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Reduced numbers of T cells and B cells correlates with persistent SARS-CoV-2 presence in non-severe COVID-19 patients.

Bing Liu, Junyan Han, Xiaohuan Cheng, Long Yu, Li Zhang, Wei Wang, Lan Ni, Chaojie Wei, Yafei Huang, Zhenshun Cheng,

COVID-19 has been widely spreading. We aimed to examine adaptive immune cells in non-severe patients with persistent SARS-CoV-2 shedding. 37 non-severe patients with persistent SARS-CoV-2 presence that were transferred to Zhongnan hospital of Wuhan University were retrospectively recruited to the PP (persistently positive) group, which was further allocated to PPP ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17718]

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Hair growth promotion by necrostatin-1s.

Mei Zheng, Nahyun Choi, YaeJi Jang, Da Eun Kwak, YoungSoo Kim, Won-Serk Kim, Sang Ho Oh, Jong-Hyuk Sung,

Necrostatins (Necs) have been developed as a receptor-interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) inhibitor, thus inhibiting necroptosis. In this current study, we have investigated the possible involvement of necroptosis in the hair cycle regulation and further examined its underlying molecular mechanisms. Diverse RIPK1/3 inhibitors and siRNA were tested in the human ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17622]

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Prediction of genome-wide effects of single nucleotide variants on transcription factor binding.

Sebastian Carrasco Pro, Katia Bulekova, Brian Gregor, Adam Labadorf, Juan Ignacio Fuxman Bass,

Single nucleotide variants (SNVs) located in transcriptional regulatory regions can result in gene expression changes that lead to adaptive or detrimental phenotypic outcomes. Here, we predict gain or loss of binding sites for 741 transcription factors (TFs) across the human genome. We calculated 'gainability' and 'disruptability' scores for each TF ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17632]

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Quantifying the distribution of protein oligomerization degree reflects cellular information capacity.

Lena Danielli, Ximing Li, Tamir Tuler, Ramez Daniel,

The generation of information, energy and biomass in living cells involves integrated processes that optimally evolve into complex and robust cellular networks. Protein homo-oligomerization, which is correlated with cooperativity in biology, is one means of scaling the complexity of protein networks. It can play critical roles in determining the sensitivity of ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17689]

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The constraints and driving forces of oasis development in arid region: a case study of the Hexi Corridor in northwest China.

Qiang Bie, Yaowen Xie,

The oasis, a special landscape with the integration of nature and humanity in the arid region, has undergone an enormous transformation during the past decades. To gain a better understanding of the tradeoff between economic growth and oases stability in the arid land, we took the oases in the Hexi ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17708]

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Behavioral and neurophysiological taste responses to sweet and salt are diminished in a model of subclinical intestinal inflammation.

David W Pittman, Guangkuo Dong, Alexandra M Brantly, Lianying He, Tyler S Nelson, Schuyler Kogan, Julia Powell, Lynnette Phillips McCluskey,

There is strong evidence for gut-taste bud interactions that influence taste function, behavior and feeding. However, the effect of gut inflammation on this axis is unknown despite reports of taste changes in gastrointestinal (GI) inflammatory conditions. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), an inflammatory stimulus derived from gram-negative bacteria, is present in the normal ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17611]

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Hydrostatic pressure can induce apoptosis of the skin.

Tien Minh Le, Naoki Morimoto, Nhung Thi My Ly, Toshihito Mitsui, Sharon Claudia Notodihardjo, Maria Chiara Munisso, Natsuko Kakudo, Hiroyuki Moriyama, Tetsuji Yamaoka, Kenji Kusumoto,

We previously showed that high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) treatment at 200 MPa for 10 min induced complete cell death in skin and skin tumors via necrosis. We used this technique to treat a giant congenital melanocytic nevus and reused the inactivated nevus tissue as a dermis autograft. However, skin inactivated by HHP ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17594]

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EEG microstate complexity for aiding early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease.

Luke Tait, Francesco Tamagnini, George Stothart, Edoardo Barvas, Chiara Monaldini, Roberto Frusciante, Mirco Volpini, Susanna Guttmann, Elizabeth Coulthard, Jon T Brown, Nina Kazanina, Marc Goodfellow,

The dynamics of the resting brain exhibit transitions between a small number of discrete networks, each remaining stable for tens to hundreds of milliseconds. These functional microstates are thought to be the building blocks of spontaneous consciousness. The electroencephalogram (EEG) is a useful tool for imaging microstates, and EEG microstate ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17627]

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Tracheal development after left pulmonary artery reimplantation: an individual study.

