu,

<h4>Purpose</h4>To review and summarize the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment strategies, and prognosis of spinal Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD).<h4>Methods</h4>RDD is also termed as sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy. We searched the databases of PubMed, Elsevier ScienceDirect, SpringerLink, and OVID. The keywords were Rosai-Dorfman disease and spine/central nervous system. Research articles and case ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):31]

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Endectocides as a complementary intervention in the malaria control program: a systematic review.

Fereshteh Ghahvechi Khaligh, Abbas Jafari, Elena Silivanova, Mikhail Levchenko, Bahlol Rahimi, Saber Gholizadeh,

<h4>Background</h4>Malaria is the most common vector-borne disease transmitted to humans by Anopheles mosquitoes. Endectocides and especially ivermectin will be available as a vector control tool soon. The current review could be valuable for trial design and clinical studies to control malaria transmission.<h4>Methods</h4>PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, and Science Direct were ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):30]

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Early detection of sepsis using artificial intelligence: a scoping review protocol.

Ivana Pepic, Robert Feldt, Lars Ljungström, Richard Torkar, Daniel Dalevi, Hanna Maurin Söderholm, Lars-Magnus Andersson, Marina Axelson-Fisk, Katarina Bohm, Bengt Arne Sjöqvist, Stefan Candefjord,

<h4>Background</h4>Sepsis is a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. To decrease the high case fatality rates and morbidity for sepsis and septic shock, there is a need to increase the accuracy of early detection of suspected sepsis in prehospital and emergency department settings. This may ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):28]

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Effectiveness of interventions to increase uptake and completion of treatment for diabetic retinopathy in low- and middle-income countries: a rapid review protocol.

Covadonga Bascaran, Nyawira Mwangi, Fabrizio D'Esposito, Charles Cleland, Iris Gordon, Juan Alberto Lopez Ulloa, Ranad Maswadi, Shaffi Mdala, Jacqueline Ramke, Jennifer R Evans, Matthew Burton,

<h4>Background</h4>Vision loss due to diabetic retinopathy can largely be prevented or delayed through treatment. Patients with vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy are typically offered laser or intravitreal injections which often require more than one treatment cycle. However, treatment is not always initiated, or it is not completed, resulting in poor visual outcomes. ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):27]

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Theories of change for e-health interventions targeting HIV/STIs and sexual risk, substance use and mental ill health amongst men who have sex with men: systematic review and synthesis.

Rebecca Meiksin, G J Melendez-Torres, Jane Falconer, T Charles Witzel, Peter Weatherburn, Chris Bonell,

<h4>Background</h4>Sexual risk, substance use, and mental ill health constitute a syndemic of co-occurring, mutually reinforcing epidemics amongst men who have sex with men (MSM). Developed since 1995, e-health interventions offer accessible, anonymous support and can be effective in addressing these outcomes, suggesting the potential value of developing e-health interventions that ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):21]

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Screening for depression in children and adolescents: a protocol for a systematic review update.

Andrew Beck, John C LeBlanc, Kate Morissette, Candyce Hamel, Becky Skidmore, Heather Colquhoun, Eddy Lang, Ainsley Moore, John J Riva, Brett D Thombs, Scott Patten, Heather Bragg, Ian Colman, Gary S Goldfield, Stuart Gordon Nicholls, Kathleen Pajer, Beth K Potter, Robert Meeder, Priya Vasa, Brian Hutton, Beverley J Shea, Eva Graham, Julian Little, David Moher, Adrienne Stevens,

<h4>Background</h4>Major depressive disorder is common, debilitating, and affects feelings, thoughts, mood, and behaviors. Childhood and adolescence are critical periods for the development of depression and adolescence is marked by an increased incidence of mental health disorders. This protocol outlines the planned scope and methods for a systematic review update that ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):24]

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An evaluation of service user experience, clinical outcomes and service use associated with urgent care services that utilise telephone-based digital triage: a systematic review protocol.

Vanashree Sexton, Jeremy Dale, Helen Atherton,

<h4>Background</h4>Telephone-based digital triage is widely used by services that provide urgent care. This involves a call handler or clinician using a digital triage tool to generate algorithm-based care advice, based on a patient's symptoms. Advice typically takes the form of signposting within defined levels of urgency to specific services or ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):25]

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Gabapentin for phantom limb pain after amputation in pediatric oncology: a systematic review protocol.

