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Journal Resuscitation

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Analyzing the heart rhythm during chest compressions: Performance and clinical value of a new AED algorithm.

Corina de Graaf, Stefanie G Beesems, Sharon Oud, Ronald E Stickney, Daniel W Piraino, Fred W Chapman, Rudolph W Koster,

Automated external defibrillators (AED) prompt the rescuer to stop chest compressions (CC) for ECG analysis during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). We assessed the diagnostic accuracy and clinical benefit of a new AED algorithm (cprINSIGHT), which analyzes ECG and impedance signals during CC, allowing rhythm analysis with ongoing chest compressions. Amsterdam ... Read more >>

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2021, :]

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Myocardial Injury in Severe COVID-19: Identification and Management.

Long Li, Jonathan Hill, James C Spratt, Zening Jin,

The World Health Organization declared the 2019 coronavirus (COVID-19) a global pandemic on March 12, 2020. However, inadequate attention seems to have been paid to the heart when managing COVID-19 in terms of detection, monitoring and treatment. We are of the opinion that these severe patients may have had myocardial ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Responding to clinical deterioration: Diurnal variation in afferent limb failure.

Krishnaswamy Sundararajan, Alice O'Connell, Arthas Flabouris, Campbell Thompson,

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2021, :]

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'I think he's dead': A cohort study of the impact of caller declarations of death during the emergency call on bystander CPR.

Marine Riou, Stephen Ball, Alani Morgan, Sheryl Gallant, Nirukshi Perera, Austin Whiteside, Janet Bray, Paul Bailey, Judith Finn,

<h4>Background</h4>In emergency calls for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), dispatchers are instrumental in the provision of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) through the recruitment of the caller. We explored the impact of caller perception of patient viability on initial recognition of OHCA by the dispatcher, rates of bystander CPR and early patient ... Read more >>

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2021, 160:1-6]

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Acute kidney injury after in-hospital cardiac arrest.

Kenneth E Mah, Jeffrey A Alten, Timothy T Cornell, David T Selewski, David Askenazi, Julie C Fitzgerald, Alexis Topjian, Kent Page, Richard Holubkov, Beth S Slomine, James R Christensen, J Michael Dean, Frank W Moler,

<h4>Aim</h4>Determine 1) frequency and risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) after in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) in the Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest In-Hospital (THAPCA-IH) trial and associated outcomes; 2) impact of temperature management on post-IHCA AKI.<h4>Methods</h4>Secondary analysis of THAPCA-IH; a randomized controlled multi-national trial at 37 children's hospitals.<h4>Eligibility</h4>Serum ... Read more >>

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2021, :]

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Diagnostic test accuracy of the initial electrocardiogram after resuscitation from cardiac arrest to indicate invasive coronary angiographic findings and attempted revascularization: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Patrick McFadden, Joshua C Reynolds, Ryan D Madder, Michael Brown,

<h4>Aim</h4>Conduct a diagnostic test accuracy systematic review and meta-analysis of the post-return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) electrocardiogram (ECG) to indicate an acute-appearing coronary lesion and revascularization.<h4>Methods</h4>We searched PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science through February 18, 2020. Two investigators screened titles and abstracts, extracted data, and assessed ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Cardiac arrest reported in newspapers: A new, yet missed, opportunity to increase cardiopulmonary resuscitation awareness.

Tommaso Scquizzato, Arianna Gazzato, Federico Semeraro, Giovanni Landoni, Giuseppe Ristagno, Andrea Scapigliati,

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2021, :]

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NAloxone CARdiac Arrest Decision Instruments (NACARDI) for targeted antidotal therapy in occult opioid overdose precipitated cardiac arrest.

