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Journal Surg Neurol Int

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Interval between endoscopic surgery and decreased intracranial pressure related to putaminal hemorrhage prognosis.

Hiroki Uchikawa, Shigeo Yamashiro, Yasuyuki Hitoshi, Makoto Yoshikawa, Akimasa Yoshida, Shigetoshi Yano,

Background:Endoscopic evacuation of a putaminal hemorrhage is effective and minimally invasive; however, it may not result in sufficient brain decompression. While monitoring postoperative intracranial pressure (ICP) is likely useful, specific ICP data in patients with a putaminal hemorrhage are limited. The aim of this study was to determine the association ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:78]

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Interhemispheric transcallosal transforaminal approach for decompression of a giant superior cerebellar artery thrombosed aneurysm: Three-dimensional operative video.

Juan Leonardo Serrato-Avila, Marcos Devanir Silva Da Costa, Michel Eli Frudit, Juan Pablo Carrasco-Hernandez, Sebastián Aníbal Alejandro, Feres Chaddad-Neto,

Background: Giant brain aneurysms account for approximately 5% of all intracranial aneurysms, often presenting with intraluminal thrombosis that causes a mass effect in surrounding neural structures. Although its exact growing mechanism remains unknown, they have to be treated. Despite the most recent advances in neurosurgical fields, the best treatment modality ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:]

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Integrative treatment of paralytic small intestine following acute cervical cord injury: A case report.

Yoshitaka Hirano, Hideya Isai, Akinori Onuki, Kazuo Watanabe,

Background:A patient developed paralysis of the small intestine following an acute traumatic hyperextension cervical spinal cord injury attributed to the ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) C3-C6. The persistent ileus finally resolved utilizing Kampo medications (traditional Chinese therapy) consisting of both bukuryoin (TJ-69) and hangekobokuto (TJ-16). Case Description:A 63-year-old ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:80]

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Job Pandemic 2020.

Edward E Gordon,

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:74]

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Endoscopic transsphenoidal resection of a recurrent petrous apex cholesterol granuloma: Operative video.

Fadi Al Saiegh, Pascal Lavergne, Aria Mahtabfar, Tomas Garzon-Muvdi, Marc Rosen, James J. Evans,

Background: Cholesterol granulomas (GC) of the petrous apex are benign cystic lesions that occur due to a foreign body reaction to blood by-products and cholesterol crystals. They cause erosion and expansion of the petrous apex and lead to cranial nerve deficits.Case Description: We present an operative video of a 28-year-old ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:]

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Book Review: Atlas of Anatomy - Head, Neck, and Neuroanatomy.

Seyed Ali Khonsary,

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:]

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Recent decline in the use of invasive neurocritical care monitoring for traumatic brain injury: A case report.

Ramsis F Ghaly, Armen Haroutanian, Parnia Khamooshi, Jessica Patricoski, Kenneth D Candido, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic,

Background:In this article, we discuss the dramatic decline in the utilization of invasive cranial monitoring of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Case Description:A 52-year-old male presented with a severe TBI following a motor vehicle accident. The initial computed tomography scan showed a subdural hematoma, and the patient underwent a ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:85]

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Single-stage clipping with bifrontal and bilateral frontotemporal craniotomies for subarachnoid hemorrhage with multiple cerebral aneurysms using Sugita head holding system: A case report.

Masahito Katsuki, Naomichi Wada, Yasunaga Yamamoto,

Background:Subarachnoid hemorrhage with multiple aneurysms is very challenging because it is difficult to identify the ruptured aneurysm. We could not identify the ruptured aneurysm preoperatively, so we decided to treat all of the aneurysms as a single-stage surgery. Case Description:A 79-year-old woman was diagnosed with subarachnoid hemorrhage with multiple cerebral ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:76]

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Epidemiology and determinant factors of neural tube defect: Narrative review.

Melese Linger Endalifer, Gedefaw Diress,

Background:The epidemiology of neural tube defect (NTD) is face ignorance from the global community. However, the problem is complex and it is a cause for child mortality and morbidity. We provide the latest insights with respect to determinant factors of NTD. Methods:Google Scholar and PubMed were systematically searched to identify ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:81]

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Even with COVID-19 neurosurgeons should still perform necessary urgent/emergent neurosurgery to avoid major permanent neurological deficits.