Xiaoyang Hong, Ruijie Li, Zhe Zhao, Jiangheng Guan, Hui Wang, Gang Wang, Xiaohong Liu, Qin Yu, Jun Li, Gengxu Zhou, Zhichun Feng,

Pulmonary artery sling (PA sling) often presents as a life-threatening condition requiring urgent surgical correction. We reported 32 cases of PA sling in children who were followed up postoperatively in the past 6 years. All patients with PA slings who were admitted to the hospital from January 2012 to December 2017 ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17702]

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Multiple mutations in the EPSPS and ALS genes of Amaranthus hybridus underlie resistance to glyphosate and ALS inhibitors.

Maria J García, Candelario Palma-Bautista, José G Vazquez-Garcia, Antonia M Rojano-Delgado, María D Osuna, Joel Torra, Rafael De Prado,

Amaranthus hybridus is one of the main weed species in Córdoba, Argentina. Until recently, this weed was effectively controlled with recurrent use of glyphosate. However, a population exhibiting multiple resistance (MR2) to glyphosate and imazamox appeared in a glyphosate resistant (GR) soybean field, with levels of resistance up to 93 ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17681]

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Geometric morphometric wing analysis represents a robust tool to identify female mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Germany.

F G Sauer, L Jaworski, L Erdbeer, A Heitmann, J Schmidt-Chanasit, E Kiel, R Lühken,

Accurate species identification is the prerequisite to assess the relevance of mosquito specimens, but is often hindered by missing or damaged morphological features. The present study analyses the applicability of wing geometric morphometrics as a low-cost and practical alternative to identify native mosquitoes in Germany. Wing pictures were collected for ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17613]

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Cysteinyl leukotriene receptor 1 modulates autophagic activity in retinal pigment epithelial cells.

Andreas Koller, Daniela Bruckner, Ludwig Aigner, Herbert Reitsamer, Andrea Trost,

The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), which is among the tissues in the body that are exposed to the highest levels of phagocytosis and oxidative stress, is dependent on autophagy function. Impaired autophagy and continuous cellular stress are associated with various disorders, such as dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a disease ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17659]

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Novel approach to quantify mitochondrial content and intrinsic bioenergetic efficiency across organs.

Kelsey L McLaughlin, James T Hagen, Hannah S Coalson, Margaret A M Nelson, Kimberly A Kew, Ashley R Wooten, Kelsey H Fisher-Wellman,

Human disease pathophysiology commonly involves metabolic disruption at both the cellular and subcellular levels. Isolated mitochondria are a powerful model for separating global cellular changes from intrinsic mitochondrial alterations. However, common laboratory practices for isolating mitochondria (e.g., differential centrifugation) routinely results in organelle preparations with variable mitochondrial purity. To overcome ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17599]

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Syringa vulgaris leaves powder a novel low-cost adsorbent for methylene blue removal: isotherms, kinetics, thermodynamic and optimization by Taguchi method.

Giannin Mosoarca, Cosmin Vancea, Simona Popa, Marius Gheju, Sorina Boran,

In this study, the potential of a new low-cost adsorbent, Syringa vulgaris leaves powder, for methylene blue adsorption from aqueous solution was investigated. The adsorbent surface was examined using SEM and FTIR techniques. The experiments were conducted, in batch system, to find out the effect of pH, contact time, adsorbent ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17676]

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Codon optimization with deep learning to enhance protein expression.

Hongguang Fu, Yanbing Liang, Xiuqin Zhong, ZhiLing Pan, Lei Huang, HaiLin Zhang, Yang Xu, Wei Zhou, Zhong Liu,

Heterologous expression is the main approach for recombinant protein production ingenetic synthesis, for which codon optimization is necessary. The existing optimization methods are based on biological indexes. In this paper, we propose a novel codon optimization method based on deep learning. First, we introduce the concept of codon boxes, via ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17617]

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Improve the roles of nature reserves in conservation of endangered pheasant in a highly urbanized region.

Kai Song, Chun-Rong Mi, Nan Yang, Lei Sun, Yue-Hua Sun, Ji-Liang Xu,

Nature reserves play an extraordinarily important role in conserving animal populations and their habitats. However, landscape change and unreasonable zoning designations often render these protected areas inadequate. Therefore, regular evaluation of the efficacy of protected lands is critical for maintaining and improving management strategies. Using species distribution models and GAP ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17673]

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Split-cube-resonator-based metamaterials for polarization-selective asymmetric perfect absorption.

Odysseas Tsilipakos, Angelos Xomalis, George Kenanakis, Maria Farsari, Costas M Soukoulis, Eleftherios N Economou, Maria Kafesaki,

A split-cube-resonator-based metamaterial structure that can act as a polarization- and direction-selective perfect absorber for the infrared region is theoretically and experimentally demonstrated. The structure, fabricated by direct laser writing and electroless silver plating, is comprised of four layers of conductively-coupled split-cube magnetic resonators, appropriately rotated to each other to ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17653]

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Evolutionary analysis of the Moringa oleifera genome reveals a recent burst of plastid to nucleus gene duplications.