Robert M Rodriguez, Zian H Tseng, Juan Carlos C Montoy, Daniel Repplinger, Ellen Moffatt, Newton Addo, Ralph C Wang,

<h4>Background</h4>We have recently demonstrated that a significant proportion of fatal out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) are precipitated by occult overdose, which could benefit from antidote therapy administered adjunctively with other cardiac resuscitation measures. We sought to develop simple decision instruments that EMS providers and other first responders can use to rapidly ... Read more >>

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2021, 159:69-76]

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KIDS SAVE LIVES in Hungary (KSLH): Overview of the last two years-How does it work and how could it be better with children and teachers?

Bálint Bánfai, Henrietta Bánfai-Csonka, János Musch, Krisztina Deutsch, József Betlehem,

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2021, 159:126-128]

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Racial disparities in survival outcomes following pediatric in-hospital cardiac arrest.

Sarah E Haskell, Saket Girotra, Yunshu Zhou, M Bridget Zimmerman, Marina Del Rios, Raina M Merchant, Dianne L Atkins,

<h4>Background</h4>Among adults with in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA), overall survival is lower in black patients compared to white patients. Data regarding racial differences in survival for pediatric IHCA are unknown.<h4>Methods</h4>Using 2000-2017 data from the American Heart Association Get With the Guidelines-Resuscitation® registry, we identified children >24 h and <18 years of age ... Read more >>

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2021, 159:117-125]

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A simple method to prevent aerosol dispersion during Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation using supraglottic airway devices.

Mostafa Somri, Luis Gaitini, Dario Galante, Mhfod Sanallah, Jalaa Hossein, Manuel Ángel Gómez-Ríos,

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2020, 159:35-37]

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Reply to: "ILCOR's first foray into low resource settings".

Sebastian Schnaubelt, Koenraad Monsieurs, Federico Semeraro, Joachim Schlieber, Adam Cheng, Blair Bigham, Rakesh Garg, Judith C Finn, Robert Greif,

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2020, :]

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PROLOGUE (PROgnostication using LOGistic regression model for Unselected adult cardiac arrest patients in the Early stages): Development and validation of a scoring system for early prognostication in unselected adult cardiac arrest patients.

Dae Hee Bae, Hyoung Youn Lee, Yong Hun Jung, Kyung Woon Jeung, Byung Kook Lee, Chun Song Youn, Byung Soo Kang, Tag Heo, Yong Il Min,

<h4>Background</h4>Early prognostication after cardiac arrest would be useful. We aimed to develop a scoring model for early prognostication in unselected adult cardiac arrest patients.<h4>Methods</h4>We retrospectively analysed data of adult non-traumatic cardiac arrest patients treated at a tertiary hospital between 2014 and 2018. The primary outcome was poor outcome at hospital ... Read more >>

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2020, 159:60-68]

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Rehabilitation following return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC-Rehab): A new role for rehabilitation professionals in post-resuscitation care.

Abraham Samuel Babu,

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2020, 159:38-39]

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ILCOR's first foray into low resource settings.

Lee A Wallis,

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2020, :]

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Software annotation of defibrillator files: Ready for prime time?

Vishal Gupta, Robert H Schmicker, Pamela Owens, Ava E Pierce, Ahamed H Idris,

<h4>Background</h4>High-quality chest compressions are associated with improved outcomes after cardiac arrest. Defibrillators record important information about chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and can be used in quality-improvement programs. Defibrillator review software can automatically annotate files and measure chest compression metrics. However, evidence is limited regarding the accuracy of such ... Read more >>

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2020, 160:7-13]

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Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survival rate.

Milosz Jaroslaw Jaguszewski, Lukasz Szarpak, Krzysztof Jerzy Filipiak,

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2020, 159:40-41]

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Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest incidence in the different phases of COVID-19 outbreak.

Enrico Baldi, , Roberto Primi, Francesca Romana Gentile, Claudio Mare, Paola Centineo, Alessandra Palo, Francesca Reali, Ugo Rizzi, Pierpalo Parogni, Luigi Oltrona Visconti, Simone Savastano, Daniele Ghiraldin,

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2020, 159:115-116]

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Improving post-cardiac arrest cerebral perfusion pressure by elevating the head and thorax.