Sven Bamps, Gert Roosen, Steven Vanvolsem, Maarten Wissels, Eric Put, Wim Duyvendak, Peter Donkersloot, Mark Pazier,

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:75]

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Ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement with ultrasound guidance and laparoscopic assistance: 2-dimensional instructional video.

Steven B. Housley, Aaron Hoffman, Adnan H. Siddiqui,

Background: Postoperative communicating hydrocephalus has been described in the literature commonly associated with treatment of ruptured intracranial aneurysms; however, it is also reported to occur following other intracranial interventions such as meningioma resection and decompressive hemicraniectomy. In 2011, Burkhardt et al. reported the incidence of postoperative hydrocephalus following skull base ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:]

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Cost analysis of cordotomy and intrathecal pain pump placement for refractory cancer pain.

Zaid Aljuboori, William Burke, Kimberly Meyer, Brian Williams,

Background:Cancer pain can be debilitating and 10-20% of patients will have refractory pain despite optimal medical management. Here, we present a cost comparison of treating terminal cancer patients with intravenous (IV) narcotics, anterolateral cordotomy, or intrathecal pain pump (ITPP) placement. Case Description:We evaluated and treated 2 patients with metastatic breast ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:72]

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Laminectomy versus open-door laminoplasty for cervical spondylotic myelopathy: A clinical outcome analysis.

Mauro Dobran, Fabrizio Mancini, Riccardo Paracino, Simona Lattanzi, Lucia di Somma, Davide Nasi, Gianluca Bizzocchi, Denis Aiudi, Maurizio Iacoangeli,

Background:Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is one of the most common diseases in the geriatric population. Decompressive laminectomy or laminoplasty is the predominant surgical procedure of choice, but there remains debate as to which procedure is optimal for managing CSM. Methods:Here, we retrospectively analyzed 64 patients with CSM undergoing laminectomy (39 ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:73]

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Surgical treatment of a rare rosette-forming glioneuronal tumor in the pineal region.

Sajjad Muhammad, Ahmad Hafez, Atte Karppinen, Mika Niemelä,

Background:Rosette-forming glioneuronal tumors (RGNTs) in the pineal region are rare. RGNTs have been described in the fourth ventricle, but rarely reported in other brain regions. Here, we report the radiological findings, surgical treatment, and short-term outcome of an RGNT found in the pineal region. Case Description:We present a case of ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:68]

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Progressive dysphagia and dysphonia secondary to DISH-related anterior cervical osteophytes: A case report.

Manoj Kumar, Prem Bahadur Shahi, Nitin Adsul, Shankar Acharya, K L Kalra, R S Chahal,

Background:Dysphagia due to diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH)-related anterior cervical osteophytes is not uncommon. However, this rarely leads to dysphonia and/or dysphagia along with life- threatening airway obstruction requiring emergency tracheotomy. Case Description:A 56-year-old male presented with progressive dysphagia and dysphonia secondary to DISH-related anterior osteophytes at the C3-C4 and ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:69]

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Malignant clinical course of mycotic intracranial aneurysms in children: A review.

Yahya H Khormi, Ronette Goodluck Tyndall, Mandeep Tamber,

Background:Mycotic aneurysms are a rare in the pediatric population. The natural history of these lesions and their appropriate management strategies is controversial. Case Description:A 13-year-old male presented with the sudden onset of a headache, vomiting, and fever. Inflammatory markers were elevated, and the blood culture was positive for Streptococcus viridans. ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:71]

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Incidence of Major Vascular Injuries with Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion (XLIF).

Nancy E Epstein,

Background:Extreme lateral interbody fusions (XLIF) and minimally invasive (MI) XLIF theoretically offer wide access to the lumbar disc space. The theoretical advantages of XLIF include; minimally disturbing surrounding structures (e.g. neural, vascular, soft-tissue), while offering stability. In addition to the well-known increased frequency of neurological deficits attributed to XLIF, here ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:70]

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Intradural lumbar disc herniations at the L1-L2 level: A case study and literature review.

