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Modelling the economic impact of COVID19 under different policy choices: Mitigation versus suppression when time is a scarce resource.

Stephen Birch,

Keogh-Brown et al.(2020) illustrate the application of economic modelling to inform and guide policy making during the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK. The methodology is based on linking a general equilibrium economic model to a simple epidemiological model of the infection. In this commentary a number of issues are discussed ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, :100667]

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The impact of Covid-19, associated behaviours and policies on the UK economy: A computable general equilibrium model.

Marcus R Keogh-Brown, Henning Tarp Jensen, W John Edmunds, Richard D Smith,

We estimate the potential impact of COVID-19 on the United Kingdom economy, including direct disease effects, preventive public actions and associated policies. A sectoral, whole-economy macroeconomic model was linked to a population-wide epidemiological demographic model to assess the potential macroeconomic impact of COVID-19, together with policies to mitigate or suppress ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, :100651]

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Modelling the economic impact of COVID19 under different policy choices: Mitigation versus suppression when time is a scarce resource

Stephen Birch,

Keogh-Brown et al.(2020) illustrate the application of economic modelling to inform and guide policy making during the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK. The methodology is based on linking a general equilibrium economic model to a simple epidemiological model of the infection. In this commentary a number of issues are discussed ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, :]

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Social capital and cost-related medication nonadherence (CRN): A retrospective longitudinal cohort study using the Health and Retirement Study data, 2006-2016.

Kayleigh R Majercak, Laurence S Magder, Ester Villalonga-Olives,

Prescription drug spending and other financial factors (e.g., out-of-pocket costs) partially explain variation in cost-related medication nonadherence (CRN). Indicators of social capital such as neighborhood factors and social support may influence the health and well-being of older adults as they may rely on community resources and support from family and ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:100671]

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The effects of nutrition on maternal mortality: Evidence from 19th-20th century Italy.

Matteo Manfredini,

The role of nutrition on maternal mortality has been long debated in the historical and scientific literature. Some scholars refute any role of nutrition and diet in the decline of maternal mortality, privileging other causes such as the diffusion of professional midwifery and medical and scientific progress, while others are ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:100678]

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What explains the concentration of off-premise alcohol outlets in Black neighborhoods?

Juliet P Lee, William Ponicki, Christina Mair, Paul Gruenewald, Lina Ghanem,

Introduction:Greater availability of commercial alcohol is associated with increased alcohol use and related public health problems. Greater alcohol outlet density, a marker of alcohol availability, is associated with poorer and predominantly minority neighborhoods. However, poorer populations, African Americans, and Latinxs report using less alcohol compared to Whites and wealthier groups. ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:100669]

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The role of welfare regimes in the relationship between childhood economic stress and adult health: a multilevel study of 20 European countries.

Tarjei Widding-Havneraas, Siri Hansen Pedersen,

Childhood economic conditions are important for adult health, and welfare regimes may modify this relationship by altering exposure to social determinants of health. We examine the association between childhood economic stress (CES) and self-rated health (SRH) and cancer (any type), and how welfare regimes may influence these associations. We used ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:100674]

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Ethnoracial child health inequalities in Latin America: Multilevel evidence from Bolivia, Colombia, Guatemala, and Peru.

Lucrecia Mena-Meléndez,

Using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data for Bolivia, Colombia, Guatemala, and Peru, between 1986 and 2015, this paper explores the relationship between self-identifying as indigenous and/or afro-descendant on child under-5 mortality (n=20,770), stunting (n=15,828), wasting (n=15,827), and anemia (n=13,294). Rural-urban risk analysis suggest that indigenous and/or afro-descendent respondents have ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:100673]

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Structural validity of a brief scale adapted to measure adolescent spiritual health.

Nicole Shaver, Valerie Michaelson, Ross Whitehead, William Pickett, Fiona Brooks, Jo Inchley, ,

Spiritual health is established as an important protective health asset in child populations. Measurement and assessment of this elusive concept are, however, challenging. Brief and age-appropriate instruments are required for surveys and related population health research. One longstanding model describing child spirituality suggests that scales and measures consider four standard ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:100670]

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Hospitalization following eating disorder diagnosis: The buffering effect of marriage and childbearing events.

Jennifer Tabler, Rebecca L Utz,

Eating Disorders (ED) are defined as abnormal eating behaviors, stemming from an obsession with food, body weight, or body shape. EDs affect 10 million men and 20 million women in the US, with an estimated 15% lifetime prevalence among women. An ED diagnosis is often accompanied with a host of ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:100672]

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Education and health: The joint role of gender and sexual identity.

Zhe Zhang, Alexa Solazzo, Bridget K Gorman,

Background:Prior research has found that education's association with health can differ by social positions such as gender. Yet, none of the existing work has tested whether the relationship between education and self-rated health is equivalent across sexual orientation groups, and additionally, if these associations differ for men and women. Deploying ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:100668]

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Racial and ethnic differences in the associations between social integration, C-reactive protein and depressive symptoms.

Alexander Chapman, Alexis R Santos-Lozada,

This study evaluates whether the associations between social integration, inflammation, and depressive symptoms vary by race/ethnicity in the United States. Our study includes 5,634 respondents age 40 and older from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 2005-2008. We fit multivariate logistic regression models with interactions between C-reactive protein ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:100663]

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Association between neighbourhood socioeconomic status and developmental vulnerability of kindergarten children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A population level study

Ayesha Siddiqua, Eric Duku, Kathy Georgiades, Ronit Mesterman, Magdalena Janus,

There is limited knowledge about the relationship between neighbourhood socioeconomic status (SES) and development of kindergarten children with ASD. The primary objective of this study was to determine the association between neighbourhood SES and developmental vulnerability of kindergarten children with ASD while controlling for family SES across 10 provinces and ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:]

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Support in times of need: How depressive symptoms can impact receipt of social support among aging adults in rural South Africa.