Shuang Jiang, Meng-Meng Zhou, Rong Xia, Jing-Hui Bai, Li-Hui Yan,

<h4>Background</h4>Phantom limb pain (PLP) is a prevalent problem for children after amputation because of the chemotherapy treatment. Gabapentin is a potential option to manage PLP after amputation in pediatric oncology. However, no systematic review specifically investigated this topic. Thus, this study aims to appraise the efficacy and safety of gabapentin ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):26]

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Structural stigma and its impact on healthcare for consumers with borderline personality disorder: protocol for a scoping review.

Pauline Klein, Alicia Kate Fairweather, Sharon Lawn, Helen Margaret Stallman, Paul Cammell,

<h4>Background</h4>Structural stigma in health systems experienced by consumers diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a widespread phenomenon that causes major health inequities and harm for this population. Structural stigma in this context relates to institutional policies, cultural norms, and organizational practices that limit consumers' access to health services, quality ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):23]

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Fall prevention interventions for older community-dwelling adults: systematic reviews on benefits, harms, and patient values and preferences.

Jennifer Pillay, John J Riva, Laure A Tessier, Heather Colquhoun, Eddy Lang, Ainsley E Moore, Brett D Thombs, Brenda J Wilson, Amanda Tzenov, Catherine Donnelly, Marcel Émond, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc, Jamie Milligan, Diana Keto-Lambert, Sholeh Rahman, Ben Vandermeer, Andrea C Tricco, Sharon E Straus, Sonia M Thomas, Bradley R Mitchelmore, Elizabeth Rolland-Harris, Lisa Hartling,

<h4>Background</h4>An estimated 20-30% of community-dwelling Canadian adults aged 65 years or older experience one or more falls each year. Fall-related injuries are a leading cause of hospitalization and can lead to functional independence. Many fall prevention interventions, often based on modifiable risk factors, have been studied. Apart from the magnitude of ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):18]

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Expanding enhanced recovery protocols for cardiac surgery to include the patient voice: a scoping review protocol.

Nebojša Oravec, Rakesh C Arora, Brian Bjorklund, April Gregora, Caroline Monnin, Todd A Duhamel, David E Kent, Annette S H Schultz, Anna M Chudyk,

<h4>Background</h4>Cardiac surgery is becoming increasingly common in older, more vulnerable adults. A focus on timely and complete medical and functional recovery has led to the development of enhanced recovery protocols (ERPs) for a number of surgical procedures and subspecialties, including cardiac surgery (ERAS® Cardiac). An element that is often overlooked ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):22]

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The scope and nature of sexual orientation and gender identity and expression change efforts: a systematic review protocol.

David J Kinitz, Travis Salway, Elisabeth Dromer, Dean Giustini, Florence Ashley, Trevor Goodyear, Olivier Ferlatte, Hannah Kia, Alex Abramovich,

<h4>Background</h4>Sexual orientation and gender identity and expression change efforts (SOGIECE) are a set of scientifically discredited practices that aim to deny and suppress the sexual orientations, gender identities, and/or gender expressions of sexual and gender minorities (SGM). SOGIECE are associated with significant adverse health and social outcomes. SOGIECE continue to ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):14]

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Appraisal of the diagnostic procedures of acute pancreatitis in the guidelines.

Ke-Qian Yi, Ting Yang, Yan-Min Yang, Guo-Li Lan, Li-Ya An, Yu-Xing Qi, Hong-Bo Fan, Yong-Qing Duan, Da-Li Sun,

<h4>Objectives</h4>The purpose of this study was to comprehensively assess the heterogeneity of procedures in the diagnostic guidelines for acute pancreatitis and to identify gaps limiting knowledge in diagnosing this disease.<h4>Methods</h4>A systematic search of a number of databases was performed to determine the guidelines for the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis in ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):17]

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A methodological review protocol of the use of Bayesian factor analysis in primary care research.

Hao Zhang, Tibor Schuster,

<h4>Background</h4>The development of questionnaires for primary care practice and research is of increasing interest in the literature. In settings where valuable prior knowledge or preliminary data is available, Bayesian factor analysis can be used to incorporate such information when conducting questionnaire construct validation. This protocol outlines a methodological review that ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):15]

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Mapping evidence of nurses' attitudes toward older adults in Africa: a scoping review protocol.