Giancarlo Ponzo, Massimo Furnari, Giuseppe Emmanuele Umana, Massimiliano Giuffrida, Giovanni Federico Nicoletti, Gianluca Scalia,

Background:Intradural disc herniations (IDHs) are rare occurrences (0.26-0.30%), and most frequently involve the lumbar spine at the L4-L5 level. Here, we present a patient with an L1-L2 IDH and reviewed the current literature. Case Description:A 65-year-old female presented with the acute onset of bilateral paraparesis accompanied by urinary dysfunction. The ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:67]

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A biphasic tumor in posterior cranial fossa and the pineal region in young adult.

Fadi Almahariq, Marina Raguz, Dominik Romic, Domagoj Dlaka, Darko Oreskovic, Patricija Sesar, Darko Chudy,

Background:Biphasic tumors of the central nervous system are rarely described and mainly consisted out of the glial and mesenchymal component. The tumor originated out of both astrocytes and pinealocytes, best to our knowledge, has not been described. We present a case of a brain tumor consisted out of pilocytic astrocytoma ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:64]

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Rare dorsal thoracic arachnoid web mimics spinal cord herniation on imaging.

Zaid Aljuboori, Maxwell Boakye,

Background:Dorsal arachnoid webs (DAWs) are rare clinical entities that can mimic other conditions on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Here, we present a case of DAW that was misdiagnosed on MR as a ventral cord herniation. Case Description:A 35-year-old female presented with a 1-year history of lower extremity weakness and numbness. ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:66]

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Magnetic resonance angiography with ultrashort echo time evaluates cerebral aneurysm with clip.

Masahito Katsuki, Yukinari Kakizawa, Yasunaga Yamamoto, Akihiro Nishikawa, Naomichi Wada, Toshiya Uchiyama,

Contrast-enhanced computed tomography angiography is usually valuable for the evaluation of clipped cerebral aneurysm, but it has side effects of contrast medium. Time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) is a non-invasive and fast method. However, clip-induced artifact limits assessment of the artery in the vicinity of a clip. MRA with ultrashort ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:65]

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Opening of unusual vascular collaterals leads to early recanalization of a giant intracavernous carotid artery aneurysm following common carotid artery occlusion: A Case report and literature review.

Ana M Castaño-Leon, Jose F Alen, Alfonso Lagares,

Background:Parent artery occlusion (PAO) with or without bypass surgery is a feasible treatment for large intracavernous carotid artery (ICCA) aneurysms. The ideal occlusion site (internal or common carotid artery [CCA]) and ischemic complications after PAO have received special attention since the description of the technique. Unfrequently, some patients can also ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:62]

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Mycobacterium abscessus mimicking tubercular spondylodiscitis following ozone therapy: A case report and review of literature.

Prem Bahadur Shahi, Vishnuprasad Panigrahi, Nitin Adsul, Manoj Kumar, Shankar Acharya, K L Kalra, R S Chahal,

Background:The incidence of Mycobacterium abscessus (MA), a rapidly growing species of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM)-related infections, has been steadily rising over the past decade. Despite the increased prevalence of NTM-related infections, it is largely underreported from TB-endemic countries due to lack of awareness and limited laboratory facilities. Here, we report a ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:63]

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Preoperative radiographic and clinical factors associated with the visualization of intraoperative cerebrospinal fluid during endoscopic transsphenoidal resection of pituitary adenomas.

Lauren E Rotman, Elizabeth N Alford, Matthew C Davis, T Brooks Vaughan, Bradford A Woodworth, Kristen O Riley,

Background:Intraoperative visualization of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) during endoscopic endonasal resection of skull base tumors is the most common factor contributing to the development of postoperative CSF leaks. No previous studies have solely evaluated preoperative factors contributing to intraoperative CSF visualization. The purpose of this study was to identify preoperative factors ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:59]

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Acromegaly in preadolescence: A case report of a 9-year-old boy with acromegaly.

Tobechi Mbadugha, Toshihiro Ogiwara, Alhusain Nagm, Takatoshi Hasegawa, Keisuke Kamiya, Yuki Matsumoto, Mikiko Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Hongo,

Background:Acromegaly has been reported in adolescents and young adults, but it is unusual in preadolescence. Diagnosis and management pose different challenges in this age group. Here, we present a rare case of acromegaly in preadolescence. Case Description:A 9-year-old boy presented with acromegalic features and MRI revealed a pituitary tumor. He ... Read more >>

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical neurology international)
[2020, 11:61]

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