Elyse A Jennings, Margaret Ralston, Enid Schatz,

The relationship between mental health and receipt of social support is not well understood in low- and middle-income countries. In this paper, we focus on a cohort of older adults (40-plus) in rural South Africa to unpack associations between mental health and receipt of social support, and the extent to ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:100666]

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Social trust and health seeking behaviours: A longitudinal study of a community-based active tuberculosis case finding program in the Philippines.

Lincoln L H Lau, Natalee Hung, Warren Dodd, Krisha Lim, Jansel D Ferma, Donald C Cole,

Introduction:Social trust is an important driver of health seeking behaviours and plays a particularly important role for diseases that have a high degree of stigma associated with them, such as tuberculosis (TB). Individuals experiencing poverty also face additional social and financial barriers in accessing care for TB. We examined an ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:100664]

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Association between neighbourhood socioeconomic status and developmental vulnerability of kindergarten children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A population level study.

Ayesha Siddiqua, Eric Duku, Kathy Georgiades, Ronit Mesterman, Magdalena Janus,

There is limited knowledge about the relationship between neighbourhood socioeconomic status (SES) and development of kindergarten children with ASD. The primary objective of this study was to determine the association between neighbourhood SES and developmental vulnerability of kindergarten children with ASD while controlling for family SES across 10 provinces and ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:100662]

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Peer effects in smoking cessation: An instrumental variables analysis of a worksite intervention in Thailand.

Christopher Lowenstein, William H Dow, Justin S White,

While smoking is widely acknowledged to be a social activity, limited evidence exists on the extent to which friends influence each other during worksite-based tobacco cessation interventions. Drawing on data from adult smokers (N = 1823) in a large, cluster randomized controlled trial in worksites in Thailand, this study examines the presence ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:100659]

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Social trust and health seeking behaviours: A longitudinal study of a community-based active tuberculosis case finding program in the Philippines

Lincoln L.H. Lau, Natalee Hung, Warren Dodd, Krisha Lim, Jansel D. Ferma, Donald C. Cole,

Introduction Social trust is an important driver of health seeking behaviours and plays a particularly important role for diseases that have a high degree of stigma associated with them, such as tuberculosis (TB). Individuals experiencing poverty also face additional social and financial barriers in accessing care for TB. We examined ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:]

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Cross-classified multilevel models (CCMM) in health research: A systematic review of published empirical studies and recommendations for best practices.

Kathryn M Barker, Erin C Dunn, Tracy K Richmond, Sarah Ahmed, Matthew Hawrilenko, Clare R Evans,

Recognizing that health outcomes are influenced by and occur within multiple social and physical contexts, researchers have used multilevel modeling techniques for decades to analyze hierarchical or nested data. Cross-Classified Multilevel Models (CCMM) are a statistical technique proposed in the 1990s that extend standard multilevel modeling and enable the simultaneous ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:100661]

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Racial and ethnic differences in the associations between social integration, C-reactive protein and depressive symptoms

Alexander Chapman, Alexis R. Santos-Lozada,

This study evaluates whether the associations between social integration, inflammation, and depressive symptoms vary by race/ethnicity in the United States. Our study includes 5,634 respondents age 40 and older from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 2005-2008. We fit multivariate logistic regression models with interactions between C-reactive protein ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:]

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Cognitively stimulating activities and risk of probable dementia or cognitive impairment in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.

Benjamin David Williams, Neil Pendleton, Tarani Chandola,

Objectives:To examine the association between cognitive stimulating activities (CSA) in later life (internet/email use, employment, volunteering, evening classes, social club membership and newspaper reading) and risk of cognitive impairment or dementia using marginal structural models to account for time-varying confounding affected by prior exposure. Methods:Data were used from the English ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:100656]

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Life expectancy and active life expectancy by marital status among older U.S. adults: Results from the U.S. Medicare Health Outcome Survey (HOS).

Haomiao Jia, Erica I Lubetkin,

Background:Previous investigations of the relationship between marital status and life expectancy and healthy life expectancy rely on the assumption that participants will remain in a given marital status until death. This study estimated total life expectancy (TLE) and active life expectancy (ALE) for respondents by their baseline marital status using ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:100642]

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Impact of Ethiopia's productive safety net program on household food security and child nutrition: A marginal structural modeling approach

Bezawit Adugna Bahru, Mulusew G. Jebena, Regina Birner, Manfred Zeller,

Safety nets are expanding in African countries as a policy instrument to alleviate poverty and food insecurity. Whether safety nets have improved household food security and child diet and nutrition in sub-Saharan Africa has not been well documented. This paper takes the case of Ethiopia's Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:]

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Impact of Ethiopia's productive safety net program on household food security and child nutrition: A marginal structural modeling approach.

Bezawit Adugna Bahru, Mulusew G Jebena, Regina Birner, Manfred Zeller,

Safety nets are expanding in African countries as a policy instrument to alleviate poverty and food insecurity. Whether safety nets have improved household food security and child diet and nutrition in sub-Saharan Africa has not been well documented. This paper takes the case of Ethiopia's Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:100660]

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Are housing and neighbourhood empowerment beneficial for mental health and wellbeing? Evidence from disadvantaged communities experiencing regeneration.

Ade Kearns, Elise Whitley,

Community engagement and empowerment are central to delivery and outcomes from regeneration programmes, yet evidence for health gains in such contexts is sparse and mixed. This study addresses this issue in respect of mental health and wellbeing in disadvantaged communities in the UK, using a sample of 2862 householders living ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2020, 12:100645]

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