Esther L Wanko Keutchafo, Jane Kerr, Mary A Jarvis, Desmond Kuupiel,

<h4>Background</h4>Culture influences nurses' attitudes towards caring for older adults. Additionally, nursing students' perceptions and attitudes towards older adults affect their behavior, possibly their career choices and/or the quality of care provided to older adults after graduation. In the context of lower-middle-income countries with a faster growing older adults population compared to ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):19]

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Does surfactant nebulization prevent early intubation in preterm infants? A protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Vincent D Gaertner, Dirk Bassler, Christoph M Rüegger,

<h4>Background</h4>Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is the most common cause of respiratory failure in preterm infants. Treatment consists of respiratory support and exogenous surfactant administration. Commonly, surfactant is administered intratracheally. However, this requires airway instrumentation and subsequent fluid instillation which may be harmful. Surfactant nebulization (SN) may offer a safe and ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):9]

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The views of health guideline developers on the use of automation in health evidence synthesis.

Anneliese Arno, Julian Elliott, Byron Wallace, Tari Turner, James Thomas,

<h4>Background</h4>The increasingly rapid rate of evidence publication has made it difficult for evidence synthesis-systematic reviews and health guidelines-to be continually kept up to date. One proposed solution for this is the use of automation in health evidence synthesis. Guideline developers are key gatekeepers in the acceptance and use of evidence, ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):16]

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Cost-related medication nonadherence in Canada: a systematic review of prevalence, predictors, and clinical impact.

Anne M Holbrook, Mei Wang, Munil Lee, Zhiyuan Chen, Michael Garcia, Laura Nguyen, Angela Ford, Selina Manji, Michael R Law,

<h4>Background</h4>Cost-related nonadherence to medications (CRNA) is common in many countries and thought to be associated with adverse outcomes. The characteristics of CRNA in Canada, with its patchwork coverage of increasingly expensive medications, are unclear.<h4>Objectives</h4>Our objective in this systematic review was to summarize the literature evaluating CRNA in Canada in three ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):11]

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The use of theories, frameworks, or models in knowledge translation studies in healthcare settings in China: a scoping review protocol.

Junqiang Zhao, Xuejing Li, Lijiao Yan, Yamei Yu, Jiale Hu, Shelly-Anne Li, Wenjun Chen,

<h4>Background</h4>Knowledge translation (KT) theories, frameworks, and models (TFMs) can help guide and explain KT processes, and facilitate the evaluation of implementation outcomes. They play a critical role in conducting KT research and practice. Currently, little is known about the usage of TFMs in KT in Chinese healthcare settings. The aim ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):13]

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Self-determination theory interventions versus usual care in people with diabetes: a protocol for a systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis.

Anne Sophie Mathiesen, Mette Juel Rothmann, Vibeke Zoffmann, Janus Christian Jakobsen, Christian Gluud, Jane Lindschou, Mette Due-Christensen, Bodil Rasmussen, Emilie Marqvorsen, Thordis Thomsen,

<h4>Background</h4>Existing self-management and behavioural interventions for diabetes vary widely in their content, and their sustained long-term effectiveness is uncertain. Autonomy supporting interventions may be a prerequisite to achieve 'real life' patient engagement and more long-term improvement through shared decision-making and collaborative goal setting. Autonomy supportive interventions aim to promote that ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):12]

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Protocol for systematic review: patient decision aids for total hip and knee arthroplasty decision-making.

Lissa Pacheco-Brousseau, Marylène Charette, Dawn Stacey, Stéphane Poitras,

<h4>Background</h4>Total hip and knee arthroplasty are a highly performed surgery; however, patient satisfaction with surgery results and patient involvement in the decision-making process remains low. Patient decision aids (PtDAs) are tools used in clinical practices to facilitate active patient involvement in healthcare decision-making. Nonetheless, PtDA effects have not been systematically ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):8]

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Prevalence of sexual dysfunction in men with multiple sclerosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Maryam Dastoorpoor, Maryam Zamanian, Rahmatollah Moradzadeh, Seyed Massood Nabavi, Raana Kousari,

<h4>Background</h4>Symptoms in multiple sclerosis (MS) can lead to different types and ranges of sexual dysfunction in MS patients. Studies in different parts of the world have reported a high range of sexual dysfunction in men with MS. This study aimed to estimate pooled prevalence of sexual dysfunction in men with ... Read more >>

Syst Rev (Systematic reviews)
[2021, 10(1):10]

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