José Ojeda-López, Juan Pablo Marczuk-Rojas, Oliver Aleksandrei Polushkina, Darius Purucker, María Salinas, Lorenzo Carretero-Paulet,

It is necessary to identify suitable alternative crops to ensure the nutritional demands of a growing global population. The genome of Moringa oleifera, a fast-growing drought-tolerant orphan crop with highly valuable agronomical, nutritional and pharmaceutical properties, has recently been reported. We model here gene family evolution in Moringa as compared ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17646]

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Prevalence and determinants of uterine rupture in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Addisu Alehegn Alemu, Mezinew Sintayehu Bitew, Kelemu Abebe Gelaw, Liknaw Bewket Zeleke, Getachew Mullu Kassa,

Uterine rupture is a serious public health concern that causes high maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in the developing world. Few of the studies conducted in Ethiopia show a high discrepancy in the prevalence of uterine rupture, which ranges between 1.6 and 16.7%. There also lacks a national study ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17603]

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Impact of heat generation/absorption of magnetohydrodynamics Oldroyd-B fluid impinging on an inclined stretching sheet with radiation.

Fazle Mabood, Gabriella Bognár, Anum Shafiq,

In this paper, we have investigated thermally stratified MHD flow of an Oldroyd-B fluid over an inclined stretching surface in the presence of heat generation/absorption. Similarity solutions for the transformed governing equations are obtained. The reduced equations are solved numerically using the Runge-Kutta Fehlberg method with shooting technique. The influences ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17688]

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Force-of-infection of Taenia solium porcine cysticercosis: a modelling analysis to assess global incidence and prevalence trends.

Matthew A Dixon, Peter Winskill, Wendy E Harrison, Charles Whittaker, Veronika Schmidt, Elsa Sarti, Saw Bawm, Michel M Dione, Lian F Thomas, Martin Walker, Maria-Gloria Basáñez,

The World Health Organization (WHO) called, in 2012, for a validated strategy towards Taenia solium taeniasis/cysticercosis control and elimination. Estimating pig force-of-infection (FoI, the average rate at which susceptible pigs become infected) across geographical settings will help understand local epidemiology and inform effective intervention design. Porcine cysticercosis (PCC) age-prevalence data ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17637]

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RNA-sequencing of the Nyssomyia neivai sialome: a sand fly-vector from a Brazilian endemic area for tegumentary leishmaniasis and pemphigus foliaceus.

Sebastian Vernal, Fabiano Oliveira, Wanderson H C Oliveira, Thais M Goulart, James Oristian, Eric Calvo, Mara C Pinto, Ana Maria Roselino, José M C Ribeiro,

Leishmaniasis encompasses a spectrum of diseases caused by a protozoan belonging to the genus Leishmania. The parasite is transmitted by the bite of sand flies, which inoculate the promastigote forms into the host's skin while acquiring a blood meal. Nyssomyia neivai is one of the main vectors of tegumentary leishmaniasis ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17664]

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Rapid production of SARS-CoV-2 receptor binding domain (RBD) and spike specific monoclonal antibody CR3022 in Nicotiana benthamiana.

Kaewta Rattanapisit, Balamurugan Shanmugaraj, Suwimon Manopwisedjaroen, Priyo Budi Purwono, Konlavat Siriwattananon, Narach Khorattanakulchai, Oranicha Hanittinan, Wanuttha Boonyayothin, Arunee Thitithanyanont, Duncan R Smith, Waranyoo Phoolcharoen,

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is responsible for the ongoing global outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) which is a significant threat to global public health. The rapid spread of COVID-19 necessitates the development of cost-effective technology platforms for the production of vaccines, drugs, and protein reagents for appropriate disease ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17698]

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Education for appropriate seatbelt use required for early-phase pregnant women drivers.

Kyoko Hanahara, Masahito Hitosugi, Yumiko Tateoka,

Considerable numbers of pregnant women do not understand the correct way to use seatbelts; thus, they are inappropriately restrained when wearing seatbelts. To improve appropriate seatbelt wearing by pregnant women vehicle passengers, we examined their use by pregnant women drivers and the independent factors influencing appropriate use. We undertook a ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17609]

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Contrasting surface warming of a marginal basin due to large-scale climatic patterns and local forcing.

Naomi Krauzig, Pierpaolo Falco, Enrico Zambianchi,

The Mediterranean Sea is one of the first regions where sea surface temperature (SST) increase was linked to greenhouse effects and global warming. Due to its sensitivity to climate variability and its high impact on local and remote climate conditions, much effort has been made to assess the SST variability ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):17648]

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