Helene Duhem, Johanna C Moore, Carolina Rojas-Salvador, Bayert Salverda, Michael Lick, Paul Pepe, Jose Labarere, Guillaume Debaty, Keith G Lurie,

<h4>Aim</h4>The optimal head and thorax position after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) following cardiac arrest (CA) is unknown. This study examined whether head and thorax elevation post-ROSC is beneficial, in a porcine model.<h4>Methods</h4>Protocol A: 40 kg anesthetized pigs were positioned flat, after 7.75 min of untreated CA the heart and head were ... Read more >>

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2020, 159:45-53]

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High-fidelity simulation training with PPE may optimise resuscitation outcomes in the COVID-19 era.

Wan Yen Lim, John Ong, Vishnu Vimal, Haoyuan Lim, Hui Cheng Tan, Patrick Wong, Vui Kian Ho, Sharon Gek Kim Ong,

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2020, 159:42-44]

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Association of post-resuscitation inflammatory response with favorable neurologic outcomes in adults with in-hospital cardiac arrest.

Jignesh K Patel, Niraj Sinha, Wei Hou, Rian Shah, Asem Qadeer, Linh Tran, Puja B Parikh, Sam Parnia,

<h4>Background</h4>Early prediction of mortality in adults after in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) remains vital to optimizing treatment strategies. Inflammatory cytokines specific to early prognostication in this population have not been well studied. We evaluated whether novel inflammatory cytokines obtained from adults with IHCA helped predict favorable neurologic outcome.<h4>Methods</h4>The study population included ... Read more >>

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2020, 159:54-59]

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The association of pH values during the first 24 h with neurological status at hospital discharge and futility among patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

Rahaf Al Assil, Joel Singer, Matthieu Heidet, Christopher B Fordyce, Frank Scheuermeyer, Sean van Diepen, Mypinder Sekhon, K H Benjamin Leung, Rob Stenstrom, Jim Christenson, Brian Grunau,

<h4>Study objective</h4>Post-resuscitation prognostic biomarkers for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) outcomes have not been fully elucidated. We examined the association of acid-base blood values (pH) with patient outcomes and calculated the pH test performance to predict prognosis.<h4>Methods</h4>This was a post-hoc analysis of data from the continuous chest compression trial, which enrolled ... Read more >>

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2020, 159:105-114]

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Trend analysis of disability-adjusted life years following adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the United States: A study from the CARES Surveillance Group.

Ryan A Coute, Brian H Nathanson, Timothy J Mader, Bryan McNally, Michael C Kurz,

<h4>Aim</h4>To estimate and trend disability-adjusted life years (DALY) following adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) over time, and to compare OHCA DALY to other leading causes of death and disability in the U.S.<h4>Methods</h4>DALY were calculated as the sum of years of life lost (YLL) and years lived with disability (YLD). Adult ... Read more >>

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2020, :]

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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in quaternary neonatal intensive care units: a multicenter study.

Noorjahan Ali, Teresa Lam, Megan M Gray, David Clausen, Melissa Riley, Theresa R Grover, Taylor Sawyer,

<h4>Background</h4>The reported incidence of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in quaternary NICU is approximately 10-times higher than in the delivery room. However, the etiologies and outcomes of CPR in quaternary NICUs are poorly understood. We hypothesized that demographic characteristics, diagnoses, interventions, and arrest etiologies would be associated with survival to discharge after ... Read more >>

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2020, 159:77-84]

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Reply to "OHCA (Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest) and CAHP (Cardiac Arrest Hospital Prognosis) scores to predict outcome after in-hospital Cardiac Arrest: Insight from a multicentric registry".

Jonathan Chelly, Nicolas Deye, Mehran Monchi,

Resuscitation (Resuscitation)
[2020, :]

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